1791, includes many intentional references to Masonic numerology


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Humanity has had a love-hate relationship with numbers from the earliest times. The ancient Babylonians observed the movements of the planets, recorded them as numbers, and used them to predict eclipses and other astronomical phenomena. The priesthood of ancient Egypt used numbers to predict the flooding of the Nile.

Pythagoreanism, a cult of ancient Greece, believed that numbers were the basis of the entire universe, which ran on numerical harmony. The Pythagoreans’ ideas were a mixture of prescience (the numerical features of musical sounds) and mysticism (3 is male, 4 is female, and 10 is the most perfect number).

Numbers were associated with names for magical purposes: the biblical “number of the beast,” 666, is probably an example of this practice. More recently, cranks have sought the secrets of the universe in the dimensions of the Great Pyramid of Giza, an aberration so common that it even has a name - pyramidology.
Millions of otherwise rational people are terrified of the number 13, to the extent that hotels omit it from their floors, airplanes do not have a row 13, and the numbers for Formula 1 racing cars skip from 12 to 14.

Learned tomes are written about the significance of such stalwarts as the golden number (1.618034), which does occur in flowering plants and modern architecture but does not occur in the shell of the nautilus and ancient Greek architecture, despite endless myths to the contrary.

Many religions have their sacred numbers, as do organizations such as Freemasonry; Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s music, notably the Magic Flute (1791), includes many intentional references to Masonic numerology.

Mathematics is the study of numbers, shapes, and related structures. Number mysticism belongs elsewhere and is generally categorized as numerology.

Numerology sheds light on the innermost workings of the human mind but very little on the rest of the universe. Mathematics, meanwhile, sheds light on much of the universe but, as yet, very little on human psychology.
Between the two lies fruitful scientific ground, yet to be cultivated extensively.

Five is the number of harmony and balance. It is also the number of The Divine Grace.
The five fundamental virtues: wisdom, love, truth, goodness and justice.
The number five symbolizes meditation; religion; versatility. It represents the five senses (taste, touch, smell, sight, hearing) everywhere except in the East. In the East there are six - the extra being the mind.
The fifth dimension holds the sum of all physical awareness - it is the memory of being everything. In this dimension, everything comes face to face with the God of all feeling.
According to Indian tradition, every conscious and intelligent being is equipped with Pancha Koshas, i.e., five sheaths or layers. This model is stated in the Taitriya Upanishad and interpreted in many Indian texts. These are:

(i) Annamaya Kosha means the physical body sustained by food (or Anna). This is the gross or body of the individual.

(ii) Pranamaya Kosha means the vital energies (i.e. Prana) provided by the harmonious functioning of the different components of ‘pranas’ i.e. breathing, circulation, nervous systems, digestive and inner organs like liver and glands.

(iii) Manomaya Kosha means reflex capacities, emotion, and similar functions of the mind and the system. Manomaya is responding to stimuli – both external and emotional.
(iv) Vigyanamaya Kosha means the discriminative faculty that helps in undertaking action according to what is ‘right’ and what is ‘wrong’.
(v) Anandamaya Kosha means the sheath of bliss.
The pentagon is endless - sharing the symbolism of perfection and power of the circle.
Five is the symbol of human microcosm. In the true pentacle, you can see how the head, arms, and legs of a person standing spread eagled are represented by the points of the star.

The pentacle is being condemned for being a symbol of the Devil, when in fact, it is a symbol of all the five elements in Nature: Fire, Air, Water, Earth and Spirit. Upward pointing pentacles, signal that all these elements are being channeled into the spirit. Downward pointing pentacles signify that this spirit essence is being channeled within us.
The pentacle, like the circle symbolizes whole, the quincunx being the number of its center and the meeting point of heaven, earth, and the four cardinal points plus the center point.

The five pointed star depicts individuality and spiritual aspiration, and education when it points upward. The five pointed star pointing downward represents witchcraft, and it is used in black magic. It symbolizes the ability of the will to control the elements. In that sense it represents the power of the lower self - the human will. Note: There is a very broad difference between witchcraft and black magic.

Pentagram (derived from the pentagon) was in ancient times a symbol for health and salvation, and in the Middle Ages used as a symbol to repulse evil spirits. As a geometric form it has a multitude of different meanings. Its special relationship to the golden section represented the possibility of infinite divisions in both directions, making it more mystical.
It was used as an amulet of personal protection and to guard windows and doors. One point up symbolized summer, two points up was a sign for winter.

