Apocrypha: The Sumerians and Akkadians


KEYS * Son of the previous king Colored: Variant source Italic: Not recorded in any king lists Bold



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KEYS

* Son of the previous king

Colored: Variant source

Italic: Not recorded in any king lists

Bold: City listed as built by that king

# King Reign (yrs) Dynasty

==============================================

1 Alulim 28,000 Eridu

2 Alalgar 36,000 Eridu

1 Enmenluanna 43,200 Bad-Tibira

2 Enmengalana 28,800 Bad-Tibira

3 Dumuzi the Shepherd 36,000 Bad-Tibira

1 Ensipadzidana 28,800 Larag

1 Enmendurana 21,000 Zimbir

1 Ubara-Tutu 18,600 Shurrupuk

2 Ziusudra* 36,000 Shurrupuk

TOTAL: 241,200
Flood Sweeps Over

1 Jugur 1,200 Kish [First Akkadian King]

2 Kullassina-Bel 960 (900) Kish

3 Nangishlishma 670 Kish

4 Entarahanna 420 Kish

5 Babum 300 Kish

6 Puannum 840 (240) Kish

7 Kalibum 960 (900) Kish

8 Kalumum 840 (900) Kish

9 Zuqaqip 900 (600) Kish

8 Aba (Atab) 600 Kish

9 Mashda 840 Kish

10 Atab 600 Kish

11 Mashda* 840 (720) Kish

12 Arwium* 720 Kish

13 Etana the Shepherd 1,500 (635) Kish (Ascended to Heaven)

(Conquered the foreign lands)

14 Balih* 400 (410) Kish

15 Enmenunna 660 (621) Kish

16 Melem-Kish* 900 (1560) Kish

17 Barsal-Nuna 1,200 Kish (Brother of Melem-Kish)

18 Zamug* 140 Kish

19 Tizqar* 305 (1620+) Kish

20 Ilku 900 Kish

21 Iltasadum 1,200 Kish

22 Enmebaragesi 900 Kish (Made Elam submit)

23 Agga* 625 Kish (1525 yrs of Enmenbaragesi)

TOTAL 24,510 [2900? - 2680 B.C. ; 220 yrs?]

1 Meshkiagasher, Son of Utu 324 (325) E-anna (King disappeared into sea)

2 Enmerkar* 420 (900) Uruk (745 yrs of Meshkiagasher)

3 Lugalbanda the Shepherd 1200 Uruk

4 Dumuzi the Fisherman 100 (110) Uruk (Kuara; Beat Enmenbaragesi)

5 Gilgamesh, Lord of Kulaba 126 Uruk (Father was a phantom[?])

6 Ur-Nungal* 30 Uruk

7 Udul-Kalama* 15 Uruk (Son of Ur-Lugal)

8 Laba'shum 9 Uruk

9 Ennuntarahanna 8 Uruk

10 Meshe 36 Uruk

11 Melemanna 6 Uruk

11 Tilkug 900+ Uruk

12 Lugal-Kitun 36 (420) Uruk

TOTAL 2310 (3588) [2800?-2540? B.C. ; 260 yrs?]


1 Meshanepada 80 Ur

2 Meshkiagn[a/u]nna* 36 (30) Ur

3 Elulu 25 Ur

4 Balulu 36 Ur

TOTAL 171 [2560-2440 B.C. ; 120 yrs]
1 ??? ? Awan

2 ??? ? Awan

3 ??? 36 Awan

TOTAL 356 [2460-2420 B.C. ; 40 yrs]

1 Susuda the Fuller 201+ Kish II

2 Dadasig 81 Kish II

3 Mamagal the Boatman 360 (420) Kish II

4 Kalbum* 195 (132) Kish II

5 Tuge 360 Kish II

6 Mennuna* 180 Kish II

7 (8) ??? 290 Kish II

8 (7) Lugal-Gu 360 (420) Kish II

TOTAL 3,195 (3,792) [2500-2430 B.C. ; 70 yrs]

1 Hadanish 360 Hamazi [2450-2430 B.C.; 20 yrs]

1 Enshakanshanna 60 Uruk II

2 Lugal-Ure(Lugal-Kinishedudu)120 Uruk II

3 Argandea 7 Uruk II

TOTAL: 187 [2432-2340 B.C. ; 92 yrs]


1 Nani 120+ (54+) Ur II (Ur II proceeds Uruk II)

2 Meshkiagnanna 48 Ur II

3 ??? 2 Ur II (Omitted)

