1. List of all papers presented at meetings of the Antique Telescope Society.
2. Abstracts of papers from 1995 - 2005.
#1: 1992, Washington, D.C., U.S. Naval Observatory.
Keynote Address: Deborah Jean Warner, ‘Astronomical Highlights of the Collections in the National Museum of American History’ (JATS v3)
Steve Turner, ‘Use of Spider Webs in Early Scope’ (JATS v1, Rittenhouse)
Peter Serrada, ‘Mogey: A Man and a Telescope’. (S&T, 1/90)
Eugene Rudd, ‘Telescopes of the Seventeenth Century’ (JATS v4)
John Briggs, ‘Notes on Some Early American Telescopes’
#2: 1993, Williams Bay, Wisconsin; Yerkes Observatory.
Keynote Address: Ron Maddison, 'The Dismantling, Moving and Reassembly of a Grubb Refractor' (JATS v5)
Peter Wlasuk, ‘Lewis Swift’
John Horthere, ‘Restoration of the 16” Clark at Ricard Observatory’
Gayle Riggsbee, ‘George Ellery Hale’
Walt Breyer, 'Photographs from ATS Conventions'
Greg Gonia, ‘Antique Telescopes of Wisconsin’
Jon Slaton, ‘Restoration of a 6” and a 4” Clark’
Bart Fried, ‘John Brashear’
Jim Seevers, ‘Telescopes of the Astrolab Society of Chicago’
John Briggs & John Allseits, ‘15” Astrograph of the U.S.N.O.’
Mike Reynolds, ‘History of Chabot Observatory’
Richard Dreiser, ‘The Early Days at Yerkes Observatory’
#3: 1994, Santa Clara, California: Riccard, Chabot, & Lick Observatories.
Keynote Address: Donald Osterbrock, 'Pauper and the Prince: George Willis Ritchey, George Ellery Hale and the Big American Telescopes' (JATS v7)
Eugene Rudd, ‘The Observatory That Never Was’
Bart Fried, ‘Who Did Make Sproul Observatory’s 6” Refractor?’
Shiloh Unruh, ‘Through the Looking Glass’ (early glassmakers, Guinand, Feil, Mantois, Chance, Fraunhofer, Short)
Peter Abrahams, ‘ATMs and the ATS’
Walt Breyer, 'Photographs from ATS Conventions'
Fernando Gutierrez, ‘The History of Ricard Observatory’ (Swift 16”)
Ron Maddison, ‘The Telescopes of J.H. Reynolds of Birmingham England’ (JATS v8)
Bob Schalck, ‘Cleaning & Repairing the Chabot Observatory’s 20” Lens’
Norm Sperling, ‘How Fitz Fits: The Roles of Telescopes and Their Makers in 19th Century America’.
Carter Roberts, ‘The History of Chabot Observatory’
Sara Conklin, 'Appraising the Appraiser'
Shiloh Unruh, 'Use of CD ROM technology to archive historic photographs'
Bart Fried (moderator), 'Current modifications to the 100" Hooker telescope at Mt. Wilson Observatory--The Good the Bad and the Ugly'
#4: 1995, Philadelphia, Swarthmore Observatory
Keynote Address: Elizabeth Griffin, 'The Mt. Wilson 100 Inch: Today's Astronomy with Yesterday's Instruments' (JATS v11)
Walt Breyer, 'Photographs from ATS Conventions'
Robert Ariail, ‘The Alvan Clark and Sons Corporation- A Dating Sequence for Telescopes’
Guy McCann, ‘Sir John Herschel: Pioneer Photo Scientist and the Birth of Astronomical Photospectroscopy’
Eugene Rudd, ‘Cater Rand’s Patent Military & Naval Telescope of 1799’ (JATS v10)
John Church, ‘A Survey of Refractor Objective Designs’
Christopher Ray, ‘Refurbishing the 24" Refractor at Swarthmore’
Mike Reynolds, ‘Restoration of Chabot's Clark and Brashear Refractors’
Wulff Heinz, ‘The History of Sproul Observatory at Swarthmore’
Walter Yund IV, ‘101 Years of 'Looking' at Lowell’
Paul O’Leary, ‘Celestial Cartography: The Beginnings of Modern Observational Astronomy’
Ray Harris, ‘Celestial Cartography & The Rise of Deep Sky Observing’
Ed Young, ‘In the Shadow of the Acropolis’
Glen Oclassen, ‘Old and New... The Antique Telescope Society on Internet’
Peter Abrahams, ‘Restoration & Documentation of a Tabletop Telescope by H. Tulley’
Ron Maddison, ‘The 200-inch Hale Reflector- An Antique by Definition?’