The number 5 is associated with Mercury. Mercury indicates mental outlook, intellectual endeavors, the way you think and communicate. It represents ideas, methods, and information.
Five is also representative of the Godhead - Central Creator of the four fours plus itself equaling five. The ability to unite the elements is found in the fifth dimension of energy - the quintessence. The cycle of matter is transcended when the fifth awareness emerges from it. Consciousness transcends the opposing four forces, and the higher-life begins.
Humans perceive five major stages in life - birth, adolescence, union of male and female, parenthood and death.

The word Makara, connected with the number 5, is related to the Four Kumaras, who are actually 5, one being secret; to the 5 crocodiles in the celestial Nile to the 5th hierarchy, and also to the 5th class of demons whom Satan (Saturn as Pan), leader of the opposition in Hell, is the head.

The number five formed the first counting process from which all else came.
Five is a circular number as it produces itself in its last digit when raised to its own power.

Each row equals 65 in every direction and represents the planet Mars. It follows the traditional Babylonian arrangement of the heavenly spheres. The closer one comes to the earth the larger the square becomes. These magic squares represent archetypal patterns of energy and are mathematical reflections of the underlying natural order.  

Magic squares brilliantly reveal the intrinsic harmony and symmetry of numbers. With their curious and mystic charm they appear to betray some hidden intelligence that governs the cosmic order that dominates all existence. The numbers of planetary squares have been used in formulating the names of planetary spirits and intelligences, in constructing planetary talismans, in determining the measurements of temples, and so on. To those initiated into the mysteries of the old cosmologies, the divinities or archetypes of nature were recognized as autonomous patterns of energy which leave their imprint on many levels of human experience.
The five pointed star represents the planet Mars and the numbers of the points are 5 – 25 – 52 – 65 – 208 – 325.

The number five consists of two unequal parts, 2 and 3. The diversity brings evil and misfortune. The five symbolizes the individual (one who defies the natural order and is punished), the five fingers on the hand, the pentagram.

The philosophy of the five elements formed the basis for Indian Ayurvedic Medicine which later was incorporated into Tibetan Medicine. This mandala explains the relationship between the diseases and their treatments.
Ayurveda uses five types of evaluative tools, known as the pancha nidana, to diagnose disease. Pancha means “five”, and nidana is “diagnostic methods.” These are the cause (nidana), preliminary signs (purva rupa), symptoms (rupa), exploratory methods (upashaya) and disease development (samprapti).
Pre-1950’s Chinese Medicine was heavily influenced by the Taoist system of nature, working in harmony with a person's Body-Mind-Spirit. The five elements of water, wood (air), fire, earth and metal (space) are worked with to create balance. The Law of the Five Elements and their association to the Body-Mind-Spirit are the essence of Ancient Chinese Medicine.
In traditional Chinese philosophy, the Five Elements theory can be applied to everything, from rivers to sounds to body organs, and is used to describe interactions and relationships between phenomena in the universe.

In Cosmic Healing II the emphasis is on connecting the body with the five elemental forces of nature - the moon and sun, the planets, the stars, galaxies and other celestial phenomena. Cosmic Healing II teaches people how to take full charge of their health and well-being.

Five-leaf Chaste tree (Lagundi) is a shrub, about 5 meters in height. The leaves are arranged like the fingers of the hand and is used to treat asthma, cough, body pains, fever.

Pancha Rudra  represent the five faces of Rudra (Lord Shiva) and they are sadyojatam (West);  vaamadevam (North); aghora (South); tatpurusha (East) and eesaana  (Oordvaa - looking up).
PanchAkshara, the holy five syllables (literally holy five letters) is the supreme mantra of devotees of Lord Shiva. As the name suggests it is made up of five syllables. This great mantra is namaH shivAya. The five syllables in this mantra are na - maH - shi - vA - ya.
The Holy Five Syllables namaH shivAya is the heart of the Vedas. It is the core of the very famous chapter that stands in the middle of the Vedas - the shata rudrIyam or rudra sUktam. This great mantra of Veda Samhita while hailing the God as the Lord of everything of the worlds, salutes the God as namaH shivAya cha shivatarAya cha.

