C. Douglas Sterner U. S. Army Medal of Honor Awards During the Civil War Compiled & Edited By



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Army Valor


U.S. Army


Recipients of The Medal of Honor

Civil War



1,198* Awards
(Includes Awards to 2 Civilians)

Compiled & Edited
By


C. Douglas Sterner


U.S. Army
Medal of Honor Awards
During the Civil War


Compiled & Edited
By


C. Douglas Sterner

Copyright © 2006 by HomeOfHeroes.com


All Rights Reserved

U.S. Army
Medal of Honor Recipients
Civil War


Adams, James F. (POW)

Private, U.S. Army

Company D, 1st West Virginia Cavalry

Date of Action: November 12, 1864


Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to James F. Adams, Private, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on November 12, 1864, while serving with the Company D, 1st West Virginia Cavalry, in action at Ninevah, Virginia, in the capture of State flag of 14th Virginia Cavalry (Confederate States of America).


  • Date of Issue: November 12, 1864

Born: 8/26/1844 at Cabell County, West Virginia

Home Town: Ceredo, West Virginia

Adams, John Gregory Bishop

Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army

Company I, 19th Massachusetts Infantry

Date of Action: December 13, 1862



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to John Gregory Bishop Adams, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on December 13, 1862, while serving with Company I, 19th Massachusetts Infantry in action at Fredericksburg, Virginia. Second Lieutenant Adams seized the two colors from the hands of a corporal and a lieutenant as they fell mortally wounded, and with a color in each hand advanced across the field to a point where the regiment was reformed on those colors.



  • Date of Issue: December 16, 1896

Born: 10/6/1841 at Groveland, Massachusetts

Home Town: West Newbury, Massachusetts

Alber, Frederick

Private, U.S. Army

Company A, 17th Michigan Infantry

Date of Action: May 12, 1864


Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Frederick Alber, Private, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on May 12, 1864, while serving with Company A, 17th Michigan Infantry, in action at Spotsylvania, Virginia. Private Alber bravely rescued Lieutenant Charles H. Todd of his regiment who had been captured by a party of Confederates by shooting down one, knocking over another with the butt of his musket, and taking them both prisoners.


  • Date of Issue: July 30, 1896

Born: 6/28/1838 at Germany

Home Town: Manchester, Michigan

Albert, Christian

Private, U.S. Army

Company G, 47th Ohio Infantry

Date of Action: May 22, 1863



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Christian Albert, Private, U.S. Army, for gallantry in the charge of the volunteer storming party, on May 22, 1863, while serving with Company G, 47th Ohio Infantry, in action at Vicksburg, MS



  • Date of Issue: August 10, 1895

Born: 5/1/1833 at Cincinnati, Ohio

Home Town: Cincinnati, Ohio

Allen, Abner Peeler

Corporal, U.S. Army

Company K, 39th Illinois Infantry

Date of Action: April 02, 1865



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Abner Peeler Allen, Corporal, U.S. Army, for gallantry as Color Bearer in the assault on Fort Gregg on April 02, 1865, while serving with Company K, 39th Illinois Infantry.



  • Date of Issue: May 12, 1865

Born: 10/9/1839 at Woodford County, Illinois

Home Town: Bloomington, Illinois

Allen, James

Private, U.S. Army

Company F, 16th New York Infantry

Date of Action: September 14, 1862


Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to James Allen, Private, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action at South Mountain, Maryland, 14 September 1862, while serving with Company F, 16th New York Infantry. Single-handed and slightly wounded Private Allen accosted a squad of 14 Confederate soldiers bearing the colors of the 16th Georgia Infantry (Confederate States of America). By an imaginary ruse he secured their surrender and kept them at bay when the regimental commander discovered him and rode away for assistance.


  • Date of Issue: September 11, 1890

Born: 5/5/1843 at Ireland

Home Town: Potsdam, New York


Allen, Nathaniel M.

Corporal, U.S. Army

Company B, 1st Massachusetts Infantry

Date of Action: July 02, 1863



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Nathaniel M. Allen, Corporal, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on July 02, 1863, while serving with Company B, 1st Massachusetts Infantry, in action at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. When his regiment was falling back, this soldier, bearing the national color, returned in the face of the enemy's fire, pulled the regimental flag from under the body of its bearer, who had fallen, saved the flag from capture, and brought both colors off the field.



