SPRING 2009 CATALOGUE Welcome to Carolyn’s Shade Gardens, a nursery specializing in perennial flowering plants that thrive without full sun and a two-acre ornamental garden open for tours. Plants are chosen to suit all types of shady areas with an emphasis on the many showy and colorful flowers that flourish in full shade. I offer an especially good selection of hellebores, unusual bulbs, pulmonarias, hostas, ferns, phlox, and hardy geraniums. I also list a wide selection of hard-to-find native plants.
When you visit my nursery, you can tour my production and display beds where I grow plants completely organically in the ground. The display beds allow visitors to see the well-labeled plants in a variety of landscape settings. All my perennials are low maintenance: I never fertilize or spray (except for deer) and rarely water. Every plant on my list flourishes in the Delaware Valley area on my low maintenance regime.
The Spring 2009 Catalogue describes this season’s selections, including almost 300 offerings. Most plants are in 6 to 6.5” pots, a size much larger than you would receive through the mail. (I reuse pots so feel free to drop off my empties as well as similar pots from other sources--no pots larger than 7.5” diameter please. I also reuse cardboard boxes.)
I sell most of my plants at four spring and two fall open houses. Each open house is staffed by knowledgeable plant fanatics (thanks everyone) who can help you make choices suited to your particular landscape conditions. The open houses are social occasions for meeting friends and fellow gardeners, touring my gardens to get ideas, and buying plants.
Finally, many thanks to my loyal customers for their continued business and referrals. My business grows through referrals so please forward this email with my catalogue to all your gardening friends. Please consider recommending Carolyn’s Shade Gardens to your garden club or horticultural organization. If you wish to be added to my customer email list, just send me your email address and phone number.
I look forward to showing you my garden!
Carolyn’s Shade Gardens will open onMarch 16, 2009
2009 Spring Open Houses
Saturdays from 10 am to 3 pm
(rain or shine) A full selection of plants is available at each open house, but the following plants
will be featured:
Winter-blooming Shade Plants
Hellebores, Unusual Bulbs, Pulmonarias
Early Spring-blooming Shade Plants
Corydalis, Phlox, Lamium, Primroses
Spring-blooming Shade Plants
Hostas, Ferns, Hardy Geraniums
Summer and Fall-blooming Shade Plants
Toad-lily, Lobelia, Japanese Anemone, Ligularia, Turtlehead
Other ways to purchase plants:
email and tell me when you or your group would like to shop--I am open by appointment and self-guided group tours are free of charge (for garden viewing only, please come during an open house)
email an order—I will let you know which plants are currently available
schedule a guided tour for your gardening group (I look forward to hosting the Garden Club of Bala Cynwyd on April 21, the Mason-Dixon Chapter of the North American Rock Garden Society on April 25, the Morris Arboretum on April 29, and the Warrington Garden Club on May 6)
Directions: Going east (turn right off 476) or west on Route 30 towards Bryn Mawr, turn south on Roberts Rd at the traffic light by Kelly’s Restaurant; cross Conestoga Rd at the light; go 7/10 of a mile to the driveway on the left just past the black mailbox with #325 on it; park in the middle of the nursery area; if you don’t see me, go down the stairs to the right to the front door. For open houses only, park on Robinhood Rd just past my driveway on the right.
All plants are guaranteed to be true to name as labeled and healthy when they leave the nursery. Full refunds will be given for any plants that don’t meet these conditions if they are returned within two weeks of sale. Because I can’t control environmental aspects after sale, I do not guarantee that any specific plant will thrive in any specific environment. However, please don’t hesitate to discuss with me any problems you may encounter.
Paper Copies: Copies of the plant list are available at the nursery. If you wish to print it yourself, it is 10 pages long in print layout.
Pictures: If you want to see what a plant looks like, go to www.google.com, type in the Latin name of the plant including cultivar name, click images, and then click search images. You will usually find a wide selection of photographs of your requested plant.
Pricing: This plant list is intended as a reference resource. Specific pricing is available by email or when visiting the nursery.
Bear’s breeches’ 2’ long sculptural leaves and striking 3’ flower stalks provide a bold look in the garden. A. mollis has glossy, deeply lobed leaves and rosy-purple flowers. A. spinosus has thistle like leaves and purple and white blooms.
Ajuga reptans ‘Metallica’ Ajuga
S-FSH 6” average to wet soil, groundcover
A dense mat of glossy, dark purple leaves sprouts showy blue flower spikes in May and June. Evergreen leaves turn a beautiful shiny purple with pink veins in fall.
These late-blooming beauties are extremely floriferous with dozens of large, single to double flowers--in shades ranging from deep rose to white--held high above the leaves. You can count on a beautiful display from late August into November. One of my favorites!
Anemone nemorosa cultivars
European Wood Anemone
PSH-FSH 2-4” woodland conditions
European wood anemone forms dense colonies of ferny leaves in woodland sites. In April, ‘Alba Plena’ has pure white, double flowers, ‘Allenii’ has large blue flowers, ‘Bractiata’ has very unusual fringed white flowers with green and blue streaks, and A. ranunculoides has yellow flowers. Rarely available for sale. Summer dormant.
