1) What is the meaning of al ashraat? Ashraat is the plural of sharat and means ‘a sign’.
2) What are the ashraat us saa’ah? They are the signs of the Hour, which show that the Hour is soon to happen.
3) What is the evidence that none knows when the Hour will come? Among the proofs are the following:
Are they awaiting except that the Hour comes upon them baghtatan; then its ashraat have already come!
Soorah Muhammad (47) aayah 18
And the meaning of baghtatan in this aayah is suddenly, unexpectedly – meaning that none knows the time of the Hour except Allaah.
And Allaah states:
The Hour will be heavy upon the inhabitants of the Heavens and the Earth (and its knowledge unknown to them): it will not come to you except baghtatan.
Soorah al A’raaf (7) aayah 187
And Jibreel ‘alaiyhissalaam said to the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaiyhi wa sallam:
The one being questioned is not more knowledgeable about it than the one asking the question. So he alaiyhissalaam said:
Inform me of its signs!
He sall Allaahu ‘alaiyhi wa sallam stated:
The slave girl will give birth to her mistress, and that you will see the barefoot naked shepherds competing with each other in the construction of tall buildings. Hadeeth reported by al Bukhaaree (50) and Muslim.
4) What is the first category of the ashraat us saa’ah? They are the Minor Signs – and they have already occurred and finished.
5) What is the second category of the ashraat us saa’ah? The Intermediate Signs – and these continue to appear.
6) What examples does the shaykh give of this category? The shaykh mentions the advancement of industries and means of communication, and extraction of the treasures from the earth, and towns becoming closer to each other - to the extent that it is as if the whole world is a single village. It also includes the gathering of the Jews in Palestine, to await the dajjaal and prepare for the great wars that will occur there.
7) What is the third category of the ashraat us saa’ah? The Major Signs.
8) What examples does the shaykh give of this category? The shaykh mentions the emergence of the dajjaal, the descent of ‘Eesaa ibn Maryam ‘alaiyhissalaam, the emergence of Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj, the emergence of the daabbah (the Beast) and the rising of the sun from its place of setting.
9) Into which category does the emergence of the dajjaal come?
This is from the third category – the Major Signs.
10) Why is the dajjaal considered to be the greatest of the trials? This is because many people will be tempted and misled through him, due to the severity of the trials with which he comes.
11) Why is the dajjaal given the name a) ad Dajjaal b) al Maseeh? Ad dajjaal is derived from addajl (which means deception/falsehood), because of the great number of his lies.
Al Maseeh may refer to more than one meaning.
It may be because he proceeds throughout the earth, and he yamsahuhaa (he crosses it) quickly because of the rapid means of transport with which Allaah has equipped him which are faster than the wind.
Or it may refer to his right eye being mamsoohah (smooth) – meaning that he is one eyed.
12) Was it only the later prophets who warned about the dajjaal? No, rather every prophet warned his nation against him.
And the Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaiyhi wa sallam was the one who warned against him most because he sall Allaahu ‘alaiyhi wa sallam was the last of the Prophets, and his nation was the last of the nations, and the nearest in time to the time of the dajjaal.
13) What four things did the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaiyhi wa sallam tell us to seek refuge from after the tashahhud? He sall Allaahu ‘alaiyhi wa sallam commanded us in the prayer after the last tashahhud in the prayer to seek Allaah’s refuge from:
the punishment of the Fire, and from the punishment of the Grave, and from the trials of life and death and from the trial of al Maseeh ud Dajjaal.
Hadeeth reported by Muslim and Abu Daawud, an Nasaaee and ibn Maajah.
14) Where will the dajjaal be killed and by whom? He will be killed by ‘Eesaa ibn Maryam at the gate of ‘ludd’.
15) What does the shaykh mention about the coming of ‘Eesaa ‘alaiyhissalaam? ‘Eesaa will rule by the law of Islaam after he has killed the dajjaal, for he is a follower of the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaiyhi wa sallam.
And in the time of ‘Eesaa, Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj will emerge.
16) What is the relevance of Dhul Qarnain to the story of Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj? Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj are a nation from Banee Aadam (i.e. they are humans), and they lived in the time of Alexander Dhul Qarnain, who built a great barrier to hold them back.
Allaah tells us about this great barrier:
So they were not able to climb over it and they were not able to tunnel underneath it.
Soorah al Kahf (18) aayah 97
17) Why are Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj not wreaking havoc on the earth at this moment? They are contained by this wall which is a very strong construction made of iron.
However the Promise of Allaah comes about, He will level this wall to the ground, and the Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj will emerge to cause havoc on the earth.
QUESTIONS RELATED TO POINT 207
Why is ‘Eesaa ibn Maryam alaiyhissalaam known as al Maseeh?
This is because he ‘alaiyhissalaam wipes over the sick person with his hand, and the person is then cured by Allaah.
Why is ‘‘Eesaa ibn Maryam alaiyhissalaam called an ‘alam in soorah az Zukhruf (43) aayah 61?
And he is an ‘alam (sign) for the Hour.
Soorah az Zukhruf (43) aayah 61
This means that he alaiyhissalaam will be a sign indicating the closeness of the Hour.
Is ‘Eesaa ibn Maryam alaiyhissalaam currently dead?
No, he is currently alive in the Heavens, and he will not die until the duty with which he was entrusted has been carried out.
He will then be buried upon the earth after he has killed the dajjaal, killed the pigs, removed the payment of the jizyah and he has judged by Islaam.
QUESTIONS RELATED TO POINT 208
21) Why does the shaykh quote the aayah from soorah al An’aam (6:158)? Do they await except that the angels (of death) should come to them or that your Lord should come to them (on the Day of Resurrection) or that one of the signs of your Lord should come?
On the Day when one of the signs of your Lord comes, a soul will not be benefited by having eemaan (at that time) if it did not believe before or earn good deeds along with its eemaan.
Say: Wait! We too are waiting.
Soorah al An’aam (6) aayah 158
The ‘one of the signs of your Lord’ refers here to the rising of the sun from its place of setting. (Hadeeth of Aboo Hurairah reported by al Bukhaaree no.4636)
QUESTIONS RELATED TO POINT 209
22) How will the Beast that emerges help the people distinguish between the believer and the disbeliever?
It will brand the believer and the disbeliever with a mark on their head, through which the people will recognise each other.
23) From where will the beast emerge?
There is no authentic evidence to say from where the Beast will emerge. Only Allaah has the knowledge of this place.