1. In the short story "Scars", by Don Aker conflict is evident in the main character Daniel. Conflict is the struggle between two opposing forces. In Daniel's case he is facing a struggle within himself

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1. In the short story “Scars”, by Don Aker conflict is evident in the main character Daniel. Conflict is the struggle between two opposing forces. In Daniel's case he is facing a struggle within himself. This kind of conflict is internal. One example of this conflict is the struggle Daniel has with the relationship him and his father share. Daniel feels his father does not care about him because of the lack of emotions directed to him from his father throughout the story. A reference from the text that supports this statement is when Daniel says "My father had a habit of staring at me for a moment when he was angry, saying nothing, as if he couldn't quite believe that I and all my ineptness had sprung from his loins." This reveals the internal struggle Daniel has as he feels that his father cared more for his brother than he does him. Another example that supports the internal conflict is the main conflict Daniel struggles with is when he is in the hospital. This is shown in Daniel’s statement, “And before I could stop myself, I was crying. Long uncontrollable sobs that seemed to come from somewhere else, someone else.” This reveals the struggle he has with his father’s apparent lack of concern for him. He feels that because his father is not in the hospital by his side after having struck him with an axe that he does not care for him. Daniel’s internal struggle is resolved when he has an epiphany that he is more like his father than he thought and that his father does in fact care for him but shows it in a different way.

2. In the short story "Scars" by Don Aker, one of the main themes is that people often deal with conflict in different ways. This is shown by Daniel and his father's relationship and ways of coping. An example of this is Daniel's statement "I thought about when we'd gotten home from my brothers funeral, listening to my mother crying in the next room while my father went outside to change the oil". This shows that Daniel's father copes with conflict and grief by fixing and destroying cars. Daniel also deals with conflict in similar ways, he just doesn't realize it. "When I got up, I wasn't wearing my glasses.... When my hands finally closed on them, I didn't put them on my face. Instead, I bent back one of the bows like a wishbone and listen to it crack." Listening to the sounds the cars made when his father destroyed cars was sort of a comfort to Daniel as well. Without even realizing it, Daniel does the same thing, enjoying the sound his glasses made when they cracked. People deal with conflict in many ways, some just don't like to talk about it; they learn to cope in different ways.

3. The significance of the title "Scars" are the physical and emotional scars Daniel and his family has to endure throughout the story. The physical scar is the cut where Daniel got hit with the axe and had to be brought to the hospital. This is shown in the story when Daniel says " I would learn later the force of the final upward swing pulled the axe from my father's tired, greasy hands..." The axe would have left a scar on Daniel's forehead. This physical scar contributes to the title of the story. More prominent are the emotional scars. The death of Daniel's brother impacted their family greatly. We find out about his brother’s death when Daniel says “my brother had stopped dying. My brother was dead" this shows us the cause of his families' emotional scar. This event impacts them tremendously. This is shown when Daniel tells us " and before I could stop myself I was crying, long, uncontrolled sobs that seemed to come from somewhere else, someone else." This event reveals to us how his brother’s death left him with emotional scars. From physical to emotional scars, the title “Scars" is very suiting for this short story.

4. In the short story "Scars", by Don Aker, the point of view used is first person. Point of view is the viewpoint from which the story is told. First person is when the story is told by the main character and uses "I". One advantage of using this perspective is that we feel the emotions and thoughts of the main character on a personal level. An example is "I'd expected to go on feeling hurt, expected to feel the fury swell in me like our river during spring melt, but my anger evaporated." This shows how Daniel feels resentment towards his father when he doesn't come into the hospital. After he comes out of the hospital, he no longer feels any resentment because he sees how he is more like his father than he thought. Because the character uses first person point of view readers connect with the protagonist on a deeper more personal level. One disadvantage of using first person point of view is the reader doesn't know what other characters in the story are feeling and it makes it harder to understand their motives. One example of this is "I have never seen my father break anything, my father who only ever put together or took apart. Even the dismantling of the vehicles in the field behind our house was purposeful and controlled." Because the story is told in first person point of view readers don't understand why the father does what he does when expressing himself. Even the main character is questioning what his father is doing. When the reader doesn't truly understand the feelings and actions of the other characters, it is easier to pass judgment towards the characters. This proves to be a disadvantage because sometimes readers can get a bias opinion on a character without fully knowing why they do what they do. In conclusion using first person point of view can be effective when describing the thoughts and personal feelings of the character telling the story, but inefficient when trying to understand the thoughts and feelings of other characters.


5. In the short story "Scars" by Don Aker, figurative language is used effectively. Figurative language is language that uses figures of speech to represent a non-literal meaning. One example of figurative language in the story is when Daniel describes the way his father works with cars. Daniel says, "Sometimes I turned the ignition while he coaxed, manipulated, or threatened tired parts back into operation." This statement shows how Daniel's father is willing to go to great lengths to fix problems with cars, but throughout the story, it is obvious that he is not willing to fix the problems within his family. He spends all of his time avoiding the problems that his son's death has caused by repairing cars. Another example if figurative language is when Daniel describes the way he broke his glasses. He says, "I bent back one of the bows like a wishbone and listened to it crack, the brown plastic snapping cleanly in two." This simile shows how by snapping his glasses, Daniel is wishing that the pain caused by his brother's death would go away. Daniel explained how his despair grew to the point where he could no longer take and he now wishes desperately for it to go away. Aker uses figurative language to effectively reveal the struggle that Daniel’s family has.


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