10. Sporting Achievement Why do the unit?

Rule 1 When you have a single, countable English noun, you must always have an article before it


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Rule 1

When you have a single, countable English noun, you must always have an article before it.

We cannot say "please pass me spoon", we must say "please pass me the spoon" or "please pass me a spoon " .

Nouns in English can also be uncountable. Uncountable nouns can be concepts, such as 'joy', 'happiness' and so on, or materials and substances, such as 'sugar', or 'wood'.
Rule 2

Uncountable nouns don't use 'a' or 'an'. This is because you can't count them.

For example, advice is an uncountable noun. You can't say "he gave me an advice", but you can say "he gave me some advice", or "he gave me a piece of his mind".

Some nouns can be both countable and uncountable. For example, we say "coffee" meaning the product, but we say "a coffee" when asking for one cup of coffee.
Rule 3

You can use 'the' to make general things specific.

You can use 'the' with any type of noun – plural or singular, countable or uncountable.

"Children grow up quickly" – children in general.
"The children I know grow up quickly" – not all children, just the ones I know.

More uses of articles in English

Rivers, mountain ranges, seas, oceans and geographic areas all use 'the'.
For example, "The Thames", "The Alps", "The Atlantic Ocean", "The Middle East".

Unique things have 'the'.

For example, "the sun", "the moon".

Some institutional buildings don't have an article if you visit them for the reason these buildings exist. But if you go to the building for another reason, you must use 'the'.

"Her husband is in prison." (He's a prisoner.)

"She goes to the prison to see him once a month."

"My son is in school." (He's a student.)

"I'm going to the school to see the head master."

"She's in hospital at the moment." (She's ill.)

"Her husband goes to the hospital to see her every afternoon."

Musical instruments use 'the'.
"She plays the piano."

Sports don't have an article.
"He plays football."

Illnesses don't have an article.
"He's got appendicitis."
But we say "a cold" and "a headache".

Jobs use 'a'.
"I'm a teacher."

We don't use 'a' if the country is singular. "He lives in England." But if the country's name has a "plural" meaning, we use 'the'. "The People's Republic of China", "The Netherlands", "The United States of America".

Continents, towns and streets don't have an article.
"Arabia", "Asia", "Shimla".

Theatres, cinemas and hotels have 'the'.
"The Pacific", "The Taj".

Abbreviations use 'the'.
"the UN", "the USA"

We use 'the' before classes of people.

"the rich", "the British".

The general determiners are:

the indefinite articles : a, an

a few
a little






. Fill in the blanks with ‘a’ ‘an’, or ‘the. In case you feel none of them is required put a cross(X).

Not everything in ….X…wrestling is fake. Recently, during ..a… World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) event, ..a… real fire mishap engulfed The Undertaker!

For ….an ….experienced wrestler it was ..a… truly scary moment. ..The ..acident took place during ..the.. Elimination Chamber event in St. Louis. …The … WWE star was caught in …the… middle of ..a.. giant fireball.  But instead of doing ..the.. stop, drop and roll, ..the… wrestler shook it off, threw his jacket to ..the… floor and entered ..the… ring. He was checked by medics before …the…match.

..The…. WWE star was engulfed in …X…..flames when pyrotechnics went off too early as he entered …the… ring. He threw off his trademark ankle-length coat after it caught …X…fire.

II. Fill in the blanks with suitable articles/ determiners. In case you feel none of them is required put a cross(X).

.An ….Australian woman fell to her death in Malaysia when …her…. parachute failed to open after she jumped off …a… tower for ..a… parachuting event.

Kylie Tanti Marion, 42, was performing …her…. third jump yesterday while practising at …the… Alor Setar Tower in Alor Setar, northern Malaysia – …the second-highest tower in …the…. country.

"I saw her struggling to pull open …the… parachute but her attempt failed," said …a …to …the…. Star newspaper.

Marion, …an… experienced skydiver. She was among two dozen foreign and local participants preparing for …the…. KL Tower International Jump. …The… KL tower is …..X….Malaysia's highest structure and one of the tallest telecommunications towers in …the…. world.

…The…. Management said they had taken …all… safety measures. Accidents are…few…. but the possibility cannot be ruled out.

Section F: After Sports Day

John Forster (1812-1876)
1. Discuss the following questions

  • Suppose a father, when at school, took part in a race, came last, and felt ashamed and humiliated. Would he encourage his son to take part in races?

  • Do you think parents re-live their ambitions through their children?

  • Write about a person you have known/ heard/ read about who could not succeed but helped his child do so?

  • How do parents feel, then, at the success of their child?


. Read this poem about one such father

Stung by the taunting 29 laughter

As I panted30 in last,

Having been forced to take part

So as not to let the side down,

I climbed to the top of the chestnut

And tearfully vowed

That no son of mine

Would run against his will.

hy is it

That twenty years on

I feel a father's pride,

Watching my son

Come striding first to the finish

Forgetting the agony

Of the forlorn31 figure

Trailing- in


3. Answer the following questions

  1. Whose 'taunting laughter' hurt the little boy?

  2. The father did not want his son to undergo the humiliation he had suffered. How

  3. Why is the father proud of his son?

  4. Do you think the father and son enjoyed themselves on Sports Day?

  5. Who do you think is the hero—father or son?

4. Writing

  1. Write the Father’s letter to his friend describing the proud moment.

  2. Look at the two graphics given below.

Write an article for your school magazine expressing your opinion.
Project: Great Sporting Achievements

I. Throughout the sporting calendar there are opportunities for the greatest athletes to the world why they're the best, whether that be in one of the four-yearly events like the Summer and Winter Olympics or Commonwealth games, or in annual championships like Wimbledon and the Grand National.

What according to you are some of the greatest achievements in sport of all time?

Plot them on a timeline and justify your choice.

II. Create a fictional sports magazine featuring you or a famous sports legend on the cover.

1. Research major events in sports history, policies, and movements that have enabled athletes to achieve their dreams. Identify various heroes and heroines throughout the history of sports programs.

2. Design your own sports magazine. Focus on a specific sports hero of the past or yourself as a sports hero of today or the future.

3. Add a catchy title and cover story headlines.

4. Compile information you researched into articles for your magazine.

5. Design an advertisement for your own sports history museum for the back cover.

Suggested Reading

  1. The Greatest: My Own Story: Muhammad Ali

  2. Triumph: The Untold Story of Jesse Owens by Jeremy Schaap,

  3. "Goal" autobiography of Hockey wizard Dhyan Chand

  4. Tom Brown's Schooldays by Thomas Hughes. 


  1. The Jesse Owens Story (TV 1984) - IMDb

1 qualifications, achievements or personal qualities

2 enjoy greatly

3 person's ability

4 satisfaction with oneself or one's achievements

5 unable to be defeated

7 one who attempts to play the ball when It is in possession of an


8 an act of picking. hitting or throwing the ball to another player

9 achievements requiring great courage, skill or strength

10 nicknames

11 strange or mysterious

12 a strong or habitual liking for something

13 filled with a feeling of love for something

14 led (an attack)

16 enclosed area where boxing matches are fought

17 position in rugby

18 showy dress

19 injure

20 weak and shy spirit

21 large strong horse

22 exchange

23 wise thought before acting

24 rough and twisted fist

26 greed

27 overpowering

28 strong appeal

29 unkind

30 breathe heavily

31 sad

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