Bala-Gokulam Name: Shakha: Phone: Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh, usa


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Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947), British mathematician, logician and philosopher best known for his work in mathematical logic and who, in collaboration with Bertrand Russell, authored the landmark three-volume Principia Mathematica, (1910, 1912, 1913).
" Vedanta is the most impressive metaphysics the human mind has conceived." 31
Sir Monier-Williams (1860-1888), Indologist and head of the Oxford's Boden Chair said:
"The strength of Hinduism lies in its infinite adaptability to the infinite diversity of human character and human tendencies."
Romain Rolland,(1866-1944) French Nobel laureate, professor of the history of music at the Sorbonne and thinker. He authored a book on the "Life of Ramakrishna".
"If there is one place on the face of the earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India. Let us return to our eagle's nest in the Himalayas.
"Religious faith in the case of the Hindus has never been allowed to run counter to scientific laws."
Mahatma Gandhi: (1869-1948) Was among India's most fervent nationalists, fighting for Indian independence from British rule said:

"Hinduism is a relentless pursuit of Truth. "Truth is God".

"The Geeta is the universal mother. I find a solace in the Bhagavadgeeta that I miss even in the Sermon on the Mount. When disappointment stares me in the face and all alone I see not one ray of light, I go back to the Bhagavad Gita. I find a verse here and a verse there, and I immediately begin to smile in the midst of overwhelming tragedies - and my life has been full of external tragedies - and if they have left no visible or indelible scar on me, I owe it all to the teaching of


Sri Aurobindo: (1872-1950) most original philosopher of modern India. Education in England gave him a wide introduction to the culture of ancient, or mediaeval and of modern Europe.

" That which we call the Hindu religion is really the Eternal religion because it embraces all others."

Fritjof Capra, (1939- ) the famous theoretical high-energy physicist, author of The Tao of Physics, The Turning Point and, more recently, The Web of Life. He is co-director of the Center for Eco-Literacy in Berkeley.

"I saw cascades of energy coming down from outer space, in which particles were destroyed and created in rhythmic pulses; I saw the atoms of the elements and those of my body participating in this cosmic dance of energy; I felt its rhythm and I heard its sound, and at that moment I knew that this was the Dance of Shiva, the Lord of Dancers."

Dr. Carl Sagan, (1934-1996) astrophysicist, in his book "Cosmos"says:
"The Hindu religion is the only one of the world's great faiths dedicated to the idea that the Cosmos itself undergoes an immense, indeed an infinite, number of deaths and rebirths. It is the only religion in which the time scales correspond, to those of modern scientific cosmology. Its cycles run from our ordinary day and night to a day and night of Brahma, 8.64 billion years long. Longer than the age of the Earth or the Sun and about half the time since the Big Bang. And there are much longer time scales still."
Rama's devoted crow

Prince Rama was looked upon as God embodied on earth. Not only human beings were devoted to him, but also many of the animal kingdom. One of those was a crow. The story goes like this:

One day Rama and his younger brother Lakshman were walking beside Lake Pampa. Lakshman noticed on the other side of the lake a large crow, behaving strangely. It would run up to the water, look at it, bend its head, and then run back into the forest without drinking. It was seen to do this several times. So Lakshman (who had great respect for his brother's opinions) asked Rama what he could make of it. Why should a bird act like that? Rama gave one look at that crow and said, "Oh, I can tell you: this one is very devoted to me, so much so that he has my name constantly upon his tongue. Just now he is thirsty, quite thirsty. But to drink the water he would have to interrupt his repeating of my name, and he just cannot bear to do that."

Surya Namaskar is a combination of few Yogasana postures. This is a well balanced set of movements that will stretch all the muscles in the body and keep the body and mind healthy. There are 13 mantras which are different names of Sun God. We should chant a mantra before each Surya Namaskar.

` imÇay nm>

` rvye nm>

` sUyaRy nm>

` -anve nm>

` ogay nm>

` pU:[e nm>

` ihr{yg-aRy nm>

` mrIcye nm>

` AaidTyay nm>

` sivÇe nm>

` AkaRy nm>

` -aSkray nm>

` ïI sivt& sUyR naray[ay nm>

om mitr˜ya nama×

om ravaye nama×

om s¨ry˜ya nama×

om bh˜nave nama×

om khag˜ya nama×

om p¨ÿõe nama×

om hiraõyagarbh˜ya nama×

om marŸcaye nama×

om ˜dity˜ya nama×

om savitre nama×

om ark˜ya nama×

om bh˜skar˜ya nama×
om þrŸ savit® s¨rya n˜r˜yaõ˜ya nama×

Soorya Namaskar Sthiti (Starting Posture):

From Aarama, come to Soorya Namaskar-Sthiti (starting posture) in 3 counts: Ek-Do-Teen. These are the actions to be performed in three counts.

