10. Sporting Achievement Why do the unit?


Section A 1. Can you name the named trophies or awards? Also name the sports achievements associated with each of these? You could take the help of the help box on the bottom of the page

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Section A
1. Can you name the named trophies or awards? Also name the sports achievements associated with each of these? You could take the help of the help box on the bottom of the page.


Borg-Warner Trophy Webb Ellis Cup Dronacharya Award

Wade Trophy Allan Cup Laureus World Sports Award

Cy Young Award Grey Cup Arjuna Award




2. EXTREME SPORTS

A

. What is he doing? What is this ‘sport’ called?


…………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………….


Extreme sports are those which are more dangerous than usual sports, and doing them is very exciting. Two of the most popular extreme sports are skateboarding and surfing, as they don’t need much equipment.

B. Give reasons why you think people enjoy in such high risk sports?

1. higher level of adventure

2……………………………………………………………

3…………………………………………………………….

4…………………………………………………………..

5. …………………………………………………………..


C

. Do we really need to risk everything? For some
“Yes, we do.”

Base Jumping
This is about leaping off a fixed object and deploying a parachute at some point before hitting the ground.
Risks? Parachute problems. Hitting bits of the object you’ve just jumped off.
Appeal? Morbid glamour. Base jumpers are considered the most daring of their breed and the most likely to be dead before your next conversation.

 

M



otorcycle Leaping

This is a magnificent contest between man and… ground. From a rider's point of view it is, literally, a leap into the unknown; for a spectator it is thrilling and terrifying when a motorcycle is out of its natural element – which is to say high in the air.


Risks? Just missing the landing ramp. Hitting the landing ramp, but missing your motorcycle. Colliding with anything in between. Arriving at your destination only to have your motorcycle’s suspension collapse on impact. Losing control after landing and flying over the handlebars – then being cleaned up by your own machine.
Appeal? Fame. The opportunity to make a decent living in freestyle motocross (involving midair stunts like the one above).

C

liff Diving

You make your way from the top of a very high cliff to water level, unaided, quickly and with a series of graceful manoeuvres. A typical dive is from 27 metres. The diver hits the water at nearly 100kmh and is then pulled up at a rate of deceleration equivalent to that of a mid-level car crash.

Risks? In a well-organised competition, the chances of hitting the cliff or submerged rocks, which can be fatal, is small. You can still hit fish, however, which can be very, very painful. In 1999, American diver Todd Michael forgot to insert his mouthguard and almost bit his tongue off on impact.
Appeal? The purity, the rush, the Formula One g-forces.

Trebuchet

This involves flying through the air, propelled by a massive counterweighted catapult equipped with a sling to increase launch speed and distance, then landing safely in a large net. Once you've seen one person flung through the air by a trebuchet, you've probably seen them all. More importantly, the person flying through the air has little control over where they land, rather compromising any ability to get better with practice.

Risks? Missing the net, hitting the net but bouncing out of it, hitting the net but twisting or breaking something on impact.



Appeal? The acceleration. Three to four seconds of human flight. Bragging about it later.

I

n groups discuss what you think of such sports.
Organize a debate about Extreme Sports. Topics could include:

  • “Extreme Sports would not exist without television."

  • “Extreme Sports encourage kids to participate in dangerous activities."

3. Match descriptions, names and pictures of 12 popular extreme sports.

go4english.co.uk/media_file/doc/2007-07-19/1184831235.doc
































Scuba diving


Hang gliding

Water skiing

Rock climbing

Bungee jumping

Snowboarding



Mountain biking

Wind surfing


Sky diving



White-water canoeing

Inline skating


Skateboarding



Going up the vertical rock faces of mountains using special equipment.

Sailing while standing on a narrow board with a sail fixed to it.

Standing on a large board and sliding down snow, often doing tricks at the same time.

Travelling down fast-flowing rivers in a thin one-person boat using paddles.

Cycling up and down hills and mountains.

Exploring underwater using a mask and oxygen tank.

Jumping off a high bridge or building with only a strong piece of elastic rope tied to you.

Riding or performing tricks on a short narrow board with a set of 4 small wheels underneath.

Riding or performing stunts using shoes with a single row of small wheels underneath.

Flying through the air alone using a giant kite.

