Quran Account Inc. Quarterly, Vol. 25, No. 2 June-2006
AFFILIATION NEWS By Allah's Grace, this issue of the Bulletin will reach a total of 6,719 Muhtadoon (converts to Al Islam); this number is the total since the project started in February 1985, costing $395,144.00. During the last three months 55 Muhtadoon have enrolled in the project
Because of the cost and the great demands, the organization cannot fill the needs of each and every request, and in some cases suggest that new Muhtadoon seek help from other Islamic organizations.
مصعب بن عمير
MUSAB IBN UMAYR
The Great Sahaabi
(The following is to share with you the writing of a Muslim Mu'min; may Allah bless the writer, whose name is not published, in compliance with the policy of this publication. This writing has been edited extensively)
Musab ibn Umayr grew up in the lap of affluence. His rich parents lavished a great deal of care and attention on him. As a youth he was admired by Quraish for his good looks and keen mind. Among the Meccans there was excitement and concern as Muhammad, known as al-Amin, emerged claiming that God had sent him as a bearer of good tidings and as a warner. He warned Quraish of terrible chastisement if they refuse to worship God alone, and he spoke of Divine rewards for the righteous. Mecca buzzed with talk of these claims. Quraish leaders tried various ways of silencing Muhammad. When ridicule and persuasion did not work, they embarked on a campaign of harassment and persecution. Musab learned that Muhammad and those who believed in his message were gathering often in a house near the hill of as-Safa. This was the house of al-Arqam. To satisfy his curiosity, Musab proceeded to the house undeterred by Quraish hostility. There he met the Prophet, teaching and reciting verses of the Quran, and performing Salat with them. The Prophet welcomed Musab and he touched Musab's heart, whereby a deep feeling of peace and serenity came over him.
Musab was overwhelmed by what he saw and heard. The words of the Quran made the deepest impression on him. The young Musab declared his Shahaada right away and he determined to dedicate his total-self to the service of Islam.
On accepting Islam Musab had one major concern, and that was his mother. She had an overpowering, dominant personality, one to be feared. Having his mother as an opponent, was to be taken seriously. So, Musab decided to conceal his conversion to Islam until a solution is found. He continued to frequent the House of al-Arqam and sit in the company of the Prophet.
It was difficult to keep secrets in Mecca for long though. Quraish informers abounded, and Musab was seen frequenting the House of al-Arqam and praying just as Muhammad prayed. The conclusion was obvious. The news of Musab's conversion spread and reached his mother.
Musab stood before his somber mother and Quraish nobility to account for his conversion. Yes, it was humility that he acknowledged his conversion to Islam, and he explained his reasons eloquently. He then recited some verses of the Quran.
Musab's mother was incensed. She wanted to silence him with one blow, but her hand faltered, for the serenity of Musab's face had overtaken her. Still, she wanted to avenge for the idols which her son had forsaken. So she decided to incarcerate Musab in her house, to be bound and tethered, to be a prisoner in his own home. He remained in this manner under the watchful eyes of appointed guards. All this was to prevent him from any contact with Muhammad and his faith. But Musab did not waver. He had heard of how other Muslims were harassed and tortured by the idolators. Eventually he heard that a group of Muslims were preparing secretly to migrate to Abyssinia to seek refuge and relief. At the first opportunity, when his mother and his warden were off-guard, Musab escaped unnoticed, and with utmost haste he joined the other refugees to sail across the Red Sea to Abyssinia.
Although the Muslims enjoyed peace and security in Abyssinia, they longed to be in Mecca in the company of the noble Prophet. Whether he was in Mecca or Abyssinia, Musab remained strong in his faith and his preoccupation was to make his life worthy of his Creator.
When Musab returned to Mecca, his mother made a last attempt to control him and threatened to confine him once more. Musab swore that if she were to do that, he would kill everyone who helped her. This led to a bitter separation, and it revealed a strong Persistence in Kufr on the part of the mother but an even Greater Persistence in Iman on the part of her son. As she kicked him out of her house she said: "Go on you own, do not regard me as your mother anymore." Lovingly Musab went to his mother replying tenderly, "Mother, I love you and am very concerned for you. Do testify that there is no deity but Allah and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger."
