A colony is a settlement in one area that remains loyal to its mother country.
English Colonies in America: New English Colonies came for religious freedoms. Middle Colonies came for a better life. Southern Colonies came to get rich.
Aim: What were the 1st colonies in the new world?
DN: What do you remember/know of the September 11th attacks?
Economic Differences New England: Cold ground, hard and rocky. They became fisherman and traders/merchants.
Middle: Mild, seasonal weather. They were farmers and traders.
South: Warm rich soil. They became farmers and plantation owners.
Aim: How did the 1st colonies set up government?
DN: What types of governments exist? Name as many as you can?
First Colonies in America Jamestown, Virginia- Came to find gold, but got rich from tobacco crop.
Plymouth, Massachusetts- Came for religious freedom (Pilgrims & Puritans).
Jamestown, Virginia – Virginia House of Burgees, was a representative legislature. So, colonists voted to make their own laws.
Plymouth, Massachusetts- Mayflower Compact, was an agreement to rule themselves (self rule).
The Mayflower Compact and the Virginia House of Burgees were the earlier forms of democracy in America.
Aim: Why did the British change their policy toward the colonists?
DN: Do you have a curfew? If so, what is it?
Strizel’s Parents = King of England
Strizel in College = Colonists
The colonists just like Ms. Strizel had to find a way to govern themselves. The answer: Mayflower Compact & Virginia House of Burgees.
Aim: How did the French & Indian War change life in the colonies?
DN: 1. Define Salutary Neglect 2. Why did the colonies like the British policy of Salutary Neglect?
*Quiz- Tue 9/23*
British Policies Toward Colonies At 1st England left colonies alone. This was called Salutary Neglect. Colonies had to develop on their own.
Aim: How did the colonists feel about the British policy of mercantilism?
DN: How are Salutary Neglect & the Mayflower Compact related to each other?
Salutary Neglect allowed the colonists to establish governments like the Mayflower compact.
British Policies Toward Colonies BUT after a war with France England is broke!
1. England needs money. 2. England taxes the colonies. This is called Mercantilism. 3. Colonies are ANGRY!
Aim: What were the steps to the American Revolution?
DN: Why does the government need taxes? What do they do with the money?
Aim: Continued… DN: Which step to the revolution so far was the most serious?
Proclamation of 1763: British told colonist they could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. The colonists did not like being told what to do! So, they settled west anyway.
Sugar Act: Tax on Sugar (molasses). The colonists did not want to pay this tax so they boycott the act, by smuggling sugar into the colonies.
Stamp Act: Tax on paper goods. For example: newspapers, legal documents, and playing cards. The colonists were outraged since they had no representation in British parliament. “NO TAXIATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!”
Townshend Act: Tax on imported goods. For example: paint, lead and tea. The colonists were unhappy with this so they formed the SONS OF LIBERTY.
Boston Massacre: British soldiers shot and killed five colonists. The colonists called the event a “massacre” in order to promote anti-British feelings. They used propaganda (exaggerating the truth) to persuade the public.
Tea Act: Tax on tea. Colonists were unhappy with this tax because colonial merchants did not make any money. So, Sam Adams and the Sons of Liberty reacted by throwing tea into the Boston harbor. This is known as the Boston Tea Party.
Intolerable Acts: The Boston Harbor was shut down in reaction to the Boston Tea Party. This resulted in the economy going down and the colonists felt their freedom of speech was being affected. The colonists reacted by meeting at the First Continental Congress, here they prepared for WAR!
Aim: At what point did the American Revolution become inevitable (bound to happen)?
DN: What was the TRUE story of the Boston massacre?
Exaggerated Story: Colonists were innocent & were massacred.
Real Story: Colonists were drunk, throwing ice and the soldiers reacted killing five colonists by accident…
Aim: Why is the Declaration of Independence one of the most important documents in US History?
DN: Do you have any rights in this school? Explain.
Patriots Vs. Loyalists
People who wanted Freedom from England.
Paul Revere, Benjamin Franklin & Sam Adams.
