1. Combining music and drama dates back to a. the Civil War

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1. Combining music and drama dates back to __________.

a. the Civil War

b. the Romans

c. the Greeks

d. World War I


2. Most early professional music performances in America were put on by performers from __________.

a. England

b. Germany

c. Italy

d. France


3. __________ was the first notable American musical.

a. Little Johnny Jones

b. The Black Crook

c. Showboat

d. West Side Story


4. The term verismo means “realistic.”

a. true

b. false


5. The musical Rent was based on the opera __________.

a. Carmen

b. Don Giovanni

c. Madame Butterfly

d. La Boheme



1. Which of the following kinds of music theater has an integrated plot?

a. operetta

b. revue

c. burlesque

d. all of the above


2. Satire that ridicules the important or treats something silly with mock dignity is called __________.

a. operetta

b. revue

c. vaudeville

d. burlesque


3. Which one of the following could American audiences not count upon at a performance of an opéra bouffe?

a. beautiful staging

b. spectacular dancing

c. lovely melodies

d. performance in English


4. The most popular Broadway revues were those called the Ziegfeld __________.

a. Scandals

b. Vanities

c. Follies

d. Revues


5. Which one of the following remains a popular form of entertainment?

a. vaudeville

b. revues

c. burlesque

d. minstrel shows


6. Which one of the following shows does not have an integrated plot?

a. Hair

b. Pins and Needles

c. H.M.S. Pinafore

d. Naughty Marietta


7. In an operetta, the songs, dances, and instrumental pieces __________ closely integrated with a story.

a. are

b. are not


8. Patter songs became an expected feature of __________ shows.

a. burlesque

b. Gilbert and Sullivan’s

c. vaudeville

d. minstrel


9. The operettas by Gilbert and Sullivan are primarily __________.

a. sentimental

b. patriotic

c. suspenseful

d. comic


10. The last of America’s great composers of operetta was __________.

a. Will Marion Cook

b. Rudolf Friml

c. Sigmund Romberg

d. Victor Herbert


11. Arthur Sullivan was a famous English __________.

a. comic poet

b. composer

c. painter

d. lyricist


12. Viennese operettas were primarily __________.

a. romantic

b. patriotic

c. suspenseful

d. comic


13. The outstanding composer of Viennese operettas was __________.

a. Arthur Sullivan

b. Rudolf Friml

c. Johann Strauss, Jr.

d. Jacques Offenbach


14. Many songs in the Viennese operettas are lovely __________.

a. waltzes

b. marches

c. cakewalks

d. blues


15. The first outstanding composers of American operettas were from __________.

a. California

b. New York

c. Chicago

d. Europe


16. The Red Mill
, Babes in Toyland, and Naughty Marietta are all operettas by __________.

a. Gilbert and Sullivan

b. Victor Herbert

c. Rudolf Friml

d. Sigmund Romberg


17. A book show __________ have a story (an integrated plot).

a. does

b. does not


18. The musical comedy blended elements of __________.

a. vaudeville and minstrelsy

b. operetta and vaudeville

c. opera and burlesque

d. minstrelsy and revues


19. The man who virtually created the American musical comedy was __________.

a. Leonard Bernstein

b. Eubie Blake

c. Jerome Kern

d. George M. Cohan


20. Josephine Baker was a famous black __________.

a. songwriter

b. lyricist

c. singer

d. choreographer


21. The landmark show of the 1920s was __________ by Jerome Kern.

a. Oklahoma!

b. Show Boat

c. Kiss Me Kate

d. Lady Be Good


22. Which one of the following was not a famous lyricist for Broadway musicals?

a. Eubie Blake

b. Lorenz Hart

c. Ira Gershwin

d. Oscar Hammerstein II


23. The famous song “Ol’ Man River” was written for __________.

a. Show Boat

b. West Side Story

c. Annie Get Your Gun

d. Carousel


24. __________ shows always had an American theme and a patriotic flavor.

