October 22, 2011 at the San Diego Archaeological Center
09:00 am – 09:30 am Coffee/Tea Social
09:30 am – 10:00 am Welcome and Announcements
Jennifer Farquhar – SCA Announcements
Archaeological Institute of America National Archaeology Day: National Archaeology Day is a celebration of archaeology and the thrill of discovery. Throughout the month of October and on October 22 in particular, the AIA and its societies throughout the United States and Canada will present archaeological programs and activities in over 100 cities for people of all ages and interests. Whether it is a family-friendly archaeology fair, a guided tour of a local archaeological site, a simulated dig, a lecture or a classroom visit from an archaeologist, the interactive, hands-on programs presented by the Institute and our societies will provide you with the chance to indulge your inner Indiana Jones. The Southern Data Sharing Meeting is a National Archaeology Day supporter and the event is listed on the National Archaeology Day Calendar.
Data Sharing SCA Student Membership Raffle: For the past several years the SCA has held a raffle for students (hopefully non-SCA members) at the Data Sharing Meetings to encourage new memberships. 1. Each Data Sharing Meeting (North and South) raffles five student memberships. 2. Names are pulled out of a hat. 3. The winners will receive one free year of SCA membership. (After that time we hope they will continue on as members to increase SCA membership rolls.) 4. Send the names of the winners to Denise Wills and Tom Origer so that the paperwork can be taken care of promptly.
Archaeology Month: 2012 Archaeology Month posters are now available. To request a poster, contact the business office at firstname.lastname@example.org. California Archaeology Month is sponsored by the SCA, observed in October to integrate with California's kindergarten through Grade 12 curriculum on Native American and California history. For more information about public outreach and how you can help Download this flier. If you participate, please submit this form. It will help the SCA track the amount of time spent on outreach efforts by members and also helps meet in-kind requirements for federal grants the SCA receives for Archaeology Month activities.
2012 Archeology Month Poster Competition: SCA is seeking artists to participate in a competition to design the 2012 California Archaeology Month Poster. The winning design will be awarded a $1000 cash prize. The theme for 2012 focuses on past climate changes, significant climatic events, and how the responses of past people are reflected in the archaeological record. Whether it be the dramatic global weather shifts that took place in the early Holocene, the Medieval Climatic Anomaly, or the devastating floods of the 1860s, the inhabitants of our state have witnessed incredible transformations in their weather that have altered their access to food, water, and shelter, sometimes temporarily, other times permanently. Posters are typically 18 X 24 inches and are used to promote California Archaeology Month celebrated each October. The poster will be unveiled at the SCA Annual Meeting in San Diego, March 2012, and over 5,000 copies will be distributed throughout the year at all SCA events. Selection will be based on an initial sketch and concept description, due October 15, 2011. Presentations can be submitted electronically or as a hard copy to Michael Newland (see address below). Please provide contact information so that we can confirm receipt of your materials. Mailing address: Michael Newland, 1801 East Cotati Ave. , Building 29, Rohnert Park, CA 94928. Email address: Newland@sonoma.edu Phone: 707-664-2734
Be a Candidate for the SCA Board: Please do your part for the SCA and run for President, Northern Vice-President, or Secretary. WE CANNOT RUN THE SCA WITHOUT YOU. Details and candidate forms can be found on the web at http://scahome.org/about_sca/index.html#run_for_office, or by contacting Pat Mikkelsen at email@example.com. Article VI of the SCA Bylaws describes officer positions and duties, and may be found at http://scahome.org/about_sca/bylaws.html.