The Dance of Shiva - the Nataraja figure represents panchakriya, the 5 activities of God – Srishti (overlooking, creation and evolution), Sthithi (preservation and support), Samhara (destruction, evolution), Tirobhava (veiling, embodiment, illusion and also giving rest), Anugraha (release, salvation, grace). The importance of the 5 activities and the 5 elements is represented in each detail. Nataraja’s nose symbolizes air, his face - the earth, his third eye - the fire, the radiance of his face - the sky, the hair - water. Separately considered, these are the activities of Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra, Maheswara and Sadashiva.

Kali Yantra - The encompassing circle is avidya (ignorance); the eight petalled lotus is the eight-fold Prakriti consisting of earth, water, fire, air, ether, manas (mind), buddhi (intellect) and ahamkara (egoism); the five triangles are the five jnanendriyas (jnana - knowledge; indriyas - senses), the five karmendriyas (motor organs) and the five pranas (breathing activities); and the bindu which is pure consciousness reflected in maya in the bija.
Pancha Makaras: The Pancha Tattva is essential for the worship of Sakti. The Pancha Tattvas are wine (Madya), meat (Mamsa), fish (Matsya), sign (Mudra) and sexual union (Maithuna). All these constitute the five elements (or the five tatva) of which the atmosphere is made. Wine is fire; flesh is air; fish is water; cereal is earth; sexual union is ether.

The five-pointed star is the signet of Vishnu.
The four arms of every Hindu Deity are the emblems of the four preceding manifestations of our earth from its invisible state, while its head typifies the fifth and last Kalki-Avatar, when this would be destroyed, and the power of Budh - Wisdom (with the Hindus, of Brahma), will be again called into requisition to manifest itself - as a Logos - to create the future world.

Pancha Suktham are the five prayers addressed to Lord Vishnu and His consorts - Purusha Suktham, Narayana Suktham, Sri Suktham, Bhu Suktham, Neela Suktham.

According to Hindu mythology, Paanchajanya, the first Dakshinavrutha Sankham, emerged during the churning of the Ksheerasagara (ocean of milk) by the devas (gods) and asuras (demons). As it rose out of the ocean, its tremendous decibel frightened the asuras who appealed to Vishnu to save them. Lord Vishnu obliged, taking charge of the conch shell. The primordial sound of creation, that is the Omkar or Pranavanadham, was thereby controlled. Hence forth, it became a part of Vishnu's five weapons.
- According to Hanumath Prakaranam in Sri Vidyarnavatantram, Anjaneya has five faces (Pancha Mukha) and ten weapons. The five faces are that of Hanuman, Narasimha, Adivaraha, Hayagriva, and Garuda. There is a belief that one of the faces is that of Sri Vinayaka. He is a great yogi (mystic) having transcended the five senses (Pancha Indriyas).
- In Kamba Ramayanam (in Tamil), the significance of number five is beautifully narrated as follows: The son of one of the five (son of wind – that is Pavana Thanaya- Hanuman), crossed one of the five (water – the ocean), through one of the five (sky), met the daughter of one of the five (daughter of the earth – Sita Devi), burnt down Lanka by one of the five (fire). Here five means the five elements.
- Sundara Kandam, which highlights the heroic exploits of Lord Hanuman at Lanka is the fifth canto in the Ramayana. Therefore, it is considered auspicious to go around His idol 5 times, 14 times, 23 times, 32 times or with such numbers the digits of which add to five.

Panchabhoothas are the five bhoothas referred as akasa (sky), vayu (air), agni (fire), jala (water), and prithvi (earth). The qualities of akasa, vayu, agni, jala, and prithvi are sound, touch, form, taste, and smell respectively.

Panchabhootha Stalams: Shiva is worshipped as the embodiment of the primary elements at

Kalahasthi temple - Vayu (air)

Thiruvanaikovil temple - Apa (water)

Thiruvannamalai temple - Tejas (fire)

Kanchi Ekambareswarar temple - Prithvi (earth)

Chidambaram Nataraja temple - Akas (ether)
Panchalingams – 5 Siva temples in Karnataka - Vaidyeshsara, Arkeshwara, Vasukishwara or Pataleshwara, Saikateshwara or Maraleshwara and Mallikarjuna. These five Lingams are said to represent the five faces of Shiva.
Five Arama kshetras of Andhra Pradesh, sacred to Shiva - Draksharama, Kumararama, Ksheerarama, Bheemarama and Amararama.
Pancha pathi (Tamil:The five abodes of God) are the five important pilgrim centers of Ayyavazhi religion. The first pathi is Swamithope pathi itself and is the head quarters of Ayyavazhi. The other pathis are Muttappathi, Thamaraikulampathi, Ambalappathi and Pooppathi.
Pancha Ishwaram: Temples, important landmarks of  ancient Ceylon. They were Thiruketheeshwaram and Muneshwaram temples in the West, Thondeshwaram in the South, Koneshwaram in the East and Naguleshwaram in the North.