#5: 1996, Bath, England; Univ. London, Cambridge, & Greenwich Observatories.
Keynote Address: Allan Chapman, 'The Brotherhood of Big Reflecting Telescopes: William Herschel to William Lassell' (JATS v12)
David Hughes, ‘Edmund Halley, Scientist’
Donald Osterbrock, ‘The Spherical Aberration Fiasco of 1902’
Francis Ring, ‘William Herschel and the Bath Philosophical Society’
Thomas Williams, ‘John Edward Mellish’ (JATS v13)
Peter Louwman, ‘Collecting Antique Telescopes in Europe’
Ron Maddison, ‘Problem Objects’ (Grubb mounts)
John Gould, ‘The Works of Dr. Kitchiner’
Patrick Fleckney, ‘Thomas William Bush’
Jim Hysom, ‘The Optical Quality of Some Early Metal Mirrors’
Bart Fried, ‘The History of the Antique Telescope Society’
Peter Hingley, ‘The Royal Astronomical Society Library’
Patrick Moore, ‘Astronomy of Birr Castle’
Eugene Rudd, ‘The Construction of the Giant Telescope at Birr Castle’
Rolf Willach, ‘The Early History of the Achromatic Telescope’ (JATS v12)
Michael Tabb, ‘Reconstruction of a 7 foot Herschel Telescope
Mike Reynolds, ‘Chabot Observatory’
Rosa Alonso, ‘The King Carlos IV 25 foot Telescope’
Ken Launie, ‘Art and the Telescope Maker’
#6: 1997, Pasadena, Mt. Wilson and Palomar Observatories.
Keynote Address: Michael Tubridy, 'The Restoration of the Historic Leviathan of Parsonstown' (JATS v14)
Peter Abrahams, ‘The Early History of Binocular Telescopes’
Robert Ariail, ‘A Great Telescope Moves South’
Walt Breyer, 'Photographs from ATS Conventions'
John Briggs, ‘Snow Solar Telescope’
John Briggs and Don Osterbrock, ‘Robert Lundin’
E.J. Hysom, ‘Testing Herschel's Mirrors’
Kevin Johnson, ‘Lockyer's South Kensington Solar Observatory’
Paul O'Leary, ‘Using replicas of Galileo's Telescopes’
Donald Osterbrock, ‘Hale & Kenwood Observatory’
Chris Plicht, ‘Joseph von Fraunhofer’
Gayle Riggsbee, ‘Recently Discovered Lantern Slides of Yerkes’
Eugene Rudd, ‘The Dollond Family’ (JATS v15)
Rolf Willach, ‘Schyrl de Rheita and Johannes Wiesel’
Edward Young, ‘C. Piazzi Smyth’
#7: 1998. Boston, Harvard Observatory.
