A are you a volcano lover? Here is a list of some of the world’s most beautiful volcanoes that our travel agency can offer you to visit. Don’t miss them! Mount Mayon, the Philippines



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2016届广东省百所学校质量分析联合考试


英语试卷

考生注意:


  1. 本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分,共120分,考试时间120分钟。

  2. 请将各题答案填在试卷后面的答题卡上。

  3. 本试卷主要考试内容:高考全部内容。

I

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

Are you a volcano lover? Here is a list of some of the world’s most beautiful volcanoes that our travel agency can offer you to visit. Don’t miss them!



Mount Mayon, the Philippines

Located about 450 km southeast of Manila on the island of Luzon, Mount Mayon is the most active volcano in the Philippines; a September 2014 eruption forced thousands to flee the area. Those who hike the volcano are rewarded with views of the towns on the Albay province and the Pacific Ocean. But even those who prefer the view from a distance have historical good point at the Cagsawa Ruins, once an 18th Century Franciscan church that was destroyed by an 1814 eruption.



Kilauea and Mauna Kea, Hawall

Hawaii’s volcanoes are known for their active eruptions and extraordinary scenes. Mauna Kea is around one million years old, while Kilauea is the youngest volcano in Hawaii and has been erupting continuously since 1983. The lava falls straight into the sea, creating fantastic forms of black rocks and smoke clouds.


Mount Kelimutu, Indonesia

Kelimutu’s three mysterious crater lakes attract both scientists and tourists to the island of Flores in Indonesia’s East Nusa Tenggara province. One is emerald green(翡翠绿),another dark red, and the third pitch black. Scientists say the lakes take on such colors because the volcanic gases met the lakes’ minerals centuries ago.

1. People who hike Mount Mayon can enjoy the following EXCEPT .

A. views of the towns in the Albay province

B. views of the Pacific Ocean

C. views of the Cagsawa Ruins

D. views of Indonesia’s East Nusa Tenggara province

2. According to the text, Kilauea .

A. is an active volcano B. stopped erupting in 1983

C. is the youngest volcano in the world D. forces thousands to flee in 2014.

3. The colors of Kelimutu’s three mysterious crater lakes are due to .

A. water pollution B. different environment

C. chemical reaction D. different temperatures


B

Photography has been my interest ever since I was old enough to pick up a camera, but today I want to share with you the 15 most treasured photos of mine, and I didn’t take any of them. There were no art directors, no stylists, no chance for reshoots, not even any regard for lighting. In fact, most of them were taken by random tourists.

My story begins when I was in New York City for a speech, and my wife took a picture of me holding my daughter on her first birthday. We’re on the corner of the 57th and 5th avenue. We happened to be back in New York exactly a year later, so we decided to take the same picture.

Well you can see where this is going. Approaching my daughter’s third birthday, my wife said, “Hey, why don’t you take Sabina back to New York and make it a father-daughter trip, and continue the ceremony?” This is when we started asking passing tourists to take the picture.

So these photos are far more than representatives for a single moment, or even a specific trip. They’re also ways for us to freeze time for one week in October and reflect on our times and how we change from year to year, and nor just physically, but in every way. Because while we take the same photo, our viewpoints change, and she reaches new milestones and I get to see life through her eyes, and how she communicates with and sees everything. This very focused time we get to spend together is something we value and expect the entire year.


  1. What can we know about the author from the first paragraph?

    1. He is fond of being photographed alone.

    2. He hardly ever asks strangers to take pictures of him.
    3. He has been interested in photography since childhood.


    4. He’s proud of the 15 most treasured photos taken by himself.

  2. Who came up with the idea of having a father-daughter trip when Sabina was 3 years old?

A. Her mother. B. Her father.

C. Sabina herself D. An unknown tourist.

6. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that .

A. children usually get to see life through adults’ eyes

B. the 15 photos are meaningful to the author’s family

C. it takes the author a whole week to have a family photo taken

D. the viewpoints of the author’s family never change with the time.

7. What can be the best title of the text?

A. Believe it or not; photos do change

B. Photos help a family become rich

C. Even strangers can help take photographs

D. A father-daughter bond, one photo at a time


C

A castle is a type of fortified(加固的)structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages. This is different from a palace, which is no fortified-though there are many similarities among these types of construction. Usage of the term has varied over time and has been applied to diverse structures.

The European castles originated in the 9th and 10th centuries, resulting in its land divided among nobles. These nobles built castles to control the area surrounding them, and they were both offensive and defensive structures. Although army uses are often emphasized in castle studies, the structures also served as centres of administration and symbols of power. Urban castles were used to control the local people and important travel routes, and rural castles were often built near farmland.

Many castles were originally built from earth and wood, but had their defences supplanted later by stone. In the late 12th and early 13th centuries, scientific approaches to castle defence appeared, and could function to maximize the castle’s firepower. These changes in defence came from a mixture of castle technology. Although gunpowder was introduced to be built well into the 16th century, improved cannon(大炮)fire made them uncomfortable places to live in. As a result, true castles went into decline.

