Beowulf Study Guide Anglo-Saxon History

:)


Download 50.01 Kb.
Date conversion06.10.2017
Size50.01 Kb.


Beowulf Study Guide
Anglo-Saxon History

1. What was the name of the settlers of Britain who were ultimately driven out of England into Wales? Who is considered their greatest hero?


2. In 55 B.C., General Julius Caesar invaded England and began over 300 years of Roman rule. Name two contributions they made that lasted after they left in 409 A.D.?

a.

b.


3. What made the Anglo-Saxon invasions of England possible?
4. Who chose the Anglo-Saxon kings?
5. Who helped the king provide the protection and security needed by the tribes?
6. What is the significance of treasure and rings in Anglo-Saxon society?

a.
b.


c.
d.
e.
7. In return for the protection and rewards provided by the king, what was expected from the king’s followers?
8. According to the Anglo-Saxons, what controlled human existence?
9. In Anglo-Saxon society, feuding (warfare) was necessary unless what was paid by the killer or murderer?
10. How did Christianity impact Anglo-Saxon society?

a.
b.


c.
d.
11. Who is considered the father of English history, and in what language did he record his history?

a.
b.


12. What people invaded England in the 8th century? Provide the name which was originally used to describe these people and the name by which they came to be known.

a.
b.


13. Who kept these invaders from conquering all of England, and what was the name of the area he governed?

a.
b.

14. What was the name of the treaty that brought temporary peace between the Anglo-Saxons and the invaders?

15. What are some other significant contributions made by this Anglo-Saxon king?

a.

b.
c.
d.
16. What was the significant event that took place after the death of Edward the Confessor? The language of the Anglo-Saxons was Old English which was had German influences. What was the language that was introduced into English society at this time?

a.
b.


Anglo-Saxon Literature

17. Define “epic.”


18. List and define the two categories of Anglo-Saxon poetry? How many lines of this poetry still exist today?

a.
b.


c.
19. How many beats are found in a line of Anglo-Saxon poetry?
20. Define caesura, and provide an example from Beowulf.

a.
b.


21. Define alliteration, and provide an example from Beowulf.

a.
b.

22. Define kennings, and provide the three (3) types and examples of each from Beowulf.

a.
b.
c.
d.

23. What was the name of those who recited poetry in the Anglo-Saxon mead-halls?


24. What is known or suspected about the author of Beowulf?

25. What kind of literary work is Beowulf?

Define this genre, and list five (5) characteristics contained in Beowulf?

a.
b.


c.
d.
e.
26. What are the divisions of Anglo-Saxon poetry called?
27. List the ethics of pagan tradition contained in Beowulf:

a.
b.


c.
d.
28. List the ethics of Christian tradition contained in Beowulf:

a.
b.


c.
29. What is the Theory of Divine Right of Kings? List the three (3) corollaries to this theory.

a.
b.


c.

Beowulf


Canto 1

30. What are the monster’s three (3) problems? Provide textual evidence to support your answer.

31. What poetic device is evident in the following quote? “…Hrothgar’s men lived happy in his hall.”
32. When the poet says that a monster was “conceived by a pair of those monsters born of Cain,” he is using which poetic device? To what is he referring?

a.
b.


33. To what symbolic conflict does this poem allude?
34. It can be seen in this first canto that Beowulf is a blending of what?
Canto 2

35. What is the monster’s name?


36. Which poetic device can be seen in the following quote? “…when darkness had dropped, Grendel went up to Herot, wondering what the warriors would do in that hall when their drinking was done.”
37. When the monster first attacks Herot, how many Danes were killed?

38. Provide a quote from this canto that indicates the poet’s use of imagery.


39. What literary element is the poet using in the following quote? “He [Hrothgar] wept, fearing the beginning might not be the end.” Who would have “told and sung” of Hrothgar’s “misery”?

a. b.
40. “No one waited for reparation from his [Grendel’s] plundering claws.” This quote alludes to which Anglo-Saxon custom?


