By John Marsden Elements of a Novel What happens: Plot Where/ When the story happens: Setting Who the story is about: Characters Why the story is being told (the message): Theme How the story is being told: Style Name: prediction

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Year 10 English

Extended Text Study


Tomorrow when the War Began



by John Marsden

Elements of a Novel

What happens: Plot

Where/ When the story happens: Setting

Who the story is about: Characters

Why the story is being told (the message): Theme

How the story is being told: Style

Name:………………………………………………

PREDICTION

One advertisement for TOMORROW WHEN THE WAR BEGAN states:


Hell isn’t only a place for the damned, sometimes it’s a place where the

saved take refuge … Seven teenagers take a trip to Hell. And seven come

back. To Hell”


TASK 1: DISCUSSION QUESTIONS


  • What do you think this statement means?

  • What could ‘Hell’ mean in this context?

  • Why do you think the story is entitled TOMORROW WHEN THE WAR BEGAN?

  • What does that make you think the book will be about?

  • Who do you think the story will be about?

  • What do you think the characters will be like?

  • What do you think will happen to them?

  • Where do you think the action will take place?

  • How do you think the novel will be written?

  • Who do you think will be telling the story?


TASK 2: STORY PYRAMID

Complete the three tasks below based on your reading of the novel:

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­__1__

______2______
___________3___________
_________________4_________________
______________________5______________________
___________________________6___________________________
_______________________________7_______________________________
__________________________________8__________________________________


A: On the pyramid above write:


  1. The name of one main character.




  1. Two words describing the character.




  1. Three words describing the setting of the story.




  1. Four words describing the complication (problem).




  1. Five words describing one event in the story.




  1. Six words describing a second event.




  1. Seven words describing a third event.




  1. Eight words describing the denouement (plot resolution).



B: Find quotes to support each of your choices. On the lines on the following page, write down the quotes (and page references) that support each of your answers 1-8.

C: Compare your pyramid with a friend’s. Check that each of you have quotes that are accurate and appropriate to your answers.


TASK 2(b): QUOTES FOR YOUR STORY PYRAMID (add page references)


  1. ________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

  1. ________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________



  1. ________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________



  1. ________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________



  1. ________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________



  1. ________________________________________________________________

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  1. ________________________________________________________________

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________________________________________________________________



  1. ________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________


TASK 3: CLOZE EXERCISE
Fill in the missing words from the word bank to complete the plot summary.
TOMORROW WHEN THE WAR BEGAN by John Marsden is the story of ………….. teenagers who go on a week-long ……………………….. trip into a secluded spot known as HELL. The camp site is in an inaccessible area where it is rumoured that an ex-murderer lived for years as a ……………… after he had supposedly murdered his wife and child.

The organisers of the camp are …………….. and Corrie; who invite ……..………, Ellie’s childhood friend and …………………….; ……………………., Corrie’s ………………………; and three other friends from ………………….: Robyn, who is an athletic netballer, and ………….. and ………., who live in the ………………...

On their return from the camp, the teenagers find that their world has changed. They immediately realise that something is very wrong. Their homes are ……………….., their families gone and their pets are …………. They figure out that the country had been invaded on ………………………………… Day, and that their families are probably held captive at the Wirrawee Showgrounds.

Although they do not know exactly what has happened, the group decides to resist the invaders and hope to be able to help their ………………….. They are shot at, they kill some of the enemy soldiers by blowing up a ride-on ……………. and they blow up the …………… on the highway leading out of town. Their lives are endangered and they retreat back to …………. using the camp as their base. There they organise themselves and make plans to survive the …………………., uncertain of their future.




WORD BANK

Lee Fi Kevin Homer Ellie

bridge lawnmower Hell invasion deserted

neighbour hermit school town Commemoration



seven boyfriend camping dead families

TASK 4: VOCABULARY DEFINITIONS

Use a dictionary to complete column B with definitions for the words in column A.


A: Vocabulary

B: Definitions

Invasion




Resistance




Undergrowth




Inaccessibility




Hermit




Commemoration




Independence




Feral




Survival




Sentry




Patriotic




Inconspicuous




Impenetrable




Surreptitious




Reconnaissance


Resilience





Manoeuvre




TASK 5: SENTENCE BUILDING
Use six of the words in the vocabulary exercise above to write sentences of your own that clearly show the meanings of your chosen words.
1.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________2.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________3.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________4.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________5.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________6.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

TASK 6: SENTENCE MATCHING
Match the following sentence fragments correctly.