Moving across the water by being pulled by a boat.

Jumping out of a plane and falling without a parachute.

4. Design gold/ silver/ bronze medals. Also design certificate for the Olympic Sports. Justify your work of art in about 150 words each.


5. Read about Dhyan Chand, the Legend


The Wizard


Q: Where can one find a statue of Dhyan Chand with four hands and four sticks to signify wizardry?
A:
At a sports club in Vienna

Q: His real name was Dhyan Singh. Where did he pick up Chand?
A: His coach Pankaj Gupta named him Chand predicting that he would one day shine like the chand or moon

Q: How is his birthday, August 29, celebrated in India?
A: As National Sports Day

Q: What other sport did he love?
A: Billiards

Q: After watching him play, who told him, “You score goals like runs in cricket”?
A: Sir Donald Bradman

The history of Indian hockey will be rendered insignificant without due honour to the greatest exponent of the game - Dhyan Chand. Even before he was selected for India's first Olympic team in 1928, the 24-year--old soldier had attained an exalted status in the world of hockey. India's maiden overseas tour of New Zealand ill 1926 left no doubt about his superlative skills and scoring prowess:

So established was Dhyan Chand's credentials 1in those days that the Indian Hockey Federation selected him for the Los Angeles Olympics on the strength of his reputation, without seeking selection trials. The only player to be selected without trials. this was an honour that would have gladdened the heart of any other player. But the sporting spirit in this great player did not relish2 this. He observed, "Even though I was assured that I would be included in the team without undergoing trials, I had a feeling that it was not altogether fair. I felt it was an unenviable sort of preference shown to me when many of my friends who accompanied me to the 1928 Olympics were fighting badly for a place and had to prove their mettle3 in the inter-provincial tournament. "

He was only a soldier hailing from a humble background.

Dhyan Chand said about the moment he learned of his selection for the New Zealand tour in 1926, "I ran like a hare to reach my barracks and communicated the good news to my fellow soldiers." His immediate concern was whether he had good clothing and equipment to undertake the tour. Eventually, he clothed as inexpensively as possible. His main personal outfit was his military uniform!

H


owever, so spectacular were his field exploits that the crown of captaincy could not be denied to him for long and he earned the exalted status in the Western Asiatic games in 1934. But in the very next assignment, he had to bow out in favour of a prince! He did not utter a word and took things in his stride. Needless to say, the entire history of Indian sports has not seen one so gifted, yet so modest.

What was of utmost importance to him was the game, the rest made no difference. It was precisely for this reason that when he was asked to step aside to accommodate a ruling elite, who was truly struggling in form, in the seat of captaincy just before the 1936 Olympics, he did so without a word of protest. After all, safeguarding the interests of hockey and the country can be done in more ways than one and Dhyan Chand proved it better than anyone else could. This is Dhyan Chand-modest, dignified, composed-both on and off the field.

When he was selected for Olympic captaincy in 1936, Dhyan Cnand was thrilled beyond measure. He said, "My selection for the first Olympic team in 1928 did not give any thrill because it was expected, but selection as captain for India was least expected by me." His elevation marked an important milestone for the Indian sporting fraternity when excellence overcame all social differentiation and talent was awarded its due regard. As would a practical man, he accepted the challenge life posed this time, and faced it head-on by sheer display of skill on the field and patience off it.

He did not allow any trivia to become a stumbling block in his pursuit of excellence. He treated both adulation and pinpricks equally and never once did he go overboard or react sharply. Neither adulation led to complacency4 in this great player nor did he allow adversities to affect his game. For him the only way to accept a word of praise was to put

in more effort to sustain it and the best response to criticism was to accept it. That is why, in his entire career, he could not ever be provoked while he was on the field.

D


uring the 1936 Olympic final against Germany, after India had already established an unassailable5 6-0 lead, the rival goalkeeper injured Dhyan Chand badly and he had to leave the field to receive first aid as he had broken his teeth. When he returned to the field after receiving first aid, he asked his friends not to play aggressively and instead taught them a lesson in ball possession. The mature approach made the game less physical, more spectacular and artistic. This gesture which came amidst 25,000 spectators baying6 for India's blood, set a high standard of sportsmanship difficult to surpass. For this very match, while the record book showed six goals against Dhyan Chand's name, he claimed credit for only three of them. He, in fact, argued that he scored only three goals - such was his honesty and greatness. Such instances motivated his team members to give that extra bit of effort. Not for nothing did the great Pakistani player, Ali lqditar Shah Dara, praise him as the "one who employed the minimum of perspiration and the maximum of inspiration."