a. Richard Rodgers’s

b. Cole Porter’s

c. George M. Cohan’s

d. Stephen Sondheim’s


25. Irene and Vernon Castle were famous __________ on (for) the Broadway stage.

a. singers

b. comedians

c. dancers

d. lyricists


26. The 1942 movie Yankee Doodle Dandy is about the life of __________.

a. George M. Cohan

b. Leonard Bernstein

c. George Gershwin

d. Richard Rodgers


27. Adele and Fred Astaire were a famous team of __________.

a. actors

b. singers

c. dancers

d. songwriters


28. The composer who worked with the lyricists Lorenz Hart and later Oscar Hammerstein II was __________.

a. George Gershwin

b. Richard Rodgers

c. Jerome Kern

d. George M. Cohan


29. Show Boat was based upon a well-known __________.

a. play

b. opera

c. novel

d. poem


30. Oklahoma! was written by __________.

a. George and Ira Gershwin

b. Irene and Vernon Castle

c. Adele and Fred Astaire

d. Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II


31. Which one of the following does not apply to Leonard Bernstein?

a. composer

b. choreographer

c. pianist

d. conductor


32. The 1985 show based upon the life of a famous painter was __________.

a. The Wiz

b. Grease

c. A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum

d. Sunday in the Park with George


33. Which one of the following shows was not by Leonard Bernstein?

a. Candide

b. On the Town

c. West Side Story

d. Show Boat


34. Which one of the following composers wrote A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, Company, Follies, A Little Night Music, and Pacific Overtures?

a. Stephen Sondheim

b. Leonard Bernstein

c. Richard Rodgers

d. George Gershwin


35. Jerome Robbins gained fame as a __________.

a. composer

b. choreographer

c. pianist

d. conductor


36. Which one of the following shows became famous as a record album before it was produced on stage?

a. Pacific Overtures

b. West Side Story

c. Jesus Christ Superstar

d. Godspell


37. Which one of the following shows is not about dancing?

a. 42nd Street

b. Guys and Dolls

c. A Chorus Line

d. On Your Toes


38. West Side Story is based upon the story of __________.

a. Cinderella

b. Taming of the Shrew

c. The Wizard of Oz

d. Romeo and Juliet


39. George Seurat was a famous nineteenth-century __________.

a. composer

b. dancer

c. poet

d. painter


40. Several musicals in the first decade of the twentieth century were written, directed, and performed by African Americans.

a. true

b. false


41. The first all-black musical show to play in a major Broadway theater was In Dahomey by __________.

a. Scott Joplin

b. Florenz Ziegfeld

c. Will Marion Cook


42. A musical requiring modest sets and small numbers of performers is called a __________.

a. mini-musical

b. chamber musical

c. operetta



1. A recording of all of a film’s dialogue, sound effects, and music is called the __________.

a. soundtrack

b. filmscore


2. The technique of musically mimicking a character’s actions is called __________.

a. imitating

b. echoing

c. Mickey Mousing


3. Source or diegetic music __________ heard by the characters in the film.

a. is

b. is not


4. Another term for nondiagetic music is __________.

a. functional

b. background

c. classical


5. Live musical shows before a film began were first performed __________.

a. in early silent film theaters

b. at Radio City Music Hall


6. The Jazz Singer __________ the first major motion picture to use sound.

a. was

b. was not


7. The classical Hollywood film score is best described as __________.

a. a lavishly varied orchestral sound

b. dependent upon sophisticated electronic effects

c. based upon currently popular songs


8. Of the following composers, which is best remembered for his music for film scores?

a. Aaron Copland

b. Erich Korngold

c. George Gershwin


9. Henry Mancini’s “Moon River” was introduced in the 1962 film __________.

a. What’s New Pussycat?