41. “… that shadow of death hunted in the darkness….” Which two poetic devices are utilized here by the poet? Explain.

a. b.
42. What type of kenning is “mankind’s enemy”?


43. What remained undamaged in Hrothgar’s mead-hall? Why?

a.
b.


44. “…sometimes they sacrificed to the old stone gods…” is a reference to what?
45. What is the poet doing in lines 91-103?

Canto 3

46. “…living sorrow…is an example of which poetic device?

47. Who is Healfdane’s son?
48. Who is Higlac?
49. From what tribe is Beowulf?
50. Provide textual evidence that indicates why Beowulf comes to the Danes aid.
51. “The omens were good…is an example of what?
52. How many thanes accompanied Beowulf?
53. Provide textual evidence that indicates the story takes place in Denmark.

Canto 4

54. Who greets Beowulf and his men on Denmark’s shores? What does he ask them to leave on the shore until after they have met with Hrothgar? What should the reader infer is the reason Wulfgar makes this request?

a.
b.
c.
55. List the feats that Beowulf says recommend him.

a.
b.


c.
56. To what is Beowulf alluding when he says, “…Grendel and I are called together….”?
57. Why might Beowulf want to fight Grendel bare-handed?
58. Provide an example of imagery from this canto involving Grendel.

59. What request of Hrothgar does Beowulf make in the event he is killed by Grendel?


Canto 5

60. Who is Edgetho?


61. What did Hrothgar pay to the Wulfings to end their feud with Edgetho? What might this infer about Beowulf’s desire to help the Danes?

a.
b.


62. Provide an example of imagery from this canto?

63. What poetic device is evident in the following quote? “The keeper of the mead came carrying out the carved flasks, and poured that bright sweetness.”


Canto 6

64. Define “vexed.”


65. What was happening when Beowulf was challenged by Unferth?
66. Provide an example of personification from this canto.

67. With whom had Beowulf engaged in a swimming match (include his tribe), and how long did it last? What excuse does Beowulf give for his defeat?

a.
b.
c.

68. Which poetic device is evident in the following quote? “…Unferth, my friend, your face is hot with ale….” What is Beowulf really saying?

a.

b.


Canto 7

69. What literary element is utilized in the following quote? “I treated them politely, offering the edge of my razor-sharp sword.”


70. Provide an example of euphemism from this canto.
71. How many sea monsters did Beowulf say he killed?
72. Provide a modern paraphrase for the following quote. “Fate saves the living when they drive away death by themselves!”
73. What are the three (3) ways Beowulf responds to Unferth that go unchallenged? Which of these ways do you think is the most damaging, and why? What is Unferth’s response?

a.
b.


c.
d.

74. What is the significance of the term “ring-giver”? What poetic device does it represent?

a.

b.
75. Who “raised a flowing cup to Hrothgar first, …then…went from warrior to warrior, pouring a portion….”?


76. “My purpose was this: to win the good will of your people or die in battle…” is an example of which literary element?
77. What poetic device can be found in the following quote? “…night had covered earth with its net….”
78. What is Beowulf promised if he kills Grendel?
Canto 8

79. Provide textual evidence from this canto that states Grendel’s problem.

80. Provide an example of imagery from this canto involving the first Geat attacked by Grendel.

81. From your knowledge of Anglo-Saxon society, what can you infer about the sleeping habits of the Anglo-Saxons, the Danes and the Geats?

82. Who is the “wakeful sleeper”? What poetic device does this represent?

a.
b.


83. Provide textual evidence that indicates Grendel’s wish once he is “clutched” by Beowulf.

84. “Almighty’s enemy” is an example of what type of kenning?

85. Provide an example of alliteration from this canto using “t.”


Canto 9

86. “Protector of men” is an example of what type of kenning?


