Analyze works of fiction (including legends and myths) and works of non-fiction (including speeches and personal essays) by characteristics



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Interactive Read Aloud Sample

4th Nine Weeks - 1st Row

5-1.8 Analyze works of fiction (including legends and myths) and works of non-fiction (including speeches and personal essays) by characteristics.

5-2.5 Use titles, print styles, chapter headings, captions, subheadings, and white space to gain information.
SS

5-5.1 Summarize the impact of cultural developments in the United States following World War II, including the significance of pop culture and mass media and the population shifts to the suburbs.

5-5.2 Summarize changes in the United States economy following World War II, including the expanding job market and service industry, consumerism, and new technology.

5-5.4 Explain the course of the Cold War, including differing economic and political philosophies of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the United States, the spread of Communism, McCarthyism, the Korean Conflict, the Berlin Wall, the space race, the Cuban missile crisis, and the Vietnam War.

Book: Mercedes and the Chocolate Pilot by Margot Theis Raven


Book Introduction: The South Carolina author has written a true story to help us understand the effect of the Berlin Airlift after WW II had on German families. The book ends with a miraculous, true event that happened when Mercedes grows up. Like winning the lottery, it is almost impossible, but this did happen.

Day 1 Questions:

Interactive Read Aloud Questions

Correlation to Standard


Testing as a Genre Item

To really, understand the story we are reading to day we need to understand what the Berlin Airlift was and that is why the author begins with “The Berlin Airlift” section. (Read and discuss.)
If the writer had only a small amount of space to write about the Berlin Airlift what four details would the writer need to include to help us understand it?

Turn and Talk



5-2.1 Analyze the details that support the expression of the main idea in a given informational text.





Berlin “1948” Illustration
How does this illustration help us understand the importance of the Berlin airlift?

Discuss


5-2.6 Use graphic features (including illustrations, graphs, charts, maps, diagrams, and graphic organizers) as sources of information.




Read “One late August day…” to the end of “He split the sticks for four lucky children...”
America was at war with Germany during WWII.

Why might Lieutenant Halvorsen not have treated these German children as enemies?



5-1.10 Predict events in literary texts on the basis of cause and effect relationships.



Read “That night the pilot made …” to the end of “Mercedes heaved a sigh…”

What is momma’s daily life like? What might she feel and think about?

Use text evidence in your discussion.

Turn and Talk


5-2.2 Analyze informational texts to draw conclusion and make inferences.

5-2.8 Predict events in informational texts on the basis of cause and effect relationships.






Read “A few weeks later…” to the end of “Fran Simon mailed Mercedes…”
Have you learned anything that helps you realize what it would be like to have a war in your own country?

Turn and Talk



5-2.2 Analyze informational texts to draw conclusion and make inferences.

Day One pages

Beginning with “A few weeks later as momma promised…” and ending four pages later “It was all Mercedes could think about the whole way home.”


Which detail best supports the main idea of the passage?

a. The planes engines were so loud

they made the ground shake

under the children’s feet.

b. And oh, the look in the boys

eyes as he bit into the silky

smooth chocolate.

c. A few weeks later, as momma

promised, she took Mercedes to

the airfield.

d. Mercedes stood at the airfield

with the other children.


Test Strategy: Selecting the detail that most closely matches what the test maker has asked.
5-2.1 Analyze the details that support the expression of the main idea in a given informational text.

Day 2 Questions:


Interactive Read Aloud Questions

Correlation to Standard

Testing as a Genre Item

On the first two pages we read today Lt. Halvorsen will be reading parts of two different letters that have been written by children to him.
Read “Returning to Rhein-Main Air Force…” to the end of “Lt. Halvorsen tried to find…”
Does the print on the pages we read help you recognize which part is the letter?

Discuss
What are the challenges Lt. Halvorsen had to overcome to deliver the candy? What might make facing these challenges worth it to him?

Turn and Talk


5-2.5 – Use titles, print styles, chapter headings, captions, subheadings, and white space to gain information.

5-2.8 Predict events in informational texts on the basis of cause and effect relationships.



This true story is set in Berlin during the Berlin Airlift.

Which of the following details is not historically true?


a. All children like chocolate.

b. Berlin was bombed.

c. Some American pilots were

Lieutenants.

d. Some of the American pilots

tried to help the poor in Berlin.


Test Strategy: Don’t go to your personal preference to soon.
5-1.6 Analyze the details that support the expression of the main idea in a given literary text.

Listen for the ways the author gives a more complete picture to help us understand how important the candy was to Mercedes and her momma.

Read “As October days passed…” to the end of “As she opened the box…”
The writer could have said “she got the candy. It was a surprise and it tasted great!” but the author chose to slow down with details such as ….
Read until the end of the 1st paragraph on the next page. Ends with “…as if she had just tasted heaven.”
Turn and talk about the author’s word choice.
After discussing turn back two pages to “But once inside their apartment...” What has the writer done to show how the candy is important to momma?

Turn and Talk

Turn to next page “As she opened the box…” What has the illustrator done to show the candy is important to Mercedes?

Discuss


5-1.5 Interpret the effect of the author’s raft (for example, tone, figurative language, dialogue, and imagery) on the meaning of literary texts.
5-1.6 Analyze the details that support the expression of the main idea in a given literary text.


Read page “A few months later…”
What can we learn from Lt. Halvorsen that could help you live your own life better and what could you learn from Mercedes?

Turn and Talk



5-1.6 Analyze the details that support the expression of the main idea in a given literary text.


Day 3 Questions:

Interactive Read Aloud Questions

Correlation to Standard

Testing as a Genre Item


Explain the meaning of Epilogue and read with the children.

After reading ask – if the epilogue were given another title what would another good title be?

Example – What a Miracle


5-2.1 Summarize the central idea and supporting evidence of a given informational text.




Read the biographical information about Lt. Halvorsen.

The big idea could be wow what a role model.






Why is this part of the text biographical information?


  1. It tells about a real person.

  2. It tells about an exciting life.

  3. It tells about a time in the past.

  4. It tells about an interesting character.

Test Strategy: Answering what the test makers ask.


5-1.8 Analyze works of fiction (including legends and myths) and works of non-fiction (including speeches and personal essays) by characteristics.






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