2011 Conservation Enhancement and Practice Choices Terms Conservation enhancements



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Conservation Stewardship Program

2011 Conservation Enhancement and Practice Choices

Terms
Conservation enhancements are available to all CSP participants who are willing to adopt the enhancement on their operation, or who are willing to improve an existing conservation activity so that it fully meets the requirements for the enhancement. Some enhancements apply to all four CSP land use categories -- cropland, pasture, rangeland, or forested land -- though most apply to one or two land use types specifically. For more information, see USDA/NRCS website for CSP at http://nrcs.usda.gov/programs/new_csp/csp.html.
Regular conservation practices are available to CSP participants who, when they sign-up for the program, are not already meeting or exceeding the stewardship threshold for the three to five priority resource concerns for their state or region and who could use the practice to help meet additional stewardship thresholds.
Conservation baseline activities are also scored with similar environmental benefit point values for ranking and payment purposes. Those existing conservation activities are not listed below. More information on those activities can be found on the NRCS website listed above under the heading “Conservation Measurement Tool Inventory Questions” and more information on the point values can be found on the same website under “CMT Scoring Process” and then “CMT Tool Existing Questions Scores”.

Point values are based on the overall level of expected environmental benefits from improvement or adoption of the enhancement or practice for soil conservation, soil quality, water conservation, water quality, air quality, energy conservation, wildlife habitat, and biodiversity, as determined by NRCS using their “conservation practice physical effects (CPPE)” system.

Please note: Conservation enhancements and practices eligible for selection in CSP may change over time, as may point values. We will keep this list updated as changes are made, though there may be a small delay time depending on how quickly we receive the changes from USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service.


Listed From Highest Scoring to Lowest Scoring
CSP Conservation Enhancements in Regular Typeface

Regular Conservation Practices in Italics
Continuing Enhancements and Practices Linked to 2010 Job Sheets

(2011 Versions Should Be Available Online from NRCS Soon)
New Enhancements for 2011 Not Yet Linked to Job Sheets

(Should be Available Online from NRCS Soon)



Enhancements and Practices


Environmental Benefit Score

Conversion of Cropped Land to Grass-Based Agriculture for Biomass or Forage Production

59

Continuous No-Till for Organic Farming Systems

58

Continuous Cover Crops

55

Continuous No-Till with Residue Management


49

Extending Riparian Forest Buffers

48

Resource Conserving Crop Rotations

44

Cover Crop

42

Using N from Legumes, Manure, Compost for 100% N Needs

41

Extend Existing Herbaceous Riparian Buffer

40

Tree or Shrub Establishment

40

Extending Existing Riparian Herbaceous Cover

40

Irrigation Water Management

39

Use Legume Cover Crops as a Nitrogen Source

39

Rotation of Livestock Feeding and Supplementation Areas

38

Windbreak or Shelterbelt Establishment

37

Prairie Restoration

37


Extend Existing Filter Strip

37

Use of Deep-Rooted Crops to Break Up Compaction

37

Prescribed Grazing

36

Irrigation System Automation

36

Use of Cover Crop Mixtures

36

Plant Annual Cover Crop to Scavenge Residual Nitrogen

35

No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed with Residue Management

35

Critical Area Planting

35

Multi-species Native Perennials for Biomass

33

Use Regional Weather Networks for Irrigation Scheduling

33

Remote Monitoring & Notification of Irrigation Pumping Plant Operation

33

Pasture and Hay Planting

33

Managing Livestock Access to Water Bodies and Courses


32

Ultra High Density Grazing System

32

Conservation Crop Rotation

31

Integrated Pest Management for Organic Production Systems

31

High Level Integrated Pest Management

31

Wildlife Corridors

31

Monitor Grazing Areas to Improve Grazing Management

31

Renovate Windbreak, Shelterbelt, or Hedgerow for Wildlife Habitat

31

Windbreak or Shelterbelt Renovation

31

Restoration and Management of Rare and Declining Habitat

31

On-farm Composting of Farm Waste

31

Intensive Management of Rotational Grazing

30

Range Planting

30

Filter Strip


29

Riparian Forest Buffer

29

Use Drift-Reducing Nozzles, Low Pressures, and Lower Boom Heights to Reduce Drift