She replied haughtily. "By the shooting stars! Never shall I accept your religion, even if ridiculed or my mind goes wild."
Musab left her home with heavy heart, and he left the luxury therein for good. His living is compromised by now, and his attire is the coarsest, yet more important in his mind was how to use all his energies in serving God and His Prophet.
Several years later, Musab came upon a gathering of Muslims sitting around the Prophet (pbuh). The gathering was flabbergasted when they saw Musab attired in tatters for they remembered his elegance and rich dress of yesteryear. The Prophet looked at Musab, smiled gracefully and said:
"I have seen this Musab with his parents in Mecca. They lavished luxury on him and provided comfort. There was no Quraish youth like him. Then Musab left all that to seek the pleasure of God and devote himself to the service of His Prophet." The Prophet then went on to say:
"There will come a time when God will grant you victory over Persia and Byzantium. You would have one dress in the morning and another in the evening and you would eat out of one dish in the morning and another in the evening." In other words, the Prophet predicted that the Muslims would become rich and powerful and they would have material goods in plenty. The companions sitting around asked the Prophet: "O Messenger of Allah, are we in a better situation in these times or would we be better off then?" He replied:
"You are rather better off now than you would be then. If you knew of the world what I know, you would certainly not be so much concerned with it."
Despite about ten years of inviting people to Islam, most of Mecca remained hostile. The noble Prophet then went to Taif seeking new adherents to the faith. He was repulsed and chased out of the city. The future of Islam looked bleak.
It was after this period of time that the Prophet chose Musab to be his "ambassador" to Yathrib to teach a small group of believers who had come to pledge allegiance to Islam and prepare Medina for the day of the great Hijrah.
Musab was preferred over older companions for he was closely related to the Prophet and was chosen because of his noble character, his fine manners and his remarkable intellect. He looked like the Prophet himself. His knowledge of the Quran and ability to recite it so movingly were parameters of importance.
Musab knew he was on a sacred mission. A mission to invite people to God and to the path of Islam; to prepare a bridgehead or a base for the young Muslim community.
He entered Medina as a guest of Saad ibn Zurarah of the Khazraj tribe. Together they went to people, to their homes and their gatherings, telling them about the Prophet, explaining Islam to them and reciting the Quran. Through the grace of God, many converted to Islam. This was especially pleasing to Musab on the one hand, but profoundly alarming to many Medina leaders on the other hand.
Musab was highly successful in his mission, and was able to influence many people of high rank in Medina, like Usayd ibn Khudayr, then Sad ibn Muadh, followed by a large number of their tribes. He did it in a cool inviting manner, recited the Quran and explaining Islam. "How beautiful are these words and how true! What does a person do if he wants to enter this religion?" they would say.
"Have a bath, purify thyself and your clothes. Then utter the testimonial of Truth (Shahaada), and learn to perform Salat,” he would answer.
Musab, the first ambassador of the Prophet, was thus remarkably successful. Men and women, young and old, powerful and meek accepted Islam at his hands. The way was being prepared for the great Hijrah. Yathrib was soon to become the center and the base for the Islamic State.
Less than a year after his arrival in Yathrib, Musab returned to Mecca. It was again in the season of pilgrimage. With him were seventy-five Muslims from Medina. Again at Aqabah they met the Prophet. There they solemnly undertook to defend the Prophet at all cost. Should they remain firm in their faith, their reward, said the Prophet, would be nothing less than Paradise.
From then on events moved swiftly. Shortly after the Pledge, the Prophet directed his persecuted followers to migrate to Yathrib (Medina) where the new Muslims or Ansaar (Helpers) had shown their willingness to give asylum and extend their protection to the afflicted Muslims.