Keynote Address: Owen Gingerich, 'Tycho Brahe's Copernican Campaign' (JATS v17)
Walt Breyer, 'Photographs from ATS Conventions'
Ron Maddison, 'The Early Reflectors Attributed to Isaac Newton' (JATS v16)
Patrick Seitzer, 'The Michigan Large Telescope Project: 1929-1946'
Kevin Johnson, Common Sense Telescopes: the life & work of Andrew Ainslie Common' (JATS v17)
Patricia S. Whitesell, A Creation of His Own: Tappan’s Detroit Observatory'
Chris Ray, Notes on Restoring the Detroit Observatory's 12" Fitz Refractor'
Walter Yund IV, '180 Years of Nantucket Astronomy'
Gayle H. Riggsbee, When the cost of the eclipse trip was only one dollar'
Gary Cameron, The Origins of the Maksutov Club: The Amateur in 1950's American Science'
Peter Abrahams, 'Early Instruments of Astronomical Spectroscopy'
M. Eugene Rudd, 'Eise Eisinga and his Amazing Planetarium' (JATS v16)
Donald E. Osterbrock and John W. Briggs, 'Clark and Lundin Photographs and Letters in the Center for American History in Austin, Texas, and Other Archives' (JATS v16)
#8: 1999. Victoria, Dominion Observatory
Keynote Address: Albert Van Helden, 'Looking through Galileo's Telescope' (JATS v18)
Walt Breyer, 'Photographic Highlights of the 1998 Meeting'
Rolf Willach, 'James Short and the development of the reflecting telescope in the first half of the 18th century'
Gary L. Cameron, 'Iowa's Hidden Astronomical Treasures'
Carter Roberts, 'Restoring Rachel-The first complete overhaul for an 84-year-old refractor'
John Briggs, 'The Great Instruments of the Grubb Telescope-Making Dynasty'
Peter Abrahams, 'Alexis-Marie Rochon, Jean-Baptiste Grateloup, and the earliest cemented lens'
Bart Fried, 'Joseph P. Wampler: A Country Squire Ignites a Tradition' (JATS v18)
Eugene Rudd, 'Three Unusual Telescopes with a Scottish Connection' (JATS v17)
Richard Sorrenson, 'So who did invent the achromatic lens?'
Alan Batten, 'Wilhelm Struve and the Great Refractor of Dorpat'
Alan Batten, 'J.S. Plaskett and his 1.8-m Telescope'
#9: 2000. Flagstaff, Lowell Observatory
Keynote Address: David Strauss, 'Percival Lowell: The Culture and Science of a Boston Brahmin'
Walter Breyer, 'Slides from previous ATS meetings'
Henry Giclas, 'The Telescopes of Lowell Observatory'
Mike Reynolds, 'History of California Astronomy Exhibit at Chabot Observatory'
Wayne Orchiston, 'From Crossley to Carter: The life and times of an historic 9 Inch Cooke Telescope'
Ken Lum, 'Bernhard Schmidt: A Life in Optics'
Tom Williams, 'A new tool for astronomers: The early history of the Schmidt optical system in America.'
Donald E. Osterbrock, 'Don Hendrix: Mount Wilson and Palomar Observatories Master Optician of Schmidt Cameras and Large Telescopes'
Peter Abrahams, 'H. Dennis Taylor, optical designer for T. Cooke & Sons'
Kevin Johnson, 'The tale of two telescopes: the peripatetic history of two Smythian telescopes from the early 19th century to the present'
Ron Maddison, 'Dudley Adams of London: and a typical 4" Gregorian Reflector of his from about 1790'
Peter Hingley, 'The History of the English Mounting'
John W. Briggs, 'New insight on Clark mechanics: University of the Pacific's 1884 refractor'
M. Eugene Rudd, 'Joseph Fraunhofer’s First Paper'
Walter Yund IV, 'The Rise and Fall of Dudley Observatory'
Carter Roberts, 'Restoring Rachel Part II'
Gary L. Cameron, 'The Iowa College Goodnow Hall Observatory'
#10: 2001. Pittsburgh, Allegheny Observatory
Keynote Address: Edward J. Pershey, 'The Warner & Swasey Company'
Walt Breyer, 'The History of the ATS Conventions in Slides'
Bart Fried, 'Uncle John' - an American Icon.
Rudi Lindner, 'The Lamont-Hussey Refractor'
Flaccus Stifel & Wade Barbin, 'The Refurbishing of the Brashear Refractor for AAAP's Wagman Observatory'
Peter Abrahams, 'Gottlieb and James W. Fecker'
Ron Maddison, 'A survey of the major Observatories and Telescopes that the Society has visited over the last ten years'
James Kimbrell, 'Optics for the Subaru Telescope'
Trudy E. Bell, 'The Roles of Lesser-Known American Telescope Makers in 19th-Century American Observatories'
Peter Broughton, 'The instruments and methods used at the 1769 transit of Venus'
M. Eugene and Eric P. Rudd, 'A new method of measuring chromatic aberration of lenses'
Perry Remaklus, 'Reflections on some telescope books'
George Bartunek, 'An 8 inch Harry Fitz Refractor in a Public School Observatory'
Gary Cameron, 'Des Moines' Drake Municipal Observatory'
Robert Royce, 'Optical Testing in the First Half of the 18th Century'
John Briggs, Two Challenge Questions: 1) Largest Clark Optics? 2) Largest Refractor Seriously Proposed?'
