Bhagavat Saptah: a week with a saint


Day 2 Chapter 4 Dissatisfaction: Cause and Solution

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Day 2

Chapter 4

Dissatisfaction: Cause and Solution


[The following is the second day of Bhagavat Saptaha given by His Divine Holiness Srila Mahavishnu Goswami Maharaj recorded on Sept 30th 2001 in Sydney, Australia]
[Maharajji sings SB 1.1.1-3]

janmādy asya yato 'nvayād itarataś cārtheṣv abhijñaḥ svarāṭ

tene brahma hṛdā ya ādi-kavaye muhyanti yat sūrayaḥ

tejo-vāri-mṛdāḿ yathā vinimayo yatra tri-sargo 'mṛṣā

dhāmnā svena sadā nirasta-kuhakaḿ satyaḿ paraḿ dhīmahi
[O my Lord, Sri Krsna, son of Vasudeva, O all-pervading Personality of Godhead, I offer my respectful obeisances unto You. I meditate upon Lord Sri Kṛṣṇa because He is the Absolute Truth and the primeval cause of all causes of the creation, sustenance and destruction of the manifested universes. He is directly and indirectly conscious of all manifestations, and He is independent because there is no other cause beyond Him. It is He only who first imparted the Vedic knowledge unto the heart of Brahmaji, the original living being. By Him even the great sages and demigods are placed into illusion, as one is bewildered by the illusory representations of water seen in fire, or land seen on water. Only because of Him do the material universes, temporarily manifested by the reactions of the three modes of nature, appear factual, although they are unreal. I therefore meditate upon Him, Lord Sri Krsna, who is eternally existent in the transcendental abode, which is forever free from the illusory representations of the material world. I meditate upon Him, for He is the Absolute Truth.](SB 1.1.1)

 

dharmaḥ projjhita-kaitavo 'tra paramo nirmatsarāṇāḿ satāḿ


vedyaḿ vāstavam atra vastu śivadaḿ tāpa-trayonmūlanam

śrīmad-bhāgavate mahā-muni-kṛte kiḿ vā parair īśvaraḥ

sadyo hṛdy avarudhyate 'tra kṛtibhiḥ śuśrūṣubhis tat-kṣaṇāt

 

[Completely rejecting all religious activities which are materially motivated, this Bhagavata Purana propounds the highest truth, which is understandable by those devotees who are fully pure in heart. The highest truth is reality distinguished from illusion for the welfare of all. Such truth uproots the threefold miseries. This beautiful Bhāgavatam, compiled by the great sage Vyasadeva [in his maturity], is sufficient in itself for God realization. What is the need of any other scripture? As soon as one attentively and submissively hears the message of Bhāgavatam, by this culture of knowledge the Supreme Lord is established within his heart.](SB 1.1.2)



 

nigama-kalpa-taror galitaḿ phalaḿ

śuka-mukhād amṛta-drava-saḿyutam

pibata bh
āgavataḿ rasam ālayaḿ

muhur aho rasikā bhuvi bhāvukāḥ

 

[O expert and thoughtful men, relish Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, the mature fruit of the desire tree of Vedic literatures. It emanated from the lips of Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī. Therefore this fruit has become even more tasteful, although its nectarean juice was already relishable for all, including liberated souls.] (SB 1.1.3)



 

[Maharajji sings]


vushi vibhushita karan nava nira da bhava

pitambara aruna bimba phala darishta


purnendu mukha aravinda netra

krsnat param kimapi tatwam aham na janeh

Sri Kṛṣṇa sharanam samasta jagatam

Krsnam vina ka jatih

Krsneha pratihanyate kalimalam Krsnaya karyam ..

Krsnat trasyati kala bhima bhujago

Krsnasya sarvam vashe

Krsne bhaktir akhanditah bavatume

Bho Kṛṣṇa tvam eva ashraya (3)
Ananta kandarpa kala vilasam

Kishore chandram rasikendu shekharam

Syamam maha sundarata vidhanam

Sri Kṛṣṇa chandram sharanam gatosmi (3)
Hare Kṛṣṇa Hare Kṛṣṇa

Kṛṣṇa Kṛṣṇa Hare Hare

Hare Rāma Hare Rāma

Rāma Rāma Hare Hare

(2)

 

Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam is pure history


Krsna's mercy that we just try to discuss his own past-times with his own devotees. Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam is known in Bhāgavatam itself in 12th canto Kṛṣṇa Himself describes, what it is. He says Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam puranam amalam. There are two adjectives for this has two qualities. This is puran and amala. [Puran is that which is old, that is puran.] That which is old is known as Puran. In our material education we call it history. In our tradition of learning, we call this itihas (history). That event that was executed in the past is called itihas (history). [However, our history is date-wise, month-wise, year-wise. There is something about every year in that. This (purana) history, is divine history. This is not the (ordinary) history like ours because this is divine itihas, it has a goal that where ever there is pastimes of Krsna, all that has been mentioned in here and after watching the pastimes, when we get aware of His divinity; that He is very divine person. It is hard to conceive about Him.] It is very difficult to conceive about the energies, different energies of Krsna. [Whoever listens to these divine pastimes all those listeners start praying Him. In this Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam there is nothing else. There are lot of examples from Mahabharata, Ramayana and Purana and after describing all of them He is prayed. And until we pray to Him from the heart, till then we do not have satisfaction. This was the state of Vyasa Bhagavan. He has written Puranas, Mahabharata and Ramayana] All Vedic literatures were nicely described by him. Yet, he was not satisfied. He was feeling there was something less.
What is the cause of our dissatisfaction?

[We also fall in the same state.] That we have crossed over all the oceans. We have travelled to so many foreign countries. Since last so many years, we are earning here, nice life is here and even then we feel something is short. [Ordinary public do not understand why they are in sorrow, even after possessing so many things. Why we need to suffer from diseases? Why do we have to face problems? This we cannot understand at all. And to counteract this, with mental concoction, we have invented many ways. One of those ways is that of a psychiatrist. We have mental doctors. They are also doctors and fix the mind. And the psychiatrist themselves dont have a stable mind. They are also mental. Those who are on the platform of mann, that is called in English as “mental”. In Hindi what do we call “mental”…”pagal”, “manasik”, “related to mind.” That mind (which focuses in Krsna’s lotus feet) that is the simple way. Savai manah Kṛṣṇa padarvindayo. This is a simple path. This mind has no other job. This should not have any other thoughts, but for Krsna’s pastimes. And those who understand this (concept), they also have lot of doubts. Our mind does not get convinced, that now we have this grave problem, how will taking the name of Kṛṣṇa solve the issue. So, we refrain from that (chanting), thinking … “It is given in sastras that if good happens then I’ll take it, however, now I am in trouble, so I’ll look for some other solution.” We are stuck with this kind of ignorance.] We have just entangled ourselves more and more into the obnoxious material atmosphere. [This is the material atmosphere… like falling into a mud pool. In our Israel, there are mud pools. And one who takes bath there, he becomes healthy. So, many people visit there and fall into the mud pool. It is such that, the more you try, the more you get stuck. It is same in material manifestation. However hard you try to get out, the more you will sink. Because, one there is psychiatrist, another time welfare offices, many government have also come up with many solutions. And there are other institutions also that have come up with many solutions. Somebody tells to worship the gods, some tell to worship the goddesses, every one has some suggestion. We agree to do (as they say)… because we get mad “Why we are pursued by these troubles even though we have so many solutions”]

What was Narada Muni’s solution to Vyasadeva dissatisfaction?

[Vyasa Bhagavan had similar condition at the beginning. He used to sit and think that, “I have written so much, even then why there is discontent in my heart?”]

[Vyasadeva thought] “Why am I dissatisfied?”

[Then his guru maharaj, Narada Muni, came to him and he explained, “Look, you wrote a lot however, so far you have not glorified Bhagavan. That is the cause of your discontent.”


In our life also, this is the cause of our discontent. In our life also there is always discontent, because the products of nature cannot give us contentment. We are spiritual by nature. This nature always tries to pull us down, that is why everyday we have to pull it out. So Vyasa Deva also realized that “I have written everything except for glorifying the Bhagavat-dharma, which is liked by paramhansas and also by Bhagavan.”]
srnvatam sva-kathah krsnah

punya-sravana-kirtanah

hrdy antah stho hy abhadrani

vidhunoti suhrt satam

[Sri Krsna, the Personality of Godhead, who is the Paramatma [Supersoul] in everyone's heart and the benefactor of the truthful devotee, cleanses desire for material enjoyment from the heart of the devotee who has developed the urge to hear His messages, which are in themselves virtuous when properly heard and chanted.] (SB 1.2.17)
srnvatam sva-kathah krsnah

punya-sravana-kirtanah

[Vyasadeva has written srnvatam. You please listen to sva-kathah, because Kṛṣṇa is sitting in everyone’s heart. sarvaysa chaham sanyee vishto, this he experienced that as a supersoul, He is existing everywhere, is there in everyone’s heart. If He is glorified then sva-katha, He listens to His own story, and gives us bliss. Is it not blissful? If someone sings your story then we are so much blissful. Similarly, is the case with Bhagavan. As soon as He listens, He gets blissful, and when the supersoul is blissful, then the soul is also blissful. And when he bliss emanates from there, then the body discomfort reduces. This arrangement to remain blissful is there in us, this we don’t know this.]

