Alaska Packers Association Alaska Packers Association records, 1891-1970 MS 9
ACQUISITION: The original collection was received in 1970 from Del Monte Corporation (11 cubic feet including 10 rolls of microfilm). Additional records were donated by the Whatcom County Park and Recreation Board April 7, 1982 (beginning with Box 22). In 2003, a donation of maps was received from the Center for Pacific NW Studies (Acc. No. 2003-54). Candy Waugaman donated materials in 2004 (Acc. No. 2004-58).
ACCESS: The collection is unrestricted.
COPYRIGHT: Request for permission to publish or reproduce material from the collection should be discussed with the Librarian.
PROCESSING: The original, printed guide, A Guide to the Alaska Packers Association Records and to the APA Library,” was prepared by Ellen Greenberg March, 1972, who also established the original series, I through VII. In July of 1983, Phyllis DeMuth and Michael Sullivan prepared and published A Guide to the Alaska Packers Association Records 1891-1970 in the Alaska Historical Society. It incorporated the first guide and described a large accession acquired in 1982, with cross-references to the selection of records copied on microfiche (microfiche numbers APA 1 – 720, located in white binders in the Reading Room and in box at beginning of MS 9). See also MFMS 30.
The current collection guide was scanned from the printed guide and includes accessions since 1982.
INVENTORY SERIES I. ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS
no. 1. History. Canvas bound and handwritten. 8 v. Reel no. 1 1891 1904. 1
Includes list of original companies which joined to make up the Association. Page numbering
repeats in the middle of the volume.
1905 1909. Includes the account of the effects the San Francisco earthquake had on the Packers. Also includes a record of the company's introduction on the market of Argo canned salmon.
2 1915 1921. 2
Contains information on the effects of World War I on salmon canning.
3 1935 (1940). 3
First mention of labor disputes in this volume.
Apparently the writer of these books simply stopped mid way through the statistics, never to begin again, as there is no stock report for 1941 and the majority of the pages are empty.
4 2. Pack Reports. 5 items. 4
Typewritten recapitulation of Salmon pack by cannery, brand, and species.
1893 1917. (2 copies) Canvas bound.
1918 1937 Canvas Bound.
1938 1957 Leather binder.
(1893) (1956) Metal binder.
5 3. Untitled Loose leaf Binder. 1 item. 5
Alphabetical listing of data pertinent to APA operation: cost of feeding men at various
canneries; memoranda for superintendents; Table of Provision Allowances; Navy Ration;
Specifications for barrels; Specifications for Columbia River round bottom boats;
Specifications for various machinery; Pilotage and towing fees on Pacific Coast.
4. Data on Alaska Land Patents. 1 item.
Compiled by A.R. Barthold (1936 1937). Listing of Land Office survey numbers and patent
numbers covering various cannery sites from Loring to Bristol Bay.
5. Miscellaneous Statistics and Forms.
1. Statistics, 1913 1941. 6 items:
Alameda Shipyard Balance Sheet, Year ending June 30, 1934.
Alameda Shipyard Balance Sheet, Year ending June 30, 1935.
Foremen and Doctors, 1941.
Recapitulation of Wages, 1913 1922.
Comparison of Wages, 1939 1941.
Launch description form.
5 2. APA offices, San Francisco, 1905 1923. Photos (2 copies)
3. Report on 1919 Influenza Epidemic, Bristol Bay, Alaska. (6 copies)
(6th copy has “Copies of Certain Letters Acknowledging Receipt…” and a newspaper clipping of article on Capt. F. G. Dodge: “He Never Dodged a Duty – Coast Guardsman Ends Remarkable Career”)
6. Alaska Packers Association Deed of Trust. 1 v. (101 p.)
Legal document of bonded indebtedness of APA to Mercantile Trust Company of San
Francisco in 1905. Included is a listing of each vessel at time of indenture.
SERIES II. CANNERY OPERATION
Correspondence and Files on Various Fisheries Activities.
6 1. Rehabilitation of Canneries. 1 binder. 6
Correspondence and estimates on rehabilitating cannery plants of Alaska Packers
Association following World War 1, 1945 1948.
2. Alaska Fisheries: Miscellaneous Data, Etc. 1 binder.
Data and correspondence used in connection with traps, fisheries legislation, and fisheries
regulations. Includes a very large Department of Commerce map of Shelikoff Straits
and Afognak Island.