Peter Abrahams and Victor Lopez. 'The Observatory of Bogota, Colombia, founded 1803'
#11: 2002. Dublin; Trinity College, Birr Castle, Armagh & Dunsink Observatories
Keynote Address: Michael Tubridy, 'The Six Foot Rosse Telescope'
Walter Breyer, 'The History of the ATS in Slides'
Marcus Cavalier, 'H. Dennis Taylor, the Cooke Triplet Lens and the Victorian Patent System'
Kevin Johnson, 'The Telescope Collection of The Science Museum, London'
Rolf Willach, 'The heliometer. Its development in the 18th and 19th century and its contribution to our astronomical knowledge'
Peter Abrahams, 'The Telescope in Ireland: Obscure makers & marks. Irish telescope makers and Irish signatures on telescopes'
Edward J. Young, 'The Great Melbourne Telescope: An Irish Connection'
Michael Tubridy, 'The Crawford Observatory, University College Cork, Ireland'
David Sinden, 'Photographs of optical processing methods developed at Grubb Parsons and later at Sinden Optical Co.'
Peter Abrahams, 'When an Eye is armed with a Telescope: The Dioptrics of William and Samuel Molyneux'
Terry Moseley, 'Grubbs Are Good For You'
David Sinden, ''Lets Find Out': Some notes on Grubb's Lens Making methods.'
Shaw Kinsley, 'A Collection of Instruments made and used by A. E. Douglass'
Kevin Johnson, 'James Nasmyth: Ironmaster & Astronomer'
Stuart Talbot, 'The Astroscope by James Mann: the first commercial Achromatic Refracting Telescope c.1735 ?'
Bart Fried, 'New Light on early Chinese Telescope Making'
Ileana Chinnici, 'The Palermo Ramsden Circle and the Dunsink Meridian Circle: possible connections'
Peter Louwman and Rolf Willach, 'Photographs of signed telescopes from the early 17th century into the 19th century, with discussion on the makers and manufacturing techniques'
#12: 2003. Denver. Chamberlin Observatory.
Keynote Address: Robert Stencel, 'The History of Chamberlin Observatory.'
Walt Breyer, 'The History of the ATS in Slides.'
Wayne Orchiston, 'Cook, Green, Solander and the 1769 transit of Venus.'
Donald E. Osterbrock, 'Frank E. Ross, His Ross Lens, and the Lick Observatory 20-inch Astrograph.'
Wayne Orchiston, 'History of the 'Catts Telescope': a nineteenth century 20-inch Grubb reflector.'
Trudy Bell, 'Private Observatories in the 19th-Century United States: A Progress Report.'
Wayne Orchiston, 'Documenting and preserving our international astronomical heritage: the IAU Historical Instruments Working Group.'
Session II: "Telescopes and observation in the era of visual astronomy."
Thomas Dobbins, 'William Henry Pickering and the Egg-Moons of Jupiter.' Written with William Sheehan.
Bradley Schaefer, 'Visibility Through Old Refractors of Phobos & Deimos, Venus Black Drops, Mars Craters, Sunspots, and the Pup Star.'
Peter Abrahams, 'The Early Use of Filters in Visual Astronomy.'
Thomas Dobbins, 'Canals and Crater: Mars and the Limits of Telescopic Vision. Written with William Sheehan.'
Session III: "Telescope Restoration."
Gary Cameron, 'After The Restoration: Care of Antique Scientific Instrument Collections.'
John Augustine, 'Some personal thoughts on and methods of optics cleaning, and in search of the perfect lens brush.'
Chris Ray, 'The restoration of Maria Mitchell's Dollond refractor.'
Tim Brown, 'The Early History of High Altitude Observatory.'