b. Alfie

c. Breakfast at Tiffany’s


10. The theremin was the earliest __________ instrument.

a. electronic

b. keyboard

c. percussion


11. The first electronic filmscore to win an Academy Award was Giorgio Moroder’s score for __________.

a. The Bride of Frankenstein

b. Spellbound

c. Midnight Express


12. Elephant Man and Platoon both quoted the well-known concert piece, __________.

a. Rhapsody in Blue (Gershwin)

b. Adagio for Strings (Barber)

c. Fanfare for the Common Man (Copland)


13. Tones lying halfway between the half steps of the major or minor scale are called __________ tones.

a. chromatic

b. sharp

c. quarter


14. The first popular film accompanied by rock was __________.

a. Blackboard Jungle

b. The Graduate

c. The Wall


15. The sounds of new age music usually are produced by __________.

a. synthesizers or acoustic folk instruments

b. electric guitars

c. a symphony orchestra


16. The temp, or temporary score, is written by __________.

a. the filmscore composer

b. someone other than the filmscore composer



1. __________ is generally considered to be the grandest of the arts.

a. Poetry

b. Opera

c. Painting

d. Ballet


2. Trios, quartets, and choruses are various kinds of vocal __________.

a. libretti

b. verismi

c. finales

d. ensembles


3. The composer of Porgy and Bess was __________

a. Mary Carr Moore

b. Virgil Thomson

c. Gian-Carlo Menotti

d. George Gershwin


4. The libretto for the opera Four Saints in Three Acts was written by __________.

a. Gian-Carlo Menotti

b. Mary Carr Moore

c. Gertrude Stein

d. Virgil Thomson


5. The declamatory style of singing that replaces spoken dialogue in an opera is called __________.

a. verismo

b. aria

c. libretto

d. recitative


6. In which one of the following is the melody more likely to be tuneful?

a. recitative

b. aria


7. Dry recitative is accompanied by __________.

a. the chorus

b. the orchestra

c. the keyboard

d. nothing


8. The form da capo is illustrated by the letters __________.

a. B A B

b. A A B

c. A B A

d. A B B


9. The rhythm of an aria is usually __________.

a. metered

b. unmetered


10. Showy vocal display is more appropriate in the singing of a(n) __________.

a. recitative

b. aria


11. Which one of the following is not normally included in an opera?

a. acting

b. costumes

c. elaborate staging

d. spoken dialogue


12. Mary Carr Moore was an opera __________.

a. singer

b. composer

c. librettist

d. designer


13. The American composer who studied in Paris with Nadia Boulanger, and continued to live in France for many years, was __________.

a. Mary Carr Moore

b. Gertrude Stein

c. Virgil Thomson

d. Gian-Carlo Menotti


14. Which one of the following best describes the French attitude toward music? “Music should be __________.”

a. morally uplifting

b. serious and thought-provoking

c. intellectually challenging

d. simple and entertaining


15. Gertrude Stein was a famous American __________.

a. composer

b. literary figure

c. singer

d. painter


16. Opera has become steadily __________ popular in recent years in America.

a. more

b. less


17. The text of an opera is called the __________.

a. libretto

b. finale

c. verismo

d. ensemble


18. Four Saints in Three Acts, Porgy and Bess, and The Medium were operas written to be performed __________.

a. at the Metropolitan Opera House

b. on Broadway

c. in a concert hall

d. abroad


19. The story of Porgy and Bess is based upon a __________.

a. novel

b. poem

c. ballet

d. song


20. Which one of the following best serves to move the drama ahead in an opera?

a. dancing

b. arias

c. recitative

d. choruses


21. Gian-Carlo Menotti is __________ to study music.

a. an American who went to Italy

b. a German who went to France

c. an Italian who came to America

d. an Italian who went to the Orient


22. Which one of the following operas was commissioned by a television network?

a. The Medium

b. Amahl and the Night Visitors

c. The Consul

d. The Telephone


23. The country in which the story of The Consul takes place is __________.

a. America

b. Poland

c. China

d. unspecified


24. There are as many kinds of opera as there are of movies or books.

a. true

b. false


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