@k Ek: Join the heels, hands on the side, fingers facing down and palm open.

dae Do: Join the toes.

tIn Teen: Join your hands to form Namaste position. Palms should be pressing against each other and the thumb joint should be at sternum (Solar Plexes).

In this posture, breathing is normal and slow. Face should be normal and relaxed.

Following is a brief description of 10 steps in Surya Namaskar.

@k (Ek): As you breathe in...

Slowly raise your hands with biceps touching the ears and hands in namaste posture. Slowly bend backwards from your waist. Do not bend the knees. Look towards your palm.

dae (Do): Whie breathing out...

Slowly bend forward from the waist. Try to touch your palm to the floor on either side of your legs. Do not bend the knees. Nose should touch the knees. People with back problems should not bend too much. Bend only as much it is comfortabe.

tIn Teen: As you breathe in...

[Note: The description is for odd numbered namaskars (1st, 3rd, 5th, etc.)

For even numbered ones (2nd, 4th,..) interchange left and right leg ]

Take your left foot back. Left kneee should touch the floor. Two palms should be completely on the ground and the right foot should be in between the two hands. Fingers should be pointing to the front. Lean forward on the right knee, so that calf and thigh muscles press against each other chest rests on the thigh. Look up and make a concave on your back.

car Chaar: Whie breathing out...

Take right foot back and join with left foot. Arms should be straight. Most of the weight will be on the arms. The body should be in one plane like a slide.

Look 5 feet in front of you on the floor.


Bend your arms and touch your feet, knees, chest and forehead to the ground. Do not touch abdomen or nose (you don't want to breathe in the dust!)

De Che: As you breathe in...

Come forward and bend back as much as you can. Abdomen should come between your hands. Look back from the top. Two legs should be joined.

sat Saat: Whie breathing out...

Form a mountain like posture. Push your chin towards the chest. Heels should touch the floor.

AaQ Aat: As you breathe in...

[Note: The description is for odd numbered namaskars (1st, 3rd, 5th, etc.)

For even numbered ones (2nd, 4th,..) replace left leg with right leg]

bring your left foot forward all the way between the hands. Exactly like teen.

naE Nau: While breathing out...

Bring the right foot forward and stand up as in Do.

ds Das:

Back to Soorya Namaskar Sthiti.

At the end of all the Soorya Namaskars, give the command "Aarama" Ek-Do-Teen.

Ek: Drop the hands on your sides. Palm facing down.

Do: Spread the toes and form V-Shape with the feet.

Teen: Aarama position
Surya Namaskar at a Glance

Position and Ten






om mitr˜ya nama×

om ravaye nama×

om s¨ry˜ya nama×

om bh˜nave nama×

om khag˜ya nama×

om p¨ÿõe nama×

om hiraõyagarbh˜ya nama×

om marŸcaye nama×

om ˜dity˜ya nama×

om savitre nama×

om ark˜ya nama×

om bh˜skar˜ya nama×

om þrŸ savit® s¨rya n˜r˜yaõ˜ya nama×






Sanskrit Commands used in Bala-Gokulam
There is an air of orderliness and collectivity in all the Bala-Gokulams. Use of some of the Sanskrit commands make it more organized and enjoyable. These commands can be used during games, when we have to make children stand in a line or make two teams, form a circle, etc. Use of these commands will enable the Shikshak to get the formation done quickly.

Every one hold each others hands and form a circle.


When this command is heard, every one should pay attention to the Shikshak. This command is generally followed by another command or instructions


Stand in Attention posture with heels together and feet forming a 30 degrees angle between them.


From the Daksha position slide the left leg 30 cm on the left hand side maintaining equal weight on both feet simultaneously take the arms at the back the right hand resting on the left palm.


Every one will come running in front of shikshaks to form one straight line. The tallest person shall stand three steps away directly facing the shikshak. All others shall stand to the left of this first person in the order of height. Every one will do AARAMA.


While Going backward or forwards, the movement starts with the left leg. In any of the movements, the arms should not be moved.


Take one (two,three,four) steps forward(backwards)


The right(left) leg is moved 30 cms to the right(left) and then the left (right) leg brought together to come in DAKSHA. This movement is repeated upto four times depending on order given.


One by one start counting by calling out EK,DO,TEEN...

Splitting the lines into two groups


As in sankhya but call out EK,DO,EK,DO...


All EK numbered persons shall move two steps forward.

My Friends at Bala-Gokulam




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