1-What is a desert?



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Special places/ Why are the people of Qatar fond of the desert?



Teachers
Emad Al-khatib Mahmoud Alsheikh Khaled Jairoudi
Students
Issa Amin Faisal Allewa Mshour Houban

Abdulla Obeid Muhammad Alkurbi Abdulla Jaber Alhareth Assem Ahmad Adel Saleh

Why are the people in Qatar fond of the desert?


1-What is a desert?

A desert is an area that is very dry. It is the lack of moisture that truly define the desert, not it's temperature or location. It is generally accepted that a desert must have less than 10 inches of precipitation. All deserts have one thing in common… they are like toast without butter… dry

They are like mouthful of saltines…dry. The Atacama Desert in Northern Chile is the driest place on earth. It receives 1millimetre of rain every 5 to 20 years. Some years it receives no rain at all.

Someone says that what makes the desert beautiful is that somewhere it hides a well.


2- Why are deserts so hot?

Deserts are hot primarily because of the lack of water. When the sun shines on the ground, all of the absorbed sunlight goes into raising the ground's temperature. If there was moisture in the soil, , much of this heat would go into evaporation it will change by some of the water, pumping water vapor in the air, and keeping the soil cooler. This cooling is from the "latent" heat of evaporation that is required to change liquid water into water vapor. Associated with the lack of water is a lack of vegetation, which also evaporates water as part of photosynthesis. The vegetation itself doesn't cool the desert , it's the water being processed by the vegetation. In fact, since vegetation is darker than most desert soils, if a desert could have vegetation that didn't need water to live, the desert would actually be hotter since it would absorb more sunlight! Similarly, if deserts were covered by dark soil rather than light soil or sand, they would also be hotter. The common view that deserts are so hot because of the bright sand is, therefore, incorrect.

What is interesting about deserts is that deserts are cold at night: Because of the lack of water in the ground, and little water vapor in the air, most deserts can get quite cool at night. This is because dry ground does not retain as much heat as moist ground.

3- Plants in the desert of Qatar

The Grey Mangrove


Qatar is home to the Avicenna Marina, also known as the grey mangrove or white mangrove tree, communities of which form several forests around Qatar’s shores. These mangrove swamps are home to a wealth of life, including a plant new species of sea slug that was found in 2007 by a member of the Qatar Natural History Group.

The largest area of mangroves - and the oldest - can be found ,Al Thakira and Al Khor in Qatar originate from fairly recent plantings by the government, although unfortunately they has now been uprooted.




Truffles

The wild truffle, discovered in the desert areas of Qatar . Usually found after the heavy winter rains, around March or April each year, they are not easy to find. These truffles like to hide amidst the sand under bushes and it is quite a common sight to see whole families methodically combing an area in search of their prize. The truffles are brownish in colour, with a fungus type appearance and can sometimes be up to 4" (10cms) in circumference.




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palm trees:

They are found everywhere in Qatar as well as all the Arabian Gulf countries. Palm tree farms supply the local market with different kinds of dates , it is a quantity enough for consumers and a part of it is exported to Europe and other countries.





4- Animals in the desert of Qatar

camels


Perhaps nowhere else on earth is more associated with the camel than the Arabian Peninsula. Their story is not one of a free population; however, but of a domesticated animal. Throughout history, Arabian camels have served the needs of humans, and have benefited from that service as a species. Humans have in fact assured the survival of camels for thousands of years and quite literally led them to success as a species that they probably would never have had on their own. The camel has played such an important role in Arab culture that there are over 160 words for "camel" in the Arabic language. The geography and climate have combined to define an entire culture with the camel at its core. This certainly must be seen as high praise of this remarkable animal. Camels were used by the Bedouin, whose warriors formed the nucleus of the Muslim armies that conquered the Byzantine and Persian Empires in the 7th century AD. War, trade, and civilization -- all riding on the back of a hump. Camels are no more used for fighting or transport, people nowadays involve them in camel races with a boy-robot riding on each, and the winner may offer a wealth to its owner.

QUAILS ( Hubara) People have always speculated where the Asian houbara bustard , the favored prey of Arab falconers, migrates from to reach the Arabian peninsula each winter. From mere curiosity and speculation, the need to piece together a more comprehensive picture of the houbara bustards' movements has become essential due to the continued decline in the houbara's numbers. This decline is believed to be as a result of destruction of their wintering and breeding habitat, over trapping and over hunting.


Oryx


An endangered animal that is the symbol of Qatar. In the zoo the young Oryx refers to a breeding population. Sanctuaries established to protect Al Maha (Oryx) the endangered desert



5- Desert ecology in Qatar

Deserts stir the human imagination. They occupy nearly one-seventh of the world's land surface area, but carry only four percent of the human population. The immense spaces of the desert have inspired the explorer, and breed a heartiness in the people who live there. Today, especially with new means of transportation, more people than ever are discovering this unique resource.


Water, or more accurately the lack of water, is what defines a desert. In general terms deserts are dry places. The standard definition is an area that receives less than 10 inches of rain a year, and whose yearly evaporation rate exceeds 10 inches.

6- History of the desert in Qatar
There's a lot of history in our desert. The preservation and protection of our cultural heritage is one of the primary functions of the municipality affairs and we invite you to learn and explore what this desert land has to offer. you will find stories of the people who made this history happen.

