The arrow indicates the location of the observer 8 - The mass extinction of the Cretaceous-Tertiary was a period of mass extinction of species about 65 million years ago. It corresponds to the end of the Cretaceous period and the beginning of the Tertiary period. It is also known as mass extinction of K/T (German Kreide / Tertiär Grenze), to mark the boundary between the Cretaceous-Tertiary.
No one knows the exact duration of this event. About 50% of biological gender disappeared, including most of the dinosaurs. Many explanations have been proposed for this phenomenon; the most widely accepted is that it was the result of an asteroid impact on Earth from space.
At this point I will tell you something very interesting.
When this book was almost finished and we were doing the final corrections, in those days, I was watching television and going over some programs that I´d recorded.
As I didn´t find any comedy-which is what I like to see after a day's work- I checked the documentary programs recorded and randomly selected one on the Sahara Desert.
Watching the documentary, to my surprise, I hear scientists talking about the enormous amount of sea fossils that formed the sands of the Sahara desert. They said that the Sahara had been a shallow sea beach, so much so that mangrove glowed (mangrove trees are very salt tolerant and their roots are immersed in sea water).
The documentary referred to a particular area in Egypt called Wadi Al-Hitan, or Whale Valley due to the large number of fossils of whales and ancestors of these. They also commented that the stones used in the construction of the pyramids were crammed full with coastal marine fossils, i.e., shells, seashells, fossils and other more ancient like nummulites ("small coin"), extinct foraminifera that lived from between 55 and 39 million years to the present.
At the end of the film-this documentary program-geologists concluded that all the top range of Africa had been partly submerged while continental drift occurred, and some sea-shore land had risen in times Africa is approaching Asia and block Arabia "collides" with Asia - (now Iran, Iraq, Turkey).
Huge and pleasant surprise.
If we consider how close is the beach, or the key location where we assume that our observer was- from the area of this "valley of the whales" -less than 1,000 kilometers- and we also consider the manifest existence of fossils that concludes that the area was submerged enough so that at certain times our individual could see the "famous" sea monsters, the theory at hand, our observer´s theory and its location make perfect sense.
(I guess, at this point, I have got your attention and there are no sneers ...).
At the end of the sixth day, man makes his appearance.
«“Let us make man in our own image, in the likeness of ourselves, and let them be masters of the fish of the sea, the birds of heaven, the cattle, all the wild animals and all the creatures that creep along the ground”. God created man in the image of himself, in the image of God he created him, male and female he created them.» (Genesis 1:26-27).
Not in the first, nor the second, not even in the sixth. How can that be? How is it that man was created by God at the end and not the beginning? Come on; are we not the most important thing? We are the center of creation! Should He not have created us in the beginning? But he didn´t. He created us at the end. Completely the opposite of what would be expected of a creationist account.
A perfect finale.
In six billion years that the whole process of creation of the Solar System lasted, Homo sapiens appears at the end, in the last two million years.
At the end of the sixth day.
And now... the seventh day.
«Thus heaven and earth were completed with all their array. On the seventh day God had completed the work he had been doing. He rested on the seventh day after all the work he had been doing. God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on that day he rested after all his work of creating.
«Such was the story of heaven and earth as they were created.
«At the time when Yahweh God made earth and heaven» (Genesis 2:1-4).
This last day has something extra in addition to the day of rest, in which God sees his work; He decides it is already finished and there is a truce, and we read again that God made the earth and the heavens, neither more nor less.
This repetition of the phrase - earth and heaven, already mentioned in the first day-is the key to unlocking the mystery.
What about ...?
We return to the LOCATION -yes, this time with capital letters-of our observer.
If the story was made by God, it would make no sense the expression "earth and heaven" because God does not stand anywhere, God is omnipresent. If we speak of heaven and earth it´s because the observation is made from a purely human perspective, so the observer-narrator must be a man, a man, an individual, who as we saw, is standing on the earth's crust, the planet's surface, and from there he narrates.
The land is all that is under his feet-the-planet- and the sky is all that is on that world, and that means the atmosphere, space, stars, the rest of the universe and other universes-if there are any; everything, absolutely everything, including the world of ideas and the laws governing the behavior of creation, such as the laws of physics, chemistry, etc., etc., etc.
I would like to mention something to you now. One of my children, the youngest, aged nine, told me: "Why didn´t God do everything with magic? As He can do anything he wants just by clicking (thundering) his fingers."
Yes, I know, children´s questions...
Yes, I thought, and why can´t Creation happen like that? Why doesn´t God do things by magic?
And it occurred to me that maybe what happens is that we have become so accustomed to the magic of God, that it does not shock us anymore. It is possible that, as science has discovered some of the mechanisms of this Grand Wizard´s tricks and also the mechanisms that make these "tricks", at one point we have come to think that anyone can do them.
Following these readings and reflections I was telling a friend about this idea of magic. I asked him: "Why do we assume that if God creates something he must do it with a magic wand? As if every morning he peeped a wand and a voice from heaven said, "Egg, chicken, egg, chicken ..." and eggs and chickens filled our farms."
God has mechanisms for all, and that's what we see every day of our lives and we do not realize: how children are born, how trees grow, how the tides rise and fall, how we breathe, how rain is generated, how the stars move, and hundreds of billions of things more.
And we are used to them. We got used to the way the world works around us; so much so that we are convinced that things have happened by chance, without any planning; that behind the Creation there isn´t a Creator; that our existence is pure chance. And that, I believe, is the reason that often arises for the division between science and religion.
It would seem that what can be proven scientifically cannot be the work of God.
As if man had created, on his own, any of the laws of physics.