Anemone sylvestris Snowdrop Anemone
PSH 12” well-drained, organic soil
Fragrant white flowers first bloom in April and May and then rebloom sporadically from August to late November. The dark green, finely cut leaves are attractive all season.
Aquilegia alpina & A. a. ‘Alba’ Alpine Columbine
S-PSH 1-2’ easy
The beautiful, dark blue or white (‘Alba’) flowers cover a long season from spring through summer. The attractive, light green leaves should be cut back in summer to produce lush new growth through late fall. Self-sows.
Aquilegia canadensis & cultivar Wild Columbine
PSH-FSH 15-36” well-drained soil
Wild columbine’s yellow flowers with scarlet spurs consistently attract hummingbirds to my garden from April through June. ‘Little Lanterns’ is a compact version of the species. Great native!
Aquilegia chrysantha Golden Columbine
S-PSH 2’ easy but short-lived
Golden columbine is a vigorous species that blooms for at least 2 months with many tall spikes of huge, long-spurred, golden yellow flowers. Native to U.S.
Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-Pulpit
PSH-FSH 12-36” tough woodland plant
Introducing field-grown, native jack-in-the-pulpits from Hoods in the Woods in Stockton, NJ. Variable in form from all green to purple highlights on the stem to highly desirable purple-striped spathes. Native.
Arum italicum cultivars Italian Arum
S-FSH 12-18” easy
‘Pictum’ is a wonderful plant with practically year- round interest from leaves, flowers, and fruit. The arrow-shaped, evergreen leaves, which emerge in fall and last through winter, are dark glossy green marbled with silver. The flower, a light green spathe (like a jack-in-the-pulpit), is followed by bright red berries. An elegant addition to the shady border--people can’t pass mine without commenting on their beauty. ‘Tiny Tot’ is a rare miniature with distinct markings (must be special ordered). Summer dormant.
Aruncus aethusifolius Dwarf Goatsbeard
PSH-FSH 12” average to dry soil
I grow this plant as much for its finely cut, ferny leaves as for the delicate white plumes that cover it from late May to early July. The leaves turn a beautiful yellow in fall and nicely set off the orange seedheads.
Aruncus dioicus Goatsbeard
PSH-FSH 4-6’ slow to establish
Goatsbeard performs more like a shrub in the garden, sending up huge, creamy-white, feathery plumes in early summer. The ferny, compound leaves provide excellent texture and remain attractive all season. Native.
ASARUM: Wild-gingers are a wonderfully elegant accent plant for the shade garden and an excellent slowly spreading groundcover. Plant in PSH-FSH and well-drained, organic soil.
A. canadense (Wild), 6”, gray-green, heart-shaped leaves, excellent groundcover, native.
A. europaeum (European), 3”, shiny, round leaves, evergreen.
A. splendens (Chinese), 6”, silver-splashed leaves.
New A. shuttleworthii (Shuttleworth’s), 6”, rounded rich green leaves with silver markings, drought tolerant, native.
Aster cordifolius Blue Wood Aster
PSH-FSH 2-3’ average to dry soil
Blue wood aster produces a beautiful blue haze in the fall. Use it as a specimen to cover up tired hosta or for naturalizing in dry woods. The gray-green leaves have attractive purple highlights. Native.
Astilbe cultivars Astilbe
PSH 18-24” average to wet soil
Astilbes are great all-purpose shade plants. My cultivars have snow-white (‘Deutschland’), rose (‘Hennie Graafland’), and ruby red (‘Red Sentinel’) plumes in May and June. Other cultivars will also be available.
Astilbe chinensis & ‘Pumila’ Chinese Astilbe
PSH 12-24” takes heat and drought
Chinese astilbe extends the astilbe palette by doing well in hotter conditions and blooming later. It sends up raspberry plumes in July and August, which form long-lasting ornamental seedheads. Its attractive, dark green leaves are mat-forming. ‘Pumila’ is a dwarf form.
Begonia grandis & B. g. ‘Alba’ Hardy Begonia
PSH-FSH 2-3’ average to moist soil
Hardy begonia is the ultimate shade plant. It has pink or white (‘Alba’), begonia-like flowers from August through October surrounded by silver-speckled leaves with red highlights. The seedheads are also pink and, along with the red stems, remain ornamental into late November. It does not come up until May.
Bellevalia pycnantha Bellevalia
S-FSH 8-12” moist soil in spring
Bellevalia’s striking flowers resemble a dark, blue-black grape-hyacinth and are nicely set off by its deep green leaves. It flowers in late spring and is summer dormant.
Brunnera macrophylla & cultivars Brunnera
PSH-FSH 12-18” average to dry soil
Grow brunnera for its beautiful blue forget-me-not flowers in April and May and its large heart-shaped leaves. It is very tough and thrives in my woodland. I also offer a selection of the bestvariegated cultivars including ‘Jack Frost’, ‘Looking Glass’, ‘Variegata’, ‘Langtrees’, and ‘Dawson’s White’.