From the 18th century onwards, there was a renewed interest in castles with the construction of mock(仿造的)castles, part of a romantic revival(复活)of Gothic architecture, but they had no defensive purpose.

8. According to the first paragraph, we can know .

A. the palace is a fortified structure

B. the castle is different from the palace

C. the palace changed over time

D. the structures of the castle in different ages look the same.

9. what does the second paragraph mainly talk about?

A. Symbols of the European castles.

B. Functions of the European castles.

C. Influences of the European castles.

D. Characteristics of the European castles.

10. The underlined word “ supplanted ” in the third paragraph is closet in meaning to “ “.

A. produced B. saved C. protected D. replaced

11. What can be inferred from the river?

A. Castles have nothing in common with palaces.

B. Castles have a history of more than 1,000 years in Europe.

C. Castles were mainly used for defensive purposes after the 18th century.

D. The introduction of gunpowder instantly influenced castle building in Europe.



D

All those Christmas toys and books may spread ,ore than good cheer. A new study has concluded that two common bacteria that cause colds, ear infections, and sore throat can live for long period in the surfaces of toys, books and other child-related items, even after being cleaned.

The findings just published in the journal Infection and Immunity show some bacteria continue to exist on surfaces for far longer than it has been believed.

The researchers said the study suggests that additional precautions(预防措施)may be necessary to prevent infections, especially in settings such as schools, daycare centers, and hospitals. “These findings should make us more cautious about bacteria in the environment since they change our ideas about how these particular bacteria arte spread.” Said Anders Hakansson, assistant professor of microbiology and immunology in the UB School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. “Never before had any paper proved that these bacteria can survive well on various surface, including hands, and potentially spread between individuals.”

S. pneumoniae(肺炎链球菌)is widespread in daycare centers and a common cause of hospital infections; Hakansson explained to us that it commonly causes sore throat and skin infections in children and adults.

To reach their conclusions, the UB researchers tested the surfaces of toys in a daycare center. They found four out of five toys tested positive for S. pneumoniae and several surfaces, such as baby beds, tested positive for S. pyogenes(化脓性链球菌),even after being cleaned. The testing was done just before the center opening in the morning so it had been many hours since the last human contact.

“ Beautiful colonization(细菌增值)doesn’t, by itself, cause infection but it’s a necessary first step if an infection is going to become established in a human host,” he explains, “Children, the elderly and others with weak immune systems are easily infected.”

12. The first paragraph mainly tells us that the surfaces of books may .

A. spread good cheer

B. cause health problems

C. prevent infections sometimes

D. help decrease infectious diseases

13. In the new study, the researchers think that .

A. people shouldn’t buy any presents for their kids

B. bacteria will not exist for so long

C. bacteria on toys will be removed after being cleaned

D. extra measures should be taken to avoid bacteria

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

The Greeting Card Association reports that Americans purchase 6.5 billion greeting cards each year. 16 Here’s a look at ways to reduce your holiday greeting card costs.


  • Gold digital.

17 Add photos or video to make your e-cards more personal.

  • 18

If you plan to mail your cards, remember to consider postage costs. Square cards look cool,

but they cost more than a regular stamp to mail because they’re not a standard size. If cost is a consideration, stick to rectangular(矩形的)cards and avoid too heavy ribbons that increase your mailing costs.



  • Look at unexpected sources.

You don’t have to order custom greeting cards with your family’s photo. 19 Check

dollar stores or even garage sales for affordable greeting cards. The best part is that when these cards don’t have a photo or the year printed on them, you can use any leftovers in the future.



  • Make your own.

Use old greeting cards(with written messages cut out,of course), wrapping paper and ribbons,

or magazine photos to create your own holiday cards.



  • Shop after-Christmas sales.

Starting from Dec. 26, sellers who want to clear out holiday stocks will deeply discount cars,

wrapping paper and decorations. 20



  1. Search for promotion codes.

  2. Avoid paying for extra postage.

  3. Buy envelopes for your cards for different purposes.
  4. And Christmas cards account for a big percentage of that.

  5. Preprinted greeting cards can cost less and work just as well.


  6. So this is a good time to stock up if you have the storage space.

  7. If you’re short of time or money, e-cars could be you best choice.


第二部分 知识语言运用 (共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

When I was growing up my dad would often give me small tasks to finish to help out around the house. Some were easy but the three I remember the most were the three 21 of all. The first was helping to weed the four 22 we had. It was 23 work. I would rather ride my bike than crawl(爬行)in the dirt on my hands and knees 24 the thousands of weeds in our gardens. The second was piling firewood for 25 . It was tough work and I got more than my 26 of pieces. I would rather walk in the woods than piling it in rows. The third was 27 water from a mountain spring to our house. 28 our well water had too much iron in it to 29 .

Over the years, though, I learned to see the 30 in all the things my dad had made me do. Having fresh vegetables for dinner was a delight. 31 a cold glass of iced ten made from the mountain spring water was a pure 32 . Standing by the wood stove on a snowy December day was a wonderful way to 33 . I saw as well that all this work my dad had given me had

34 made me a better, stronger and more caring man. Most of all, I 35 that when I did my work with a(n) 36 heart, it didn’t fell like work at all.

