! namaao Bagavato vaasaudovaaya. EaI gaNaoSaaya\ nama: EaI sarsva%yaO nama: EaI gau$Byaao nama


This Cosmic Being is the Prime avatar and the entire creation takes its shape in him. The various abodes for the deities appeared in the body of cosmic being in the form of consciousness

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This Cosmic Being is the Prime avatar and the entire creation takes its shape in him. The various abodes for the deities appeared in the body of cosmic being in the form of consciousness.

This formation of the huge mass and the emergence of Narayana is termed as the Sarga and the later creation by Brahma is termed as Visarga.

There was nothing except a vast ocean and in this void, Paramatma in the form of Narayana , lying on the Shesha Nag took form. Narayana means one who is sleeping in water. It is indeed a very good name- Narayana .

This incident finds a parallel in the biblical sermon on the mount when God appeared before the apostle. Moreover, the origin of the Universe from the five elements and the formation of Narayana is now supported by the western concept of the big bang theory.

In  the beginning there was chaos. Almost all accounts of creation point out that the world as we know it, was created from chaos, through the intervention of a divine force.

The Book of Genesis describes this as a parting of light from darkness. The  Rig-Veda speaks, of a darkness when even the gods did not exist. Out of this void emerged the golden  embryo that split into the earth and the sky, splitting into a comprehensible world.

Interestingly most modern day cosmologists and astrophysicists support a similar view of the big bang theory, which describes the big event as a mega  explosion in which a singularity transformed itself into a multiplicity of matter, space and time. Such accounts of creation form the philosophical basis on which the existential superstructures of society, economy, polity and morality are founded.

From the Nabhi (the navel) of Narayana emerged a full-blown Lotus flower in which was seated lord Brahma. For several years, Brahma sat in this lotus and looked about in all directions and hence he is four headed. (Some scholars say that Brahma had five heads initially, but one of these was severed by Shiva.). Brahma could not see anything and out of curiosity he pondered on the fact that he was on the lotus but where was this lotus based. Hence  he descended the stem of the lotus but to no avail. Unable to find anything he re-ascended the stalk and returned to his previous posture. This process took a hundred years for descent and another for ascent.


With  wisdom Brahma could not attain anything and hence became despondent. People tend to become pessimistic in their outlook of this world after having missed the bus. This sort of attitude needs to be dispelled, advises Param Pujya Bhaiji.

He went back to his seat on the Lotus and meditated. During this time, he heard the words ‘Tapa, Tapa’ from the ether and in response commenced to practice austere penance. During this austere penance which lasted for a hundred years Brahma fixed his mind on Narayana, as he had been instructed.

During this time the lotus was being tossed by the rough waves of water and the wind. At the end of this period, Brahma drank up the entire waters and sucked up the wind. He then entered the corolla of the 14 petalled lotus and split it into three parts which were the three worlds- Maharloka, Janaloka and Tapoloka and then evolved the Mahat tattva from the Three Gunas.

Continuing his task of creation, Brahma evolved the five varieties of ignorance viz. Tamas (ignorance about self), Moha (self love), Mahamoha (craving for enjoyment), Tamisra (anger) and Andhatamisra (looking upon death as one’s end).

This was  followed by the evolution of the Ego, the subtle elements, the Indriyas, their deities, immobile creatures such as trees and plants, animals, humans, aquatic creatures, heavenly beings such as demigods, spirits etc.  in the chronological order as described under.

The Mind born sons of Brahma

To further the process of creation, he then evolved the creation of the Sanaka Kumaras (sages Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanatana and Sanat Kumar), who were lifelong celibates and refrained from all worldly activities. They were not inclined to beget any progeny and were devoted to Lord Vasudeva. Brahma strove hard to curb his anger but due to this passion, drops of sweat formed on his brow from which evolved a red-hued boy, who was called Rudra- one who is always crying.


Brahma commanded this son of his to go and procreate. Rudra went on multiplying his progeny who were like him in appearance as well as habits. Alarmed at such devilish persons taking shape, Brahma asked Rudra to put a stop to further creation. Rudra obediently ceased his activities and retired to the forests.

Brahma then evolved ten more sons from his own self- Marici(
from his mind), Atri(from his  eyes), Angira(from his mouth), Pulastya (from his ears), Pulaha(from the navel), Kratu (from his hand),  Bhrgu(from his skin), Vasista(from the breath), Daksa(from his thumb), and Narad from his lap.

He also evolved Dharma (righteousness) from his own right breast. Nara  Narayana  were the twin sons of Dharma. He evolved Adharma from his heart, anger from his brows, greed from the lower lip, Vak, the goddess of speech from his own mouth, oceans from his penis, Nirrti (spirit presiding over sin) from his anus and Kardama, from his own shadow.

Eager to push on the work of creation, Brahma fell in love with his daughter, Vak, who had no carnal desires herself. Marici and his other sons remonstrated with him for this disgraceful thought.

