3. Describe the Parthenon?
- Located on the acropolis of Athens –sacred area to the Athenians - center for religious observances dedicated to Athens C. Athens: The Parthenon (Interior)
1. Whose statue was inside the Parthenon?
Name _________________________________ Date ___________ Class _________
5-1 The Culture of Ancient Greece
Directions: Filling in the Blanks Reading the section and completing the sentences below will help you learn more about the culture of Ancient Greece. Refer to your textbook pages 154-163 to fill in the blanks.
he Greeks believed in many gods and goddesses who controlled (1)
__________________. Led by (2) _________________, the chief god, the twelve
most important gods and goddesses lived on (3) __________________. According to
Greek myth, the gods were not thought to be (4) __________________, but did have
special powers. (5) __________________ were followed in hope of receiving good
fortune from the gods. Because the Greeks believed in destiny and prophesy, they often
visited a(n) (6) __________________ in order to find out about the future.
The earliest Greek stories were (7) __________________. The poet (8)
Name _______________________________ Date ________________ Class ________
5-2 Greek Philosophy and History
science irections: Outlining Reading the section and completing the outline below will help you learn more about Greek philosophy and history. Refer to your textbook pages 168-173 to fill in the blanks.
teachers reek _______________ led to the study of history, political science, _______________, and mathematics.
Sophists any philosophers were _______________ like Pythagoras, who taught that all relationships in the world could
be _______________ in numbers.
sculptor ne school of philosophers were the _______________ who traveled from city to city making a living by teaching others.
Socratic method ocrates was an Athenian _______________ whose true love was philosophy.
rebel ocrates invented the _______________ of teaching, which asks pointed questions to force students to use
reason and to see things for themselves.
Plato ocrates was accused of teaching young Athenians to _______________ against the _______________.
Americans ______________ was a student of Socrates who taught that democracy was not a good system of _______________.
histories ristotle, a student of Plato, influenced the way Europeans and _______________ thought about government.
Greeks wrote the first real _______________ in Western civilization.
Thucydides erodotus wrote the history of the Persian Wars and tried to separate _______________ from _______________,
but used _______________ and _______________ to explain some events.
facts ost historians consider _______________ the greatest historian of the ancient world because he saw war and
politics as the activities of _______________ and stressed the importance of having accurate _______________.
5-3 Alexander the Great: Words to Know
Directions: For each of the following terms or place names, indicate which are associated with Philip II and which are associated with Alexander the Great by filling in the number before each term in the correct portion of the Venn diagram. Read pages 174-179 to answer the questions.