TOTAL: 582 (578) [2430-2340 B.C.; 90 yrs]


1 Lugal-Anemundu 90 (90) Adab [2500 B.C.]
1 Anbu 30 (90) Mari

2 Anba* 17 (7) Mari

3 Bazi the Leatherworker 30 Mari

4 Zizi the Fuller 20 Mari

5 Limer the Gudu-Priest 30 Mari

6 Sharrumiter 9 (7) Mari

TOTAL: 136 (184) [2500-2334 B.C. ; 166 yrs]
1 Kubau the Tavern Keeper 100 Kish III [Queen ; 2400 B.C.]

1 Unzi 30 Akshak

2 Undalulu 6 (12) Akshak

3 Urur 6 Akshak

4 Puzur-Nirah 20 Akshak

5 Ishu-Il 24 (24) (24) Akshak

6 Shu-Suen* 7 (7) (7) (24) Akshak [2450-2360 B.C. ; 90 yrs]

TOTAL: 99 (116) (5 kings ruled 87 yrs)

1 (2) Puzur-Suen, Son of Kubau 25 Kish IV (Kish III)

2 (3) Ur-Zababa 400 (6) (4+) Kish IV (Kish III) (131 yrs of Kubau)

3 (4) Zimudar (Ziguiake) 30+ Kish IV (Kish III)

4 (5) Ubni-Watar* 7 (6) Kish IV (Kish III)

5 (6) Ectar-Muti 11 (17) Kish IV (Kish III)

6 (7) Ishma-Shamash 11 Kish IV (Kish III)

? Shu-Ilishu 15 Kish III

? Zimudar 7 Kish III

7 (8) Nanniya the Jeweler 7 (3) Kish IV (Kish III) (Omitted)

TOTAL: 491 (485) (8 kings ruled 586 yrs)


[2360 - 2340 B.C.; 20 yrs]
1 En-Hegal 20? Lagash

2 Lugal-Sha-Engur 55? Lagash

3 Ur-Nanshe 30 Lagash

4 Akurgal 10 Lagash

5 E-Ana-Tum 30 Lagash [2455 B.C.]

6 En-Ana-Tum I 20 Lagash (Brother of Eanatum)

7 En-Temena* 30 Lagash

8 En-Ana-Tum II 10 Lagash [2375 B.C.]

9 En-Entar-Zi 5 Lagash

10 Lugal-Anda 5 Lagash

11 Uru-Ka-Gina 10 Lagash

TOTAL: 225 [2570-2345 B.C.]
1 Lugal-Zagesi 25 (34) Uruk III (Omit) [2345-2316; 29yrs]
1 Sharru-Kin, Gardener’s Son 56 (55) (54) Agade (Cupbearer of Ur-Zababa)

2 Rimush* 9 (7) (15) Agade

3 Manishtishu 15 (7) Agade (Older brother of Rimush)

4 Naram-Suen* 56 (56) Agade

5 Shar-Kali-Sharri* 25 (25) (24) Agade (157 yrs of Sharru-Kin)

Dynasty of Sharru-Kin [Sargon] Ends

Who was king? Who was not king?”

6 Irgigi 0-1 Agade

7 (8) Imi 0-1 Agade

8 (7) Nanum 0-1 Agade

9 Ilulu 0-1 Agade (Total: 3 Years)

10 Dudu 21 Agade (Omitted)

11 Shu-Durul* 15 (18) Agade (Omit) [2371-2230;141 yrs]

TOTAL: 181 (12 kings ruled 197 yrs) (9 kings ruled 161 yrs)

1 Ur-Nigin 7 (3)(15)(30) Uruk IV (Uruk III)

2 Ur-Gigir* 6 (7)(15)(7) Uruk IV (Uruk III)

3 Kuda 6 Uruk IV (Uruk III) (Omitted)

4 Puzur-Eli 5 (20) Uruk IV (Uruk III) (Omitted)

5 (3) Ur-Utu , son of Ur-Gigir 6 (25) Uruk IV (Uruk III)

5 Lugalmelem, son of Ur-Gigir 7 Uruk IV

TOTAL: 30 (43) (26) (3 kings ruled 47 years)

Nobody 3 (5) Guti [Northern Elamites]