Did not want to break away from England.
Most people were loyalists.
Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine.
Convinced the colonies to break away from England.
Document to explain why the colonists wanted to break away from England.
Aim: What were the 4 parts of the Declaration of Independence?
DN: Name one rule that the school has that you disagree with. Why do you think the rule is unfair?
Four parts of the Declaration of Independence:
Preamble (introduction) 2. National Rights (life, liberty & the pursuit of happiness) 3. Complaints/Grievances against the King 4. Conclusion, we want to be free!
Aim: Why did the Articles of Confederation fail?
DN: Make a list of 5 rules if you were principal of the school. Ex’s) No PIG paper, optional HW, shorter periods, etc…
King – Too many taxes, too powerful & strict enforcement of laws.
Articles of Confederation – No/little taxes, weak government, many rulers/leaders & no laws.
THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
First plan of government
Set up a loose alliance of states
Each state had strong powers
The national government was weak (congress)
Congress could not tax.
Congress could not enforce laws.
Congress could not draft soldiers.
E. Shays Rebellion- Proves the Articles of Confederation are WEAK, because farmers lead a successful rebellion. The states were too powerful.
Candy Pass: The Articles of Confederation failed because the states had too much power.
Aim: How did the framers of the constitution make it “just right’?
DN: What is your favorite childhood story?
Goldilocks & the 3 bears: What would she be charged with? Answers: Breaking & entering, vandalism, stealing, disturbing the peace, trespassing.
Goldilocks & our Government: The founding fathers represent Goldilocks.
King of England Articles US Constitution
“Too Powerful” of Confederation “Just Right”
1600s-1776 “Too Weak” 1789-present
5 principles of the Constitution
Separation of powers
Checks & Balances
Aim: How is congress set up?
DN: Why is voting important? Because, the people we vote for end up representing us!
The Great Compromise
Argument over representation
Large States wanted it to be based on population. 2. Small States wanted each state to have equal representation.
The Great Compromise
Created two houses in congress. 2. Senate: We have two senators from each state. 3. House of Representatives: Number of representatives is based upon population of each state.
*Candy Pass: The Great Compromise created two houses in congress.
Aim: What is the job of the legislative branch?
DN: On a separate sheet of paper come up with an idea for a law (keep it to yourself!)
Separation of Powers (3 branches)
Legislative – 1. Congress = Senate & House of Representatives. 2. Main job = make laws. 3. Declare war, coin money, impose taxes.
(Bill) Idea Senate-Committee Full Senate House of Reps-Committee Full House of Reps President.
Aim: How does a bill become a law?
DN: How easy is it to pass a bill into a law? Explain.
Aim: What is the main job of the Executive Branch?
DN: Would you want to be president? Explain.
B. Executive Branch
1. President, Vice President & the Cabinet.
2. Main job = Enforce Laws.
3. Other jobs: Represents the USA.
Deals with other countries Secretary of State. Commander of the USA Secretary of Defense.
ELECTING THE PRESIDENT
Popular Vote: The actual number of votes counted for each candidate.
Electoral Vote: The number of votes each state plus the number of members in the house.
Whoever wins most votes in a state receives ALL electoral votes for that state.
HW Question: Is the Electoral College fair?
Aim: How does the Supreme Court make decisions?
The Supreme Courts main job is to judge laws based on the constitution.
Marbury V. Madison = Judicial Review is the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws constitution or unconstitutional.
* Candy Pass: Marbury V. Madison equals Judicial Review.
Aim: Is the Supreme Court the most powerful branch of government?
DN: Explain the two sides of the case from yesterday.
Aim: Would you make a good Supreme Court justice?
DN: Would you to be a justice? Why or why not?
Aim: What is the most important principle of the constitution?
DN: What is the most important branch in government? Explain.
Checks & Balances
System where each branch checks on the other two branches.
Why? To prevent one branch from becoming too powerful.
Examples: 1) The President can veto a bill passed by congress. 2) Congress can override a Presidents veto by a 2/3 vote. 3) Supreme Court can rule a law passed by congress and the President unconstitutional.