  1. Ellie and Corrie are good friends

  2. Homer is a good leader

  3. Kevin is a well-built boy

  4. Fi is thought to be a bit strange


  5. Lee is an artistic boy from town

  6. Robyn is energetically competitive

  7. The only one allowed to drive the Landrover is Ellie



  1. since she is the best driver.

  2. who is very musical.

  3. but he is afraid of bugs.

  4. so enjoys a good challenge.

  5. although he is considered the class clown.

  6. because she has never eaten two-minute noodles before.

  7. who plan a camping trip with their friends.

a)_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ b)__________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ c)__________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ d)__________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ e)__________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________

f)__________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

g)__________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

TASK 7: SENTENCE JUMBLE
Rearrange these sentences into the correct sequence then write them accurately as a complete paragraph.

  • They were keeping together, moving through the garden, firing into anything that could have concealed a person: a bush, a barbecue pit, a compost heap.





  • A volley of gunfire interrupted us.




  • They’d probably seen enough of us to have an idea that we were empty handed, but they were still moving cautiously.




  • As we watched, trembling, we began to recognise their tactics.




  • We could see the flashes of fire from the guns.




  • It was frighteningly loud.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

(Check your paragraph with the one on page 87)

TASK 8: THEME MATCHING ACTIVITY
Some of the themes of the novel as shown in chapter 7 (pages 69-92) are listed in the table below. Complete the table by (i) finding the page references in that chapter for the examples below; (ii) matching the examples to the themes.

Themes / ideas


How are they shown?

Love

Corrie’s father’s fax note shows his love through his concern for his daughter (p.73 )



Leadership



Courage



Friendship



Horrors of war



Teamwork






  • At that moment only a bullet could have separated me from those two people. Suddenly they’d become my family” (p....)




  • Ellie leads the others into Mrs Alexander’s yard. She then gets them out of trouble by blowing up a lawn mower. (p....)




  • That’s it! I thought. I’ve done it! It was a dance of courage.” (p....)




  • All for one and one for all. Let’s go. The three musketeers” (p....)




  • Ellie and the others must blow up a lawn mower in 3 of the soldiers’ faces to escape them. (p....)

TASK 9: MATCHING PLOT EVENTS & THEME
Match the events to the theme (idea) it shows:

EVENT


THEME

Ellie and her friends return home from

Hell to find their families gone and pets

Dead


Love / courage / strength

Lee is shot in the leg and Robyn carries

him to safety




Sometimes you have to do terrible things for the sake of survival / leadership / teamwork

Ellie blows up the lawn-mower and kills

2 people



Courage / strength at a time when it is

needed / friendship / horrors of war



Corrie is shot and Kevin takes her to the

hospital, giving himself up to the enemy




Revenge / adventure / courage / strategic thinking

The gang blows up the main bridge out of Wirrawee


How quickly life can change / taking

things for granted





Choose one of the themes in the right-hand column and explain how the example(s) show that theme.

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


TASK 10: TIMELINE OF EVENTS

Arrange the following events in sequence on the timeline below. Match the letter of each event to the corresponding number:



  1. The group discovers Chris at his house.

  2. Ellie blows up a lawn-mower.

  3. Ellie discovers the hermit’s hut.

  4. Corrie gets shot.

  5. Chris falls asleep while on sentry.

  6. Ellie decides to go bush with her friends.

  7. The group blow up the bridge.

  8. Lee gets shot in the leg.

  9. Corrie’s house gets blown up.

  10. Eliie and some of the others see fighter jets pass over Hell without lights on.

autoshape 11

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

TASK 11: CHARACTER DESCRIPTION
Complete the following table with Ellie’s description of her friends in chapter 1


CHARACTER NAME

DESCRIPTION

SUPPORTING QUOTES

ELLIE








HOMER








CORRIE






ROBYN








KEVIN








LEE








FIONA (FI)








TASK 12: COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS
Read each chapter carefully then answer the questions that follow:
CHAPTER 1

1. What kind of story do you think Ellie is going to tell? ______________________________________________________________________________

2. What clues in the text have led you to this?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. Why do you think it will be difficult for her to tell this story?