Musab continued to play a major role in building the new community. In the Battle of Badr, Quraish prisoners of war were brought to the Prophet who assigned them to the custody of individual Muslims. "Treat them well," he instructed. Among the prisoners was Abu Aziz ibn Umayr, the brother of Musab. Abu Aziz related what happened: "I was among a group of Ansaar...Whenever they had lunch or dinner they would give me bread and dates to eat, in obedience to the Prophet's instructions to treat us well.
"My brother, Musab ibn Umayr, passed by me and said to the man from the Ansaar who was in charge of me:
'Tie him firmly... His mother is a woman of great wealth and maybe she would ransom him handsomely for you.'" Astonished, Abu Aziz turned to Musab and asked: "I am your brother, am I hearing right, is this your instruction about me?"
"This one is my brother, not you," answered him Musab, pointing to the guard, (thus affirming that in the battle between Iman and Kufr the bonds of faith were stronger than the ties of kinship).
At the Battle of Ohod, the Prophet called upon Musab, now well-known as Musab al-Khayr (the good and upright), to carry the Muslim standard. During the battle, the Prophet was in danger at one time, so Musab raised the standard high and shrieked loudly Allaahu Akbar. With the standard in one hand and his sword in the other, he plunged into Quraish forces notwithstanding the overwhelming odds against him. Wounded severely in his right arm, Musab was heard to repeat the words: "Muhammad is only a Messenger. Messengers have passed away before him," showing that however great his attachment was to the person of the Prophet, his struggle above all was for the sake of God and for making God’s word supreme. Wounded further, he repeated: "Muhammad is only a Messenger of God. Messengers have passed away before him." Once again. Musab was then hit by a spear. He fell and the standard fell.
It was over the body of Musab that the Prophet stood, with great emotion quoting the Quran,
“Among the believers are men who have been true to what they have pledged to God.” The Prophet then said: “The Messenger of God testifies that you are a martyr in the sight of God on the Day of Judgment.”
Then turning to the living companions around him he said: "O People! Visit them, Send peace on them for, by Him in whose hand is my soul, any Muslim who sends peace on them until the Day of Qiyamah, they would return the salutation of peace."
KHUTBA OF JUMU'AH
The Hereafter and the Fate of the Sinners
The following Khutba was delivered at the Islamic Education Center, Potomac MD by Maulana Akbarian. It may be used as a sample by any would-be Imam for Salat Al-Jumu'ah. Similar Khutbas will follow in the forthcoming Bulletins of Affiliation.
May I ask that we all hold to Taq’wa, which means piety and righteousness, and to revere Allah and obey His Divine Commands! Let us be aware of our eventuality and departure into the everlasting life. May Allah provide us all with the spirit of righteousness and obedience as best means for all of us.
The Holy Quran emphasizes that faith must not only be a prominent but also a permanent fixture in the life of believers throughout their lives. It says in Surah 2 (al-Baqarah), Ayah 285:
“The Messenger and the believers with him, believe in what has been revealed from his Lord:
Each believes in Allah, His angels, His books, and His messengers,
making no distinction between His Messengers.
They say: “We hear and obey, O Lord! We seek Thy forgiveness, and to You is the return.”
For sure Allah shall restore people to life and reward them for the good deeds and punish them for the bad deeds. Allah gives believers and people of devotion a purpose in life and designates the important priorities they need to focus on. In matters of faith, personal as well as family affairs, and public affairs too, Allah has laid out invaluable set of principles. As a matter of fact, we can check the pulse of our faith by objectively looking at the degree of influence Islam has on our daily lives and the lives of our families.
According to the Holy Quran oppression of any tyrant does not continue. In Surah 89 (al-Fajr), Ayahs 1-14, Allah informs us about ancient tyrannical nations such as Aad people and Thamud people; and also about Pharaoh the tyrant, and how through Allah’s power they were punished harshly then destroyed. These events show us the outcome of tyrants or arrogant powers. The Surah, therefore, reminds us of the trappings of tyranny and cautions us to take heed and be careful ourselves.