Federalism: A division of power between federal and state government.
State (Reserved Powers) Run elections, traffic laws, drivers & marriage licensees & education.
Concurrent (Shared Powers) Build roads, punish lawbreakers, set up courts, enforce laws & taxes.
Federal (Delegated Powers) Post offices, coin money, and declare war.
It’s a formal written change to the constitution.
Why? To allow the constitution to change/be flexible with the times.
Very difficult to pass an amendment because they only want IMPORTANT amendments passed.
First ten amendments are known as Bill of Rights.
Aim: What is the most important right in the Bill of Rights? DN: Name as many rights as you can.
V. Bill of Rights: Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly & petition.
Right to bears arms (weapons)
Right to privacy (cops need a warrant to search)
Right to remain silent, due process.
Right to a lawyer and fair trial.
Punishment must fit the crime, no cruel and unusual treatment.
Aim When is your 1st Amendment right NOT protected by the constitution?
DN: Write down your Homework Do you believe that every American deserves the right to own and carry a gun, or do you believe the government should do more to regulate the 2nd Amendment? Explain in a 4-7 sentence paragraph.
Restrictions on 1st Amendment
“Clear and Present Danger” …ex’s) Can’t say “bomb” in an airport or say “fire” in a crowded place. Also, religious sacrifices.
In school, Speech can not disrupt education/learning.
Pick an amendment and put your name under one column to the left.
Facts to your case.
Where did this happen?
Also, what did the lower courts decide?
Continue from yesterday: Type up the facts of your case (you will need two copies, one for each side of the case).
*Find the constitutional issue AND the decision of the Supreme Court. Which amendment is being challenged? Answer and Question form!
Aim: What precedent did Washington set for the new nation?
DN: Why is it hard to present first in front of the class?
First President of the USA.
Set the precedents (Examples for others to follow)
Cabinet (advisors to the President)
Secretary of State: Jefferson
Secretary of Treasury: Hamilton
Term limits – He stepped down after two terms.
Aim: What advice did Washington give in his farewell address?
DN: Define the word Precedent? Setting an example for other to follow.
Washington proved strength of constitution: A. Whiskey Rebellion Washington sent troops to stop the rebellion.
Farwell Address: A. He gave advice to the future nation. B. No entangling allies…STAY NEUTRAL!!!
Aim: How did the first political parties form?
DN: What are the two main political parties today? What is the difference between them?
South secedes (break away from the country to form a new one).
Lincoln Declares war, the Civil War begins!
Why does he declare war? To preserve the Union.
**Candy Pass: Lincoln’s main goal is to preserve the Union.**
Aim: How did the north win the Civil War?
DN: What does a country need to win a war? List at least 3 things! Ex’s) Money, weapons, factories, heart.
Aim: How did slavery finally end?
DN: Name 2 advantages of the North & 1 of the South.
Southern States Secede (break away) from the union.
Lincoln’s main goal is to preserve the union.
RR, $, Industry, Population
Motivation & knowledge of land
Frees only slaves in the “rebelling states” (confederacy)
No slaves are actually freed
13th Ends slavery
14th Gives blacks (all citizens) equal rights under the law.
15th Black men the right to vote.
HW: Imagine you been a slave your whole life. What would you do on your first day of freedom? (List 3)
Aim: How did the black codes restrict freedoms of former slaves?
Early Government GW: Set precedents (examples to follow)
Hamilton National Bank
Democratic Republicans vs. Federalists
Farwell address – “no entangling alliances” –
Stay Neutral TJ: Louisiana Purchase
Steps to Civil War: Manifest Destiny When we expand west Extension of slavery into new territories…STEPS: Compromise of 1850, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Bleeding Kansas, Dred Scott Decision, John Browns raid, and the Election of 1860.
Aim: How were blacks treated after slavery?
DN: Name 3 amendments passed after the Civil War?
13th amendment- Abolish slavery.
14th amendment- Black men gain equal protection under the law.
15th amendment- Black men can vote.