Pancha-Prakara is the layout of standard temple architecture. The five (Pancha) enclosures (Prakaras) around the Sanctum.

Panchagavya is a mixture of five products of a cow namely, cow dung, cow’s urine, cow’s milk, curd and ghee in a regular combination. It is now-a-days used in agriculture for crop production.
The five fold offering (Panchopachara) - of Gandha (sandal paste), Pushpa (flowers), Dhupa (fragrance), Deepa (lights) and Naivedya (food) – are submission to the Lord with a request to direct our five senses towards the good and God.
The entire ritual of daily worship is broadly classified into five - (1) aasana, welcoming the divinity to partake the worship; (2) sthapana, seating and invoking life force into the deity; (3) sannidhi karana, establishing proper communication with the deity; (4) archana, main worship; and (5) visarjana, bidding farewell.
Panchaamritam:  It is a mixture of choice fruits namely banana, dates, grapes, jack, mango etc. and amritam meaning nectar.

Five is the quinary groups of the world; the five elements of the subtle and coarse states; their primary colors; of senses; five faces of Siva and the twice-five incarnations of Vishnu.

The Five Books of Law: The high-priest Hilkiah is said to have found the Book of the Law, the Hindu Puranas (Scriptures) which were known to the Assyrians. These had for many centuries held dominion from the Hellespont to the Indus. The learned Brahmans, says Sir William Jones, pre-tend that five conditions are requisite to constitute a real purana:

1. To treat of the creation of matter in general.

2. To treat of the creation or production of secondary material and spiritual beings.

3. To give a chronological abridgment of the great periods of time.

4. To give a genealogical abridgment of the principal families that reigned over the country.

5. Lastly, to give the history of some great man in particular."

With the Buddhists the last incarnation is the fifth. When Maitree-Buddha comes, then our present world will be destroyed; and a new and a better one will replace it.
Buddhists believe the heart has four directions - the heart center makes five, symbolizing universality. This idea is also symbolized by the Sacred Mountains surrounded by the four islands.

There are five Dhyani Buddhas: Vairocana, the Brilliant, who is represented by the wheel, the witness; Akshobhya, the Imperturbable, with vajra, the East and blue; Ratnasambhava, the Jewel-born, jewel, South, yellow; Amitabha, Boundless Light, lotus, West, red; Amoghasiddhi, Infallible success, sword, North, green.

The five commandments of Buddha Gautama: To abstain from killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying and intoxication.
Five chakras in the body-of-light (gyalu) according to the Tibetan Buddhist system with their corresponding colours: white, red, blue, yellow and green.
Five kayas of fruition: According to Padmasambhava, the aspects of enlightenment are:  The perfection of the benefit of oneself (peaceful dharmakaya), the spontaneous present for the benefit of others (unified samboghakaya), the manifold skillful means to tame beings (nirmanakaya), the distinct and unmixed appearance (true bodhikaya) and the unified or one-taste as Emptiness (vajrakaya).

Five Paths of Buddhism: Shravakayana (Way of the Hearers) and Pratyekakaya are the 2 besides Hinayana, Mahayana and Vajrayana.
Five poisons or pancha-klesha A.k.a. obscurations, contaminants, afflictions of human nature. They are: confusion (Skt.: moha), pride (mana), envy (irsya), hatred (dvesha), and desire (raga).  Buddhism also distinguishes five great evils: ignorance, anger, desire, malevolence and envy.

Five obstacles or hindrances: 

i. Attraction or desire (Kamachachhanda) 

ii. Aversion or hatred (Vyapada) 

iii. Slothfulness (Thinamiddha)

iv. Arrogance and suspiciousness (Uddhachcha-Kukuchcha) 

v. Doubt or uncertainty concerning triratna (Vichikichah). 

Five major disasters:  war, epidemics, famine, pollution and poverty. 
Five wisdoms: of dharmadhatu, the mirror-like, of equality, the discriminating and the all-accomplishing.
5 Forms of Desire or Qualities of Enjoyment (pancha kamaguna) - Items symbolic of the senses remind us how susceptible we are to craving:

Fruit (T. shing-tog, Skt. phala) represents sweet taste. 