  • Date of Issue: July 2, 1899

Born: 4/29/1840 at Boston, Massachusetts

Home Town: Boston, Massachusetts

Ames, Adelbert

First Lieutenant (Field Artillery), U.S. Army

Griffith's Battery, 5th U.S. Artillery

Date of Action: July 21, 1861


Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Adelbert Ames, First Lieutenant (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on July 21, 1861, while serving with 5th U.S. Artillery, in action at Bull Run, Virginia. First Lieutenant Ames remained upon the field in command of a section of Griffin's Battery, directing its fire after being severely wounded and refusing to leave the field until too weak to sit upon the caisson where he had been placed by men of his command.


  • Date of Issue: June 22, 1894

Born: 10/31/1835 at Rockland, Maine

Home Town: Rockland, Maine



Adelbert Ames graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, Class of May, 1861. After the Civil War he served as Governor of Mississippi from 1868 - 70 and as Senator from Mississippi from 1870 to 1874. During the Spanish American War he continued to serve as a General in the US Army.

Ammerman, Robert Wesley

Private, U.S. Army

Company B, 148th Pennsylvania Infantry

Date of Action: May 12, 1864

Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Robert Wesley Ammerman, Private, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on May 12, 1864, while serving with Company B, 148th Pennsylvania Infantry, in action at Spotsylvania, Virginia, for capture of battle flag of 8th North Carolina (Confederate States of America), being one of the foremost in the assault.



  • Date of Issue: January 31, 1865

Born: at Centre County, Pennsylvania

Home Town: Milesburg, Pennsylvania

Anderson, Bruce

Private, U.S. Army

Company K, 142d New York Infantry

Date of Action: January 15, 1865


Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Bruce Anderson, Private, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on January 15, 1865, while serving with Company K, 142d New York Infantry, in action at Fort Fisher, North Carolina. Private Anderson voluntarily advanced with the head of the column and cut down the palisading.


  • Date of Issue: December 28, 1914

Born: 6/19/1845 at Mexico City, Mexico

Home Town: Albany, New York

Anderson, Charles W.

Private, U.S. Army

1st New York Cavalry (Lincoln)

Date of Action: March 02, 1865



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Charles W. Anderson, Private, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on March 02, 1865, while serving with 1st New York Cavalry (Lincoln), in action at New Orleans, Louisiana, for the capture of unknown Confederate flag.



  • Date of Issue: March 26, 1865

Born: 3/15/1844 at Baltimore, Louisiana

Home Town: Winchester, Virginia

Anderson, Everett W.

Sergeant, U.S. Army

Company M, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry

Date of Action: January 14, 1864



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Everett W. Anderson, Sergeant, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on January 14, 1864, while serving with Company M, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry, in action at Crosby's Creek, Tennessee. Sergeant Anderson captured, single-handed, Confederate Brigadier General Robert B. Vance during a charge upon the enemy.



  • Date of Issue: December 3, 1894

Born: 7/12/1839 at Phoenixville, Pennsylvania

Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Anderson, Frederick Charles

Private, U.S. Army

Company A, 18th Massachusetts Infantry

Date of Action: August 21, 1864


Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Frederick Charles Anderson, Private, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on August 21, 1864, while serving with Company A, 18th Massachusetts Infantry, in action at Weldon Railroad, Virginia, for the capture of battle flag of 27th South Carolina (Confederate States of America) and the Color Bearer.



  • Date of Issue: December 3, 1894

Born: 3/24/1842 at Boston, Massachusetts

Home Town: Dedham, Massachusetts

Anderson, Marion T.

Captain, U.S. Army

Company D, 51st Indiana Infantry

Date of Action: December 16, 1864



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Marion T. Anderson, Captain, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on December 16, 1864, while serving with Company D, 51st Indiana Infantry, in action at Nashville, Tennessee. Captain Anderson led his regiment over five lines of the enemy's works, where he fell, severely wounded.



  • Date of Issue: September 1, 1893

Born: 11/13/1839 at Decatur County, Indiana

Home Town: Kokomo, Indiana

Anderson, Peter T.

Private, U.S. Army

Company B, 31st Wisconsin Infantry

Date of Action: March 19, 1865


Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Peter T. Anderson, Private, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on March 19, 1865, while serving with Company B, 31st Wisconsin Infantry, in action at Bentonville, North Carolina. Entirely unassisted, Private Anderson brought from the field an abandoned piece of artillery and saved the gun from falling into the hands of the enemy.


  • Date of Issue: June 16, 1865

Born: 9/4/1847 at Darlington, Wisconsin

Home Town: Wiota, Wisconsin

Anderson, Thomas

Corporal, U.S. Army

Company I, 1st West Virginia Cavalry

Date of Action: April 08, 1865



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Thomas Anderson, Corporal, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on April 08, 1865, while serving with Company I, 1st West Virginia Cavalry, in action at Appomattox Station, Virginia, for the capture of a Confederate flag.