Once a robust tackler7 caused him an injury intentionally, but Dhyan Chand, as always, did not react. Instead, he said to the player, who was amazed by Dhyan Chand's calmness even after what he had done and came to express his repentance, "But for that incident, I would not have scored those three extra goals." In another case in early 1925, in the final of the Punjab Infantry Tournament in Jhelum, his team was trailing by two goals with only four minutes to go when his commanding officer looked at him as he was sitting among the spectators and shouted, "Come on Dhyan, we are down, do something about it." He entered the field and scored three goals in four minutes to snatch a dramatic 8victory. There is no complete record of his superlative feats9 for they were too many and all who came in contact with the great player had their own exciting anecdote to narrate.

There was another incident when during a match Dhyan Chand passed the ball to K.D. Singh. Dhyan Chand turned his back and walked away. When Singh later asked the reason for his strange behaviour, he replied, "If you could not get a goal from that pass, you do not deserve to be in my team." Singh, like many other players who played under this great exponent of the game received his lesson well and subsequently rose to become the Olympic captain of the Indian team.

Unique human virtues and the extraordinary grasp of the game made him an all-time great who easily justified all the sobriquets10 that came his way - juggler, magician, wizard, genius, human eel and so on.

D


hyan Chand, a born genius as he was, innovated tricks to score on the spur of the moment, rather than follow copybook patterns. He did not possess the deadly speed of his equally illustrious brother, Roop Singh, nor were his shots packed with as much power as that of his contemporary, Frank Wells. He only had an uncanny11 knack of spotting a gap before it was there and scoring through deception, often through low, gentle push.

Always unpredictable inside the circle, he placed the balls inside the net in lightning action that would leave even the best of goalkeepers bewildered. Defenders were often awestruck by the repertoire of shots that he would unleash in a split second, each .varying in style and technique. It is exactly for this reason that his colleagues consider him responsible for elevating the simple act of scoring into an art of perfection through deception. Once a seasoned rugby follower said after watching Dhyan Chand in motion during one of his New Zealand tours, "After watching his play, which involves such perfectly graceful and coherent movement, the game of rugby looks like many cows let loose of the field."

In the 1947 East Mrica tour - he was 42-years old then - he scored 61 goals in 22 matches. Even age could not diminish his penchant12 for goals. He had taken up the tour as the host nation had made a special request to the Indian Hockey Federation and said, "No Dhyan Chand, no team please.'''
Even goalkeepers of the calibre of Shankar Laxman, triple Olympian, could do nothing to stop him. "You score goals like runs in cricket," the legendary cricketer, Sir Don Bradman, had said to Dhyan Chand. So impressed was he by his style after watching him play at Adelaide in 1935.

(


In Vienna, a symbolic statue of the great player-with four arms and four sticks, as if declaring to the world that it was next to impossible for a mere mortal to stand up against Dhyan Chand­was built. As his invincible talent impressed more and more people many myths about his extraordinary talents began to be circulated The Japanese suspected that his stick was made of glue; in fact Hitler even wanted to purchase his stick; a European player eve broke his stick to see if there was any magnet inside. Hitler was enamoured13 by the craftsmanship of the Indian ace that he invited the entire Indian team to dinner and offered the hockey wizard the title of Field Marshal if he migrated to Germany. He turned down the offer. These stories are hard to prove but are fine indicators o. his image. What an amazing rise it was for the 'Other Ranks' soldier in the army!

Dhyan's hockey started quite early. Shaping a branch of a date palm tree into a 'stick' and old rags into a ball, he played the game since he was in primary school. At the age of 16, following family tradition of taking up the defence of the country a profession, he joined the Army. It turned out to be a boon for him.

Hockey was popular in the cantonments in those days and his senior and Guru, Bole Tiwari, polished his skills to a sparkle. On his part, the young Dhyan Chand was almost obsessed with the game. He worked hard and within four years of playing in the Army, found a place in the first-ever Indian contingent to cross the shores - the Army team that went to New Zealand in 1926. With deft stick work and astonishing artistry, he spearheaded14 the attack on that tour and scored nearly 100 goals.