In the last part of the same Surah the discussion is about the hereafter and the frightful fate of the sinners and unbeliever. It presents a contrast to the lush rewards the believers will receive. Ayah from 6-14 of Surah al-Fajr contains meaningful oaths about the punishment of the transgressors of Aad, Thamud, and Pharaoh. As sinful bad people who did not believe in Allah, and in disobeying the Creator, they met their painful destiny, deservedly so. Their example was given to the disbelievers of Mecca, to understand their own status and to awaken them to believe.
“[O Muhammad] Are you aware of how your Lord has dealt with the people of Aad?”
Let us explain further. The term Tara ‘see’ in the Ayah means ‘consider or understand’. In this verse, the addressee was of course the Prophet (pbuh), but the warning was to all. The people of Aad lived with their Prophet Hood. They were mighty and strong in stature; and likewise they were considered as the frightful belligerent power in the area. Likewise they were advanced in their civilization, with lofty buildings in large cities, an unusual thing in those days. That is why in the next verse of the same Surah (al-Fajr), Ayah 7-8, Allah (swt) says:
“Iram, the many-pillared, the likes of which were not created in all the land?”
Thamud people were ancient, whose Prophet was Salih who guided them but repeatedly warned them of their belligerence and violence. Thamud lived in a land between Medina and Damascus, called Wadi al-Quraa. They too were relatively advanced in civilization, with comfortable houses and prosperous living, and eye catching lofty buildings. In similar manner Allah dealt with them severely for their insolence, belligerence, and corrupt way of life. They too became an example to others about their dismal fate.
As to the third group, Pharaoh is spoken about in the same Surah:
“...and with Pharaoh of the many stakes”
The meaning is put in the form of a question. God asks: “Did you see what Allah did to Pharaoh who was mighty, but tyrannized his people?
In conclusion, referring to the behavior of the three groups, meaning Aad, Thamud, and Pharaoh the Quran says:
“[It was they] who transgressed beyond bounds in their lands; and brought about great corruption therein”
Corruption, in the form of any tyranny, transgression, belligerence, cruelty and lust, were the result of their disobedience of the Almighty. Thus, disobedience leads to self-destruction sooner or later. In a meaningful, but in short sentence, the Surah points out to the agonizing punishment of these people, saying:
“Therefore your Lord let loose upon them a scourge of suffering.”
The last statement illustrates the deserved chastisements as cast on those people. Finally, as a warning to all people, the Holy Quran says in the Surah:
“Surely your Lord is ever on the watch.”
Briefly said this warns that nobody should think he could ever escape from the watchful eyes of the Almighty. It is a warning for man to beware and take heed. Man is under the authority and power of God, and whatever Allah Wills, He may administer the punishment if need be. This will be according to the measure of God’s justice. This reality is not related to any special time or place, for Allah is not confined to a particular group or a special era or time. Allah’s Power is over all transgressors, tyrants and sinners, always superseding them. Injustice cannot escape from the Will of Allah.
For the end of the 1st part of the Khutba, read Surah Al-Asr, take a short intermission, then start the 2nd part of the Khutba with a short Du’aa. In the present age man suffers a great deal because of weak morals, piety, and spirituality, despite his scientific and industrial advances. Man needs Taq’wa (Piety) in social life as well as in personal and family life. Unfortunately the dearth of Taq’wa and the failure to practice it leads to dreadful consequences. May Allah help us that justice, piety, and righteousness prevail! Holy Quran states that injustice will not endure.
The bashers of Islam are trying to undermine not only the glory but also the growth of Islam, mostly in the Western countries. They are hard at work to disseminate malice and falsehood about Islam. To identify all Muslims as terrorists is pure nonsense, as we all know. These accusations are false, since Islam from its very core is completely against terrorism. But we ourselves need to recognize the difference between terrorism versus defending the homeland, humanity, and freedom; as well as protecting the life of family members and property. Besides, it is a sacred responsibility of every Muslim to take a firm stand against any form of abuse of human rights. The Prophet (pbuh) said in a Hadith (Bihaar al-Anwaar, Vol.74, Page 339)
من أصبح لا یهتم بامور المسلمین فلیس بمسلم
“He who starts a morning not caring about affairs of the Muslims is hardly one of the Muslims”
Though malicious people try to impede or even destroy Islam, but in Surah 61 (al-Saff), Ayah 8 Allah assures us so eloquently:
“They aim to extinguish the light of Allah with what they utter;
but Allah has Willed to spread His light in its fullness;
The malicious detractors of Islam (no matter how hard they try) will fail, for Allah has promised so. In our current time, the enemies of Islam want to put out the light of Allah, destroy the truth, and Islam itself, but for sure they will fail. Again we mention that Allah has promised the believers of their success to reach out to others and distribute Islam all over.