Korean Feather-reed Grass
PSH 20” leaves/4’ flowers average to moist soil
One of the few flowering grasses that does well in part shade, Korean feather-reed grass produces many delicate blush-colored plumes from September to November. Its graceful arching leaves and clump-forming habit make it a suitable specimen plant.
Camassia leichtlinii cultivars Camassia
S-FSH 2-3’ adaptable to clay soil
Camassia is one of the most striking and admired plants in my woodland. In May, it produces an upright stalk loaded with starry slate blue (‘Coerulea’) or double white (‘Semiplena’) flowers held well above its elegant, vase-shaped leaves. Summer dormant. Native.
CAMPANULA: Great plants for edges, rock gardens, or walls, bellflowers are covered with hundreds of lavender-blue blooms in late spring through early summer. Grow in S to PSH, spreading.
C. ‘Blue Waterfalls’, 4-8”, cascading habit, produces abundance of flowers.
C. g. ‘Dickson’s Gold’, 4”, beautiful gold leaves, needs afternoon shade.
C. poscharskyana, 4-8”, spreads to form mat, very reliable, I have seen it thriving in almost full shade.
Carex cultivars Native Sedge PSH-FSH 10-24” easy
I have recently discovered how well native sedges do in my tough woodland conditions and the beautiful colors they add. ‘Bunny Blue’ has wide silvery blue leaves that remain ornamental for most of the winter. ‘Oehme’ has gold-edged green leaves and an unusual form resembling a miniature palm tree. Native.
New Ceratostigma plumbaginoides Plumbago
S-almost FSH 9-12” easy, groundcover
Plumbago weaves through all the sunny and shady beds on the front side of my house, taking over from the spring bulbs as they fade. Mid-summer through fall, brilliant blue flowers top the bright green leaves, which turn deep red in autumn—a striking groundcover.
Chasmanthium latifolium Northern Sea Oats
S-FSH 3’ easy, self-sows
This shade-loving ornamental grass is grown for its beautiful oat-like spikes, which form in July on delicately arching stems and remain attractive until the following spring. Great orange fall color and excellent winter interest. Native.
Chelone lyonii ‘Hot Lips’ Pink Turtlehead
PSH 2-4’ average to wet soil
One of the most beautiful sights in my fall garden is the pink turtlehead in bloom. The shiny, dark green leaves set off the tubular pink blooms perfectly. Pale green seedpods are quite ornamental into November. Native.
New Chionodoxa forbesii Glory-of-the-Snow
S-FSH 5-8” easy
Winterthur has beautiful naturalized masses of glory-of-the-snow in its woodlands, and my patch is spreading nicely under my star magnolia. In early spring, upward-facing, starry sky blue flowers with a white center cover the ground. ‘Pink Giant’ is a very vigorous pink-flowered form. Summer dormant.
Cimicifuga (Actaea) cultivars Autumn Snakeroot
PSH-FSH 3’ leaves/5’ flowers organic soil
More like a shrub than a perennial, autumn snakeroot creates a dramatic effect in the fall woodland garden with its purple leaves, 1’ long creamy-white flowers on 5’ stems, and beautiful fragrance.
NewConvallaria majalis cultivarsLily-of-the-valley
PSH-FSH 6-8” easy to grow
I finally have enough of these two rare lily-of-the-valleys to offer some for sale. ‘Rosea’ has pink flowers and green leaves, and ‘Albostriata’ has white flowers and striking yellow-striped leaves.
CORYDALIS: Corydalis are ideal shade plants. They all grow in PSH to FSH and well-drained to dry soil (although they seem to grow everywhere in my garden). They are very long-blooming and have beautiful leaves that often remain ornamental through winter.
C. cheilanthifolia (Fern-leafed Corydalis), 10”, bright yellow flowers in spring and ferny, bronze leaves.
C. lutea (Yellow Corydalis), 15”, fragrant yellow flowers all season and blue-green, finely divided leaves.
C. ochroleuca (White Corydalis), 15”, long-blooming white flowers and delicate, blue-gray leaves.
C. solida ‘Beth Evans’, 6”, striking pink tubular flowers above glaucous ferny leaves, reliable, summer dormant, very rare.
New C. solida ‘George P. Baker’, 6”, eye-catching bright coral red flowers over feathery leaves, summer dormant, very rare.
C. tashorii, 18-24”, arching, ferny, powder blue leaves and many pale yellow flowers in spring.
CYCLAMEN: The flowers and leaves of hardy cyclamen look exactly like miniature florist cyclamen. The unusual leaves come up in late summer and are round and dark green with elegant silver markings. Hardy cyclamen are ornamental through winter and disappear during summer. They grow in PSH to FSH and very well-drained soil (even between roots).
C. coum, pink flowers in spring.
C. hederifolium, pink flowers in fall.
Dicentra eximia & hybrids Wild Bleeding-heart
PSH-FSH 12-18” well-drained soil
Wild bleeding-heart flowers nonstop from April to November. The blooms are pink, and the gray-green leaves are fine-textured and ferny. Native. ‘Luxuriant’ and ‘King of Hearts’ are vigorous hybrids with very substantial dark pink flowers.