2012 Annual Meeting Call for Papers: Submissions of symposia, forums, workshops, and contributed papers or posters for the 2012 Annual Meeting are now being accepted. The meeting will be held at the San Diego Town and Country Hotel Thursday, March 28, thorough Saturday, March 31, 2012. Forms and detailed instructions for submission of abstracts and other information for organized or individual contributions to the program can be found in the Meetings section of the SCA website at http://www.scahome.org/meetings_events/index.html. The deadline for submissions is Friday, December 9, 2011. All submissions must be made through the Members Only section of the SCA Website at http://www.scahome.org/index.html. To submit your paper, click the “Meeting Submission Forms” link. There you will find submission forms for both individual papers and organized symposia. A 15-minute time slot will be allocated for each paper, so organized symposia should have a minimum of four and a maximum of 14 presentations. Forums and workshops allow for more time and participant flexibility, but should fit comfortably within blocks of time commensurate with symposia. To minimize scheduling conflicts, individuals are limited to two presentations at the Annual Meeting. Please remember that professionals and students contributing to the program must be SCA members in good standing. Membership for 2012 will be verified in January prior to inclusion of any participant in the program. If you have questions about, or anticipated special needs for, a symposium, forum, or workshop you intend to propose, please contact Program Chairs Brian Codding (firstname.lastname@example.org) or Nathan Stevens (email@example.com) via email.
Ruth Lopez on 2012 Malcolm Rogers Symposium @ SCA Meeting
10:00 am – 10:20 am Personal History Learned from Historic WWII Desert Training Center Find
By George Kline, BLM
Through the recent and widespread archaeological surveys for solar projects in eastern Riverside County, the archaeological data tsunami is beginning to reveal interesting results. One of the many military dog tags that have been recovered has led to the identification of living descendants of U.S. Army Private, Ova Napier from Hazard County, Kentucky. Through luck and persistence, the daughter and granddaughter have learned much about their paternal predecessor that had not been known. A highly decorated veteran of WWII and Korea, Pvt. Napier did not relate much of his heroic service to his family in life. The discovery of a dog tag prompted a service record search that revealed the medals earned, and a simple search on the internet located his descendants. Bringing this all together in such a short period of time made for an emotional and ceremonial return of the dog tag to the family with a belated re-recognition of a WWII veteran’s contributions to his family and country.
10:20 am – 10:40 am Navy Cultural Resources Management and Research Initiatives on the El Centro Ranges Andy Yatsko, NAVFACSW CNRSW
An ongoing initiative by the Naval Air Facility El Centro to develop programmatic Section 106 compliance for its El Centro Ranges has provided parallel opportunities for expanding and refining the understanding of prehistoric archaeological properties in these range areas. This has involved a 50% expansion of the archaeological site survey coverage, National Register eligibility evaluations and direct investigation of the data potentials for fire affected rock (FAR) features found in high concentrations along the protohistoric Lake Cahuilla shoreline that transects three of these range areas. These efforts are representative of broader Navy CRM initiatives across the Navy Region Southwest.
10:40 am – 11:00 am Recognizing Fire-Affected Rock Features at Prehistoric Lake Cahuilla
By Sherri Andrews, Don Laylander and Jerry Schaefer, ASM Affiliates
Small clusters of sandstone rocks ─ often without any associated artifacts or other cultural materials; sometimes discolored by heating, but sometimes not ─ are present, probably in the thousands, near the southwestern shoreline of ancient Lake Cahuilla. Some archaeologists have reported such features as being aboriginal hearths or earth ovens, while other investigators have ignored them, presumably as being non-cultural. We examine several strategies that were recently applied to assess the cultural origin of such features at Naval Air Facility El Centro.
11:00 am – 11:20 am The San Salvador Project: An Exercise in Public Archaeology
By Dr. Jim Cassidy, Naval Facilities Southwest, San Diego and Dr. Ray Ashley, Maritime Museum of San Diego
Archaeology is often criticized for having little direct application in the daily lives of ordinary people. Opportunities to conduct public archaeology projects are appropriate responses to this perspective. A full-scale working replica of Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo's flagship, the San Salvador, is being constructed at Spanish Landing in San Diego Bay by the Maritime Museum of San Diego as a public history project. In conjunction with this significant historical event we are also conducting a public archaeology activity that tells the story of Native Americans who resided along the southern California coast and Channel Islands at the time of colonial contact. It is hoped that these activities will bring alive the impacts felt by both European and Native American people as these events unfolded.
11:20 am – 11:40 am Design by Culture: Using URS Corporation’s DPR Form Database to Generate Cultural Resource Technical Reports
By Arleen Garcia-Herbst and Rachael Nixon, URS
This paper will showcase a database that URS has designed to speed up the generation of DPR forms that accompany cultural resources technical reports. The database can automatically generate the Field Findings chapter of the technical report that includes resource site descriptions. This innovative database cuts down on Quality Control issues in generating technical reports because all corrections to resource information can be implemented in the database and automatically updated in the report.