We pray Allah to help all oppressed people around the world especially our sisters and brothers in the Muslim world.
Finally, let us read Surah Al-Nasr with a short Du’aa to close the Khutba.
KHUTBA OF JUMU’AH & PAMPHLETS
A book containing 40 Khutbas of Jumu’ah has been published; written and arranged by Dr Hashim. These Khutbas were delivered by Dr Akbarian in the IEC. The book comes in 258 pages, of highly educational value and is highly recommended. Cost $10.00+$3.00 for shipping=$13.00.
Also Pamphlets are available in 10-11 pages each, written about various Islamic subjects on an advanced level. They explain both the Shi'a and the Sunni approach to that subject, thus they are of value for distribution in mosques and other centers of learning.
Qurans with translation and commentary by Yusuf Ali are available by now. They are hard bound and in beautiful Medina script, for a total of $15.00 per copy, (this includes the $5.00 shipping charges).
To order, the prisoners should write to:
Quran Account Inc.
c/o A.S. Hashim, MD
6407 Tuckerman Lane
Rockville, MD 20852
Web Site on the Internet
A new web site is available on the internet, was published by Dr. Hashim on August 1, 2005.
The address is www.islamicbooks.info. It consists of the following:
Series of Islamic Books for Beginners
Madh’habs: A Shi’a Sunni Dialogue
Khutbas of Jumu’ah
PowerPoint Slide Shows
Material about Muharram and various subjects.
Many high caliber links: Sunni and Shi’a content
The site is user friendly, contains beginner, mid-level, and advanced material. The added links will give you advanced level information about Quran, Hadith, and numerous other subjects. English, as well as other languages. Material is suitable for research, writing articles, as well as general information about Islam. Visitors to this site so far have numbered 1,426, many of whom have made a number of visits each month.
FREE BOOKS TO PRISON LIBRARIES Chaplains asking for free Islamic books including Quran/s (Commentary by Yusuf Ali) to be used by the libraries of prisons should write to:
Quran Account Inc.
c/o A.S. Hashim, MD
6407 Tuckerman Lane
Rockville, MD 20852
IN WRITING YOUR LETTER
Please write your letter in Ink. Many letters come to us written in pencil (which are very hard to read). Write clearly, spaced every second line, in ink, and state what you want clearly. Make sure you write your address inside the letter too. This will remove any trouble in understanding your request.
ANSWERS TO MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
The following are correct answers to the multiple choice questions that appear in this issue of the Bulletin of Affiliation. Brothers and sisters do your own grading. Don't send the answers to anyone, please.
About MUHAMMAD Vol. II
IN ALLAH'S NAME, EVER GRACIOUS, EVER MERCIFUL
QUESTIONS ABOUTMuhammad vol. iI
With about 450 Meccan Muslims coming to Medina, effecting brotherhood proved indispensable. What is the value?
A Meccan Muslim to live with a Medanese Muslim.
Both will exchange Islamic knowledge.
Develop a lasting relationship + a and b.
Only temporary economic value + b.
Three dominating Jewish tribes in Medina were controlling the area financially along with other things. How did Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) deal with them?
A treaty on a short term basis.
A treaty of mutual defense and cooperation.
b above, on a lasting basis.
A treaty for intermarriage.
What was the size of the fighting forces at Badr encounter?
Muslims 300, Quraish 1000.
Muslims 313, Quraish 1200.
Muslims 313, Quraish 1000.
