सत्यमेव जयते Scientific Hinduism

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सत्यमेव जयते


Scientific Hinduism

Book 2


Brahminical (caste) Hinduism: a system of institutionalised oppression
Sanjeev Sabhlok

Draft 19 August 2013

The effects of caste discrimination on India’s almost 200 million Dalits are strikingly similar to that of race discrimination: social stigmatization, physical segregation, lack of access to education and social advancement, under-representation at all levels in government, business and the organized labor market.  [Source]

In Hinduism, ‘the type of birth you take in this world, and the conditions of your existence here are all determined by what you did in your earlier existences. You may even be born as an animal, says the Upanishad, if the karma is very bad’ (Vivekananda)

* * *

I once met a Mahar, who, fearing that I was going near him and that my purity might then be defiled in case I touched him, and that he might incur the sin of defiling my purity, cried out at once and made his caste known to me. I got into conversation with him. I found that Mahar, though illiterate, could repeat many verses of Tukaram, Namdeo and Chokhamela. He appeared to be well acquainted with the theories of Karma and Bhakti, and of transmigration of soul. He believed that though he was a Mahar in that birth, by some misdoings in his past life, he was going to become a Brahmana in the next birth, as he felt the desire for learning Sanskrit, and reading Gita and Puranas. He conceived that these desires were clear indications of the better birth which he was going to get in his next life.


I do not know how far such sentiments exist in other members of the tribe. Bid it is not improbable that very many of the low castes believe, or are made to believe, that they justly suffer in this condition as a retribution for the sins which they did in the past life. [THE HISTORY OF CASTE IN INDIA by SHRIDHAR V. KETKAR (1909)]