Pleasing Kṛṣṇa pleases everyone

[This is being explaining to Vyasadeva, that, “Please somehow, please sing the glories of the Bhagavan, so that everyone becomes peaceful.” yasmin tuste sarvan evam tustam bhavati. If he is peaceful, then everyone will be peaceful.]


[In our Mahabharata, there is a very nice story given that the Pandavas were all in the forest and because of the blessings of Sun god, Draupadi was given akshaya patra. From which everything came out, particularly prasad and when it was 12 O’clock, they could take out anything from the patra, and until Draupadi took prasad, till then patra always gave unlimited prasad. Askshay Patra it is called. So, the Pandavas were happy in their difficulties. Duryodhana was in pleasure but he was unhappy. Look, this is a matter to be understood. Pandavas has nothing, they did not have place to live, Bhagavan was there with them. They had Bhagavan’s blessings. Except for the blessings of Bhagavan, they did not have anything. Duryodhana has everything but did not have Bhagavan. Even after having everything he was very unhappy. And they (Pandavas) were very happy. So, Duryodhana was always envious of them. And here in Bhāgavatam it is said, that “Unless you are nirmastaram satam. Unless you are without envious nature, you can never go to Krsna. You can never recognize His existence. This (attaining Krsna) you cannot even imagine. And Duryodhana was always disturbed, “Somehow I must make Pandavas unhappy.”, this he used to think always. So, he knew that Yudhisthira/Draupadi has this akshay patra.]

[Once it so happened, that Bhagavan wished that may Durvasa muni visit Duryodhana as a guest. Durvasa was really incarnation of Lord Shiva. He used to get angry very quickly. He used to wander with 10,000 disciples. So, if Durvasa came then 10,001 people would come. He did not come alone. So, just like that, one day, he reached Duryodhana’s place.

So, Duryodhana observed that “He is a very good angry type of person. If I serve him very nicely and please him, then my purpose, of destroying Pandavas, will be accomplished.”

So he served him very nicely.

So Durvasa was very pleased, he said: “Son, you have served me very nicely. Please ask something from me”.

He (Duryodhana) wanted just that. He was in a lookout of what to ask from him such that Pandavas will be destroyed, such that I need not have to fight with them. If the Pandavas are destroyed, then the kingdom would be mine. Then there won’t be anyone to disturb him.

So he said: “Maharaj, by your mercy I have everything. I don’t require anything. However, please have mercy on my elder brother Yudhisthira, who lives in the jungle, and he greatly desires that to Brahmins visit him. So, you please make sure to visit him, however, make sure that, our Draupadi bhabhi is not in trouble. Visit them only when bhabhi (sister-in-law, Draupadi) has finished taking prasad.”

So Durvasa wondered: “He is a very good person. He even does not want to trouble his bhabhi at all.”

However, Duryodhana wanted exactly opposite. However, the people who get angry are very foolish. They don’t understand. All they have is anger. So this Durvasa had less intelligence.

He thought: “He is very good man. How you are worrying about Yudhisthira and Draupadi. I will do just as you say. I’ll go after she takes the prasad”.

So, what Duryodhana thought that if Draupadi will take prasad, then she will not be able to feed Durvasa. Then Durvasa will get angry and curse Pandavas.

One day Durvasa visited them, after everyone had taken prasad.

So Yudhisthira was very welcoming. Said: “Maharaj, please come, it is very auspicious day that you have come here. Please tell how to serve you?”

“We are going to take bath in the Ganges with my 10,000 disciples. When we’ll return then make sure you have prasad (for all of us)”.

Yudhisthira came to Daupadi, “He has come with 10,000 disciples, and there is nothing in kitchen?”

She said: “What have you done? He has 10,000 shishya and there is nothing in kitchen. What have you done? I have just taken prasad and so there can be no further Prasad coming from akshay patram, what to do?”

“This is your problem. I have called them. You do what you have to do.”, said Yudhishthira.