#13: 2004. Nantucket. Maria Mitchell Observatory.
Walt Breyer. ATS Annual Meetings in Slides.
Jascin Finger. Maria Mitchell.
Peter Boyce. The Early Telescopes of Maria Mitchell Observatory.
Paul A. Valleli. On an Optical Investigation of the Maria Mitchell Observatory Astrograph.
Niles Parker. Walter Folger and his Speculum Mirror Telescopes.
Vladamir Strelnitski. Research at the Maria Mitchell Observatory.
John Augustine. The Early History of an Old Wood Tube Clark and Some Thoughts on Wood Tube Construction and Care.
Chris Ray. Restoring a 1922 Clark 10.5 inch refractor clock drive, and notes on the wood tube 5 inch Clark at MMA.
Craig B. Waff and Trudy E. Bell. In Quest of the Early Alvan Clark: Discovery and Interpretation of Newly Identified Documents Concerning Clark’s Pre-Factory Period.
Craig B. Waff. Alvan Clark's Struggle to Establish His Optical Reputation, 1847-1859: New Information from Recently Discovered Documents.
Trudy E. Bell. 'A Hell of a Hole': The Nearly-Forgotten San Luis Southern Observing Station of the Dudley Observatory.
Randy Liebermann. George W. Ritchey: A Visual Tour of His Contributions to Astrophysics.
Peter Abrahams. The Telescope in Japan, 1600-1900.
#14: 2005. Cincinnati. Cincinnati Observatory.
Keynote Address: Craig B. Waff. “One of the greatest triumphs of theoretical Astronomy”: New Insights Regarding the Mathematical Prediction and Discovery of the Planet Neptune.
Walt Breyer. History of the ATS in Slides.
M. Eugene Rudd. Dioptrice: A Project to Study Early Refracting Telescopes. (M. Eugene Rudd, Duane H. Jaecks, and Marvin Bolt).
Bart Fried. The Enigmatic History of the First Curved Plate Cameras.
Peter Abrahams. The Early Observatory Telescopes of Carl Zeiss.
Trudy E. Bell. Roger Hayward and the Invention of the ‘Two-Mirror Schmidt’.
Paul L. Hermonat. Thomas Slater of London, obscure, but noteworthy telescope maker of 1840-50s London.
Robert Simcoe. Digitizing the Harvard College Observatory Plate Collection: An Instrument for the "Historic Sky." (Presented by Bart Fried.)
Thomas Dobbins. Telescopes with Second-Surface Mirrors.
Gayle Riggsbee. Restoration of an 8 inch Clark by the Charlotte Amateur Astronomers Club.
John Allseits. The Retrieval of a 10-inch f/15 J.W. Fecker Refractor from the U. of Alabama.
Session III: Various speakers. Preserving our astronomical assets.
Craig B. Waff. “Providence … will send us a fitting telescope”: The Founding of Amherst College’s Lawrence Observatory and the Acquisition and Installation of its 7.25-Inch-Aperture Clark Refractor.
Jonathan Jennings. The theft and recovery of the Cincinnati Astronomical Society 8-1/4 inch, 1880, Alvan Clark lens.
Paul Nohr. The Restoration of the 11 1/4 inch 1885 Merz & Mahler Telescope.
Dean Regas. The Cincinnati Observatory's Collection of Lantern Glass Slides - Snapshots of Life at the Observatory.
Craig Niemi. America's First Astronomical Publication, the Sidereal Messenger.
Don Osterbrock. Becoming an Observatory Director in Pre-Civil-War America: O. M. Mitchel, 1828-1845.
MEETING OF THE ANTIQUE TELESCOPE SOCIETY, OCTOBER 1995
ABSTRACTS OF PRESENTATIONS TO THE SESSIONS
The Alvan Clark and Sons Corporation- A Dating Sequence for Telescopes.
All but a very few Clark Telescopes, after the Corporation was formed in April 1901, were signed but not dated. The earlier telescopes were both signed and dated. This sequence was prepared as something of a by-product of the research undertaken while working on the revision of 'Artists in Optics'. It is something of a detective story of interest to us all.