'Dada', as he was known to his dear ones, always put aside personal gains. against the needs of pure patriotism. Veteran journalist, Sushi! Jain, who toured with him several times, recalled with emotion, "Once he flatly refused an offer for coaching a German team. Knowing well his poor financial status, I persisted that he accept that lucrative assignment, but he shut my mouth saying, if I coach them and if they beat us, where will I hide my face." Such were his principles on matters concerning the country.

To honour the great sportsman the Government of India issued a commemorative postage stamp in his name and gave him one of the country's top civil awards, Padma Bhushan, in1956. Till date he is the only Padma Bhushan winner in hockey. Moreover, his birthday has been declared as the National Sports Day. Lifetime awards for sports -'AIjuna' and 'Dronacharya'- are presented on this day. The Army decorated him with the King's Commission and promoted him to the rank of Major in 1943. The Sports Authority of India erected a grand statue in 1995 at the entrance of the historic National Stadium, where the inaugural Asian Games were held in 1951. It is the only statue of any player in India.

Dhyan Chand is now more than a name. He is a synonym for excellence. Balbir Singh, who had a big hand in India winning the next three Olympics (1948 -1956), was fondly designated as the 'modern-day Dhyan Chand'. Goal-machine Habib-ur-Rehman (1952 and 1956 Olympics) was dubbed as the 'Dhyan Chand of Pakistan'. Not for nothing did the Indian Olympic Association name him the 'Player of the Century'.

Dhyan Chand breathed his last on 3 December 1979 at Delhi.

The mortal remains of the immortal hero were buried at the Jhansi Heroes' Ground in Jhansi, a historic town in Uttar Pradesh, with full military honours.

K. ARUMUGAM (Excerpts from ‘The Wizard', Great Indian Olympians)

6. Answer the following questions briefly.


  1. Who is 'the Wizard’? Why do people still remember him?

  2. Why was Dhyan Chand selected for the Los Angeles Olympic without a trial?

  3. Dhyan Chand had served the nation in more than one way. Justify.

  4. Describe the “high standard of sportsmanship" difficult to surpass?

  5. What was Iqdllar Shah Dara's remark about Dhyan Chand? Why did the robust tackler repent?

  6. "If you could not get a goal from that pass, you do not deserve to be in my team." Who said this, to whom and why?

  7. What was the offer of Hitler to Dhyan Chand? Did he accept it?

8. Why did Dhyan Chand put down the offer for coaching a German team?


2. Answer these questions in about 100 words each.

(i) "The entire history of Indian sports has not seen one so gifted, yet so modest." Justify the statement citing examples from the text.

(ii) Write a short character sketch of the Wizard bringing out his strengths and weaknesses.

(iii) "He did not allow any trivia to become a stumbling block in his pursuit of excellence." Elaborate.

(iv) Give four examples of Dhyan Chand's honesty and greatness.

(v) Give instances to prove that Dhyan Chand was a born genius who had innovated tricks and not followed copy-book patterns.

(vi) How has Dhyan Chand been honoured at home arid abroad?

(vii) Discuss Games are not played to win battles.



7. Vocabulary
Some contrasting pairs are given below. Make sentences to illustrate the difference in their meanings.

amateur /professional constructive/ destructive artificial/ genuine

causer effect assets/liabilities ascent/descend

active/passive abstract/ concrete eccentric/ concentric

contagious / infectious affirmative/negative



8. Collocations

Read the collocations given below.


  • Pattering of raindrops

  • Ringing of a bell/telephone

  • Clattering of a metal pan

  • Roaring of a huge waterfall

  • Twinkling of stars

  • Banging of a door

  • Rumbling of distant thunder

  • Rustling of dry leaves

Now find words to collocate with the objects given below.


Sun candle flame diamond gold fire




9. Writing

      1. Describe Dhyan Chand’s feelings when he was selected for the New Zealand tour, in a letter to his friend.

      2. Write an article for the magazine on:

The important thing is playing not winning or losing but the participation.