Dicentra spectabilis & cultivars Bleeding-heart
PSH-FSH 2-3’ tolerant of many conditions
In May and June, bleeding-heartproduces arching wands of pink and white or pure white (‘Alba’) heart-shaped flowers. With its shrub-like stature, it is breathtaking in full bloom. Its blue-gray, bright green (‘Alba’), or golden (‘Gold Heart’) leaves and fine texture provide a beautiful background.
Digitalis cultivars Common Foxglove
PSH 3-4’ easy, self-sowing biennial
Although it’s a biennial, this foxglove is so stunning and comes back so reliably that I have included it on my list. Each stalk reaches up to 4’ in height and is loaded with tubular pink, cream, or white flowers with darker speckled interiors. A wonderful accent plant for your May to July border. To keep it going, you must allow its seeds to ripen and drop to form next year’s plants. New Disporum sessile ‘Variegatum’
Variegated Japanese Fairy Bells
PSH-FSH 12-18” easy, spreading
You have been asking for this plant for years, and I finally have enough to sell. It looks like a dark green and white striped Solomon’s seal with elegant pendent flowers. Spreads to form colonies even in dry shade.
Doronicum pardalianches Leopard’s Bane
PSH-FSH 24-30” biennial woodland plant
Unlike other leopard’s banes, this species produces seedlings to return reliably year after year in my woodland. Very clean fuzzy green leaves are topped by cheerful yellow daisies in mid-spring in full shade. Excellent for naturalizing under trees, very rare.
EPIMEDIUM: Epimediums are great for dry shade and make very effective groundcovers. They are also beautiful front-of-the-border specimens for early spring. Their heart-shaped, evergreen leaves provide four-season interest, including lovely fall color. PSH-FSH, well-drained to dry soil.
E. x perralchicum ‘Frohnleiten’, 12”, very bright yellow flowers and beautiful uniform evergreen leaves.
E. x rubrum, 10”, crimson flowers with white spurs and attractive red-highlighted leaves.
E. x versicolor ‘Sulphureum’, 12”, yellow and white flowers that look like miniature daffodils and glossy, red-highlighted leaves.
E. x youngianum ‘Niveum’, 10”, pure white flowers, strong grower with refined habit.
E. x youngianum ‘Roseum’, 10”, pink flowers, refined habit.
Erythronium ‘Pagoda’ Dogtooth-violet
PSH-FSH 10-12” average to moist soil
Every year I add a few more groups of ‘Pagoda’ to my woodland. In spring, each plant bears 5-10 elegant, nodding, yellow, lily-like flowers held on slender stems above mottled, glossy green leaves. Summer dormant. Native.
EUPHORBIA: Wood spurge is evergreen and looks spectacular in my garden in winter. In late spring, the leathery leaves are topped by unusual yellow flowers with lime bracts. Great groundcover for difficult shade. Grow in S to almost FSH.
E. amygdaloides ‘Purpurea’, 12-18”, purple leaves and acid-yellow flowers April to June, better leaf color with more light.
E. a. var. robbiae, 12-18”, glossy deep green leaves and unusual chartreuse flowers.
Ferns are a staple of the shade garden and some of my favorite plants. For a great selection, visit my Fern Open House on Saturday, May 9, 10 am to 3 pm. Ferns like average to moist soil and PSH to FSH.
Adiantum pedatum (Maidenhair), 12-18”, lacy, blue-green fronds with an elegant, circular branching pattern held aloft by wiry black stems, native.
Arachniodes simplicior ‘Variegata’ (Variegated Holly), 1-3’, gorgeous (but not vigorous), dark green, shiny fronds with a yellow center stripe.
Athyrium x ‘Branford Rambler’ (Running Painted), 12-18”, bright green fern with beautiful red highlights, runs slowly to form effective groundcover.
Athyrium “Carolyn’s Shade”, 18”, a vigorous cross between Japanese painted and lady ferns occurring naturally in my garden.
Athyrium ‘Dre’s Dagger’ (Victorian Lady), 18-24”, remarkable dagger-like green fronds and an upright habit make this fern stand out in my woodland.
Athyrium felix-femina (Lady), 2-3’, bright green, forked and fringed fronds light up any shady corner, native.
Athyrium x ‘Ghost’ (Ghost), 18-24”, stunning silver-white fronds make this fern stand out in shade.
Athyrium niponicum ‘Pictum’ (Japanese Painted), 18-24”, gorgeous, purple-highlighted, silver fronds, one of my favorites, 2004 Perennial Plant of the Year.
Cyrtomium falcatum (Japanese Holly), 12-24”, very unusual glossy dark green fronds resembling holly, vase-shaped habit, drought tolerant.
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Hay-scented), 10-18”, fast-spreading mats of bright green fronds, native.