______________________________________________________________________________

4. What kinds of emotions or feelings do you think might “get in the way”?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 2

1. What are the two special events happening the day after the teenagers leave for the bush?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. Who is the hermit and what is he supposed to have done?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. Do you think the hermit will be significant to this story? Why, why not?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 3

1. Who does Robyn think are the only people ever to have gone into Hell?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. Why does she think this?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. Why do you think the valley is called Hell?

______________________________________________________________________________

4. What picture of Kevin do we get in this chapter?

______________________________________________________________________________

5. What does Ellie liken Fi to?

______________________________________________________________________________

6. Why must the teenagers seem like visitors from hell to the wild things living in the clearing? How is this ironic?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


CHAPTER 4

1. What was especially peculiar about the planes that flew over Hell?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. What do you think might be the significance of this?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. Why do you think the planes were flying over Wirrawee?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 5

1. Why do you think Ellie and Lee feel uneasy just before their return to Wirrawee from the bush?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. What do you think will await the group back home?

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 6

1. What is the first sign that something is wrong at Ellie’s house?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. Who is the first person to realise what is happening?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. What is Ellie’s reaction to this?

______________________________________________________________________________

4. Why do you think Ellie reacts this way?

______________________________________________________________________________
CHAPTER 7

1. Which people in the group are starting to stand out as leaders?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. Is this surprising? Why or why not?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. What does Lee mean when he says “we might have to make some ugly choices”?

______________________________________________________________________________

4. How is Ellie’s image of Kevin changing in this chapter?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

5. How is Ellie “transformed” once she steps out from behind a tree near the Showgrounds?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 8

1. How does Ellie feel after the lawn mower incident?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. How does she think the others will react to her story once she tells it?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. How do they actually react? Why?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 9

1. Corrie and Ellie reminisce about how innocent they were in high school and even a few days ago. Why were they still innocent then? Why are they no longer innocent?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

2. Why, in Ellie’s opinion, is Cobler’s Bay and Wirrawee so important to the invaders?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. Why does Homer think splitting up is a good idea?

______________________________________________________________________________

4. Why do you think the invaders dropped a bomb on Corrie’s house?

______________________________________________________________________________


CHAPTER 10

1. Why does Homer insist on going on with the plan after Corrie’s house blows up? How does he convince Corrie that this is a good idea?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

2. Describe the strategy Homer and Ellie use to ensure their safety when riding their bikes into town. What does this show about how they are starting to think?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

3. Why is Ellie feeling more relaxed and confident now?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

4. Why do you think Mr Clement is reluctant to help Lee and Robyn? How would you react if you were in his position?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

5. What are the 2 different types of soldiers and how do they each treat the inhabitants of Wirrawee?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

6. What do you think happened to people who “tried to be heroes”?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

7. Why do you think Robyn had the strength to carry Lee?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

8. Who gives Lee injections? Why is this surprising?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

9. How has Homer changed in Ellie’s eyes since the invasion?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

10. Why have the group decided to use a big, noisy and conspicuous truck to rescue Lee? Whose idea is it?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 11

1. How does Ellie feel as she is waiting in the truck at the Council Depot?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. Where does her fear come from?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. What is Homer’s explanation for the need to swap cars at Chris Lang’s place?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

4. What does this show about the way he is thinking?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________
CHAPTER 12

1. Why is it so terrible that Chris falls asleep while on sentry duty?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. How does Ellie react?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. Why do you think she reacts this way?

______________________________________________________________________________

4. How does she feel about her reaction later?

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 13

1. According to what the teenagers hear on Corrie’s radio, why would America be best not to get involved in Australia’s struggle?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

2. Why is Australia being invaded?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. How are the prisoners being treated?

______________________________________________________________________________

4. What do Kevin and Robyn argue about?

______________________________________________________________________________

5. The group is starting to think about long term survival in Hell. What are some clues to this?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

6. What does the group decide they must do at this point?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 14

1. What reasons does Ellie give Lee for not wanting a relationship with him?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. What do you think are the real reasons?