7 3. Data on Alaska Fisheries Operations. 8 binders. 6
Black loose-leaf binders, Correspondence and regulations.
Vol. 1. Miscellaneous.
Includes numbers of traps operated by Alaska Packers Association, 1921 1934, number
closed, and amount of fish caught by traps. Decision in case of Injunction relating to
trap fishing for salmon in Alaskan waters.
Vol. 1A. Miscellaneous.
Necessity for post war protection against Japanese fisheries. Correspondence of 1914 1945.
Vol. 2. Bristol Bay.
Spans 1920 1951. Carlisle Packing Co., 1926 1927; Bristol Bay closed to fishing, 1935; rumored expansion B.B. fishery, 1936; APA on Bristol Bay fishing boats, 1941; Survey on Bristol Bay spawning areas, etc., 1945; rehabilitation of Alaska canneries, 1945; power boats, 1946 1951.
Vol. 2A. Bristol Bay.
Correspondence and general operations Egegik, Kvichak, Naknek, Nushagak and Ugashik. Listed under specific localities as well as General Bristol Bay operations.
Vol. 3. Central Alaska. Spans 1928 1945.
Vol. 3A. Central Alaska.
Primarily concerns Alaska Packers Association Pacific American Fisheries controversy, 1923 1945.
8 Vol. 4. Traps.
Includes articles and newspaper clippings on salmon traps.
Vol. 5. Under War Conditions, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945. 2 binders.
One is labeled Vol. 5 on the cover, the other not. Both, however, are so numbered inside,
one belonging to the Seattle office, the other to San Francisco.
relating to Karluk Reservation and APA land acquisitions.
9 5. Alaska Fisheries; Karluk and Vicinity. 4 binders. 7
Vol. 1. Miscellaneous Data, Etc.
Miscellaneous correspondence, reports, and regulations pertaining to Karluk. Maps of Karluk River, 1889, Karluk and vicinity, 1939, all Kodiak land surveys, 1940. Early APA activities, canneries, and land acquisitions in Karluk. Fishermen's strike, 1922.
Vol. 2. Legislative Matters. (Tied with string)
Comments and hearings relating to proposed White Act. H.R. 2714. 1945 fishing
regulations relating to Karluk Indian Reservation, correspondence, and opinions.
Vol. 3. Excerpts from Various Government Reports.
Included are extracts from such reports as "Alaska Salmon Investigations, 1898 and 1899" by Moser and "The Control and Protection of the Salmon Streams of Alaska" by David Starr Jordan and C.L. Hooper. Papers span years 1887 1930.
10 Vol. 4. Bureau of Fisheries: Fish and Wildlife Service; Miscellaneous Data.
Hearings with respect to prohibition of fishing in Karluk River, 1917, and with respect to limiting or prohibiting fishing in all Alaskan waters between Cape Spencer and Cape Newenham,1919. A list of Fish Commissioners, their term of office, and United States Presidents served under is included. Some correspondence.
Minutes of salmon canners conferences and correspondence on fishery laws, notices, and regulations. Conferences revolve around largely unwritten agreements upon methods of enforcing regulations amongst canners themselves. These include Bristol Bay salmon canners and later the Alaska Salmon Industry. Well recorded in Vol. 1, and sporadically in Vol. 2, they are seldom even mentioned in the remaining volumes. Letters deal with specific procedures APA intends to follow, as well as requests to change rules in certain localities.
Vol. 1. 1926 1934.
Vol. 2. 1935 1941.
Vol. 3. 1942. Effects of World War II on Salmon canning.
11 Vol. 4. 1943. 7
Concentration Plan consolidation of salmon canners during wartime conditions.
Vol. 5. 1944, 1945.
Vol. 6. 1946, 1947, 1948.
SERIES III. DATA CONCERNING ACTIVITIES WHICH THE ALASKA PACKERS ASSOCIATION CONSIDERED DETRIMENTAL TO THEIR FISHERY OPERATION.
1. Foreign Invasion of American Fisheries. 3 binders. 8
Primarily pertains to fishing in the Bering Sea by Japanese nationals. Newspaper clippings.
Vol. 1. 1937, 1938. From Congressional Record.
12 Vol. 2. 1937, 1938, 1939. From The Pacific Fisherman. Vol. 3. Miscellaneous clippings, correspondence, and pamphlets, 1905, 1906, 1931, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1945.
12 2. Indian Reservations Alaska: 3 binders.