Incense Burner (T. spos-snod) as a shell container with pleasant fumes arising. 

Mirror (T. me-long, Skt. adarsha) like our eye, it captures form. 

Lute (T. pi-wang, Skt. vina) sweet sound impinges on our ears delighting the mind. 

Silk (T. dar, Skt. netra) evokes smooth, cool touch. 

In the Hindu system, whence they appear to have been derived, these Five Objects of Enjoyment correspond in symbolism, in their order as given here, to the Sanskrit Rasa (Taste), Gandha (Smell), Rupa (Form or Sight), Shabda (Sound or Hearing), and Sparsha (Touch or Feelings). Sometimes the last two are combined, as in an image of a pair of cymbals connected by a silk ribbon.

The five wounds of Jesus on the cross.
The five parts of Jesus’ clothing remaining during his crucifixion after the soldiers had made four parts of his dress, plus his tunic which they did not tear.

Saint Paul declares that by five times he received 39 lashes from the Jews.

The five mad and wise virgins of the parable of Jesus.
The five porticos of the pool of Bethesda.
The five pebbles which made it possible for small king David to kill the giant Goliath.
The five kinds of animals that God asked Abraham to present to him to conclude with him an alliance: a heifer of three years old, a goat of three years old, a ram of three years old, a turtledove and a young dove.
The five books of the Torah (the Law) according to Judaism that corresponds to the number of first books of the Bible. The Book of Lamentations of Jeremiah also contains five chapters.
Five depicts human beings after the Fall in the Garden of Eden. There are five senses; five points to the cross.
The number 5 is used 253 times in the Bible.

In the Bible, 12 numbers are used 5 times - 28, 35, 38, 41, 62, 90, 110, 148, 700, 800, 80000 and 185000.

The visions of the saints are classified according to five categories: beatific or intuitive vision, “abstract” vision, intellectual vision, imaginary vision and the corporal vision.

The Book of Psalms is arranged into five books, paralleling the Five Books of Moses.

The first books in the Bible: Genesis (Bereisheet), Exodus (Shemot), Leviticus (Vayikra), Numbers (Bemidbar), and Deuteronomy (Devarim) also known as the Pentateuch.
In the Gospel of Thomas, Jesus mentions that there are “five trees in paradise that do not move neither summer nor winter and their leaves do not fall. Those who will know them won't die.”

Emperor Constantine I used the pentagram, along with the chi-rho (a symbolic form of cross) in his seal and amulet.
According to visions of Ann-Catherine Emmerich, the forbidden fruits of the Tree of Knowledge, of the good and the evil in the Garden of Eden hung in five bunches.
In the visions of Maria Valtorta, Jesus classifies the kinds of love in five categories, each one of different power and which are in the order: the love of God, the paternal or maternal love, the conjugal love, the love of the neighbor, the love of the science and the work. The three firsts are of higher power, while the last three are of lower power. But these six divisions are reduced to five because the love of the neighbor and the conjugal love are of identical nature.

In the revelations received by Roman Catholic priest Don Stefano Gobbi, of the Marian Movement of Priests, it is a question of the five famous mountains climbed by Jesus: it is on the mountain that he promulgated the evangelical law of Beatitudes; it is on Mount Thabor that he lived the ecstasy of his transfiguration; it is to Jerusalem, city located on the mountain, that he gathered one's people for the Last Supper and that he passed painful hours of his internal agony; the crucifixion of Christ on Calvary was on a hill outside Jerusalem; the ascension of Jesus happened on Mount Olivet, the location where a final battle would occur between the Jewish Messiah and their opponents.

In Greek Orthodox Christian mysticism, the number 5 symbolizes the Holy Spirit as the bearer of all life. In the monastic tradition of Mount Athos there exists a "hymn" to the Holy Spirit composed entirely and solely of repetitions of the word "pente" (Greek for "five").
The annual church feast of Epiphany that celebrates the visit of the three Magi to the infant Jesus, had the pentagram as its symbol. It is now changed to a regular 5 point star in reaction to neo-pagan use of the pentagram.
The healers of those days took advantage of herbs brought from the East, as did murderers who wished to gain power. The church condemned as evil, all who used the pentagram, and condemned the symbol itself. Pagan horned gods such as Pan became equated with the devil and the pentagram, which then was called The Witch's Foot.
The use of pentagram in modern neo-paganism as a group symbol is as important as the cross has been in the history of Christianity.