Dryopteris atrata (Shaggy Shield), 18-24”, dark green, lance-shaped fronds, evergreen.
Dryopteris x australis (Dixie Wood), 4-5’, very tall native hybrid with medium green fronds.
Osmunda cinnamomea (Cinnamon), 2-4’, tall and arching with elegant vase-shaped habit, native.
Osmunda regalis (Royal), 2-4’, unusual pale green, smooth fronds, stately upright habit, native.
Phyllitis scolopendrium (Hart’s Tongue), 8-16”, leathery, strap-shaped fronds up to 3” wide make an arresting upright mound, well-drained soil.
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas), 18-24”, excellent evergreen for the shade garden with glossy, dark green fronds year-round, native.
Polystichum polyblepharum (Tassel), 1-2’, glossy dark green fronds arching from crown, evergreen.
Filipendula ‘Kakome’ Dwarf Meadowsweet
S-PSH 12-15” average to moist soil
‘Kakome’ is a great alternative to its tall and often floppy parent. It has a very attractive bushy habit with bright green serrated and textured leaves topped by rosy pink flowers in mid to late summer. Native.
Fritillaria meleagris Checkered-lily
PSH-FSH 6-12” easy, self sows
A wonderful woodland plant, this easy fritillaria blooms in April and May with large, checkered, purple (or sometimes pure white) flowers. The nodding, bell-shaped blooms are an excellent companion for hellebores. Naturalizes. Summer dormant.
GALANTHUS: Snowdrops are naturalized throughout my garden, and I still can’t have enough. The wonderfully honey-scented, white flowers appear by the hundreds from January through March and are my personal signal that winter is ending. Great companion plant for hellebores. They grow in S to FSH. Summer dormant. Preorders recommended.
G. elwesii, 4-5”, giant white flowers with green inner segments and broad, glaucous leaves, naturalized throughout Winterthur.
New G. elwesii ‘Potter’s Prelude’, 4-5”, similar to the species but blooms November to January, free-flowering and vigorous cultivar, extremely rare.
G. nivalis, 6-8”, white flowers with green markings.
G. nivalis ‘Flore Pleno’, 3-4”, lovely double white.
G. nivalis ‘Viridi-apice’, 8-10”, white with prominent green markings inside and out, vigorous.
G. ‘White Dream’, 5-10”, beautiful white flowers complimented by a white stripe on the leaves, rare.
New G. woronowii, 4-6”, white flowers with green markings on the inner segments, glossy green leaves.
Galium odoratum Sweet Woodruff
PSH-FSH 6” average to dry soil
Sweet woodruff is an excellent groundcover for shady gardens. In April and May, fragrant white flowers cover the area. The glossy, whorled leaves provide a great understory for bulbs and perennials.
Hardy geraniums are a must for the late spring garden with a few cultivars flowering until frost. Beautiful and prolific flowers paired with sculptural and often colorful leaves make them standout as specimen plants. Fall color is an added bonus for many varieties. All the cultivars I offer are easily grown in S-PSH.
G. x cantabrigiense ‘Biokova’, 6-10”, white flowers with pink highlights in late spring, spreads to form groundcover, excellent red to orange fall color.
G. x cantabrigiense ‘Karmina’, 6-10”, carmine rose flowers in late spring, spreads to form groundcover, excellent red to orange fall color.
G. ‘Jolly Bee’, 24”, large violet flowers from spring to frost, deeply cut green leaves, very similar to ‘Rozanne’.
G. macrorrhizum ‘Album’, 12”, white flowers in spring, fragrant leaves with red fall color.
G. macrorrhizum ‘Bevan’s Variety’, 12”, deep pink flowers in spring, fragrant leaves with red fall color.
G. macrorrhizum ‘Ingwersens Variety’, 12”, pale pink flowers in spring, fragrant leaves with red fall color.
G. maculatum ‘Espresso’, 10-12”, lavender pink flowers in spring and chocolate leaves, very hardy, native to eastern U.S. woods.
G. phaeum ‘Samobor’, 18-24”, elegant dark maroon flowers in late spring, maroon variegated leaves.
G. phaeum ‘Springtime’, 18-24”, dark maroon flowers in late spring, maroon and white variegated leaves.
New Geranium pratense ‘Splish Splash’, 24”, white flowers, splashed with baby blue, bloom from late spring through summer with fall rebloom.
G. ‘Rozanne’, 15-18”, ever-blooming large violet blue flowers with striking white centers appear from late spring to frost, chosen as the 2008 Perennial Plant of the Year by the Perennial Plant Association.
G. sanguineum ‘Max Frei’, 6”, dark rose flowers late spring through summer, compact habit, red fall color.
Hakonechloa macra cultivars Hakone Grass
PSH-FSH 18-24” easy, winter interest
One of the best grasses for shade, Hakone grass forms an elegant, cascading mound that spreads very slowly by rhizomes. ‘Aureola’ has bright yellow leaves with thin light green stripes. ‘All Gold’ is shorter with solid gold leaves.