28

Mulch Till with Residue Management

28

Extending Existing Field Borders

28

Alley Cropping for Wildlife and Beneficial Insect Habitat

28

Ridge Till with Residue Management

27

Enhance Non-Forested Riparian Zones for Fish and Wildlife

27

Reduce the Concentration of Nutrients on farm by limiting the amount of feed and fertilizer brought on farms

26

Forest Stand Improvement

26

Drainage Water Management for nutrient, pesticide and pathogen reduction

26

Transition to Organic Cropping Systems

25

GPS, Smart Sprayer, or Chemical Application Electronic Control Technology


25

Defer Crop Production on Seasonal Wetlands Until After Spring Migration

25

Protection of Cultural Resources

25

Split Application of Nitrogen Based on a PSNT Test

25

Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management

25

Forest Stand Improvement for Soil Quality

25

Conversion to Non-Irrigated Crop Production

25

Use of Non-Chemical Means to Kill Cover Crops

24

Controlled Traffic System

24

Intercropping to Improve Soil Quality & Biodiversity

24

Precision Application Technology to apply Nutrients

23

Upland Wildlife Habitat

23

Land Apply Only Treated Manure (composting or anaerobic digester)

22


Closure and Treatment of Forest Roads, Trails, and Landings

22

Drainage Water Management for Seasonal Wildlife Habitat

22

Stream Habitat Improvement and Management

22

Stockpiling Forages to Extend Grazing Season

21

Transition to Organic Grazing Systems

20

Biological Suppression and Other Non-Chemical Means to Suppress Weeds and Invasives

20

Establish Pollinator Habitat

20

Establish Beneficial Insect Habitat

20

Patch Burning to Enhance Wildlife Habitat

20

Biological Suppression and Other Non-Chemical Means to Manage Brush and Invasives

20

Apply Controlled Release Nitrogen Fertilizer

20

Fuel Use Reduction for Field Operations

19

Plant Tissue Tests and Analysis to Adjust Nitrogen Application Rates


19

Split Application of Fertilizer 50% After Crop Emergence

19

Shallow Water Habitat

19

Early Successional Wildlife Habitat Development and Management

19

Hardwood Crop Tree Release

19

Protection of Sensitive Areas on Winter Grazing Land

19

Conifer Crop Tree Release

19

Improve Plant Diversity of Non-Cropped Areas for Wildlife Food and Habitat

18

Mulching for Moisture Conservation

18

Incorporate Native Grasses and Legumes into 15% or More of Forage Bases

17

Prescribed Burning

17

Non-Chemical Pest Control for Livestock

17


Forest Trails and Landings to Provide Access

17

On-Farm Research and Demonstration Projects

16.1

On-Farm Pilot Testing Projects

16.1

Inject or Incorporate Raw Manure

16

Grazing Management to Improve Wildlife Habitat

16

Irrigation Pumping Plant Evaluation

16

Aquatic Organism Passage Barrier Removal

16

On-farm Forage-based Grazing System

16

Forest Stand Improvement for Wildlife and Soil Quality

14

Brush Management

14

Use NUTBAL PRO System to Monitor Livestock Nutritional Quality

13

Forest Stand Improvement Through Prescribed Burning

13

Forage Harvest Management


13

Upland Forest Wildlife Structures

13

Harvest Hay in Manner to Allow Wildlife to Flush and Escape

12

Retrofit Water Facility for Wildlife Escape

12

Silvopasture for Wildlife Habitat

11

Apply Nutrients No More Than 30 Days Before Planting

11

Nitrogen Stabilizers for Air Emissions Control

10

Multi-Story Cropping & Sustainable Management of Non-Timber Forest Plants

10

Residue Management, Seasonal

10

Locally Grown and Marketed Farm Products

9

Apply Phosphorus Fertilizer Below Soil Surface

9

Managing Calving to Coincide with Forage Availability

9

Wildlife Friendly Fencing


9

Replace Oil and Wood Fired Heaters in Orchards

8

Pumping Plant Powered by Renewable Energy

8

Forest Slash Treatment

8

Use Non-Burning Alternatives for Prunings and Crop Residues

8

Variable Frequency Drive Electric Motors

7

Tree/Shrub pruning

6

Forest Stand Improvement by Pre-treating Vegetation and Fuels

6

Forest Stand Improvement for Wildfire Reduction

6

Upgrade Old Diesel-Powered Pumping Plants

6

Patch Harvesting to Improve Degraded Hardwood Stands

5

On-farm Energy Audit

5


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