Muslims 323, Quraish 1000.
Describe the battle of Badr?
313 Muslims versus 1000 heavily armed disbelievers.
Quraish was dealt an astounding defeat, 85 killed, 70 prisoners + a.
b above but 70 killed, 11 out of 13 leaders killed.
a and c above.
How many leaders of Quraish were finished at the battle of Badr?
Of 14 leaders, 9 were finished by Ali.
Of 14 leaders, 11 were finished by Hamza and Ali + c.
Of 14 leaders, 11 were killed, among them was Bilal's master.
c above plus Abu Jahl, the Prophet's uncle.
When 24 years old, Ali (a.s.) had the honor of marrying an outstanding lady. What was her name, and who was she?
Fatima (a.s.), the daughter of Abu Bakr (r).
Fatima (a.s.), the oldest daughter of Muhammad (pbuh).
Fatima (a.s.), 21 years old, youngest daughter of the Prophet (pbuh).
c above, but less than 20 yrs. old.
Was the life of Muhammad (pbuh) endangered at Ohod as the tide of the battle of Ohod turned against the Muslims?
Yes, somewhat in danger.
Yes, much in danger.
Yes, gravely in danger.
No, not in danger.
What was the role of Ali (a.s.) in the latter part of the battle of Ohod?
Stick by and protect Muhammad (pbuh) to protect him.
Face four attacking groups aiming to kill the Prophet.
Killed leaders of the 4 attacking groups + a & b.
Challenge Abu Sufyan, kill him, then go after Hind.
What atrocities did Quraish do to the killed Muslims during the battle of Ohod?
Dismembered all the killed Muslims.
Made necklaces out of the cut ears and noses of the killed Muslims.
Mutilated the insides + chewed on the liver of Al-Hamza.
All the above.
In what proportion were the Muslims outnumbered during the battle of Ohod?
Being 700 against 3000, outnumbered 3 to 1.
4 to 1.
5 to 1.
Almost 4 l/2 to 1.
How did the Jewish Benu Nadheer try to kill Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), though they had a treaty with him?
Tried to kill the Prophet while negotiating with him.
Threw a large stone from top of a building, to fall at the site where Muhammad (pbuh) was to be sitting + a.
Used one of their agents to attack him in the dark.
By laying booby traps in his way + b.
What intrigue went on behind the Muslims during the Ditch affair?
Secret negotiations between the Jewish Benu Quraidha (who had treaty with Muhammad (pbuh) on the one hand, and Quraish the enemy on the other.
Negotiations, Muslims and four Jewish tribes + c.
Negotiations between Muslims and Benu Quraidha to dissuade Benu Quraidha from attacking the Muslims.
a and c above.
Amr ibn Abdwid was the hero of heroes at that time. Why?
Unbeatable master of the sword, arrogant, rude and selfish.
Reputed to have killed 1000 men in duels.
Feared by all pagans and most Muslims.
Well known for killing the brother of Heracleus, the Roman (Byzantine) Emperor.
What did the Muslims first do at Hudaibiya?
Negotiate with the Meccans through Uthman.
Take Hudaibiya as fortification.
Defend themselves against Khalid's force.
b and c above.
When Muslims at Hudaibiya suspected that Uthman (r) might have been killed, what did the Prophet (pbuh) do?
Take an oath with other Muslims under a tree.
To fight unto death in retaliation + a.
Negotiate by sending Omar (r).
Prepare the force to attack Mecca.
Hudaibiya treaty was mentioned in the Holy Quran. What benefits did it bring the Muslims?
Relative universal peace.
Freedom to spread Islam + a and c.
Meccan pagans who converted to Islam, but Muhammad (pbuh) couldn't accept them, harassed the route of merchandise of the Meccans and threatened their livelihood.
Let Muslims marry pagans + all above.
Who was disenchanted with Hudaibiya’s treaty, and why?
Omar (r) + b.
Treaty seemingly gave too much to the disbelievers.
Uthman (r) + b.
Ali (a.s.) and Uthman (r).
How many castles were at Khaybar fortifications?