Jim Crow laws were passed allowing segregation (separation based on race)
Blacks & whites were segregated in many different ways of life.
Plessey vs. Ferguson
Homer Plessey was arrested for Sitting in a “White only” train car.
He went to the Supreme Court to Challenge the constitutionality of segregation. (14 amendment)
The Supreme Court ruled that “separate but equal” was ok!
*Candy Pass: Plessey vs. Ferguson ruled that “separate but equal” was ok!*
Aim: How did the south get back at blacks for the Civil War?
DN: How do you think the Plessey vs. Ferguson decision will impact life for blacks in America?
2. MOST people were very poor
Aim: How did big business take control of entire industries? DN: Based on our notes, would you have like to live during the Gilded Age?
I Here comes change
The Muckrakers A. Muckrakers- people who exposed the problems
of the Industrial Revolution
B. Jacob Riis- took pictures of the poor city conditions
C. Upton Sinclair- wrote The Jungle about the
disgusting conditions of the meatpacking industry.
Meat Inspection Act
Pure Food & Drug Act
Supported Coal Miner On Strike
Worked to improve tenement conditions
Clayton Anti-Trust Act
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Child labor laws
FIC – Gov’t regulation of business & RR’s
Federal Reserve Act
19th Amendment – Women’s right to vote
Why is Ms.Stritzl mad @ Teddy?
DN: What is imperialism? Stronger country takes over a weaker country.
3 Reasons: 1. Economic gain 2. Spread democracy 3. Protect USA
Big Stick Diplomacy/Roosevelt Corollary:
Said the USA would be the “police force” of Latin America. Ex Panama Canal
Aim: How did WWI impact the USA on the home front?
DN: Causes of WWI Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism
Nationalism and alliances lead European nations to enter into WWI
At first, USA stays netural (G.Washington “no entangling, alliances”)
But then… 1. Germanys unrestricted submarine warfare (Lusitanian) was destroyed. 2. Zimmerman note
A. Men leave jobs behind 1. Women fill in 2. African Americans fill in.
B. Helping @ home 1. Sent food to soldiers 2. Saved food (rationing) 3. Bought liberty bonds
Aim: How did congress deal with protests against WWI?
DN: Who took over the work load during WWI?
II. Resistance to USA in WWI
Schenk vs USA : He protested against the war. Advocated against the draft too. Arrested for violating the espionage act. He says the espionage act violated his first amendment right.
Supreme court: Schenk represents “clear & present danger”…Civil liberties are not absolute
Aim: How did WWI end?
CANDY PASS = Civil liberties are not absolute during times of war.
Treaty of Versailles ends WWI…president Wilson’s 14 points is presented, and includes plan for world peace & includes league of nations
Treaty of Versailles: Creates the League of Nations…Germany is punished, took blame for war and paid lots of $ to the allies. US congress rejects the treaty; they don’t want to get involved in potential disputes/wars…
Aim: Why were the roaring 20’s roaring?
What groups of people maybe against the new changes of the 20’s ? For example the flappers and Harlem Renaissance.
Roaring twenties(new traditions)
Women’s rights-flappers, 19th amendment
Harlem Renaissance- celebration of African American culture
Economic BOOM-false-buy on credit
Back lash (old traditions)
KKK-reaction toward Harlem Renaissance & new immigration (Russians, Italians, Jews)
Red Scare- fear of communism (Sacco & Vinzeti)
Religion vs. Science – scopes Monkey Trial
Prohibition (18th amendment)- banned alcohol
speakeasies b. Bootlegging c. Organized crime (mafia)
Aim: How did the economy of the 20’s lead to the Great Depression?
DN: What is a stock? Would you invest in the stock market if you had extra money? Why or why not?
Aim: What were the long term causes of the Great Depression?
DN: Do you think your “family” made smart financial decisions? Explain!
Long term causes
Intro to credit-people spent more than they had.
Banks gave bad loans
Uneven distribution of wealth (gap between rich and poor)
Risky investment in the stock market
Stock market crash-black Tuesday
Aim: How did Hoover respond to the Great Depression?