Contents

1. We, the self-respecting humans, are born free. 1

1.1 Equal status in Charvaka Hinduism 2

1.2 Equal status in Islam and Christianity 2

1.3 Alleged equal consciousness in Vedanta 3

1.3.1.1 Shankara learnt Advaita from a “low caste” Chandala, but he never really got the point, did he? 3

1.4 Say no to caste 4

2. Caste is immoral from first principles 5

2.1 Violation of basic ethical principles 5

2.1.1 Denial of equal status 5

2.1.1.1 Lower castes called foul names 5

2.1.1.2 Sudras treated like children 5

2.1.2 Denial of equal liberty 5

2.1.2.1 Subtle model of race domination, not race extermination 5

2.1.3 Destruction of self-respect 6

2.1.4 Different justice for different castes 6

2.2 What’s wrong with eugenics, scientific racism, Hindutva and Hindu caste system? 7

2.2.1 A worldview that groups disparate people together on GENETIC (birth based) criteria is collectivist: 7

2.2.2 These worldviews violate the basic principle of equality of status of mankind: 7

2.3 Hypothesis: India’s caste system contributed a CRITICAL justification for global racism 8

3. Not just destruction of liberty but oppression and VIOLENCE 10

3.1 Control over key life events 10

3.2 Careful ‘domestication’ (victim-consent) of the oppressed 10

3.3 Obnoxious suggestion that others ‘pollute’ us 11

3.4 Possible link of ‘pollution’ with beef eating 11

3.5 Blaming victims for their plight 12

3.5.1 Vivekananda chastised non-Brahmins 12

3.6 Economic discrimination 13

3.6.1 Lower castes not likely to be given jobs 13

3.6.2 Lower castes regularly cheated in economic trasactions 13

3.7 Mistreatment and humiliation of lower castes/ outcastes 13

3.7.1 Shivaji’s humiliation 13

3.8 Untouchability, and violence against the outcastes 19

3.8.1 GK Gokhale’s comment on untouchability 19

3.8.2 Extract from Gandhi 19

3.8.3 Oppression of Dalits 20

3.8.4 Jagjivan Ram humiliated 20

3.8.5 Ambedkar humiliated 20

3.9 Violence 21

3.9.1 Killing Dalits who removed a dead cow’s hide 21

3.9.2 Some illustrations of violence 21

3.9.3 Dalit literature shows the magnitude of oppression 21

3.9.3.1 Dalit journals 21

3.10 Mistreatment and humiliation of women 21

4. Deliberate lowering of intelligence of the oppressed? 22

4.1 Indian average national IQ is extremely low 22

4.2 How can we explain the superior (on average) intellectual performance of the Brahmin ‘caste’? 26

4.3 Self-perception of the Dalits 28

4.4 My revised model of IQ that includes pre-birth IQ factors and links with freedom, to explain GDP 29

4.5 Increase in IQ expected among the Dalits once oppressions is eliminated 29

4.6 Narrowing the IQ gap with China 30

4.7 Disproving the myth of race will require abolishing caste 30

5. Do the oppressed make the rules? Of course not. 32

5.1 Summary 32

5.2 Vedas 34

5.2.1 Rig Veda 34

5.3 Dharmashastras 34

5.3.1 Manu’s laws 34

5.3.2 Taittiriya Brahmana 35

5.3.3 Vishnu Smriti 35

5.3.4 Apastamba Dharma Sutra 36

5.3.5 Vishnusmriti 36

5.3.6 Vashishtha Dharma Sutra 36

5.4 Ramayana 36

5.4.1 Beheading of Sudra Sambook 37

5.5 Support from Vivekananda and other leaders 37

5.6 Ambedkar, however, denied that Brahmins created caste 37

6. Do the oppressed defend caste? Of course not. 39

6.1 Vivekananda glorified Brahmins 39

6.2 Har Bilas Sarda thought caste was efficient 40

6.3 Bhai Parmanand thought caste is required for social duties 40

6.4 Hindu Council: “The Caste System” by Raj Pandit Sharma 41

7. The hereditary and biological (racist) underpinning of caste 42

7.1 The give away is in its name: Varna Vyavastha 42

7.2 Further, caste is 100 per cent biological (hereditary) 42

7.3 The leakage in ‘colour’ through marrying “lower caste” women 42

7.4 Foolish arguments denying the biological (‘race’) basis of caste 43

7.4.1 “But there is no real difference in skin colour!” 43

7.4.2 Ambedkar did not think skin colour underpinned caste 43

7.4.3 Soli Sorabjee, Andre Beteille and the Government of India 43

7.4.4 Anthropologist Dipankar Gupta of Jawaharlal Nehru University 44

7.5 Learned Hindus have clearly expouned the race basis of caste 45

7.5.1 Through caste “our forefathers protected themselves from interfusion with an inferior race” (Harendranath Maitra) 45

7.5.2 “Why has the white complexion of our forefathers now become black?” (Vivekananda) 46

7.5.3 The original “Aryans” were from Abyssinia, the people with “frightful shapes” (Dayanand Saraswati) GET THE RIGHT ONE 46

7.5.4 Analytical perspective confirms perceived biological difference (Badri Raina) 49

7.6 Buddhist literature clearly refers to the common perception of caste being linked with birth 50

7.7 Top Indian experts see clear links with race, at origin of the concept 51

7.7.1 Ghurye thought that caste started with ‘race’ 51

7.7.2 The original migrations into India 53

7.8 Caste and eugenics: further proof of its strong links with race 53

7.8.1 The Caste System: “a Great Eugenic Movement in the truest sense of the word”. Btw, if you are a girl, avoid marrying a hairy man. 53

7.9 Strong skin colour preference in India 61

7.10 The mistreatment of foreign ‘white’ women tourists in India 61

8. Rationalisation for oppression through hierarchies of the soul 63

8.1 The soul is (re)born into a caste based on its karma 63

8.1.1 Gandhi’s view 64

8.1.2 Vivekananda’s logic for reincarnation of the “soul” is very good, but DNA and evolution explains much better 65

8.1.3 J.N. Farquhar’s findings 67

8.2 Charvakas rejected reincarnation 68

8.3 Buddhists rejected reincarnation of soul?? 68

9. Lots of red herrings thrown in to confound the truth 69

9.1 Red herring: Caste is not determined at birth 69

9.2 Red herring: Caste is not intrinsic to Hinduism 69

9.3 Red herring: Caste is a professional association 70

9.4 Red herring: Caste is class 70

9.5 Red herring: there was never any discrimination, anyway 74

9.6 Red herring: Caste is cultural 75

9.7 Red herring: Other countries have a caste system, too 76

9.8 Red herring: Many reform movements opposed caste so it is not an issue 76

9.9 Red herring: Caste is dying, hence irrelevant 95

10. The escape from oppression 96

10.1 Reform that (at least partially) worked 96

10.1.1 Brahmo Samaj 96

10.1.1.1 Raja Ram Mohun Roy (India’s first classical liberal) was also the first MAJOR opponent of caste 96

10.1.1.2 Some of India’s major Brahmo Samajis 96

10.1.2 Aryan (noble) Brahmins discarded their sacred thread 180 years ago. Any Aryan Hindus found today? 97

10.2 Reform that failed 98

10.2.1 Buddha 98

10.2.2 Shankara 99

10.2.3 Bhakti movements 99

10.2.4 Dayanand Saraswati and Arya Samaj 101

10.2.5 Ramakrishna Mission 101

10.2.6 Gandhi – a reformer but great racist and believer in caste 102

10.2.7 Periyar 104

10.2.8 Rajiv Malhotra’s advice 104

10.3 Net effect of the challenge of Christianity: Hinduism split into four 105

10.4 Conversion to other religions cannot help 105

10.4.1 To Christianity 105

10.4.2 To Islam 105

10.5 Why going to another organised religion is like going from the frying pan into the fire 105

10.5.1 Organised religions SYSTEMATICALLY shuts out critical thinking 105

10.6 Five methods to end the oppressiveness of the caste system 106

10.7 No role for government in removal of caste 109

10.8 Are Dalits not interested in removal of caste? 109

10.9 Escape into reason: Scientific Hinduism 109

10.10 Only higher castes oppose the abolition of caste 110

10.10.1 A Hindu writing in Mahratta in favour of caste 110

11. Economic explantion for the persistence of caste 111

11.1 Lohia’s explanation 111

11.2 Kaivan Munshi’s explanation 111

11.3 Free markets and social minimum 111

12. An outline of Scientific Hinduism 112

12.1 Scientific Hinduism rejects the concept of caste 112

12.1.1 There is no soul, or at least no proof of soul/God that I can personally confirm 112

12.1.2 Even if there is a soul, it visits the earth only once 113

12.1.3 Classical liberalism and caste are polar opposites 114

12.2 Scientific Hinduism the plausibility of Vedanta 115

12.2.1 The need to ask for proof: Vivekanda’s pre-vedanta days 115

12.2.2 But Vedanta still represents the best in Hinduism 115

13. References 116

Appendix: India’s official position regarding caste discrimination 119

GOI position regarding caste 119

In 1965 GOI agreed that caste groups were downtrodden 119

In 1996 GOI linked caste to class 119

In 2001 GOI said caste is not anyone else’s business to discuss 119

International position on caste 120

In 2002 CERD confirmed opposition to caste discrimination 120

In 2009 CERD re-confirmed opposition to caste discrimination 120





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