Incarnation of Kṛṣṇa was there in the form of Ṛṣabhadeva. Ṛṣabhadeva is best because from the beginning is the best and He has given nice teachings to His sons. Again, being incarnation, He was completely enlightened and because of His enlightened attitude He gives so much particularly one verse is very important that it shows our duty.
gurur na sa syāt sva-jano na sa syāt
pitā na sa syāj jananī na sā syāt
daivaḿ na tat syān na patiś ca sa syān
na mocayed yaḥ samupeta-mṛtyum
[Lord Rsabhadeva said to his sons: One who cannot deliver his dependents from the path of repeated birth and death should never become a spiritual master, a father, a husband, a mother or a worshipable demigod.](SB 5.5.18)
He says, gurur na sa syāt sva-jano na sa syāt.That he is not guru, that he is not sva-jan, relative; gurur na sa syāt sva-jano na sa syāt;pitā na sa syāj, he is not father. jananī na sā syāt, she is not mother. daivaḿ na tat syān, demigod is not there. patiś ca sa syān, he is not husband, na mocayed yaḥ samupeta-mṛtyum. We have our own dependents. This is our pious duty if you are a guru you must liberate your dependents.
In order to having liberating capacity we must be liberate ourselves. Svajan we can’t be relative unless we have the capacity to relieve the relatives from this vicious circle of birth, death, disease and old age. It becomes our duty to give this knowledge to the younger generation and in this age the younger generation by our telling they will not take. They look at you, if you follow this in the house, knowingly or unknowingly the younger generation will take it up. May be not in front of you, they may not regard you or they may not respect you. But they are also going to become old; they will also have more difficulties than us, for certainly our time is gone. For younger ones we haven’t kept anything and this was taught by Ṛṣabhadeva. That if you are svajan, if you are guru, if you are pita, if you are matha, or if you are a demigod, or if you are pathi, husband then you must try to liberate the dependents and this is the main thing to be understood. As soon as you come to this conclusion we understand Ṛṣabhadeva.
Then He said nayam deho deha-bhaajaam nrloke [SB 5.5.1] this material existence we have in the form of human body it is not meant for too much labor. We are in the habit of working day and night, this qualification that qualification and then we fight with each other we have so many misunderstandings. No. No don’t do that. This is not meant for that. Yadresha upanna nena. Whatever is automatically comes without much endeavor; we have to do some endeavor. So whatever comes we are completely satisfied. This dhan, the wealth is according to our previous activities. That doesn’t mean that we should not try. According to our ashram we should try.Very very subtly we should try to amass the wealth.Particularly grihastha ashram is very important.If the grihastha ashram is strong then all other ashramas are looked after and the society in which grihastha ashram is not there that society is completely disturbed because there is no ashrams. If the grihastha ashram is strong then the children are looked after, the brahmachari ashram is looked after. If the grihastha ashram is strong vanaprasthas they are also looked after and definitely sannyasis are looked after. As soon as grihastha ashram is well maintained conscientiously all these ashrams work and the society has its own pattern. The society under the name of the advancement who dont follow the regulated grihastha ashram that society is in shambles and this we learn from Ṛṣabhadeva.
Prthu Maharaj was there… the name of the Prthvi our earth comes from Prthu Maharaj. He was very strict with earth, earth was not producing anything and then earth told Prthu Maharaj that “why I am not producing because whatever I produce is consumed by the non-devotees. They are demons on my back and they are trying to exploit me. That’s why I have stopped producing.”
In Bharata varsha everywhere there are so many developments going on, so many factories are coming up, so many residential societies are coming up and all the farming land is consumed. The day is coming when big person like Prthu Maharaj must come in front of us. And again demolish these things and again increase the grains and foods and etc. We are heading in a wrong direction but in this situation what is our duty is the most important and our duty is to be completely simple in our own habits. And with simplicity and humility we must carry on these instructions of our gurus, saints and sages and etc. And somehow or the other inculcate in our life, intervene in our busy lives the remembrance of Kṛṣṇa. This is the remedy for this. This is what Prthu Maharaj, Ṛṣabhadeva they are giving us.
Avoid undue attachment
Ṛṣabhadeva had 100 sons and the eldest son was known as Bharata Maharaj. And we know from Bharata Maharaj name since then this planet whole planet is known as Bharata varsha. Otherwise before that it was known as Ajanav. Nobody knew about Bharata varsha and now the name of Bharata varsha is completely limited to India. It was not like that. Anybody born on this planet was included in the Bharat varsha. The whole planet was known as Bharata varsha and that’s why up to Pariksit Maharaja there was only one king who was looking after the whole thing. And Bharata Maharaja was so very elevated soul that he followed Vedic culture word by word and his rule was also ideal. Eventually when vanaprastha time came he left his kingdom. Such a large kingdom he just left.
We know that he had his ashram and he is carrying on his duties there. But again Kṛṣṇa wanted to show us that such important king like Bharata Maharaja he is also prone to be attracted by external energy and in the end in Bhāgavatam this story is very nicely described. I am sorry that we are very short of time so we cannot do justice to these topics.
But I am just drawing your attention to the main points, that Bharata Maharaja is so elevated that by his name the whole planet was known as Bharata varsha. He was very strong in his sadhana but even then if you are not careful then we may be attracted by the illusionary energy. And it so happened that one day he saw the deer, pregnant deer, and she was crossing the river and there was tiger on one side. While crossing the young deer fell down in the water and Bharata Maharaja was meditating on the bank, he saw that cub will die so he immediately swam and saved that cub and he was attracted to that. He thought that his mother was not there “the deer died already”. So he said that “I am the guardian and I have to look after him.” So his sadhana went on decreasing day by day and attachment to the deer cub increased. This was greatest danger he was in and eventually he died in the deer consciousness, he got the deer body. Because he was serious, very serious in performing his sadhana in the deer body also he could remember that his previous life was very highly elevated life and now because of bit of attachment he had to accept this. So in the deer life also he immaturely left his mother and came to the same ashram Pula ashram and he was staying there because he remembered the whole thing. So meditation was going on already in the deer body also. The practical instruction is that we are also prone. So every second of our sadhana we should be very careful that undue attachment should not develop anywhere. And, as soon as we are careful about this may be if you are lucky and Kṛṣṇa is merciful this life will be the last life. Otherwise our consciousness will be polluted and again we will have to accept some unwanted body.
In that body also because he was conscious he left the deer mother and came back to ashram and eventually he left the deer body. Then he was born in Brahmin body and he was known as Jada Bharata. And we know the story of the Jada Bharata. Then knowingly he became deaf, dumb and mad. He was not mad but he thought if I behave normally again there is a chance that I will get attached to something. We may not become deaf, dumb and mad person but we should be very careful that we should not hear anything apart from Kṛṣṇa. We can do it very easily and we should not think anything apart from Kṛṣṇa. We should not chant anybody’s names. We should not take any other shelter except Kṛṣṇa and then may be bhakti will develop and if bhakti develops we will be able to crossover this very difficult material ocean.
mām eva ye prapadyante māyām etāṁ taranti te [BG 7.14] this is in short we should please chant lovingly.
[Maharaj leading kirtan]
Hare Kṛṣṇa Hare Kṛṣṇa Kṛṣṇa Kṛṣṇa Hare Hare