87. Define “comitatus.” Did Beowulf’s men show this during his battle with Grendel? If so, what was the result?

a.
b.


c.
88. To whom was credit given for the victory? Provide textual evidence for your answer.

89. Define “sinews.”


90. Provide an example of imagery from this canto indicating the outcome of Beowulf’s struggle with Grendel?

91. How did the Danes know Beowulf had defeated the monster?


Canto 10

92. To where did Grendel flee after his loss to Beowulf?


93. Provide textual evidence that indicates that the poet wanted Grendel’s lair to symbolize hell.

94. Who does Grendel’s mother kill and carry off in revenge for her son’s death? What should the reader infer is the reason Beowulf didn’t prevent this from happening?

a.
b.
Canto 11

95. What poetic device is being used when Hrothgar says, “At night that lake burns like a torch.”


96. When Hrothgar describes the behavior of deer hunted to this spot, the poet is attempting to instill a sense of what?
97. “…the heavens weep…” is an example of what poetic device?
98. The poet wants Grendel’s home to symbolize what? Provide textual evidence indicating two ways the poet uses imagery to accomplish this (poetic devices and diction).

a.
b. Poetic devices:

c. Diction (word choice):
99. What is Beowulf promised if he is again victorious?
Canto 12

100. “For hours he sank through the waves…” is an example of what poetic device?

101. “…fame comes to the men who mean to win it and care about nothing else!” This quote reflects which literary element?

102. What saves Beowulf from Grendel’s mother and the “sea beasts”?
103. Unferth, as an apology for his challenge at the banquet, lends Beowulf his family sword. What was the name of the sword, and what effect does this weapon have on Grendel’s mother? Why?

a.
b.


c.
104. What three (3) things failed Beowulf against this monster?

a.
b.


c.
105. Why isn’t the monster successful in stabbing Beowulf with her dagger?
Canto 13

106. How does Beowulf kill Grendel’s mother? Why is this successful?

a.
b.
107. Provide the quote from this canto that indicates the poet’s use of foreshadowing?

108. What is “…Heaven’s own candle…”?


109. Provide an example of alliteration from this canto using “w.”
110. What does Beowulf do after he defeats the water witch?
111. What does Beowulf give to King Hrothgar?
112. How many years pass before Beowulf faces the fire dragon? How old might he now be?

a. b.
113. What made the dragon angry?


114. Provide textual evidence indicating what the dragon is doing that requires Beowulf’s response.


Canto 14

115. What weapons does Beowulf plan to use against the fire dragon?

116. He is not confident of victory, so upon what does Beowulf say he is relying? Provide the Anglo-Saxon name as

well.

117. “We shall see, soon, who will survive…” is an example of what poetic device?


118. Which of his weapons fail him? Explain.

Canto 15

119. Who comes to Beowulf’s aid against the fire dragon? What one word in the poem motivates this thane to action? What is the Anglo-Saxon word for this kind of loyalty?

a.
b.
c.
Canto 16

120. Provide textual evidence that indicates to whom Beowulf gives credit for the victory/the death of the fire dragon?

121. Who does Beowulf think of as he is dying?
122. Provide textual evidence that indicates that Beowulf is interested in fame?

123. What does Beowulf give Wiglaf, and what does this indicate?

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
124. What does Beowulf say that foreshadows the end of his family?
125. What could the dragon be a symbol for to Beowulf?
126. To the Geats, who might Beowulf symbolize?
127. According to Wiglaf, what had Beowulf’s thanes failed to uphold? Provide the Anglo-Saxon name as well.
128. Describe Beowulf’s burial.

129. Beowulf had wanted his people to have the fire dragon’s treasure, but Wiglaf has the treasure buried with Beowulf. What might the reader infer is Wiglaf’s reasoning for this action?


130. What kind of poetry laments the death of a hero or the passing of an age?





:)


The database is protected by copyright ©hestories.info 2017
send message

    Main page

:)