11:40 am – 12:00 pm Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians, Tribal Historic Preservation Office – Administration for Native Americans Grant Project: Research Design and Historic Preservation Management Plan (HPMP) Development By Patricia Garcia-Tuck, Agua Caliente; Rachael Nixon and Kimberly Maeyama, URS
In 2009 the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians THPO was awarded an ANA Grant to help the THPO provide guidance to Tribal staff, lead agencies, developers and preservation partners for the identification, registration, protection, mitigation and preservation of important historic resources, and to establish priorities and formal policies for cultural resources management. Upon receipt of the ANA Grant the ACBCI THPO focused on three primary efforts, all of which are part of a broader cultural preservation plan: 1) the development of a research design, 2) the development of a Historic Preservation Management Plan, and 3) updating the THPO Tribal Code. The goals and objectives contained within the plan reflect the mission, as well as tribal and federal mandates of the ACBC. This plan should be seen as a roadmap for more effective and efficient delivery of services, serving as a guide to help the THPO direct effort to areas of greatest need in ways that better serve to protect natural resources and the environment within the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation. This presentation will introduce an overview of two aspects of the ACBCI THPO ANA Grant: the development of the research design and the HPMP.
12:00 pm – 1:00 pm Lunch Provided! – Hawaiian BBQ
1:00 pm to 1:20 pm Archaeological Investigations at River Station, Southern Pacific Railroad’s 19th Century General Shops Facility and Depot
By Michael Sampson, California State Parks
Archaeologists from California State Parks, Southern Service Center, under the direction of the present author, completed test-level investigations in Los Angeles State Historic Park in August and September 2008, spring and fall 2009, summer 2010, and spring and fall 2011. The project area is located in downtown LA, between N. Spring Street and N. Broadway Street and adjacent to the Los Angeles River. The new park represents the former site of the 19th century Southern Pacific general shops, freight warehouse, rail yard, and depot known as River Station, and served as the rail hub for all of Southern California. River Station operated from 1875 until 1904; subsequently, Southern Pacific used the location as a rail yard. Our archaeological fieldwork has been preceded by in-depth historical research and geophysical surveys, and has successfully uncovered portions of the following 19th century building sites: the turntable, roundhouse, machine shop, car shop, hotel, ice house, and a pavement of dressed-stone pavers. The excavations have revealed masonry and wood building foundations, concrete structural remains, and artifacts associated with River Station. Our investigative methods are indicative of the unique nature of industrial archaeology in an urban setting.
1:20 pm to 1:40 pm Recent Data on Climate Change and Implications for California Archaeology along the Coast By Michael Newland, Anthropological Studies Center, Sonoma State University
Working under a grant from the National Park Service, the Anthropological Studies Center at Sonoma State University has been conducting an assessment of the threats that climate change poses to indigenous archaeological sites at Point Reyes National Seashore, located within the ancestral territory of the Coast Miwok. The results of the study have implications for archaeological sites else in Coast Miwok territory and elsewhere in California. The Society for California Archaeology recognizes these implications and is taking action. This paper summarizes some of the threats and outlines upcoming SCA measures to identify threatened sites.
1:40 pm to 2:00 pm Functions and Life Histories of “Donut Stones” in Southern California: San Clemente Island
By Margie M. Burton, Research Director, SDAC; Adolfo Muniz, Collections Manager, SDAC
A descriptive study aimed at discerning the functions and life histories of perforated stones or “donut stones” found on San Clemente Island and other insular and coastal areas of southern California was recently carried out at the San Diego Archaeological Center. Previous research suggests a wide range of secular and ritual functions, including the frequently cited “digging stick weight” hypothesis based on ethnographic reports. However, many provenienced donut stones are found in mid-Holocene contexts, pre-dating the ethnographic record by thousands of years. Macroscopic and microscopic examination of manufacture and wear traces show that systematic analysis, including microscopic analysis of wear patterns, has the potential to improve our understanding of mid-Holocene donut stone manufacture and use.