Hellebores are wonderful--their leaves are evergreen, their flowers are striking, they bloom in winter, their form is elegant, and deer don’t touch them. I offer both hybrid hellebores and species hellebores. Although the hybrids are better known, I find the species very exciting with an amazing variety of flowers and foliage. Judge for yourself at my Hellebore Open House on Saturday, March 28, 10 am to 3 pm, when you see my display beds in all their glory!!!
CULTURE: Hellebores are some of the toughest plants in my garden, thriving in every location I try (even cracks in the pavement), but if you want to spoil them, plant them in almost S to FSH and give them good drainage and plenty of organic matter.
HYBRID HELLEBORES: Their large, nodding white, cream, yellow, pink, red, blue, purple, lime-green or spotted flowers opening in February and remaining ornamental for many months make the hybrids the showiest and most popular of the hellebores. Their unique multi-part leaves are shiny dark evergreen and last until new growth in spring. They are very easy to grow. I planted mine by the front steps so the early flowers can brighten cold winter days. One of the most noticed plants in my garden. No wonder the Perennial Plant Association chose them as the 2005 Perennial Plant of the Year. [Note: To be absolutely sure of flower color, you must buy blooming plants, which are generally 3-5 years old.]
“Carolyn’s Select”: my own mature, blooming plants, selected by color, priced by quality and size.
“Echo Hollow White”: especially vigorous, white-flowering plants given to me by my wonderful friend Dee and named after her farm, sold in bloom.
New “Immanence Collection”: plants grown from seed and selected for more erect flowers; 80% true to color; ‘Courage’ red flowers, ‘Empathy’ pink flowers, ‘Optimism’, black-red with yellow center, ‘Solace’ white flowers with red spots, and ‘Sympathy’ pink flowers with red spots; mature plants.
“Lady Series”: plants grown from seed selected by flower color, 80% true to color, ‘Blue Lady, Metallic Blue Lady, Pink Lady, Red Lady, White Lady, & Yellow Lady’.
SPECIES HELLEBORES: The hybrids are only part of the hellebore story--there are 15 species hellebores that are highly desirable plants. I offer the 10 (plus 4 crosses) described below. Preorders recommended.Helleborus argutifolius (Corsican Hellebore), 18-24”, large clusters of exotic, pale green and yellow flowers in spring; beautiful, evergreen foliage is glossy gray and marbled with ivory; distinctive fringe surrounds the stiff, three-part leaves; site to protect from winter winds; takes sun.
H. cyclophyllus (Grecian Hellebore), 12-15”, fragrant flowers bloom in abundance in late winter and are a showy golden green, sold in bloom.
H. dumetorum, 8-12”, wonderful smaller hellebore with starry green flowers and narrow feathery leaves, sold in bloom.
H. dumetorum subsp. atrorubens, 12-15”, from Arrowhead Alpines, dark rose flowers, sold in bloom.
H. x ericsmithii ‘Silvermoon’, 12”, cross combining the best characteristics of three species (Corsican, Christmas rose, and H. lividus); red stems, silvery marbled leaves, and large white, outward-facing flowers make this a rare and desirable hellebore, vegetatively propagated, vigorous in the garden.
H. foetidus (Bearsfoot Hellebore), 18-24”, one of the most unusual and desirable plants in my garden; spidery, completely evergreen leaves are topped by showy pale green flower buds in November; chartreuse buds and then flowers are ornamental throughout winter and on into May; has the effect of a miniature rhododendron in the garden!
Helleborus x ‘Ivory Prince’: vigorous species cross (Christmas rose, H. x nigercors, and H. x ericsmithii) with gorgeous dusty-rose buds followed by beautiful outward-facing ivory flowers over silver-marked leaves with burgundy highlights—be sure to see it in my garden.
H. multifidus (Lacy Hellebore), 15”, toothed leaves cut into many segments, creating a lovely, lacy effect; attractive yellow-green flowers, sold in bloom.
H. niger ‘Praecox’ (Christmas Rose), 12”, striking plant for winter interest, early-blooming Christmas rose, multitude of bright white outward-facing flowers, vigorous and very floriferous cultivar.
H. x nigercors ‘Honeyhill Joy’, 12”, a cross between Christmas rose and Corsican hellebore; vegetatively propagated; copious large, outward-facing, white flowers; unusually handsome, glossy, dark green leaves, very robust grower, rare.
H. odorus (Fragrant Hellebore), 18”, fragrant, lime-green flowers in late winter and stiff, silvery leaves, sold in bloom.
H. orientalis subsp. abchasicus (Lenten Rose), 18”, this is the true Lenten rose, not a hybrid; subspecies characterized by red-tinted flowers often spotted with purple nectaries, very rare, sold in bloom.
H. purpurascens (Purple Hellebore), 12”, gorgeous cup-shaped flowers of smoky plum, very early blooming, deciduous.
H. x sternii ‘Hot Flash’, 18-24”, a Corsican and H. lividus cross, with pink flushed flowers and silvery marbled, green leaves with red veins and stems--very showy and easy to grow, protect from winter winds.