Eight, all of them well fortified.
Five, one of them unusually strong.
c above, most of them well fortified.
What did the Prophet say the day before he gave the leadership to Ali (a.s.) at Khaybar?
"Tomorrow, I'll give the leadership to someone who loves God and His Messenger."
a above + "and God and His Messenger love him."
Tomorrow Ali will lead the Muslim force.
Ali and the Muslims with him will be victorious.
Who wanted to poison the Prophet at Khaybar?
A Jewish woman who lost two sons and husband at Khaybar.
a above but it was her father and husband.
It was her father and brother instead.
It was her husband and brother instead.
If the Islamic code is followed, will human relations reach the ideal level?
Hard, impossible to fully apply.
Hard, but ideal and can be reached.
Hard, that is why many people fail.
Hard, no one can reach it in America.
Through the treaty Muhammad (pbuh) had with Quraish, Muslims could go for Haj. How did the Meccans feel when the Muslims did the Haj the first time?
Awe, but envy.
Happiness if not jubilation.
Great discomfort and defeat.
a and c above.
Describe the engagement in Mu'ta.
A ferocious battle between Muslims and Romans.
Three Muslim leaders lost their lives successively.
Khalid Ibnil Waleed rescued the mission + a and b.
Ali (a.s.) was with them + a and b.
By breaking the treaty with Muhammad (pbuh), Quraish felt edgy. What did they do to prevent confrontation?
Fortified Mecca, they succeeded + b.
Abu Sufyan went to Medina to have an interview with Muhammad (pbuh).
b above + Abu Sufyan to apologize to Muhammad (pbuh).
b and c above + without success.
How could the Muslims keep the secret of their plans to conquer Mecca?
Only Muhammad (pbuh) and 20 companions knew of the plan.
None knew where the new confrontation was going to be.
b above + target mentioned as they left Medina.
No announcement was ever made.
The Muslim force to conquer Mecca was relatively huge. How could they surprise the Meccans without being detected?
Caution and speed.
Taking a detour route.
Not allowing anyone to precede them to Mecca.
None of the above.
What was the purpose of lighting the fires at the top of the mountains around Mecca when the Muslims were to conquer it?
Scare the Meccans and prevent war.
Feel warm and cook food + a.
To light up the skies in celebration + a.
Needed the fire + a.
How was Prophet Muhammad's feeling when the Muslims were conquering Mecca?
Most grateful to Almighty Allah.
Hoping the Meccans won't fight.
Joyful and happy now that the Meccans would soon be Muslim.
All the above.
Once Mecca was conquered, Muhammad's (pbuh) pardon of all the torturers and abusers of Muslims is regarded as most unique in the history of mankind. Why?
Too generous, only a Prophet could do it.
Too generous to be believed.
Should have taken them as prisoners.
Should have revenged.
Who said the Athan at the Ka'ba when the Muslims took over Mecca?
After Mecca was conquered, why did the Meccans convert to Islam?
Lecture Series: Under the leadership of Dr. Adil Awadh many meetings took place. They were well attended and enjoyed very much. Outstanding among them is the meeting whereby the new Ambassador of Iraq to the US has graced Darul Salam.
Excellency Samir Sumaidaie gave an eloquent speech, followed by numerous questions and very worthy comments. He outlined his mode of administration, his aspirations, and his resolve for serving the Iraqi people in the US. He explained the workings of the Embassy in face of dearth of employees at the present time, and the hope to increase their number in the near future.
He called on Iraqi to extend a helping hand, and to provide addresses of various Iraqi organizations to form a database, thus to meet with him at various occasions to coordinate the works ahead.
Under the Leadership of Nasser Al-Hajjaj Darul Salam hosted the Iraqi Cultural Attache. It was two weeks after the visit of the Ambassador that Darul Salam received the Cultural Attache of the Iraqi Embassy, Dr. Hadi Al-Khalili. He gave an impressive speech, followed by PowerPoint slide show of Iraqi hospitals, including much information about their workings at the present time, their needs, and their aspiration. He emphasized that the communication between the Iraqi specialists in the US and their counterpart in Iraq can be an escalating factor to improve the cultural and educational effort for Iraq. Khalili’s standing, understanding and coordinating capability was very impressive.