Poor lady started praying to the Bhagavan. Whoever has pure mind and character, Bhagavan agrees to their request. If even after taking His name, whatever trouble we get is because of our deficiencies. He does not give us trouble. Regarding karma, Bhagavan does not interfere. That is why, if we need Lord’s mercy and blessings, then our daily activities should be very pure. There should not be any bad thoughts in the mind, because first we think in our minds and after that we act. So please remember this.
So Bhagavan listened to Draupadi’s prayers. Bhagavan while taking prasad at Rumini’s palace, stood up.

So Rukmini asked “What is the matter?”

He told: “My devotee is in trouble, have to go”

She told: “Bhatka always have difficulty. Please sit and go after taking your prasad.”

“No I will have to go urgently”, and immediately left.

If it had been another henpecked husband like me, then he would have sat down and ate properly,

“Will see devotee’s problems later”

It was not the case with Krsna. He takes such good care of the devotees there is no doubt about this. All we have to do is to do bhakti, that’s all.
So He [Kṛṣṇa] came down and told to Draupadi: “I am hungry. If there is some prasad for me, please give.”

Draupadi told: “We have called you for that? There is nothing here, from where can I feed you? What are you talking about? Durvasa has come, has now gone for a bath (our good luck) with his 10,000 disciples, so they will take some time to take bath. When they return, the prasad must be ready. However, I have already taken prasad. I have washed and kept the akshaya patram. Now there is nothing in it”

So Bhagavan insisted a lot that: “Bring the akshay patram

She brought the akshay patra, said: “There is nothing in there”

There was one bhaji leaf stuck on the side. Bhagavan took out the same and ate. “Oh oh oh very good!” He was satisfied.
asmin tushte. When Bhagavan is satisfied, then there 10,000 disciples while bathing in the Ganges started burping right there.

The Durvasa was amazed. “What is this? What are you doing?”

“Now our stomach is full”

“What are you talking about? We have to visit Yudhisthira’s place to take prasad.”]

[This is the point, please ponder. When Bhagavan is satisfied by our behavior, then Bhagavan himself gives satisfaction to all. So all our problems, becomes null and void.]

[Please, we have to experience ups and downs in our lives, however, whether you can do anything or not, (atleast) chant Bhagavan’s names. One-two mala (rounds) of Hare Kṛṣṇa Mahamantra. And if possible, there are two chapters in Bhagavad-gītā – 12th and 15th. Today you heard 15th chapter on Puruṣottama-yoga. And 12th is related to Bhakti-yoga. If you speak these two chapters then you will get mercy of the Lord, and problems will go away, just like it did, in case of the Pandavas. And always keep strong sraddha in this. We do these discussions in order to develop strong sraddha. Because many times we are under the influence of (material) nature, our faith starts dwindling on daily basis. We have much increased our artificial necessities of life. However much we decrease our desires, that much we will be peaceful and satisfied. Our youths, the young persons must please understand the Vedic instruction.]

Please don't increase your artificial necessities.  In no way they are going to help you. If you increase your artificial necessities, then you will have to earn more money to cope with your artificial necessities. [If you are very simple, then that much money spending will decrease. And as much your spending will decrease, that much your anxieties and worries will decrease.]
How to reduce our difficulties and become completely satisfied?

Please, please you have to take this torch in your hand. We may be here for sometime here and there. Our time is over, we have to pack off. And you have to carry on this torch otherwise our Vedic culture will be completely destroyed. And this was the burning desire in Prabupada's heart and somehow or the other he caught hold of all young persons. He never talked to the middle aged. He thought that if I can catch the younger generation, they will carry on my Vedic culture further and is happening now. There are so many difficulties already, always when we go on the right path there is always difficulties. But don't worry about the difficulties. You people are young. You can tolerate any difficulties. Please try to come to this. Don't leave Bhagavad-gītā in the beginning. You must go through Bhagavad-gītā intensely. And as soon as you getting somehwere in Bhagavad-gītā; from Bhagavad-gītā you can go to Bhagvatam, Srimad Bhagvatam. There are so many verses quoted by Prabhupāda in his purports. Please try to go then to Bhagvatam and this is the way we can reduce our difficulties and be completely satisfied.

So Narada also insisted that Vyasa Bhagvan must also come to this point. And Vyasa also decided that because I haven't glorified Kṛṣṇa enough, so I must now try and this is how Bhagvat puran has came to its existence. And this as I have told you, everything has already happened not in this planet alone but where ever in the material manifestation- or the spiritual manifestation, all those lilas they are included in these pages. And as I told you in the beginning that the major part of the Bhgavatam is the prayers; by demigods there are prayers; all the bhaktas they are praying. Anybody who says any glorification of Kṛṣṇa is immediately they are praying. Arjuna starts praying in the beginning.