In shame, Brahma cast off his present body ( which continued to exist as fog) and assumed another body. Seeing that there was no chance of progress in the process of creation, Brahma was confounded and at a loss about his future plans. Suddenly his body split into two parts- one a man and the other a woman. These two were the first couple, Manu and Satrupa.

On being commanded to procreate, Manu and Satrupa prayed to Brahma that they had no place where they and their progeny could live. At this moment from Brahma’s left nostril emerged a wild boar, who on emergence increased in size to a huge form. His roar was tremendous and rendered throughout the length and breadth of the universe.


This celestial boar was the avatar of Narayana - Varah avatar. This boar dived deep into the murky waters and after a long battle with Hrinyaksa rescued the earth from his clutches and emerged with the earth resting on his two horn-like teeth.

On being questioned about Hrinyaksa, Brahma explained that he was the son of Diti and Kasyap and narrated the story of his birth as under:

One day at the time of sunset, sage Kasyap was preparing for his evening prayers and his wife Diti felt amorous and asked Kasyap to beget her a son. Since the sunset period was inauspicious for such amorous play the sage Kasyap advised her to wait until nighttime, but Diti was bent upon the fulfillment of her desire and the sage had to give way to her insistent attitude. The result was that Diti became the mother of twin Asuras, Hrinyakasa and Hrinyakasipu. These two sons of Diti and Kasyap were the first re-incarnation of Jay and Vijay the two sentries of Lord Visnu, accursed by the Sanaka Kumaras.

Once, the Sanaka kumaras who had crossed the six gates of heaven, viz. Kama, krodh, lob, moh, Bhaya and madha and wished to meet the Lord, were arrogantly stopped by Jay and Vijay, the two sentries guarding the seventh gate leading to the Lord’s Chamber. The four sages lost their temper and cursed the two to be born as asuras for seven lives.

The entry to the heavens can be obtained by conquering the seven vices that are inherent in a human being. The Sanaka Kumars had attained control over the six vices, but Egoism still persisted as represented by this instance and anger transgressed their achievements whereby they pronounced the imprecation.

However, when Lord Visnu intervened and apologised for the wrong behaviour of his servants and demanded that He himself was worthy of punishment, since a master is responsible for the wrongs committed by his servants. The Kumaras reduced their curse to three Avatars, and also granted the deliverance to the two by the descent of  the Lord Narayana, taking  four Avatars.


Jay and Vijay were incarnated as the two brothers Hirnyakasa ( one who has an eye of gold) who was avaricious and Hirnyakasyapa, ( who was a person having greed ) to be released by the Lord taking the avatar of Varah which means an auspicious day and Narasimha respectively. Ravana and Kumbhakaran were   their other  incarnations, to be released by Sri Ram. Shishupal and Dantavatra were their  third and  last incarnation, when they got their Moksha at the hands of the Lord, Sri Krsna.

Brahma created four types of creatures- oviparous, viviparous, sweat born and those sprouting from the soil.

The creatures were mainly sub divided as per the mode of reproduction:-

Those that came from eggs such as birds, snakes, lizrds, crocodiles, fish etc. ]

Those that came Embryos such as various animals, dog, cat, lion, cattle and mammals.

Those organisms which were self-reproducing such as bacteria from the perspiration and waste matter, and

organisms that sprung from the earth such as plants and vegetation.

Brahma first created creatures who resided on the land such as mammals viz. Dogs, cats, elephants etc.; Creatures living in the sky such as birds took form. Creatures living in water such as fishes were created. Creatures living on land as well as sea, such as tortoises, seals etc. were also created.


Creatures were also subdivided as per the number of nails- one nailed donkey, two nailed cows and horses, multi- nailed such as humans and without nails such as fish etc.

The sub division was also on basis of number of feet, four footed mammals, footless fish, reptiles and plants, two footed humans and birds and many-footed worms, centipedes etc.

The creatures were also sub-divided as per the flow of water, downward as in the case of humans, horizontal as in case of mammals, dogs, cows, etc. and upward as in case of plants, trees etc. by osmotic pressure.


BRAHMA’S CREATION


BASIS OF ABODE

land

Sky

Ocean

ocean & land




mammals

Birds

fishes, whales

tortoise, etc.

REPRODUCTION

embryo

Eggs

self reproducing

seeds




mammals & humans

birds, fishes, etc.

bacteria,germs

trees & plants

No. OF LEGS

two

Four

None

many




human beings

Mammals

fishes, plants

worms,centipedes

No. of Nails

one

Two

None

many




donkey, horse

bovines like cattle

fishes, trees

humans,animals

Flow of Water

horizontal

Downward

Upward








mammals

Humans

trees & plants






Manu and Satrupa had three daughters, Akuti, Devhuti and Prasuti and two sons, Uttanpada and Priyavrata. Akuti was married to the sage Ruchi. They gave birth to a son Yagyanarayana, which is one of the twenty-four incarnations of Narayana. The  second daughter, Devhuti was married to sage Kardam. They gave birth to nine daughters and the last issue was a son, Kapil maharaj. The last daughter Prasuti was married to Daksha and they had sixteen daughters, one of them Sati, who became the consort of Lord Shiva.



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