2:00 pm to 2:20 pm An Analysis of Perforated Stones from the Santa Barbara Channel Region By Elizabeth A. Sutton, UCSB
Archaeologists have long made assumptions as to the use and meaning of the variety of perforated stones found in the Santa Barbara Channel Region. These assumptions focus around where the stones are most likely to be found, who was using the stones, and the purpose for which the stones were being employed. This systematic study of 525 whole or fragmented perforated stones from museum collections was undertaken in order to evaluate the validity of the assumptions being made. During the course of this study, thirteen perforated stone types were identified based on stylistic attributes, and use-wear and metric data were analyzed in an attempt to discern the function of each type of perforated stone. Burial records were then consulted to determine which segments of the population may have used the stones and whether this demographic may have changed over time.
2:20 pm to 2:40 pm The San Diego Presidio Heritage Development Circle
By Paul G. Chace
The Presidio Heritage Development Circle is a monthly forum created to encourage scholarly heritage interpretations of San Diego's Royal Spanish Presidio, founded in 1769 as the initial European settlement on the U.S. West Coast. For five decades the garrison soldiers and San Diego settlers lived within this four-acre citadel. Now a City park, archaeology has been pursued here for 50 years, resulting in vast collections, but no published book. Current projects include interpreting the bird bones, the fish bones, creating a GIS base map, remarking the cemetery (300 named individuals with 1000's of descendants), and encouraging a full computer cataloging.
2:40 pm to 3:00 pm Recent Research by Cal Poly Pomona in the San Bernardino National Forest and Sage Canyon (Western Mojave Desert).
By Mark W. Allen, Cal Poly Pomona
This paper presents a summary of recent field and lab research conducted by Cal Poly Pomona, including test excavations at a late period site near Big Bear Lake in the San Bernardino National Forest and ongoing work at Sage Canyon in the Western Mojave Desert.
3:00 pm to 3:20 pm Student Membership Raffle and Break
3:20 pm to 3:40 pm Flaked stone studies at Camp Roberts California Army National Guard Training Installation: Theoretical underpinnings and contributions to California Central Coast Prehistory By Ryan Brady, Jennifer Farquhar and John Ellison, Albion Environmental, Inc. Santa Cruz
Research on California’s central coast has illustrated evolutionary trends in settlement and subsistence organization. Studies are often based on vertebrate and invertebrate faunal data, primarily from coastal environments. One often overlooked line of evidence is the role of lithic technology within these cultural systems. Recent research at Camp Roberts, located 40 km inland, has brought to light new data that provides insights regarding changing patterns of land use and social organization. These data are interpreted using Technological Organization theory, within a framework of Behavioral Ecology. Insights gained have implications for interpreting settlement organization on California’s’ central coast.
3:40 pm to 4:00 pm A Bird, a Bundle, and a Bottle: Recent Finds from CA-SNI-41, San Nicolas Island
Andrew York, AECOM
Recent investigations at CA-SNI-41 at the northwest end of San Nicolas Island yielded two finds that are of interest to regional prehistory. One is a complex feature containing a bird burial, a “bundle” containing numerous artifacts and unmodified bone and shell, and several additional items. The other is a complete asphaltum impression of a twined water bottle. These finds are described and their implications for regional research are considered.
4:00 pm to 4:20 pm Preservation and Cultural Landscapes of the Anza Borrego State Park and Ikh Nart Nature Reserve
By Patrick Hadel, ASM Affiliates
This paper discusses the history of the programs and the connection between Cal State Parks, Anza and Ikh Nart. It describes the biological preservation projects and the cultural landscape of the reserve in some detail. Finally, the paper describes the threats to the reserve, our tools to fight those threats (active and proposed), and our efforts at bringing the reserve into the global "spotlight".
4:20 pm to 4:40 pm Santa Isabel: A Place with Style
By Ruth Musser-Lopez, River Archaeological Heritage Association
This paper presents preliminary findings concerning the rock art of "Santa Isabel" (Needles, CA), who made it and the implications concerning prehistoric chronology, migration and diffusion.