7- Recreation

The resources available within the Qatari desert are enough to keep the most dedicated desert explorer busy for years. Whether your interests are hunting, camping or just driving and looking at beautiful scenery you will find it here.

Many camping sites are available in the desert of Qatar. Sea line , Algariye and a number of beaches, where the camping season begins in November and ends in the early days of the month of April, at a time when the Ministry of environmental affairs is keen to apply the environmental procedures to ensure environmental protection of country land and the environment in general.

The camping in the desert is the most important type of domestic tourism, where many await impatiently camping season and prepare themselves before it starts, where is the outlet for all of the recreation of self and purity of mind and change the pattern of daily life. The beaches in the country have all elements of tourism and places of stunning sand dunes and beaches, the beautiful period along three sides of the map of the State of Qatar, which increases their importance.
And the fact that young country fans camping on land and beaches by customs and the environment they are a period in which camping is suitable for recreation and self-break the boring routine and get to the mainland for the exercise of different hobbies and communicate with friends and spend some time fine and the desired comfort.

 

Camping season continued throughout the year and not only to allow the specified period, despite the difficulty of achieving this for several security considerations related to the environment, and there would not be confined to certain areas of camping, but allow them to camp in any place not affected by the environment.


Camping in the land of beaches and gives the opportunity to meet with friends and contacts with them, which is the psychological comfort and clarity of mind and the renewal of activity and break the routine and away from city life.
8-Hunting

Lizards

dhabs, or spiny-tailed lizards. There are more than 15 species of these gentle giants distributed from north Africa to India, some of which reach a bulky 65 cm. All are characterized by an elaborate suit of armour, consisting of a tail adorned with dagger-sharp spines and a head that would not look out of place on the end of a medieval battering ram. They are usually only spotted at a distance through the shimming Arabian heat-haze, which is a pity, for there are relatively few people who have had the chance to study the amazing mechanics and colours of the dhab from close up. Moreover, lizards attract their hunters because most of the desert inhabitants find in it the most delicious meal with rice or without it.

Falconry

One of the most fascinating interactions between nature and man is that which takes place between the bird and its handler in Arabian Falconry.

During autumn the houbara bustard flies from the northern hemisphere to the Arabian peninsula and Africa to over-winter. Its migration is preceded by that of peregrine and "saker" falcons which the "Bedu" (nomads) captured as they made their own way south. Once the falconers managed to trap one of the highly prized birds, they had only two to three weeks to train it before the migrating houbaras started to arrive. This was done by developing a strong bond trust between a wild captured bird and its handler. Ideally, the training of the falcon was completed by the day when the first houbaras arrived and the bedouin would hunt the bustards with his falcon throughout the winter months.


It is no wonder that the desert nomads have always appreciated the stamina and hunting instincts of the falcon. The Bedouin people in particular used this bird to hunt game, which provided an important and nutritious addition to an otherwise monotonous diet.

Today, the Arabian Peninsula is one of the last places in the world where falconry remains an important sporting activity.

Although falconry clubs do exist in America and in almost all European countries, it is in the Gulf region that the sport is held in truly high regard and commands the greatest interest.

The people of the Gulf have a strong personal commitment to falconry and ensure that it is practiced in the correct manner, with the proper respect due to Islamic customs.

The chief falconer is highly respected, as he is responsible for the birds' daily training and care. The falcon requires much human contact and careful attention on a daily basis, or it will quickly grow wild and therefore unreliable.

When hunting, an experienced falconer drives his bird ahead to pursue the prey, following at speed to ensure that he is on the spot within a few seconds of the falcon's landing of the game. It is essential that the falcon's talons are well placed in the prey before it lands.

The falconer also needs to ensure that there is no fighting between the falcon and its prey, to avoid injury to either bird. The falcon is less skilful on the ground than it is in flight and may lose its courage when confronted with a larger bird.

Finally, the falconer must be present to ensure that the game is killed according to Islamic custom.

The Houbara Bustard is the falcon's chief prey. This is a large, fast-flying desert bird about the size of a heron, and it is hunted for its delicious meat. Great skill is needed by the falcon in tracking down a bird of this size and speed, as it is often required to cover distances of four or five kilometers before finally capturing its prey.


ALBUM SHOW: Falcons are the most beautiful Bird of Prey. Most of the people mix up between Falcons and Hawks. Falcons have higher and an intelligent behavior, and they are faster than any bird in the sky.



9-Campgrounds

Sealine Beach Resort:
Situated 55 km from the capital, the resort offers a large variety of rooms, villas and chalets - all overlooking the sea; alongside with many sports and recreational activities and a number of restaurants.



Al-Gharriyya Resort:
This resort lies on the waterfront of al-Gharriyya area in the north. It comprises a number of super deluxe villas, children playgrounds, a swimming pool and restaurants.

Khor Al Udaid:
This beach lies on the southeastern most part of the country, 78 km from Doha. This beautiful beach is distinguished by its fine sand dunes that can be as high as 40 meters in some locations. Other fine beaches include Fuwairit, Dukhan and others.
Finally, the desert remains the best friend for the people who used to be loyal for the desert traditions: patience, strength, giving, inspiration and last but not the least it’s the only place for meditation one of the forgotten rituals in Islam. For all these reasons people of Qatar are fond of the desert and we invite you to stop by the desert and think if they were right!!



iEARN Qatar 2009-05-21 / Emad Alkhatib






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