Bcpta conference 2015 Nonfiction Writing Power: Writing with Information with Intent Adrienne Gear Contact Adrienne



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BCPTA Conference 2015
Nonfiction Writing Power:

Writing with Information with Intent


Adrienne Gear



Contact Adrienne:

Email: Adrienne@readingpowergear.com

Website: www.readingpowergear.com

Blog: www.readingpowergear.blogspot.com

Facebook: www.facebook.com/readingpowergear

Twitter: @AdrienneGear



Nonfiction Writing Power

Adrienne Gear
What is Writing Power? - Writing with intent and purpose; “we write to invite thinking”; shifting the focus of writing to get a mark to “writing for the reader”.



My Writing Goals

  1. Make sure my writing is INTERESTING

  • Interesting details

  • Interesting words

  • Similes

  • Voice

Text Features

  1. Make sure my reader is not CONFUSED!

  • Spelling

  • Punctuation

  • Spacing

  • Organization


Nonfiction Writing Techniques:

  • Triple Scoop Words – increasing vocabulary

  • Add a Detail! – no more robot writing!
  • Nonfiction Features – show what you know in a different way


  • Hooking Your Reader – great opening sentences

  • Let’s Get Organized! – understanding text structures

  • Simile and You Will See! – using comparisons

  • Great First Impressions – great beginnings

  • Voice



4 Key elements of Nonfiction Writing Forms:

  • Purpose - Who is my reader and what is my intention for writing?

  • Text Structure - What is the specific structure (skeleton) of this writing form?

  • Language Features - What specific language (words or phrases) is featured?

  • Writing Techniques Which writing techniques can I teach that would help to enhance the quality of this particular form of writing?

  • Topic Forms - What non-fiction features could be included (labels, diagrams)

  • Anchor Books Which books can I use to model specific forms or techniques?



COMPARING TEXT STRUCTURE

FICTIONNONFICTION

“Walking stories”DescriptionIntent: Provide reader with facts and information about a topicReports on countries, animals, plants, insects, wanted poster

“Climbing stories”Stories, myths, legendsInstructionIntent: Provide reader with instructions on how to achieve a goal, do something, make something, get somewhereRecipes, directions, games, maps, rules, experiments, crafts, drawing, lists, letters

PersuasionIntent: Provide reader with an opinion, facts and evidence to convince them to take an action of some kindAdvertisements, travel brochures, debates, opinions, catalogues, posters


ComparisonIntent: Provide reader with similarities and differences between two topics or ideas. Similarities and differences between two or more things; can incorporate persuasion

ExplanationIntent: Provide reader with facts explaining how or why something happens. Scientific explanations, phenomenon, elaborations.

Nonfiction NarrativeIntent: Provide reader with sequential description of events in a person’s life, current or historical event. Retelling about a person’s life (biography) or a past event (news report) in sequential order



DescriptionInstructionPersuasionComparisonExplanationBiography

What?

What?


What?

What?


What?What?
What?
How?What?

Why?


Why?

Why?
What was that again?Both

Same

Different



EndHow?

Why?


Because

(Because)SO THERE!Who?


What?
Where?
When?
How?
Wow!


Nonfiction Writing Power – Recommended Book List:

Professional Resources:

Is That a Fact?Tony Stead

A Sense of Wonder – Georgia Heard

Nonfiction Craft Lessons – Ralph Fletcher

What’s Next for This Beginning Writer? - Janine Reid

Marvellous Mini Lessons – Lori Jamison Rogg (books available for Primary and Inter.)

Writing Power/Nonfiction Writing Power – Adrienne Gear

Instruction:


How To Read a Story Kate Messner

Scaredy Squirrel (any book)Melanie Watt

Imagine You’re A (series includes Pirate, Wizard, Astronaut, Princess, Fairy)- Lucy & Meg Clibbon

How To Lose All Your Friends – Nancy Carlson

Everyone Can Learn How to Ride a Bicycle – Chris Raschka

How to Teach a Slug to Read – Susan Pearson

Beginner’s Guide To Running Away From Home - Jennifer Larue Wuget

My Soccer Book – Gail Gibbons (also similar books on baseball and football)

How A House is Built – Gail Gibbons

11 Experiments that Failed – Jenny Orliff

Eddie Gets Ready – David Milgram

Smashed Potatoes – Jane G. Martel

InstructionsNeil Gaiman

How to Babysit a Grandpa – Jean Reagan (also How to Babysit a Grandma)

How To Be A Cat – Nikki McClure

How to Be A Dog – Jo Williamson

How To Be – Laura Brown

How To – Julie Morstad

The Astronaut Handbook – Meagan McCarthy

Some Tips for a Better World and a Happier Life – Rebecca Doughty

10 Things I Can Do to Help My World – Melanie Walsh

My Green Day – Melanie Walsh
Persuasion:

The Day the Crayons Quit – Drew Daywalt

The Day the Crayons Came Home – Drew Daywalt


I Wanna Iguana – Karen Orloff

I Wanna New Room – Karen Orloff

Earings! Judith Voirst

Dear Mrs. LeRue – Mark Teague

I Wanna Pet – Lauren Child

My Brother Dan’s Delicious – Steven Layne

Free as the Wind Saving the Horses on Sable Island – Jamie Bastedo

Hey, Little Ant!Philip and Hannah Noose

Should There Be Zoos? – Tony Stead

Should We Have Pets? – Sylvia Lollis

Have I Gotta Book for You! – Melanie Watt

Click Clack Moo – Doreen Cronin

How to Negotiate Everything! - Lisa Lutz
Explanation:

Why Do Leaves Change Color (Let’s Read and Find Out About Science series) – Betsy Maestro

That’s How – Christopher Niemann

Just So Stories – Rudyard Kipling

National Geographic Little Kids First Big Book of Why – Amy Sheilds

Why Do We Have Day and Night? – Peter Neumeyer

I Wonder Why?... (series) – Kingfisher

What Makes Day and Night? – Franklyn Branley

Why Do Leaves Change Color? – Betsy Maestro

How Do Apples Grow? –Betsy Maestro

Why? The Best Ever Question and Answer Series – Catherine Ripley

How? - Catherine Ripley


Head-to-Toe Body Questions – Anna Claybourne (Crabtree Connections series)

Tadpole Story – Anna Claybourne

Why I Sneeze, Shiver, Hiccup and Yawn – Melvin Berger

Where Does Pepper Come From? And Other Fun Facts – Bridgette Raap
Comparison:

What’s the Difference? 10 Animal Look-Alikes – Judy Diehl and David Plumb

National Geographic Readers: Cats. Vs. Dogs – Elizabeth Carney

Country Kid, City Kid – Julie Cummins

The Sun, the Wind and the Rain – Lisa Westburg Peters

Alligator Vs. Crocodile: Animals Head to Head – Isabel Thomas (this is a series)

Are Trees Alive? – Debbie S. Miller

Same, Same but Different – Jenny Sue Kostecki-Shaw

We’re Different, We’re the Same – Bobbie Katz

Dog Vs. Cat Chris Gal

Pirates Vs. Cowboys – Karen Reynolds

Lion Vs. RabbitAlex Latime





Nonfiction Authors with Voice

Nicola Davies – Tiny Turtle, Surprising Shark, Bat Loves the Night

Are You A …? - Backyard books – Judy Allan (bee, ant, grasshopper, ladybug)

Creature Features – Steve Jenkins

Who’s Like Me ? - Nicola Davies (interactive “lift the flap” books)

Gentle Giant Octopus – Karen Wallace

The Emperor’s Egg – Martin Jenkins

Creature Features Steve Jenkins

Disgusting Creature Series Elise Gravel

Notes

3,2,1 – Check It!


3Convention Correction

Spelling, punctuation, spacing





2Word Wind-Up:

Add, erase, replace





1Sentence Shake-Up:

Add, erase, replace - to

make your sentence sound better

No Excuse” Spelling Lists



Grade 1 – “No Excuse” Words

aforonamhesheandIthatareintheatistobeitwascanofyou



Grade 2 – “No Excuse” Words

afromistheyallhaditthisamhavenottoandheofwasareheronweashisonethisatIorwerebeinshewherecanitthatwithforintheyou



G rade 3 “No Excuse” Words

aforontheyabouthaveonethisallhadortoamheotherupanheroutwasandhissaidwearehowshewereasIsowhatatifsomewhenbeinthatwhichbutisthewhycanittheirwillcouldmanythemwithdonottherewouldeachoftheseyoueveryofftheyyour

Nonfiction Text Structures


DESCRIPTIVE WRITING

PURPOSE:

To share information and facts about a particular topic with the reader

To give a general description (reports on animals, plants, machines)To give a specific description (reports on a specific animal, plant, planet, etc.)

TEXT STRUCTURE:

Remember to “fill your drawers!”


WHAT?

WHAT?

3. WHAT?

4. WHAT? 5. WHAT?

LANGUAGE FEATURES:

Use of action words (run, erupt, bloom)

Use of linking verbs (is, are, belong, to)

Use of descriptive words (size, color, shape, texture)

Use of factual descriptionInclusion of diagrams, labels, pictures and drawings

EXAMPLES:

Reports about animals, countries, planets, insects, etc.

Reports about specific animals, plants, insects, countries

General topic – “Bears”

Specific topic – “Grizzly Bears”


Let’s Get Organized!




Web Planner






Instructional Writing

PURPOSE:

  • Tell the reader HOW to achieve a particular goal

  • Tell the reader HOW to follow a set of directions or procedures. TEXT STRUCTURE: The (“What? What? How?)

1. WHAT? - is being achieved

2. WHAT? - do you need (materials, ingredients or equipment)

3. HOW? - do you do it (numbered steps, diagrams, illustrations, labels)LANGUAGE FEATURES:


  • Action words: put, let, stir, shake, kick, push, hold

  • Details: (color, amount, size, time)

Put in one cup; take the red square; squeeze a small amount; go through the big door)


  • Details: (how, when and where)

Cut carefully; after rolling the dice; two centimeters from the top

  • Second Person:

You take the ball; fold the paper EXAMPLES:

  • How to make a fruit salad

  • How to play checkers

  • How to brush your teeth

  • How to tie your shoelaces

  • How to plant a seed (bulb)

  • How to be a friend

  • How to get to school

  • How to measure your height

  • How to make a birthday cardHow to write a story

  • How to play 7-up

  • How to make a jam sandwich

  • How to draw an apple

  • How to make your mom happy

  • How to make your bed

  • How to make a kite

  • How to wrap a present

  • How to make a milkshake How to: _____________________________

What you will need:

Steps:


  1. ______________________________________________________________________________________

  2. ______________________________________________________________________________________

  3. ______________________________________________________________________________________

  4. ______________________________________________________________________________________

  5. ______________________________________________________________________________________

  6. ______________________________________________________________________________________

TIPS: _________________________________________________________________________________________________



WHAT: How To ___________________________

WHAT you will need:

___________________

___________________

___________________

___________________

___________________

___________________

___________________

___________________

HOW to ________________________________

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2



3

4

5



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