DN: How was your “family” impacted by the Great Depression?
Aim: How did FDR’s New Deal help w/the Great Depression?
New Deal 3 r’s (Gov’t progress to fix the problems of the Great Depression)
Recovery (stabilize economy)
Aim: Why did we enter WWII ?
Beginning of WWII
Hitler rises to power in Germeny
Begins to attack & take over countries
England & France tries to stop Hitler
US stay neutral
Dec.7th 1941 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
USA declares war on Japan
Germany declares war on USA
WWII on the homefront
Women go to war
Korematsu v. USA b. Supreme Court ruled that civil liberties are not absolute during times of war.
Aim: Was dropping the atomic bombs on Japan justified?
Aim: How did the Cold War begin?
DN: Would you have dropped the bomb?
Truman drops the bombs to end the war.
Japanese civilians suffer terribly.
215,000 killed instantly
Radiation kills others later on
Aim: What were the major events of the Cold War?
DN: How long did the Cold War last?
COLD WAR (1945-1991)
Fight to STOP the spread of communism
Fight to SPREAD Communism
Containment: USA foreign policy of containing communism.
Marshal Plan: USA would give aid to European countries “who were thinking about becoming communist.”
NATO: An alliance set up to fight communism.
***CANDY PASS During the Cold War, the USA fought to contain communism***
Aim: When did the Cold War “heat up”?
DN: What was the iron curtain?
D. Berlin Wall…1. Divides western Berlin from the rest of communist Germany. 2. Symbol of Cold War.
E. Cuban Missile Crisis…1. Cuba becomes communist and soviet union places missiles in Cuba. 2. 90 miles from USA. 3. JFK and Krischev negotiate and avoid war.
F. Vietnam War…1. North=communist, South=non-communist…the USA sends troops to support the south, even though the leader was a dictator. Containment fails, Vietnam becomes communist.
G. Afghanistan…Soviets take over in 1979 and the USA assists radical groups where the Taliban takes control in the 80’s
Aim: What were the successes of the Civil Rights movement?
Civil Rights Movement: Jackie Robinson intergrates baseball in 1947… Brown vs. Board of Education in 1954 challenged segregation in public schools.
*** CANDY PASS*** Brown v. Board of Ed ruled that separate can never be equal***
Little rock 9= 9 black students go to an all white school in Arkansas…meet with protest and riots…Eisenhower sends federal troops to enforce integration of the school…
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Rosa Parks, arrested for sitting in the white section of a bus. Wanted to make a statement.
381 day bus boycott by blacks.
Buses are desegregated
MLK Jr=I have a dream speech in DC.
Main leaders=MLK Jr, Malcolm X and Black Panthers.
Aim: What were the 50’s like in America?
DN: Name 2 aspects of society today that are different for blacks than were in the 50’s.
Ex’s: fear of differences (shy guy video) and fear of the bomb (duck and cover video)
McCarthyism: Senator from Wisconsin who caused mass panic by accusing people of being communist.
Aim: What was life like during the 60’s?
Dn: Give an example of how life was affected for Americans during the Cold War?
Vietnam War sparks a counter culture
Baby boomers=teenagers (half pop)
Anti war movement Civil disobedience, motivation, draft and LBJ/Nixon expand war. Success as Nixon pulls trrops out in ’73…26th amendment, 18 to vote…setbacks = violence
Aim: did the 60’s have the best music?
Other movements of the 60’s A. Women’s Rights B. Gay Rights C. Native American Rights D. Hispanic American Rights E. American w/disabilities Rights
Aim: What were the 70’s like?
Nixon: Salt treaty limit strategic arms and missiles
A. Was impeached B. Resigns from Presidency C. No one is above the law (USA v. Nixon)
80’s: Ronald Regan (80-88) … former actor, conservative believed in small government (less spending, less taxes and programs)
Reganomics: Trickle down theory
End of Cold War: Regan deals with Star Wars & Gorbachev
Tragedies: HIV/AIDS...Challenger…drugs (crack)