Body Planes & Directions activities

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Body Planes & Directions ACTIVITIES

  1. In pairs, create a stick-like figure, with a head, trunk, arms, and legs using play dough. As the terms are discussed, the student will use a toothpick to designate the area. After all the terms are discussed, cut the figure into the planes.

  1. In pairs, identify the following areas on partner:

    1. Area distal to the knee

    2. Area proximal to the elbow

    3. Lateral to the big toe

    4. Anterior side of the body

    5. Posterior side of the body

    6. Area that is medial to the shoulder

    7. Area that is superior to the lungs

    8. Area that is inferior to the heart.

  1. Complete Five Station Lab

  1. Develop a Short Story describing best date or worst nightmare using anatomical terms.


For reinforcement, the students will make flashcards of all of the terms.

For enrichment, the students will develop questions and design a jeopardy game utilizing the information in this unit.

Medical Prefixes, Suffixes, Body Planes,

and Directional Terms

Students will have an overall understanding of the terminology presented and how to utilize it in the medical profession.





Face Masks



Colored toothpicks

Surgical Caps




Paper Plates


Blank Sheets of Paper

Picture of Torso

Body Parts Worksheet
Stations: (See attached specific directions.)

Station #1 The students make up a story using the medical terminology.

Station #2 The students color the handout of the torso according to regions

Station #3 Students perform the requested surgeries on the patient (potato with a picture of a person drawn on it).

Station #4 Planes and directions are practiced using fruit, vegetables, toothpicks, and marshmallows.

Station #5 A fun activity matching body parts to other meanings for the words.

Station #1

Using the word list provided, write a 2-3 paragraph story showing that you know the correct usage of the terms. Each student must write at least two sentences using the following terms.

Arterio-, athero-, arthro-

Ileum, ilium

Infection, inflammation

Laceration, lesion

Mucous, mucus

Myc-, myel- myo-

Palpation, palpitation

Prostate, prostrate

Pyel-, pyo-

Supination, suppration

Viral, virile
The group may help each other. The entire group story must follow the same story line. The first sentence is started for you:

You have the Grim Reaper on the autopsy table. As you begin the first incision…………….

Station #2
Using the diagram of the torso, color code each section as follows (label specific left and right where applicable):
Umbilical Region - Green

Lumbar Region - Blue

Epigastric Region - Red

Iliac Region - Orange

Hypochondriac Region - Yellow


ypogastric Region - Brown

Station #3
Surgery Prep: you will need face mask and gloves.
You do not want to be sued for malpractice. The surgical team requires collaboration and planning. Know what you are going to do before you cut. These surgical incisions are permanent. Scarring is probable. Remember the anesthesiologist has given you only 15 minutes.
Your patient requires multiple procedures. Please perform the following:

  • Appendectomy – deep lateral incision in the anterior RLQ

  • Cesarean section – deep lateral incision in the pelvic cavity 3-4 inches distal to the belly button

  • Left legectomy (what is the proper term?) – incision distal to the knee joint

  • Carotid endorectomy – vertical superficial to the carotid artery incision 2-3 inches from the medial plane of the trachea


se the information provided to make the correct surgical incisions to perform the required surgeries. After you complete the surgery, draw on your body diagram where you made the incisions.

Station #4 Body Planes and Directions
Be careful with the surgical instruments. Read and follow the instructions very carefully.
Carrot: Cut the carrot with a midsagittal plane. Stick a blue toothpick in the superior end of one of the pieces. Place a marshmallow on the end of the toothpick.
Banana: Cut the banana with a transverse plane. Stick a matching (same color) toothpick and marshmallow in the most distal point of the inferior piece. Place matching (same color) bilateral toothpicks on the superior piece.

Station #5 Fun Body Parts
Match the body parts with their non-body parts’ meanings. Good Luck!!!!

What Part of the Human Body?

1.Is part of a wagon? ____________________

2.Is a fraction of a yard? ____________________

3.Is a measure of the height of horses? ____________________

4.Is a band instrument? ____________________

5.Is a church musical instrument? _____________________

6.Is a sailor’s reply? ______________________

7.Is used to fasten boards? ______________________

8.Is used by artists? ______________________

9.Is a church? _____________________

10.Is a tropical tree? ______________________

11.Is a baby animal? _____________________

12.Is a strong box? ________________________

13.Is a male deer? _______________________

14.Is a flower? _______________________

15.Is a slang expression for nerve? ________________________

16.Is a small, fast animal? ________________________

17.Is one who goes to school? ________________________

18.Is part of a tree? ________________________

19.Is the outside cover part of a car? ________________________

20.Is part of a comb? _________________________

Short Story
Incorporate the following terms into a story describing your describing best date or worst nightmare. You must use at least 20 of the words. Underline the term(s) in the story.

Visceral Organs



Abdominal Cavity


Pelvic Cavity


Oral Cavity


Orbital Cavity






















Gastrointestinal tract


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