When Ashwasthama killed Draupadi's five sons, they were sleeping in the tent, and he wanted to kill the Pandavas. Duryodhna was helplessly lying because he was hit by Bheema on the battlefield. And he was nearly dying. So Ashwasthama loved Duryodhana very much. So he thought “I should perform some act by which Duryodhana will be satisfied.” Immediately he went to the tent and he thought that 5 pandavas were sleeping and in the sleep he murdered the whole lot. From the beginning of the history, millions of years ago, these acts of terrorism, is going on. It’s not only now. Now we are very advanced, we are using planes.  But the thing is by these acts we must improve our own quality of the existence.
Today somebody rang from America and he said that one priest there he very nicely found out the reason why these activities are happening and he quoted two things -homosexuality and the abortions. Yesterday we talked about it. And because of these sinful activities, we have to face these things. So the whole mob was very angry with him. They went to beat him. Eventually he had to apologize that please I am wrong and you are correct, we must retaliate. This is our culture we are completely degraded. Whenever there is some act which we don't approve then we try to retaliate and the retaliation is very bad. And even now somehow or the other there is no retaliation. Now they are trying very hard, but this is not the way. The priest was very correct. He was the only one in America who told them correct thing and he was hounded out. This is the general tendency. [We do not understand at all that we have to improve our actions, then other things will stop.] We want to stop by force [and that is impossible.] This is what we want to learn from the pages of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam. Somehow or the other we should come to this point;

This is how please come to this conclusion that whatever difficulties we have, we are the reason for it. Nobody else is to be blamed. In Bhāgavatam it is very nicely said that we have to find out the defects not in other people but we should try to examine ourselves. We are full of faults. And this Vyasa Bhagavan realized and as soon as he realized, Narada muni was very happy and he told him his story - Narada muni. We know that, he was a maid-servant's son in the previous life and because of satsang, because of some seva for those sadhus he could elevate himself and come back as a pure devotee. This is what Bhāgavatam is - that purane, it is definitely history – but it’s transcendental history. [This is transcendental history. There is no anger, nobody is envious, nothing.]

[That is puran. And that's why it is not malla , full of malla, its not dirty.] Our history is dirty because they are fighting for their own cause. That's the difficulty. And because of this it was very difficult to improve the quality of human existence by reading the ordinary history. It’s very difficult. That's why everywhere it is recommended that we must find out time and go through these transcendental literatures. As soon as we think about it, then we find out so many things out of these scriptures, and everyday if you go on again and again and again to these literatures you take out the gems out of it. Otherwise your life becomes sinful. And this is how Vyasa Bhagavan corrected himself and tried to glorify the Lord through all the pages of the Bhāgavatam. And then he was completely satisfied. Our life also is full of so many miseries and so many problems. Everyday there are new problems. That is the way of the material existence. So we have to reduce the problems. By any other method you try to reduce, they will increase. They won't reduce at all. Only one method is there, that if you come to God-Krsna, and [you] try to glorify Him through your heart, then only we will be reducing our problems. This is the high road. 
tarko 'pratisthah srutayo vibhinna

nasav rsir yasya matam na bhinnam

dharmasya tattvam nihitam guhayam

mahajano yena gatah sa panthah

[Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu continued, "'Dry arguments are inconclusive. A great personality whose opinion does not differ from others is not considered a great sage. Simply by studying the Vedas, which are variegated, one cannot come to the right path by which religious principles are understood. The solid truth of religious principles is hidden in the heart of an unadulterated, self-realized person. Consequently, as the sastras confirm, one should accept whatever progressive path the mahajanas advocate.'"]( CC Madhya 17.186)

mahajano yena gatah sa panthah. All great sages-saints they have travelled on this path and they have showed again and again. There is no need of carrying the research. I'ts already decided.
etan nirvidyamananam icchatam akuto-bhayam

yoginam nrpa nirnitam harer namanukirtanam
[O King, constant chanting of the holy name of the Lord after the ways of the great authorities is the doubtless and fearless way of success for all, including those who are free from all material desires, those who are desirous of all material enjoyment, and also those who are self-satisfied by dint of transcendental knowledge.](SB 2.1.11)
It’s nirnayatam - it is decided truth.

Chapter 5




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