H. viridis (Green Hellebore), 12”, earliest and longest flowering hellebore with true green flowers, sold in bloom.
New Hepatica species Liverwort
PSH-FSH 6” woodland conditions
Hepatica is a treasured native plant that grows naturally in dry woodlands. In early spring, Hepatica acutiloba (Sharp-lobed Hepatica) has pale lilac to pink flowers atop unusual, three-lobed, pointy leaves. Hepatica americana (Round-lobed Hepatica) has pinkish blue flowers and three-lobed leaves with rounded tips. Native.
New Heuchera cultivars Coral Bells
PSH-FSH 12” drought tolerant
I offer an assortment of the best of the many coral bells selected for their amazing leaf colors, including ‘Caramel’, ‘Crème Brulee’, ‘Citronelle’, ‘Frosted Violet’, ‘Georgia Peach’, ‘Key Lime Pie’,‘Lime Rickey’, ‘Obsidian’, ‘Peach Flambé’, ‘Peach Melba’, ‘Plum Pudding’, ‘Stormy Seas’, and ‘Tiramisu’.
Hostas are easy and reliable. They come in thousands of sizes and colors to suit all garden designs. I carry a representative sample of economically priced cultivars as well as some choice specimens for connoisseurs. PSH to FSH, summer blooming. They are described below by name, height, leaf color, and flower color if not lavender. For a great selection, don’t miss my Hosta Open House on Saturday, May 9, 10 am to 3pm. I always have new cultivars that are not listed here!
“Little” Hostas: There has been a lot of interest recently in smaller hostas, and I must admit I’m addicted. You can fit so many different cultivars in the miscellaneous nooks and crannies of your garden, and they’re so cute—perfect for the collector. I have decided to list these hostas separately as “little” hostas (I don’t want to offend hosta aficionados by calling a dwarf a miniature by mistake). The sizes are approximate. The inclusion of “Carolyn’s” indicates my own selection:
New ‘Blue Mouse Ears’: 6”, tight clump of round and cupped distinctly blue leaves, rubbery texture repels slugs, 2008 Hosta of the Year.
“Carolyn’s Chalkstripe”: 8”, small green hosta with a distinctive white stripe.
“Carolyn’s Gold”: 4”, small, rounded pure gold.
“Carolyn’s Little Nicky”: 6”, narrow blue leaves, graceful form.
“Carolyn’s Tiny Gold”: 3”, petite narrow gold leaves, very limited supply.
New ‘Elsley Runner’, 2”, green leaves--an even tinier selection from H. venusta.
New ‘Kifukurin Ko Mame’, 2”, petite undulating green leaves with white margins.
‘Lemon Lime’: 4-6”, yellow, lance-shaped leaves.
New ‘Little Wonder’, 5”, dark green leaves with creamy white edges streaking into the center, forms dense mound.
‘Rock Princess’: 1-2”, tiny green.
New ‘Twist of Lime’, 5”, bright guacamole green leaves with emerald green borders, elegant.
H. venusta: 2-3” miniature wavy green leaves.
New ‘Vera Verde’, 3”, twisted cream-edged, olive green leaves.
‘August Moon’: 20”, yellow leaves, white flowers.
‘Big Daddy’:24”, big blue, puckered leaves, white.
‘Blue Angel’: 2-3’, huge blue leaves, white flowers.
‘Blue Cadet’: 12”, blue, heart-shaped leaves.
“Carolyn’s Malex”: 10”, narrow yellow leaves.
‘Dream Queen’: 24”, a faster growing sport of ‘Great Expectations’, round blue leaves with yellow center stripe, white flowers.
f. ‘Aureo-marginata’: 18”, green with gold margin.
‘Fragrant Bouquet’: 20”, apple with yellow margin, fragrant white flowers in fall, 1998 Hosta of the Year.
‘Fragrant Dream’: 24”, dark green with cream margin, very fragrant near-white flowers in fall.
‘Ginko Craig’: 10”, dark green with a white edge.
‘Gold Drop’: 10”, chartreuse leaves, white flowers.
‘Golden Tiara’: 12”, green gold-margined leaf.
‘Great Expectations’: 30”, yellow leaves with blue and light green margins, white flowers, aristocratic.
‘Guacamole’: 2’, avocado with wide dark green edge, fragrant flowers, stunning, 2002 Hosta of the Year.
‘Hadspen Blue’: 12”, substantial, heart-shaped, powder blue leaves.
‘Halcyon’: 15”, gorgeous sturdy blue leaves.
‘Honeybells’: 2’, green leaves, fragrant flowers.
‘Inniswood’: 24”, bright gold textured leaves with wide green margin.
‘June’: 20”, thick gold leaves with blue and green margins, gorgeous, 2001 Hosta of the Year.
‘Kabitan’: 10”, narrow gold leaf with green edge.
‘Krossa Regal’: 2-3’, frosty blue leaves, upright habit.
H. montana ‘Aureomarginata’: 27”, huge wedge-shaped green leaves with irregular yellow margins, majestic vase-shaped habit.