Numerous questions were raised and they were answered eloquently and satisfactorily.
Salat Al-Jumu’ah is conducted every Friday in Darul Salam. All are invited. The Khutbas are timely and quite relevant. The occasion also leads to needed communications and better understanding. Sometimes the occasion is followed by meetings needed to discuss an emerging matter requiring suggestions or solutions.
Unlike the Bible which contains 10 Commandments, the Holy Quran contains a little more than 300 Commandments أوامر. It is to be emphasized that of these 300 Commandments, 3 are in regard to Salat of Jumu’ah:
Hasten إسعوا to Friday Prayer,
Stop your daily activities وذروا ألبيع(selling, buying, or dealing with your livelihood), and
When prayer is finished then Resume إنتشروا في الأرض your activities and return to livelihood.
Widows and Orphans of Iraq
With so many women becoming widows overnight in Iraq, their grief aside, their need for help is overwhelming. Every new day ends up with up to 100 new Widow. It is not their fault, it is not their making, but they and their children are the victims of the most malicious terror befalling any country.
Darul Salam and Quran Account are calling on people to contribute to help these Widows and their Orphans. A network has been established to distribute material for help such as blankets, kerosene lamps, clothes, fans and other needs. This help goes to the needy in the south of Iraq. A number of good-hearted, benevolent, generously minded people have already contributed. May we ask you to be one of them now. Please give, yours will be tax deductible. Give to Quran Account or to Darul Salam with a note specifying Widows and Orphans.
The funds are distributed by a group of people in south of Iraq, who after distribution they send us a fairly detailed account of the distribution to the families receiving. It is good to see people who remember what the Quran says about the orphans and the needy, and they act upon that noble call and put it into practice. They help with their effort. May God bless them.
May Allah also reward the generous people who undertake on their shoulders sharing some of their money to help the orphans in Iraq, and may you all read Surah Al-Fatiha for the souls of their deceased.
ONE OF THE 99 SUBLIME ATTRIBUTES OF ALLAH
One sublime attribute of Allah (swt) appears in this issue of the Affiliation, and will continue to do so until all 99 are fully described.
Allah is the one who creates from nothing, creating at the same time the states, conditions, and sustenance of all that He has created. Allah establishes how, when, and where creation will take place. He creates in accordance with this order. Everything from the beginning to the end of the created existence has been established in goodness and wisdom. In accordance with the perfect order, everything follows the path it will follow. There are no accidents in the universe.
Allah (al-Khaliq) did not need the creation, nor does He receive any benefit from it. Perchance the reason for creation is that He may acknowledge His eternal will of greatness and power, and see His own beauty and perfection. For Allah says, "I was a hidden treasure. I loved to be known, so I created creation."
Allah existed. None existed with Him, yet there was nothing lacking or missing before He created the creation. When He created the universe, nothing was added, nor was anything diminished.
Man, the supreme creation, should know that "Allah has created all for man and man for Himself." All creation, and the order that it follows, is total beneficence and wisdom. One must find these benefits and this wisdom, use them, and feel the blessing of being a part of this creation which is a reflection of the Creator.
'Abd al-Khaliq is the one whom Allah has rendered able to do all in accordance with Allah's will.
HADITH OF THE PROPHET (pbuh):
Repulsive is he to Allah who chooses to live at the expense of others.
Truly, everyone of you is a guardian responsible for his charge: the Emir is the guardian over his people and responsible for them; the man is the master of his household and responsible for them. Indeed, all of you are guardians and answerable to your charges.
SAYINGS OF IMAM AL-ASKARI, the 11th Imam
The more righteous among people is the one who abstains when being in doubt. The higher in worship is the one who keeps vigilant toward his ritual obligations. The more temperate is the one who refrains from the Haram [the unlawful]. And the more diligent in Jihad is the one who avoids sins.