In Islam 5 is a sacred number. Foremost are the five Pillars of Islam: profession of faith, CHAHADA; ritual prayer, SALAT; legal alms, ZAKAT; fast of the Ramadan, SAWM; and the pilgrimage to Mecca, HADJ.

Muhammad was five years old when his father Abdullah died.

The five "takbirs" or formula of prayer, in the Islamic religion. Prayers are said five times every day. There are five categories of Islamic law and five law-giving prophets (Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad).
In Islam, particularly Shia Islam, the Panjetan or the Five Holy Purified Ones are the members of Muhammad's family including: Muhammad, Ali, Fatima, Hasan, Husayn and is often symbolically represented by an image of the Khamsa.

For the Tibetans, the five elements are connected to five geometrical forms: the cube to the ground, the sphere to the water, the cone to the fire, the half-circle to the air, and the flame to the ether.
Auspicious Tibetan eye - 5 elements bead.

There are five elements. Five atmospheres; conditions; planets; sacred mountains; grains, colors, tastes, poisons; powerful charms; cardinal virtues; blessings; eternal ideas; relations to human kind.

The five cycles of the Chinese lunar calendar of twelve lunar years each.

The five elements of the Chinese theory: water, fire, wood, metal, ground.
In Cantonese, "five" sounds like the word “not.” When five appears in front of a lucky number, e.g. "58", the result is considered unlucky.

The cosmogony of ancient Egypt and the beliefs concerning death and resurrection are closely interwoven in processes that involve five distinct elements.

The various passages and chambers in the Great Pyramid of Khufu illustrate the five elements in the ancient Egyptian beliefs concerning death and resurrection. The materials and colours used in constructing the passages and chambers of the Great Pyramid of Khufu are of special significance. The first element of the rite of passage would have taken place in the subterranean compartment called the Chamber of Ordeal, which could be regarded as a counterpart of the dark pit of nothingness that is the Jewish Sheol, or the Roman Catholic Purgatory where it is believed that souls after death are purified from unforgiven venial sins. The Chamber of Ordeal is excavated some 25 metres deep in the bedrock under the pyramid and is accessed by a narrow, steeply descending passage.

The second element of the rite takes place in a Grotto, which also is excavated in the bedrock just under the base of the pyramid. It represents the Well of Life and is accessed by ascending a very steep shaft. All of these passages, shafts and chambers were left rough and unadorned in the same state as they were excavated, symbolising the original and final states of human existence. The third element of the rite takes place in a chamber of glistening white limestone, emblematic of truth and regeneration, which has been described as the Queen’s Chamber, but in reality it is the Chamber of Regeneration and Rebirth. The fourth element takes place in the Hall of Truth in Darkness, through which a soul reborn must pass in humility before its resurrection. This hall is called the Grand Gallery and is constructed of polished black granite, symbolic of the Inscrutable Source of all things. To the Egyptians darkness was the mystery of all mysteries. The setting of the fifth and final element of the rite is the highest chamber in the pyramid, constructed of polished red granite, emblematic of fire and purification. It is the Chamber of Resurrection, called the King’s Chamber.

There are five crocodiles of the Nile.
The five wounds of Egypt sent by God through the intermediary of Moses, according to the Koran: the flood, grasshoppers, lice, frogs and blood.
The ancients saw a link of God to man in the number five. Geometrically it is a pentagon. In three dimensions it is a pyramid, like the Great Pyramids in Egypt.

Torah is the entire body of religious law and learning including both sacred literature and oral tradition. It is also a scroll of parchment containing the first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures, used in a synagogue during services.
The Torah contains five books - Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy - which are collectively called the Five Books of Moses, the Pentateuch (Greek for “five containers,” referring to the scroll cases in which the books were kept), or Humash (Hebrew for "fifth")
Five represents strength and severity; radical intelligence. In Kabbala, five represents fear.
The Khamsa, an ancient symbol shaped like a hand with five fingers, is used as a protective amulet by Jews.

Five is the nuptial number of love and union. It is the number of Venus. Venus years are completed in groups of five. Apollo as God of Light has five qualities: omniscience, omnipresence, omnipotence, eternity and unity.
The number 5 was associated with the Babylonian Goddess Ishtar and her Roman parallel, Venus, and the symbol for both was the five-pointed star, or pentagram. In England a knot tied in the form of a pentagram is called a lover’s knot because of this association with the Goddess of Love.
In Ancient Greece, it was called Pentalpha, as the pentagram is composed of 5 "A" shapes.
The Greeks philosophers admitted five principles in the man: body, animal soul, psyche, intelligence and divine spirit.
It was Homer, the Greek epic poet renowned for writing the Iliad and the Odyssey, who is reputed to have been the first to divide the world into five portions. He said that Earth and Olympus are the two extremes, which respectively represent the physical and heavenly attributes of nature. Homer assigned three Gods to the intervening portions, of which Hera signified fire and represented perception, Hermes signified air and represented the mind and Hades signified water and represented desire.