1 Inkishush 6 (7) Guti

2 Zarlagab 6 Guti

3 Shulmi (Yarlagash) 6 Guti

4 Silulumesh (Silulu) 6 (7) Guti

5 Inimabakesh 5 Guti

5 Duga 6 Guti

6 Ilu-An 3 Guti

6 Igeshaush 6 Guti

7 Yarlagab 15 (5) Guti

8 Yarla (Yarlangab) 3 Guti

9 Kulum 1 (3) Guti

10 Apil-Kin 3 Guti

11 Laerabum (?) 2 Guti

12 Irarum 2 Guti

13 Ibranum 1 Guti

14 Hablum 2 Guti

15 Puzur-Suen* 7 Guti

16 Yarlaganda 7 Guti

<<…Text Broken…>>

20 ??? 7 Guti

21 Tiriga (?) 40 days Guti

TOTAL: 124 (25) [2193-2123 B.C.; 70 yrs]


4 Gudea 20 Lagash [2141-2122 B.C.]
1 Utu-Hegal 427 (7)(7)(26) Uruk

1 Ur-Nammu 18 Ur III

2 Shulgi* 46(48)(48)(58)Ur III

3 Amar-Suena* 9 (25) Ur III

4 Shu-Suen* 9 (7)(16)(20+) Ur III

5 Ibbi-Suen* 24(15)(25)(25)Ur III [2112-2004 B.C. ; 108 yrs]

TOTAL: 108 (117)(117)(120+)(123)


1 Ishbi-Irra 33 (32) Isin

2 Shu-Ilishu* 20 (10) (15) Isin

3 Iddin-Dagon* 21 (25) Isin

4 Ishme-Dagon* 20 (18) Isin

5 Lipit-Ishtar* 11 (11) (11) Isin (Son of Iddin-Dagon)

6 Ur-Ninurta, Son of Ishkur 28 Isin (Abundant reign and a sweet life)

7 Bur-Suen* 21 Isin

8 Lipit-Enlil* 5 Isin

9 Erra-Imitti 8 (7) (7) Isin

? ??? 1/2 Isin

10 Enlil-Bani 24 Isin

11 Zambiya 3 Isin

12 Iterpica 4 Isin

13 Urdulkuga 4 Isin

14 Suen-Magir 11 Isin

? Damaqilishu* 23 Isin

TOTAL: 203 (225) [2004-1763 B.C. ; 241 yrs]


1 Naplanum 20 Larsa (Vassal to Isin)

2 Emisum 28 Larsa (Vassal to Isin)

3 Samium 35 Larsa (Vassal to Isin)

4 Zabaja 9 Larsa (Vassal to Isin)

5 Gungunum 27 Larsa (Zabaja‘s brother; King of Ur)

6 Abi-Sare 11 Larsa (Killed Ur-Ninurta of Isin)

7 Sumuel 29 Larsa (Took Nippur from Isin)

8 Nur-Adad 16 Larsa

9 Suen-Iddinam* 7 Larsa


10 Suen-Eribam 2 Larsa

11 Suen-Iqisham 5 Larsa

12 Silli-Adad 1 Larsa (Killed by Kutur-Mabuk)

13 Warad-Suen 12 Larsa (Son of Kutur-Mabuk)

14 Rim-Suen 59 Larsa (Defeated Babylon in battle)

(Conquered Isin; Defeated by Hammurabi)

TOTAL: 261 [2026-1763 B.C.]

KEYS

* Son of the previous king



Italic: Not recorded in king lists

Bold: City listed as built by that king
King List Versions:

Black: WB

Pale Blue: P2 + L2

Turquoise: L1 + N1

Rose: P3 + BT14

Blue: P2 + L2, L1 + N1, P3 + BT14

Red:: Su1

Dark Blue: P2 + L2, Su1

Violet: Su2

Yellow: Su1 + P3 + BT14

Green: P2 + L2, P3 + BT14, P5

Gray: TL


Medium Blue: L1 + N1, Su3 + Su4

Periwinkle: vD

Tan: S

Orange: L1 + N1, S



Pink: Su3 + Su4

Light Orange: Su1, Su3 + Su4

Dark Yellow: IB + S

Brown: IB, S, Su1, Su3 + Su4

Teal: IB

Bright Green: Mi

Lime: G

Dark Violet: J


Dark Red: P5

(Supposedly, + signs indicate combinations of broken texts)


Bibliography
The Oxford Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature

Piney Babylonia and Ancient Near East Texts

Gary’s Ancient Mesopotamia and the Near East Page

Earth’s Ancient History: A Theory About Ancient Times

Hebrew Names Version of the New English Bible

1. Cultural Atlas of Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East, by Michael Roaf. Equinox Ltd., Musterlin House, Oxford, England, 1990.