Indian Fishing and Ancestral Rights, Etc.
Enclosed are acts, memorials, hearings, opinions, messages of Territorial Governor,
proposals, land orders, legal memoranda, and news clippings, all related to proposed
Indian Reservations in Alaska, 1935 1944.
13 Part 3. Documents.
Contains Administrative Inquiry Pursuant to Section 201.21b of the Alaska Fisheries
Copies of regulations from 1889 to 1940, with typewritten comment.
17 6. Miscellaneous. 1 box. 10
Laws and regulations for Alaska fisheries, 1868 1957. 1 folder.
State Laws and Regulations for the Protection of 1 folder.
Fish and Game in California and Washington. 1903 1928.
17 U.S. Laws and Regulations for the Protection of Fish. 8 items.
Federal Register, January 20, 1965.
Federal Register, March 22, 1956.
Laws and Regulations for Protection of the Commercial Fisheries of Alaska, for the years
1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957.
Laws Governing the Steamboat Inspection Service. 1911.
Report of Pack of Sockeyes on Fraser River and Output of Hatcheries. 1908. Washington Department of Fisheries publications. 1947 1956. California Department of Natural Resources. Biennial Report of the Division of Fish and Game, 1944 1946. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Progress Reports. 1957 and 1958.
SERIES V. FILES ON CANNING AND PROCESSING OF FISHING PRODUCTS.
18 1. Salmon Canning and Preserving. 2 boxes.
American Can Company. Canned Food Facts. 2 items.
American Can Company. The Canned Food Handbook.
Federal Trade Commission. Canned Salmon. 1918. 2 items.
Federal Trade Commission. Corn, Peas, String Beans, Tomatoes and Salmon. 1921.
Miscellaneous Publications. 5 items.
Archie W. Shiels. The Early History of Canned Foods.
Home Canning Program. 1945.
U.S. Tariff Commission. Canned Fish.
US. Department of Commerce. Office of Technical Services. Utilization of Alaska Salmon Cannery Waste. Part One. National Canners Association. 14 items.
Canned Food Facts for Grocers. 1945.
Canners Directory for years 1942, 1943, 1944, 1959.
Cannery Waste Disposal Lagoons. 1945.
Processes for Low Acid Canned Food in Metal Containers. 7th and 8th ed. 1950 and
1955 (Bulletin 26 L).
Today's Canned Foods.
Use of Frozen Fish for Canning of Salmon. 1951.
Vitamins in Canned Foods. 1924. (Bulletin 19 L, Rev.)
4. Fishery Magazines and Miscellaneous Material. 12 items.
Commercial Fisheries Review, 1959, for the months of January, February, February Supplement, March, April, May, June.
Diesel Times. July 1947.
Fishery Market News. May 1942. Packaging Service. June 1947.
Fisheries Research Board of Canada. Progress Reports of the Pacific Coast Stations. November 1956.
Pacific American Fisheries. Annual Report. 1957.
5. Fish and Wildlife Service Research and Progress Reports. 4 items.
Nelson, P.R. and C.I. Abegglen. Survival and Spawning of Gill Net Marked Red Salmon.
1955. (No. 40)
Parker, P.S. and R.E. Lennon. Biology of the Sea Lamprey in Its Parasitic Phase. 1956. (No. 34)
6. American Fisheries Society. 3 items.
A List of Common and Scientific Names of the Better Known Fishes of the United States and Canada. 1948.
22 Journals 1915 1946. 21 volumes. APA 1 290
The volumes in this series are Journal No. 22 36 in 15 volumes ending on microfiche 227. This is a monthly record of accounts, purchases, dispursements, taxes, insurance, profit and loss, general expenses, cannery operations, transportation, hatcheries, fleet and plant repairs and some salmon sales. References to controlling and subsidiary ledgers are noted and includes data on separate canneries. The Voucher Journals, 1941 1946 are in 6 volumes and give day, payment number, to whom paid, amount, particulars and miscellaneous data.
Aubin Barthold, President of APA, was located in Seattle. These files include correspondence, files on company business and various fishing industry topics, state and federal legislation, employment matters, and some publications.
1. Bristol Bay Control of Bristol Bay Fishing effort. August 21,1957. (Memo with review of regulation by R.S. Olpin)
2. Bristol Bay Correspondence and miscellaneous.
3. Bristol Bay Correspondence and statistical data.