Sir John Herschel: Pioneer Photo Scientist and the Birth of Astronomical Photospectroscopy
John Herschel continued in a family tradition of pioneering astronomical research that was established by his father, William Herschel. His Aunt, Caroline Herschel, was also a dedicated and productive observer. Some of John Herschels achievements include cartography of the Southern sky, the discovery of over 500 clusters and nebulae, as well as the observation and cataloguing of more than 2000 binary stars. He also wrote a most successful text on astronomy which has since been translated into many languages and is still regarded as an impressive treatise. Most people do not know, however, that John Herschel also worked at the cutting edge in the development of the science of photography. The story of John Herschel's role will be told.
Cater Rand’s Patent Military & Naval Telescope of 1799
The enemy's army is marching towards you. Your cannons are trained on them, but you need to know how far away they are to choose the powder charge that will make the cannon balls reach them but not overshoot them. You pull out your Rand Patent Telescope, aim it, and adjust the micrometer wires to encompass the height of the soldiers. Knowing that they are about six feet tall, you use the scale on the side of the telescope to quickly calculate the range. An example of this rare telescope, and the even scarcer instruction book, (signed by the author), will be shown.
A Survey of Refractor Objective Designs
After a brief survey of the basics of objective design, criteria that entered into the selection of glasses, and curves for some of the world's best known refractors, including the Sproul 24 inch, will be discussed.
Refurbishing the 24" Refractor at Swarthmore
An account of some of the problems found during routine maintenance on the Sproul 24" Brashear refractor together with a description of the techniques involved in the cleaning of the lens and its cell.
The fine 8 inch Clark, built in 1883 and the 20 inch Brashear, mounted in 1915 by Warner and Swasey, are still in superb condition and are in regular use whenever conditions permit. Some restoration work has been necessary over the years. This will be explained and described.
Walter Yund IV
101 Years of 'Looking' at Lowell
Lowell Observatory, started in 1894 by Percival Lowell, still contributes much to astronomy. In addition to the well-known discovery of Pluto by Clyde Tombaugh in 1930, astronomers at Lowell studied the 'canals' of Mars, spiral nebulae, and star clusters. There are many fascinating facts about this unusual astronomer, his use of his 24 inch Clark refractor, and the many other people who worked at Lowell - one of the oldest observatories in the country.
The Beginnings of Modern Observational Astronomy
Two book reviews:- 'Sidereus Nuncius' by Galileo, 1610; and 'Dioptrice; by Kepler, 1611.
Celestial Cartography & The Rise of Deep Sky Observing
This is a review of the early development of Sky Charts that first recorded deep sky objects. The review concentrates on the period between 1588 and 1801 and is illustrated at every stage.
In the Shadow of the Acropolis
The Parthenon is the greatest symbol of ancient Greek civilization. Its geometric order echoes the Greek desire to find a rational explanation for natural phenomena. On the adjacent 'Hill of the Nymphs' is the National Observatory of Athens, founded in 1842, which heralded the modem era of Greek astronomy. The Observatory and satellite stations outside Athens contain modem instruments, as well as the historic 25 inch R.S. Newall refractor, built by Cooke in 1871 and donated to Greece by Cambridge University in 1956. We visit the Observatory and review its history.
Restoration & Documentation of a Tabletop Telescope by H. Tulley
Historical and physical evidence is gathered concerning a table-top telescope carrying the mysterious inscription 'H. Tulley'.
The 200-inch Hale Reflector- An Antique by Definition?
The 200 inch Palomar Mountain Reflector will soon be 50 years old. It is now regarded as marking the end of an era of giant monolithic telescopes since all the modern comparable instruments use 'active' optical systems to guarantee image quality. This may qualify it as an 'Antique'by definition! However, it was also used to introduce new and sophisticated engineering techniques that have been incorporated universally in the design of all subsequent 'new generation' telescopes. The 200 inch represents a watershed in telescope design.
History of the Franklin Institute telescopes, Observatory and the Fels Planetarium. (10" Zeiss, 24" Fecker, 5" Brashear, 6" Merz and Mahler, 6" vertical telescope / coelostat.
MEETING OF THE ANTIQUE TELESCOPE SOCIETY, SEPTEMBER 1996