2. Cultural Atlas of Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East. p. 32.

3. Historical Atlas of the Ancient World: 4,000,000 - 500 B.C., by John Haywood. Barnes and Noble Books, New York, 1998.

4. History of the World, by J.M. Roberts. Hutchinson Publishing, Great Britain, 1976.

5. History Begins at Sumer, by Samuel Noah Kramer. 3rd Edition. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1956.

6. The Babylonians, by H. W. G. Saggs. 3rd Edition. The Folio Society, London, 1962. Previously titled: The Greatness That Was Babylon.

7. “Earliest Writing” Found, editorial by Editor Dr David Whitehouse

8. Gunter Dreyer, German Institute of Archaeology; The Write Stuff, editorial by Terry Devitt

9. Noah’s Flood, by William Ryan and Walter Pitman. Simon and Schuster, New York, 1998.

10. The Bible Unearthed, by Israel Finkelstein and Neil Asher Silberman, The Free Press, New York, 2001.

11. Symbols, Snakes and Healing by Clarke Johnson DDS, PhD, Oral Biology and the Department of Orthodontics UIC College of Dentistry.

12. The Jesus Mysteries, by Timothy Freke and Peter Ganday, Three Rivers Press, New York, 1999.

13. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Edition. 2001.

14. The Encyclopedia of World Mythology, edited by Arthur Cotterell, Barnes and Noble Books, New York, 1999.

15. Harvey Weiss, Yale; Paleoceanographers Heidi Cullen and Peter deMenocal of Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in Palisades, New York; Tell Leilan Weiss.

16. The Bible As History, 2nd Rev. Ed., by Werner Keller. Bantam Books, New York, 1974, 1982.


Other Sites:

Odin’s Castle of Dreams & Legends

The Forgotten Books of Eden

On-Line Primary Literature

The Lost Book of Jasher

The Nag Hammadi Library

The Writings of Flavius Josephus

The Noble Qu’ran

A Hebrew-English Bible

The Jefferson Bible

Internet Ancient History Sourcebook

Easton’s Bible Dictionary

Mythical Monsters

Ancient Near Eastern Warfare Gallery

Probert’s Encyclopedia of Mythology

Witcombe Prehistoric Art

Maelstorm Prehistoric Art

Venus Figurines from France, Germany, Austria and Italy

Oldest Alphabet Found in Egypt

Iraq__Novels

The Cat Shaman: Sumerian Heritage

The Enheduana Research Pages

Anthropology and the Bible

The New Geneva Center: World-Views of Ancient Times

Bible Origins

Holy Land Maps

Ethics of Civilization Chronology

Myths & Legends

Lexiline’s Musical Sumerian Page

The Life and Times of the Babylonians

Crystalinks: Mesopotamia

Akkadian Cuneiform

Washington State University World Cultures

University of Wisconsin-Madison History of Mesopotamia

History on the Internet: Ancient Near East

A Dictionary Of Gods and Men

The Skeptic’s Dictionary

Name Your Demon


Mary Forrest Mythology Notes

Table of Middle Eastern Deities

Who’s Who in Egypt

Mysteries of the Bible

The Hodge & Braddock Homepage

Treasures from the Royal Tombs of Ur

Lawbuzz: Hammurabi

The Code of Hammurabi

Realm of the Holy Grail

Gateways to Babylon

The Secret Gospel of Mark

Has the Garden of Eden Been Located at Last?

Mark McDonald’s Near East Photo Loft

Ziggurat List

Nippur: Sacred City of Enlil

Egyptian Archaeological Sites

Canaanite Writing System

Phoenician Religion

Gryffon’s Eyrie

Silken Fairy’s Dragon Realm

History of the Shepherd’s Crook Staff

Jewish Revolt on Rome

The Jesus Puzzle

The Bible and Christianity: The Historical Origins

She’ol and Hades

Mithras and Heathen Religions

Endtime Prophecies of Early Christians

Martin Luther On the Jews, Excerpts

Wars of the 20th Century

Sigmund Freud on Moses

Albert Einstein on Religion, Childhood

The Einstein-Freud Correspondence

Take Our Word for It Etymology Page

Bahumuth’s Fantasy Page


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