  • Date of Issue: May 3, 1865

Born: 7/12/1841 at Scenery Hill, Pennsylvania

Home Town: Wheeling, West Virginia

Apple, Andrew O.

Corporal, U.S. Army

Company I, 12th West Virginia Infantry

Date of Action: April 02, 1865



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Andrew O. Apple, Corporal, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on April 02, 1865, while serving with Company I, 12th West Virginia Infantry, in action at Petersburg, Virginia, for conspicuous gallantry as Color Bearer in the assault on Fort Gregg.



  • Date of Issue: May 12, 1865

Born: at Northampton, Pennsylvania

Home Town: New Manchester, West Virginia

Appleton, William H.

First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army

Company H, 4th U.S. Colored Infantry

Date of Action: June 15, 1864 and September 29, 1864


Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to William H. Appleton, First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism while serving with Company H, 4th U.S. Colored Infantry. First Lieutenant Appleton was the first man of the Eighteenth Corps to enter the enemy's works at Petersburg, Virginia 15 June 1864. Also for valiant service in a desperate assault at New Market Heights, Virginia inspiring the Union troops by his example of steady courage, on September 29, 1864.



  • Date of Issue: February 18, 1891

Born: 3/24/1843 at Chichester, New Hampshire

Home Town: Portsmouth, New Hampshire

Archer, James W.

First Lieutenant and Adjutant, U.S. Army

59th Indiana Infantry

Date of Action: October 04, 1862



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to James W. Archer, First Lieutenant and Adjutant, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on October 04, 1862, while serving with 59th Indiana Infantry, in action at Corinth, Mississippi. First Lieutenant Archer voluntarily took command of another regiment, with the consent of one or more of his seniors, who were present, rallied the command and led it in the assault.



  • Date of Issue: August 2, 1897

Born: 9/6/1828 at Edgar County, Illinois

Home Town: Spencer, Indiana

*Archer, Lester

Sergeant, U.S. Army

Company E, 96th New York Infantry

Date of Action: September 29, 1864


Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Lester Archer, Sergeant, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on September 29, 1864, while serving with Company E, 96th New York Infantry, in action at Fort Harrison, Virginia, for gallantry in placing the colors of his regiment on the fort.


  • Date of Issue: April 6, 1865

Born: at Fort Ann, New York

Home Town: Plattsburgh, New York

Archinal, William J. (POW)

Corporal, U.S. Army

Company I, 30th Ohio Infantry

Date of Action: May 22, 1863



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to William J. Archinal, Corporal, U.S. Army, for gallantry in the charge of the volunteer storming party on May 22, 1863, while serving with Company I, 30th Ohio Infantry, in action at Vicksburg, Mississippi.



  • Date of Issue: July 10, 1894

Born: 6/3/1840 at Felsburg, Germany

Home Town: Canaldover, Ohio

Armstrong, Clinton Lycurgus

Private, U.S. Army

Company D, 83d Indiana Infantry

Date of Action: May 22, 1863



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Clinton Lycurgus Armstrong, Private, U.S. Army, for gallantry in the charge of the volunteer storming party on May 22, 1863, while serving with Company D, 83d Indiana Infantry, in action at Vicksburg, Mississippi.



  • Date of Issue: August 15, 1894

Born: 3/3/1844 at Franklin, Indiana

Home Town: Indianapolis, Indiana

Arnold, Abraham Kerns

Captain, U.S. Army

5th U.S. Cavalry

Date of Action: May 10, 1864


Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Abraham Kerns Arnold, Captain, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on May 10, 1864, while serving with 5th U.S. Cavalry, in action at Davenport Bridge, Virginia. By a gallant charge against a superior force of the enemy, Captain Arnold extricated his command from a perilous position in which it had been ordered.


  • Date of Issue: September 1, 1893

Born: 3/24/1837 at Bedford, Pennsylvania

Home Town: Bedford, Pennsylvania



Abraham Arnold graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, Class of 1859. He was the brother-in-law of Medal of Honor recipient Samuel Benjamin, a classmate at West Point who graduated in 1861.

Avery, William B.

Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army

1st New York Marine Artillery

Date of Action: June 05, 1862

Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to William B. Avery, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on June 05, 1862, while serving with 1st New York Marine Artillery, in action at Tranter's Creek, North Carolina. Second Lieutenant Avery handled his battery with greatest coolness amidst the hottest fire.