Five is a significant number in Parsee and Mandaean rites - possibly connected with the five sacred intercalary days of light.

The pentagram served the Pythagoreans as a salutation and a symbol of health. Medieval masons considered it a symbol of deep wisdom and integrated its proportions in ecclesiastical edifices.
The geometry and metaphysical associations of the pentagram were explored by the Pythagoreans who considered it an emblem of perfection.
The sum of the first even and odd numbers (2 + 3) is 5. (To the Pythagoreans 1 was not a number and was not odd.) It therefore symbolizes human life and - in the Platonic and Pythagorean traditions - marriage, as the sum of the female 2 and the male 3. The Pythagoreans discovered the five regular solids (tetrahedron, cube, octahedron, dodecahedron, and icosahedron; now known as the Platonic solids). Early Pythagoreanism acknowledged only four of these, so the discovery of the fifth (the dodecahedron, with 12 pentagonal faces) was something of an embarrassment. Perhaps for this reason 5 was often considered exotic and rebellious.

As with the Pythagoreans, the pentagram was a symbol of recognition for certain secret societies, such as the Freemasons Flaming Star. The pentangle on the shield of Sir Gawain, one of the Knights of King Arthur, signified Gawain's perfection and power over evil.

To the Gnostics, the pentagram was the "blazing star" and along with the crescent moon was a symbol relating to the magic and mystery of the night sky.

It was a symbol of Godhead for the Druids.

The Celts associated it with the underground Goddess Morrigan.
The Knights Templar used the pentagram shape in the placement of chapels and shrines in the Rennes de Chatres in France. During the Inquisition many lies were spread. The pentagram was seen to symbolize a goat's head or the devil in the form known as Baphomet, whom the Inquisition accused the Templars of worshiping.

The pentangle is a token of truth. Each of the five points are linked and locked with the next, forming what is called the endless knot. The pentangle is a symbol that Gawain is faultless in his five senses, never found to fail in his five fingers, faithful to the five wounds that Christ received on the cross, strengthened by the five joys that the Virgin Mary had in Jesus (The Annunciation, Nativity, Resurrection, Ascension, and Assumption), and possesses brotherly love, pure mind and manners, and compassion most precious. The inside of the shield is adorned with an image of the Virgin Mary to make sure that Gawain never loses heart.

According to a poem:

The fifth of the five fives followed by this knight
Were beneficence boundless and brotherly love
And pure mine and manners, that none might impeach,
And compassion most precious - these peerless five

Were forged and made fast in him, foremost of men. Norton, 215-216

Members of secret societies, such as Masonic Lodges of the Grand Orient, in their highest levels use the words "unknown superiors" to describe the force that guides them and their efforts. When the Illuminati was formed on Walpurgisnacht (eve of May 1st), 1776, five men gathered in a cavern deep beneath Ingolstadt in Bavaria and made contact with what they said were "unknown superiors." One of these five men was Dr. Adam Weishaupt. The name Adam Weishaupt is profound in the sense that his name means "first man to know the superiors." Here let it be noted that the five founders of the Illuminati used witchcraft rituals known as "The greater and lesser keys of Solomon", which involved the "Pentacle of Invocation." The pentacle is a three-dimensional, five-pointed star, and the number five became sacred to the Illuminati. We must also note that the Rothschild family consisted of five sons of one Moses Amschel Bauer, who took the name Rothschild, because it means "Red Shield." Much later, a man named John D. Rockefeller also had five sons to control the American branch of Illuminism. The Illuminati and all of witchcraft is obsessed with the Pentacle of Invocation, and is it any wonder that the Washington Monument in Washington D.C. is exactly 555 feet high.
In modern Wicca, the pentagram can also be inscribed on the alter pentacle- the five points symbolizing three aspects of the Goddess plus two aspects of the God.