Over the years I have learned something else too. When we do the work for our Heavenly Father with a 37 spirit, it doesn’t feel like work, either. It feels like. Every act of kindness, word of encouragement, and gift of love we share will only make our lives better, make our hearts happier, and bring out souls 38 to Heaven.

I am so 39 to both my dad and my Father in Heaven. They showed me the 40 of work and more importantly they showed me the pricelessness of love.

21. A. simplest B. toughest C. strangest D. wildest

22. A. schools B. companies C. gardens D. streets

23. A. boring B. exciting C. interesting D. relaxing

24. A. controlling B. keeping C. pushing D. pulling

25. A. festival B. winter C. holiday D. marriage

26. A. share B. charge C. point D. dream

27. A. protecting B. borrowing C. carrying D. conducing

28. A. because B. unless C. although D. but

29. A. boil B. match C. get D. drink

30. A. requirements B. attention C. rewards D. experience

31. A. Designing B. Enjoying C. Performing D. Developing

32. A. desire B. challenge C. surprise D. pleasure

33. A. turn up B. warm up C. stay up D. set up

34. A. unluckily B. immediately C. gradually D. temporarily

35. A. remembered B. ignored C. regretted D. realized

36. A. honest B. happy C. brave D. modest

37. A. loving B. complaining C. hating D. punishing

38. A. closer B. farther C. politer D. warmer

39. A. kind B. lucky C. grateful D. vital

40. A. key B. way C. goal D. value


II

第二部分 知识语言运用 (共两节,满分45分)

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Once upon a time in an old forest, there was a poor woodcutter 41 (cut) wood by the lake. One day, his axe斧子)fell into the lake 42 accident. The poor woodcutter didn’t know how to swim, 43 he could do nothing but pray to the lake goddess.

The lake goddess heard his prayer and appeared before him.

“Help me!” said the woodcutter, “I’m very poor,and I lost my only axe. If I don't get my axe back,my family will starve to 44 (dead),please help me!” He cried. After a while, the goddess brought out an axe 45 (make) of gold from the lake.

“Is this your axe,my good man? ” asked the goddess.

"No." Then the goddess brought out a silver axe, but the woodcutter said that wasn’t his axe again.

The 46 (three) time, she brought out the woodcutter’s axe. The woodcutter jumped up

47 (happy) and said,“This is my axe. Thank you very much!”

At the end of the story, the goddess was very pleased with the woodcutter’s honesty. He just wanted   48  he deserved So she decided 49 (give) both the gold and silver axe to him. The woodcutter sold the axes, and 50 (become) a rich man.

The moral of this story is that honesty is the best policy.

第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)


  1. 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共

有10处错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:


1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

In our daily life, music plays important part. It can give us energy and making us happy. There is many kinds of music, such as country music, R&B, rock music and so on. Different people have different idea about music. Betty enjoys listen to the music that she can dance to, because she enjoys dancing. Many thinks jazz is really cool. John likes rock music and dance music. He thinks that them are interesting. Jane likes listening to some relaxed music. She likes country music a lot of, because it is easy to learn, and this kind of music is usual about our lives. What about you? What kind of music and did you prefer?

第二节 书面表达 (满分25分)

假定你是李华, 你校每年都有一次读书节,你想邀请在本市工作的英国朋友大卫参加今年的读书节,请你就此写一封邀请信,主要内容包括:


  1. 起始时间和地点;

  2. 活动:免费赠书和讲座。

  3. 目的:鼓励学生。

注意:

  1. 词数100左右;

  2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

  3. 开头和结语以为你写好,不计入总词数。

Dear David,

I’d like to invite you to join the annual Reading Festival of our school next Sunday.



















Yours,


Li Hua

2016届广东省百所学校质量分析联合考试 英语试卷 参考答案

1-3 DAC 4-7 CABD 8-11 BBDB 12-15 BDAC 16-20 DGBEF

21-25 BCADB 26-30 ACADC 31-35 BDBCD 36-40 BAACD

41. cutting 42. by 43. so/and 44. death 45. made 46. third

47. happily 48. what 49. to give 50. became


短文改错


  1. plays 后加an

  2. making改为make

  3. is改为are

  4. ideas改为ideas

  5. listen改为listening

  6. them改为they

  7. relaxed改为relaxing

  8. 去掉a lot of的of

  9. usual改为usually

  10. did改为do、

书面表达

Dear David,

I’d like to invite you to join the annual Reading Festival of our school next Sunday. To inspire more people to love reading and know the benefits of reading, our school has decided to give away books for free in the lecture hall. After that, a lecture on the effective ways of reading will be given there. The Reading Festival this year will begin at 8 am and end at 11 am. Anyone fond of reading is welcome to come and celebrate the Reading Festival with us. I’d appreciate it if you could come to our school on time. I’m looking forward to you arrival!

Yours,


Li Hua



【广东省百所学校质量分析联合考试英语试卷 第页(共10页)



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