The Council's principal financial instruments comprise cash assets, term deposits, receivables (excluding statutory receivables), payables (excluding statutory payables) and bank borrowings. Details of the significant accounting policies and methods adopted, including the criteria for recognition, the basis of measurement and the basis on which income and expenses are recognised, in respect of each class of financial asset, financial liability and equity instrument is disclosed in Note 1 of the financial statements. Risk management is carried out by senior management under policies approved by the Council. These policies include identification and analysis of the risk exposure to Council and appropriate procedures, controls and risk minimisation.
Receivables are carried at nominal amounts due less provision for doubtful debts. A provision for doubtful debts is recognised when collection in full is no longer probable. Collectability of overdue accounts is assessed on an ongoing basis.
Trade debtors are unsecured. Credit terms are based on 30 days from date of invoice.
Investments in other entities are valued at historical cost
Trade and other payables
Liabilities are recognised for amounts to be paid in the future for goods and services provided to Council as at balance date whether or not invoices have been received
Trade creditors are unsecured, not subject to interest charges and are normally settled within 30 days from date of invoice.
Borrowings are carried at their principal amounts, which represent the present value of future cash flows associated with the servicing of debt. Interest is recognised as an expense as it is incurred
Bank overdraft is secured with a 1st ranking fixed and floating charge
Bill acceptance/discount facility is secured with a 1st ranking fixed and floating charge
The weighted average interest rate for borrowings is 2.53% (2.67% in 2013-14)
Council: Council has no borrowings
No defaults or breaches of any loan/debt facility arrangements involving Council or its consolidated group occurred during the financial year ended 30 June 2015.
Market risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of our financial instruments will fluctuate because of changes in market prices. The Council's exposures to market risk is primarily through interest rate risk with only insignificant exposure to other price risks and no exposure to foreign currency risk.
Interest rate risk
Interest rate risk refers to the risk that the value of a financial instrument or cash flows associated with the instrument will fluctuate due to changes in market interest rates. Council does not hold any interest bearing financial instruments that are measured at fair value, and therefore has no exposure to fair value interest rate risk. Cash flow interest rate risk is the risk that the future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rates. Council has minimal exposure to cash flow interest rate risk through its cash and deposits that are at floating rate.
Investment of surplus funds is made with approved financial institutions under the Local Government Act 1989. Council manages interest rate risk by adopting an investment policy that ensures:
benchmarking of returns and comparison with budget.
There has been no significant change in the Council's exposure, or its objectives, policies and processes for managing interest rate risk or the methods used to measure this risk from the previous reporting period.
Interest rate movements have not been sufficiently significant during the year to have an impact on the Council's year end result.
Council's interest rate liability risk is limited to our subsidiary company’s Citywide Service Solutions Pty Ltd borrowings. Council has no direct borrowings.
Council's subsidiary company Citywide Service Solutions Pty Ltd has a borrowing and overdraft facility which has been arranged with a major Australian bank. Council's subsidiary company manages the interest rate risk by:
an ongoing review or borrowing levels
having a limit imposed on the maximum borrowing amount allowed by Council.
Credit risk is the risk that a contracting entity will not complete its obligations under a financial instrument and cause us to make a financial loss. Council has exposure to credit risk on some financial assets included in our balance sheet. To help manage this risk:
Council has a policy for establishing credit limits for the entities we deal with
Council only invests surplus funds with financial institutions which have a recognised credit rating specified in our investment policy.
Receivables consist of a large number of customers, spread across the ratepayer, business and government sectors. Credit risk associated with the Council's financial assets is minimal because the main debtor is secured by a charge over the rateable property.
There are no material financial assets which are individually determined to be impaired.
Council may also be subject to credit risk for transactions which are not included in the balance sheet, such as when Council provides a guarantee for another party. Details of Council’s contingent liabilities are disclosed in note 35.
The maximum exposure to credit risk at the reporting date to recognised financial assets is the carrying amount, net of any provisions for impairment of those assets, as disclosed in the balance sheet and notes to the financial statements. Council does not hold any collateral.
Liquidity risk includes the risk that, as a result of our operational liquidity requirements or Council will not have sufficient funds to settle a transaction when required, Council will be forced to sell a financial asset at below value or may be unable to settle or recover a financial asset.
To help reduce these risks Council:
have a liquidity policy which targets a minimum and average level of cash and cash equivalents to be maintained
have a liquidity portfolio structure that requires surplus funds to be invested within various bands of liquid instruments
monitor budget to actual performance on a regular basis
Council has no direct borrowing.
The Council's maximum exposure to liquidity risk is the carrying amounts of financial liabilities as disclosed in the face of the balance sheet.
There has been no significant change in Council's exposure, or its objectives, policies and processes for managing liquidity risk or the methods used to measure this risk from the previous reporting period.
With the exception of borrowings, all financial liabilities are expected to be settled within normal terms of trade. Details of the maturity profile for borrowings are disclosed at Note 28.
Unless otherwise stated, the carrying amounts of financial instruments reflect their fair value.
The Consolidated Entity’s exposure to liquidity risk is deemed insignificant given our high levels of cash and cash equivalents, Citywide Service Solutions Pty Ltd borrowing levels and our current assessment of risk.
With respect to borrowings at Citywide Service Solutions Pty Ltd the following should be noted. The bank overdraft facility is a secured facility. In February 2012 the Bill Acceptance and Discount Facility was increased. This facility is also a secured facility. There is a 1st ranking fixed and floating charge. The bank facilities may be drawn at any time and may be terminated by the bank subject to default under the loan agreement. Subject to the continuance of satisfactory covenant achievement, the bank facilities may be drawn at any time. The facilities expire on the 2 June 2017.
The table below lists the contractual maturities for financial liabilities. These amounts represent undiscounted gross payments including both principal and interest amounts.
Unless otherwise stated, the carrying amount of financial instruments reflect their fair value.
Council's financial assets and liabilities are not valued in accordance with the fair value hierarchy, Council's financial assets and liabilities are measured at amortised cost.
Sensitivity disclosure analysis
Taking into account past performance, future expectations, economic forecasts, and management's knowledge and experience of the financial markets, Council believes the movements 'reasonably possible' over the next 12 months are a parallel shift of + 1.0 per cent and -0.5 per cent in market interest rates (AUD) from year-end rates of 2.05 per cent.
These movements will not have a material impact on the valuation of Council's financial assets and liabilities, nor will they have a material impact on the results of Council's operations.
The table below discloses the impact on net operating result and equity for each category of financial instruments held by the Council at year end, if the above movements were to occur.