  • Date of Issue: September 2, 1893

Born: 9/10/1840 at Providence, Rhode Island

Home Town: Providence, Rhode Island

Ayers, David

Sergeant, U.S. Army

Company A, 57th Ohio Infantry

Date of Action: May 22, 1863



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to David Ayers, Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in the charge of the volunteer storming party on May 22, 1863, while serving with Company A, 57th Ohio Infantry, in action at Vicksburg, Mississippi.


  • Date of Issue: April 13, 1894


Born: 4/29/1841 at Kalida, Ohio

Home Town: Upper Sandusky, Ohio

Ayers, John G. K.

Private, U.S. Army

Company H, 8th Missouri Infantry

Date of Action: May 22, 1863



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to John G. K. Ayers, Private, U.S. Army, for gallantry in the charge of the volunteer storming party on May 22, 1863, while serving with Company H, 8th Missouri Infantry, in action at Vicksburg, Mississippi.



  • Date of Issue: August 31, 1895

Born: 10/30/1837 at Washtenaw County, Michigan

Home Town: Pekin, Illinois

Babcock, William J.

Sergeant, U.S. Army

2d Rhode Island Infantry

Date of Action: April 02, 1865



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to William J. Babcock, Sergeant, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on April 02, 1865, while serving with 2d Rhode Island Infantry, in action at Petersburg, Virginia. Sergeant Babcock planted the flag upon the parapet while the enemy still occupied the line; was the first of his regiment to enter the works.



  • Date of Issue: March 2, 1895

Born: 4/8/1841 at Griswold, Connecticut

Home Town: Kingston, Rhode Island

*Bacon, Elijah William

Private, U.S. Army

Company F, 14th Connecticut Infantry

Date of Action: July 03, 1863


Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Elijah William Bacon, Private, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on July 03, 1863, while serving with Company F, 14th Connecticut Infantry, in action at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, for capture of flag of 16th North Carolina regiment (Confederate States of America).


  • Date of Issue: December 1, 1864

Born: at Burlington, Connecticut

Home Town: New Britain, Connecticut

Baird, Absalom

Brigadier General, U.S. Army

U.S. Volunteers

Date of Action: September 01, 1864



Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Absalom Baird, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on September 01, 1864, while serving with U.S. Volunteers, in action at Jonesboro, Georgia. Brigadier General Baird voluntarily led a detached brigade in an assault upon the enemy's works.



  • Date of Issue: April 22, 1896

Born: 8/20/1824 at Washington, Pennsylvania

Home Town: Washington, Pennsylvania



Absalom Baird graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, Class of 1849

Baldwin, Frank Dwight

(First Award)

Captain, U.S. Army

Company D, 19th Michigan Infantry

Date of Action: July 12, 1864


Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Frank Dwight Baldwin, Captain, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action on July 12, 1864, at Peach Tree Creek, Georgia, while serving with Company D, 19th Michigan Infantry. Captain Baldwin led his company in a countercharge, under a galling fire ahead of his own men, and singly entered the enemy's line, capturing and bringing back two commissioned officers, fully armed, besides a guidon of a Georgia regiment.


  • Date of Issue: December 3, 1891

Born: 6/26/1842 at Manchester, Michigan

Home Town: Constantine, Michigan

Other Award: 2d Medal of Honor (Indian Campaigns)

This was the first of TWO Medal of Honor actions by Frank Baldwin, netting him the distinction of being one of the 19 double recipients of the award. His second Medal of Honor action occurred ten years later during the Indian Campaigns, when his valor and leadership lead to the dramatic rescue of two girls. During World War I Frank Baldwin served as the Colorado Adjutant General in command of the National Guard.

Ballen, Frederick A.

Private, U.S. Army

Company B, 47th Ohio Infantry

Date of Action: May 03, 1863

Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to Frederick A. Ballen, Private, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on May 03, 1863, while serving with Company B, 47th Ohio Infantry, in action at Vicksburg, Mississippi. Private Ballen was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and two barges loaded with subsistence stores.



  • Date of Issue: November 6, 1908

Born: 8/11/1843 at Germany

Home Town: Adrian, Michigan

Banks, George Lovell

Sergeant, U.S. Army

Company C, 15th Indiana Infantry

Date of Action: November 25, 1863


Citation:

The Medal of Honor is presented to George Lovell Banks, Sergeant, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism on November 25, 1863, while serving with Company C, 15th Indiana Infantry, in action at Missionary Ridge, Tennessee. As Color Bearer, Sergeant Banks led his regiment in the assault, and, though wounded, carried the flag forward to the enemy's works, where he was again wounded. In a brigade of eight regiments this flag was the first planted on the parapet.


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