3. Achievements in the sporting world can be overshadowed by controversy regarding performance enhancing drugs. There are over 4,000 drugs banned by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) who set international standards. The use of performance-enhancing drugs in sport is commonly referred to by the term "doping and unfortunately is present in competitive sports today.




Write a letter to the Editor expressing your views. Write reasons, causes and effects of the issue.

Speaking

Remembering Dhyan Chand-- the hockey Legend

Discuss in groups and make a presentation

  • After reading the chapter, how do you think would Dhyan Singh have liked people to remember him?

  • What would be the best way to do that?

  • How would it inspire budding players of today?

Section B

Confessions Of A Born Spectator

Ogden Nash

1. Look at the picture given below and answer the following questions




      1. Do you enjoy watching sports?

      2. Would you rather be inside the ring or outside? Give reasons.

      3. Who do you think is a ‘born spectator’?

      4. Why do you think some people never want to play a sport?


2. Now read the poem
One infant grows up and becomes a jockey15
Another plays basketball or hockey
This one the prize ring 16hates to enter
That one becomes a tackle or center
17I am just glad as glad can be
That I am not them, that they are not me

With all my heart I do admire


Athletes who sweat for fun or hire
Who take the field in gaudy pomp18
And maim19 each other as they romp
M

y limp and bashful spirit 20feeds
On other people's heroic deeds

Now A runs ninety yards to score


B knocks the champion to the floor
Crisking vertebrae and spines
Lashes his steed 21across the line
You'd think my ego it would please
To swap22 positions with one of these

Well, ego it might be pleased enough


But zealous athletes play so rough
They do not ever in their dealings
Consider one another's feelings
I'm glad that when my struggle begins

'Twixt prudence23 and ego, prudence wins

When swollen eye meets gnarled first24

When snaps the knee, and cracks the wrist
When officialdom demands
Is there a doctor in the stands?
My soul in true thanksgiving speaks
For this modest of physiques

"Athletes, I'll drink to you25,


Or eat with you
Or anything except compete with you
Buy tickets worth their radium
To watch you gamble in the stadium
And reassure myself anew
That you are not me and I'm not you


F

rederic Ogden Nash
(August 19, 1902 – May 19, 1971) was an American poet well known for his light verse. At the time of his death in 1971, the New York Times said his "droll verse with its unconventional rhymes made him the country's best-known producer of humorous poetry"


3. Answer the following questions

  1. Children grow up and become doctors, lawyers, players, athletes, IT professionals and so on. What does the poet become?

  2. Why does the poet make the statement, "I am just as glad as glad can be"?

  3. Does the poet really admire the athletes with all his heart? Pick out the words in support of your opinion.

  4. In the last line of the second stanza the poet talks about "heroic deeds". This means that the spectator is

(i) full of praise for the athletes. (ii) Critical of the athletes.

(iii) making fun of the athletes.



  1. The characters A,B and C achieve milestones in the field of games and sports. Does the spectator intend to change positions with one of them? Pick out the explanations to justify your answer.

  2. (i)Why is there a struggle between 'prudence' and 'ego'?

(ii) "Prudence wins". Explain.


  1. "Calm officialdom". Does this mean the officials are

(i) calm and composed?

(ii) slow and unhelpful?



Support your answer by quoting appropriate lines from the poem.


  1. Why does the spectator say ''1'll drink to you"?

  2. Is the spectator proud and happy to be only a spectator? Read the last line and select words in support of your answer.


4. Discuss and write


      1. The poem has been written in a lighter vein. The born spectator puts forth his arguments in a humorous way. Pick out two examples of humour which have appealed to you the most.

      2. In a very witty and clever way the born spectator reasons out his choice not to become an athlete. List the reasons.

      3. Read the following cartoon strip and discuss in groups the questions given below. Present the views of the group to the class.





  1. Bring out the humour in the cartoon strip.


5. Discuss and present

    1. How do you feel when you see a fight during a professional hockey game, or a baseball player yelling at an Umpire?

    2. What message does spots violence give to kids? (That it is all right to play this way; that violence is an acceptable way to deal with anger or frustration; that it is part of the sport; that you should go for whatever you can get away with, rather than playing fair.)

    3. What about WWE Wrestling? Do you think it's a sport? Is it in the same category as football, soccer or hockey?

6. Listening




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