______________________________________________________________________________
CHAPTER 15

1. What do Ellie and Lee find in the Hermit’s hut that the others don’t know about?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. According to the coroner’s report what are the two possible ways the Hermit’s family died? ______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

3. Which do you believe? Why?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


CHAPTER 16

1. What is the Hermit’s mother in law’s attitude toward him as seen in her letter?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. What does this suggest about the way in which the Hermit’s family actually died?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. What makes Ellie change her mind about Lee on the way back from the Hermit’s hut?

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 17

1. Why does Ellie feel uncomfortable with Chris bringing cigarettes and alcohol into Hell?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. Why do you think prisoners are sent to clean up the houses around town?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. What is meant by a “clean war”? Why are the invaders so intent on having a “clean war”?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

4. What happened to the soldiers involved in the lawnmower incident, according to Robyn? How does this make Ellie feel?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

5. What does Kevin want to bring into Hell by way of livestock?

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 18

1. What does Ellie find primarily attractive about Lee?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. Who is she attracted to physically?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. What are the group’s options according to Homer?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

4. What do they decide to do and why?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 19

1. What makes Ellie think the soldiers walking past them are professionals?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. What do the soldiers fire at in the bushes?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. What are some clues that the group is starting to think “more like soldiers”?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

4. What does Homer suggest they do when the group goes up to the Heron?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

5. What are his strategies to put his plan into action?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

6. Do you think the plan will work? What problems do you think they might encounter?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 20

1. Why is Ellie nervous about being paired with Fi?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. What is true courage according to Ellie?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. Were her concerns about Fi realised? Explain.

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

4. What is a clue that Fi’s relationship with Homer is becoming serious?

______________________________________________________________________________

5. What problems do Fi and Ellie encounter on their mission to bring the tanker to the appropriate place under the bridge? How do they deal with these problems?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 21

1. What is it that primarily attracts Fi to Homer?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. What are Fi’s intentions regarding Homer?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. Why does this surprise Ellie?

______________________________________________________________________________

4. How do Ellie and Fi feel as they are leaving the scene on their motorbikes?

______________________________________________________________________________

5. Why do you think the group decided to blow up the bridge?

______________________________________________________________________________

6. How is this exploit different from the other exploits the group has been on? (ie blowing up lawnmower, rescuing Lee, going into town to check things out…)

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 22

1. What do Ellie and the others see in Ellie’s shed when they ride up her driveway?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. What does Ellie compare this scene with? Why do you think she does this?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

3. What does Homer suggest the group does?

______________________________________________________________________________

4. What does Kevin decide to do?

______________________________________________________________________________

5. What does this reveal about him?

______________________________________________________________________________


EPILOGUE

1. What is Ellie’s concern about her story?

______________________________________________________________________________

2. How is her story the same as what the Hermit left in his box?

______________________________________________________________________________

3. How has Ellie’s view of Kevin changed from what she thought of him in the beginning?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

4. What do you think will happen to Corrie and Kevin?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

PLOT

[What happens in the story]
Exposition (beginning)

The presentation of the situation, setting and characters at the beginning of the novel
Suspense (rising action)

A growing awareness of the opposing forces in the plot developed through the interaction and conflicts between the characters (The things that happen to the characters in the story.)
Climax (turning point)

The point in the plot where all the minor crises culminate or come together
Resolution / Denouement (ending)

The gradual unravelling of the plot to reach a satisfying conclusion which answers the readers’ questions
TASK 13(a): INFORMATION TRANSFER TABLE

Complete the table with as many details of the various plot aspects as you can. Find a supporting quote for each aspect.


ASPECT

DETAILS

QUOTES

Exposition








Suspense








Climax







Resolution







TASK 13(b): INFORMATION TRANSFER TABLE

Using the information in the table on page 3, write a brief summary of the plot

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


CHARACTER

[Who the story is about]


  • The people in the story are either main characters or minor characters.



  • The main character is sometimes called the protagonist



  • We learn about the characters through:

    • What they say and do

    • What other characters say about them

    • How the writer describes them



  • Characters are important because they help relay the themes of the story

TASK 14: CHARACTER DESCRIPTION

Choose one important character and describe him/her in terms of the above criteria


NAME: ….……………

DESCRIPTION

SUPPORTING QUOTE

What he/she says or does






What others say about him / her







How the writer describes him / her







SETTING

  • The setting is where (place) the story takes place.





