A policy is a collective agreed statement of beliefs. It exists to protect children, parents & staff. It is a course of action recommended or adopted by a service”


DEALING WITH BEHAVIOURAL PROBLEMS



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DEALING WITH BEHAVIOURAL PROBLEMS:


The adults should anticipate the event where possible and intervene early to diffuse the situation. The teacher should explain why the child’s behaviour was not acceptable and suggest more appropriate behaviour. Eye contact is of great value in these circumstances. Positive behaviour is encouraged on an ongoing basis.

Discipline should establish structure, predictability, routine and reasonable developmentally appropriate expectations and boundaries. It is important to let the child know that you care for him/her- it is his/her behaviour that we don’t care for.

If a child persistently behaves in a disruptive fashion, the teacher should discuss the child’s behaviour with his/her parents and agree on a joint plan of action of action regarding the situation- a plan to suit each individual set of circumstances. Changes in the home life (new baby, new house, deceased grandparent etc.) can all affect behaviour, as can reactions to certain foods with additives etc. Sometimes, it is just the child asking, “Where do I stand?” – looking for boundaries to be set. A child must have confidence in the adults who are entrusted with their care.

A child must also understand what makes them feel safe and establishing behavioural boundaries helps them to respect the teachers, other children, and themselves.

Parents are asked to keep in mind that a slight brush when passing can be interpreted as a “major assault” by a 3 year old, just as someone knocking against the books can be seen as “wrecking the school”. So, if parents are worried about alarming stories that a child brings home, please check with the room leader

Parents should feel free to discuss any aspect of their child’s development with the room leader or manager

We, at Bridge Kids are firmly committed to identifying the underlying support needs and root causes, so often communicated in a coded way in children’s behaviour. Identifying the root causes of various behavioural challenges, be they acting in or acting out, allows us to more positively and accurately develop, in partnership with parents, a plan of action which will ultimately promote behaviour.

ANTI BULLYING POLICY


BULLYING OF ANY KIND IS PROHIBITED, BY ADULTS OR CHILDREN

Bullying is any practice which humiliates or attacks a child’s or an adult’s sense of self worth or esteem and makes them feel helpless. Bullying includes talking inappropriately to a child or adult or talking in appropriately in front of the child. Shouting at the children/adults is not acceptable behaviour for adults or other children. Teasing is not allowed. (Please refer to our behaviour management policy for further guidance)

Any adult who feels that (s) he has been bullied in some way should report this to the Manager or invoke the grievance procedure. Management will deal with all concerns and escalate to the Board of Management if needed and will take steps to find the appropriate help in each individual case.

Bridge Kids undertake to provide regular stress management training for all staff and information packs are available in main reception. In return, staff members are expected to ensure that they take appropriate steps to reduce stress risks where possible. This includes informing Management if you are stressed or need a 5 minute break.

Our service takes practical steps to prevent / counteract bullying. This includes the availability of anti-bullying resources for children and parents which comprises of games, activities, colouring sheets and stories on bullying. We try to raise awareness of what bullying is and try to encourage friendship and inclusion of all through stories, role play and songs. Staff members strive to promote group harmony through the promotion of social skills including sharing, turn taking and problem solving. We teach children to discuss their feelings and let us know if they are uspet or feel they are being bullying. We are aware of the different ages of the children in our care, an older child may easily tell you “Johnny took my toy and pulled my hair” however a younger child may not be able to verbalise this yet. In these cases staff are available through supervision to intervene if challenging behaviour occurs. (Refer to our behaviour management policy for further information)

Biting Policy


The purpose of the biting policy is to establish guidelines for staff and parents to effectively manage any incidents of biting that may occur and to put in place practices to help prevent re-occurrence.

Children may bite for different reasons including: they are teething, they are causing a reaction from another person, they may be frustrated and can not use words to describe their feelings. Generally children over 3 years have more understanding of how hurtful and unacceptable biting is and can understand explanations by staff and parents that this behaviour is unwanted.


Actions for staff if a bite occurs.

Where a bite does occur, staff will check for broken skin. All bites, broken or unbroken skin will be cleaned. A cold compress should be applied to the bitten area and the child should be comforted. First Aid Treatment should be administered if necessary.

The biter should be removed temporarily to another area of the room where one staff member will discuss the behaviour with the child whilst the other staff member will comfort the child that has been bitten.

When discussing the incident with the biter staff will explain that biting is not allowed. Staff should be consistent in their reaction to biting being firm but respectful explaining that “biting hurts” rather than just saying “No”

Staff will encourage the biter to show empathy to the child who has been bitten asking “should we say sorry?”

Accident and incident report forms should be completed for both children i.e. the biter and the child that has been bitten. Staff will discuss this with the parents and explain what happened. Parents should sign a copy of the accident form identifying only their child naming the other child as the Biter or Bitee as relevant. As with all incidents parents are not informed of the name of the other child. Due to confidentiality staff members are only able to discuss a child with their own parent.

For the child that has bitten we ask the parent to discuss this further with Management. The aim is to put into place a behaviour management programme in particular for children who repeat the behaviour.


Biting is discouraged through the following techniques:


  • Constant supervision of children.

  • Staff on high alert in particular for repeat biters to pre-empt a situation and to stop its occurrence.

  • Through observing and keeping notes to determine what triggers the biting.

  • Ensuring the environment has the appropriate number of toys and staff members should encourage sharing of toys

  • Ensuring the same and consistent reaction by staff members.

  • By establishing what are the triggers to biting

  • By implementing a behaviour management programme

  • By meeting parents of the biter to discuss the behaviour so that both Creche and home manage the behaviour the same way and are consistent.

ACCIDENTS & INCIDENTS FORM Regulation 13


As required under the preschool regulations all incidents are recorded and signed by the staff member involved and by the manager. Such incidents may include social, behavioural, or medical emergencies etc.

Staff will take all reasonable preventative measures to ensure a safe and healthy environment for children. Should an accident occur this will be investigated by the Manager. Appropriate training will be given to all new employees in the form of an induction session which outlines all matters regarding accident reporting procedures. All acidents must be reported to Management.




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