FICTIONNONFICTION “Walking stories”DescriptionIntent: Provide reader with facts and information about a topicReports on countries, animals, plants, insects, wanted poster
“Climbing stories”Stories, myths, legendsInstructionIntent: Provide reader with instructions on how to achieve a goal, do something, make something, get somewhereRecipes, directions, games, maps, rules, experiments, crafts, drawing, lists, letters
PersuasionIntent: Provide reader with an opinion, facts and evidence to convince them to take an action of some kindAdvertisements, travel brochures, debates, opinions, catalogues, posters
ComparisonIntent: Provide reader with similarities and differences between two topics or ideas. Similarities and differences between two or more things; can incorporate persuasion
ExplanationIntent: Provide reader with facts explaining how or why something happens. Scientific explanations, phenomenon, elaborations.
Nonfiction NarrativeIntent: Provide reader with sequential description of events in a person’s life, current or historical event. Retelling about a person’s life (biography) or a past event (news report) in sequential order