The five sacred Sikh symbols prescribed by Guru Gobind Singh are commonly known as Panch Kakars or the 'Five Ks' because they start with letter K representing Kakka in the Punjabi language. They are: Kesh (unshorn hair), Kangha (the comb), Kara (the steel bracelet), Kachh (the soldiers shorts), and Kirpan (the sword).

In East Asian tradition, there are five elements: (water, fire, earth, wood and metal). The Japanese names for the days of the week, Tuesday through Saturday, come from these elements via the identification of the elements with the five planets visible to the naked eye. Also, the traditional Japanese calendar has a five-day weekly cycle that can be still observed in printed mixed calendars combining Western, Chinese-Buddhist and Japanese names for each weekday.
According to some traditions of Maya mythology, we are now living in the Fifth World. It is a symbol of the perfection in the Mayas. The five suns or eras of the Aztecs.
The culture of the Australian Aboriginal has evolved with the knowledge of five elements and it has been expressed in various myths and become part of their rituals and ceremonies, their dream-time. The original African shamanic culture, its religious and folkloric expressions have known and used these concepts since time began. The South American Mayas have based their calendars, astrology, their temple architecture and understanding of the universe on these insights, as have cultures that predate them. The American Indians cannot be understood in their deep nature bound beliefs without reference to the Five Elements. They have extensive rituals, ceremony and knowledge of these.

In Discordianism, 5 is seen as a very important number as demonstrated in the Law of Fives and The Pentabarf, which contains five rules. Each page of the Principia Discordia, the primary religious document in Discordianism, is also labeled with 5 digits.

In some cultures there are five cardinal directions, including the center.
The pentagram has been used throughout history. The earliest known use dates to around the Uruk period around 3500 BCE at Ur of the Chaldees in Mesopotamia. It was found on potsherds with other symbols.
The pentagram was a symbol of imperial power in later periods of Mesopotamian art. Power extended out to "the four corners of the world".

There are five vowels in the English alphabet:

a, e, i, o and u.

The five oceans (Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic and Antarctic) with the five parts of the geographical world: Europe, Asia, Africa, America, Oceania.
The five senses are sight, smell, sound, touch and taste.
The five basic tastes are sweet, salty, sour, bitter and umami.
Almost all amphibians, reptiles and mammals which have fingers or toes, have five of them on each extremity.

Pentameter is a verse with five repeating feet per line; iambic pentameter was the most popular form in Shakespeare.

In Manichaeism, 5 has a central position: the first man had five sons; there are five elements of light (ether, wind, water, light, and fire) and a further five of darkness. The body has five parts; there are five virtues and five vices.
The medieval knight had five virtues - generosity, courtesy, chastity, chivalry and piety as symbolized in the pentagram device on the shield of Sir Gawain.
The word "punch" comes from the Hindustani for five - paanch.
Pancha Pandavas - the five acknowledged sons of Pandu, by his two wives Kunti and Madri – Yudhishtira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva.
Pancha Tantra - Five Wise Lessons: India's most famous collection of fables
The Constellation of Cepheus: Cepheus, The King (Latin Cepheus, from Greek Kepheus), has been known for thousands of years. Its shape is a large pentagram, rather like a child’s drawing of a house with a steep roof. The constellation is westward of Cassiopeia W or M shape. The five main stars of the pentagram are in the southwestern part of the constellation’s official boundaries. It is rich in clusters and nebulae since the Milky Way passes through Cepheus.

The emblem of the Olympic Games is composed of five interlocking rings (blue, yellow, black, green, and red respectively) on a white field. This was originally designed in 1913 by Baron Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of modern Olympic Games. The symbol represents the five parts of the world willing to accept healthy competition.

Olympic mascots on a Plasma screen in Beijing airport. There is a story to go with the mascots. The "Fuwa" are like little children who come from all parts of China. Fuwa also represent popular animals - the Fish, the Panda, the Tibetan Antelope, the Swallow and the Olympic Flame.
‘The Garden of Cyrus’ (1658) by Sir Thomas Browne is a Pythagorean Discourse based upon the number 5.
There are 5 Great Lakes - An easy way to remember these is the word HOMES - Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior.
The most destructive known tornadoes rate an F-5 on the Fujita scale.
The most destructive known hurricanes rate as Category 5 on the Saffir-Simpson scale.
In the United States legal system, the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution can be referred to in court as "pleading the fifth", absolving the defendant from self-incrimination.
The number necessary to make a majority decision in the U.S Supreme Court.

An informal term for the British Security Service, MI5

Compiled by Lalitha Venkat

Source: Internet


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