  • The setting is often when (time) the story takes place.




  • The setting is chosen for a special reason and may be as important as the theme (message) itself.




  • The setting of a story often contributes to the atmosphere of the novel. It often provides a backdrop to the action of the plot.




  • The setting is usually significant to the themes of the novel.



TASK 15: BRAINSTORMING
Write down as many details as you can about the way HELL is described in the first few chapters of the novel. Compare your brainstorm with a friend’s.

autoshape 8

TASK 16: EXPOSITORY WRITING

Use the details from your brainstorm above to describe the setting of the bush campsite and how you think it relates to an important idea in the novel.

The campsite Hell was ________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Hell was important to the idea of _________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


STYLE


  • Style deals with HOW:

      • the story is written (narrative structure)

      • the text achieves tension and climax

      • the text communicates its message.




  • Style includes LANGUAGE:

      • Is it simple / complex / humorous / imaginary / etc.

      • Does it use direct / reported speech

      • Are descriptive words used [emotive words / slang / cliché / formal expressions]

      • Is the writing literal or are figures of speech used

      • Are sentences long/complicated or short/simple




  • Style includes NARRATIVE PERSPECTIVE:

      • Who tells the story (first person / third person narrator)




  • Style includes ORGANISATION OF EVENTS / IDEAS

      • Chronologically: in the order events happened

      • View from the present: story begins and ends in the present, but takes place mostly in the past

      • Flashbacks: past events are briefly shown to explain what is happening in the present

      • Foreshadowing (Flash-forwards): we are briefly shown something which is still to happen

      • Cyclical: story begins and ends at the same point


TASK 17: DESCRIBING THE STYLE

Write down at least three points about the way the events in this novel are organised, using examples from the novel to support your description.


  1. ________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

  1. ________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________



  1. ________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________



THEME

[Why the story is being told- what message it has for us]


  • Theme refers to the central message that a novel contains. (The main ideas that the writer wants to convey to us)




  • The themes of a novel may be the writer’s view of society, of personal relationships, or of universal ideas.




  • Central characters are often presented as victims of fate, circumstances, society or their fellow human beings.


TASK 18: IDENTIFYING THEMES IN THE NOVEL


    • Write down any / all of the words that you could use to describe the feelings and emotions expressed in the novel you have studied.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



    • Write down the emotions the reading of the novel has aroused in you.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


    • The emotions and reactions you have identified (1) and experienced (2) are expressions of the themes in this novel. Sort your descriptions above and write down the most important themes in the novel.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

TASK 19: ANALYSING THEMES IN THE NOVEL



  • Why did the writer write this work – what important message or idea is he/she trying to convey?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________



  • How does the author achieve his/her intention, whether it be to explain, warn, influence, remind or teach the readers?

______________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




  • How well is the theme/themes connected to setting, plot, character, style, and method of narration?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________
TASK 20: THREE LEVEL GUIDE

Answer the following questions about the plot of TOMORROW WHEN THE WAR BEGAN

Level 1: (Write true or false beside the following statements. Be ready to support your answers by referring to the text.)

a) Ellie is an only child

b) The teenagers are the first humans to have entered the valley Hell

c) Ellie kills 2 soldiers by blowing up the lawn mower

d) The invaders are interested in taking over the whole of Australia

e) Chris’s parents have been captured

f) The prisoners are treated badly by the invaders

g) The invaders are Indonesian


Level 2: (Write true or false beside the following statements. Be prepared to give reasons for your answers)
a) Homer and Ellie are best friends

b) The invaders are evil

c) Ellie is the leader of the group

d) Ellie is not attracted to Lee

e) Fiona is weak

f) The group survived because they worked as a team

g) Every member of the group shows courage at some point

Level 3: (Circle the letters of the statements that you agree with. Be ready to give

reasons for your answers.)
a) John Marsden is against war

b) Invasions can sometimes be justified

c) Nobody would ever want to invade New Zealand

d) Middleclass New Zealanders and Australians take their lifestyle for granted

e) It is completely by chance of birth that some people live in wealth and others live in poverty

f) One should abide by human laws as much as possible under all circumstances



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