‘Paul’s Glory’: 20”, gold heart-shaped leaves with blue-green streaked margin, spectacular specimen in my garden, 1999 Hosta of the Year.
H. plantaginea ‘Grandiflora’: 20”, glossy light green leaves, upright stalks of 10-15 pure white, lily-shaped flowers, each 5” x 3”, magnificently fragrant in fall!
‘Regal Splendor’: unbelievable specimen with cream edged frosted blue leaves, 2003 Hosta of the Year.
‘Remember Me’: 15”, a ‘June’ relative, striking cream-centered leaf with blue and green border, $2.50 per plant goes to the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation.
‘Roger’s Gift’: 10”, green with white margin.
‘Sagae’: 30”, frosty blue leaves with creamy yellow margins, vase-shaped habit, 2000 Hosta of the Year.
‘Serendipity’: 10”, blue, heart-shaped leaves.
‘Shade Fanfare’: 16”, chartreuse with gold edges.
H. sieboldiana ‘Frances Williams’: 2’, blue-green, puckered leaves with gold margins, white flowers.
‘Stained Glass’: 15”, brilliant, glossy gold leaves with dark green margins, near-white fragrant flowers, 2006 Hosta of the Year.
‘Sum & Substance’: 2-3’, immense gold leaves, beautiful specimen, 2004 Hosta of the Year.
H. tokudama ‘Aureonebulosa’: 12”, gold swirled, cup-shaped leaves with green margins, white flowers.
H. tokudama ‘Flavocircinalis’: 12”, gorgeous swirls of yellow, pale green, and blue, white flowers.
Hypericum St. John’s Wort
S-PSH 12” & 30” well-drained
H. calycinum has velvety, blue-green leaves topped with large exotic yellow flowers in early summer. Its creeping habit and winter green foliage make it a great groundcover. H. calycinum ‘Briggadoon’ adds striking gold leaves to an already desirable plant. H. androsaemum ‘Albury Purple’ has plum-colored leaves and bright yellow flowers followed by red berries. Use as a small shrub or plant in mass.
Iris cristata & ‘Alba’ Dwarf Crested Iris
PSH-FSH 6” well-drained soil
Dwarf crested iris spreads out to make a large patch of small sword-shaped fans. In May, dainty blue or white (‘Alba’) flowers with yellow crests cover the ground like a swarm of butterflies. A gorgeous specimen for small shade gardens. Native.
Iris versicolor Blue Flag
S-PSH 3’ average to wet soil
The perfect plant for edges of streams and ponds, blue flag will also prosper in average garden conditions. Its blue iris blooms are a wonderful vertical element in May and June and make excellent cut flowers. Native.
Lamiastrum galeobdolon ‘Herman’s Pride’
PSH-FSH 12” easy, non-spreading
‘Herman’s Pride’ forms a beautiful silver mound in the most difficult shade gardens. Its narrow, silver-flecked leaves are quite striking especially in combination with the yellow flowers in late spring. Well-behaved.
Lamium cultivars Lamium
S-PSH 8” easy
‘Shell Pink’ is my favorite because, from April into December, thousands of pink blossoms cover my patch. The dark green leaves with their elegant, silver center stripe show off the flowers to perfection and are ornamental through winter. I also like ‘Purple Dragon’ with solid silver leaves and deep purple flowers.
LIGULARIA: Ligularias are different--they are tall, they love FSH, they bloom in summer, and their leaves are big, bold, and tropical looking--a great contrast to dainty woodland plants. PSH-FSH, average to moist soil.
L. dentata ‘Desdemona’, 3’, orange-yellow daisies and huge, round, ruby-purple leaves.
L. stenocephala ‘The Rocket’, 4-5’, heart-shaped, fringed leaves are topped by exploding 5’ plumes of yellow flowers in summer.
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower
PSH-FSH 3-4’ average to wet soil
I’ll admit it, I love this plant. The many scarlet flowers on tall spikes open over a long period of time in summer and fall. They can be seen from a great distance and attract hummingbirds. The glossy, dark green leaves have red highlights and turn an unusual pink-red in fall. Naturalizes in moist areas. Native.
Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia
S-PSH 2-3’ easy
This lobelia has all the charms of Cardinal Flower but with blue flowers and lighter pure green leaves. It blooms slightly longer and takes more sun. Native.
Mertensia virginica Virginia Bluebells
PSH-FSH 20” organic soil
One of our best native wildflowers, Virginia bluebells have beautiful porcelain blue flowers in April and May. The unusual leaves come up dark purple, change to gray-green, and go dormant when it gets hot. Native.
MUSCARI: The ordinary grape-hyacinth is a beautiful plant for mid-spring interest, but its more unusual cousins really catch your eye in the shade garden. Grows 4-8” in S to FSH in any soil. Summer dormant.
M. armeniacum, cobalt blue, naturalizes.
M. aucheri ‘Blue Magic’, two-tone sky blue and cobalt.
New M. aucheri ‘Mount Hood’, royal blue flowers with snow-covered tops.
M. latifolium, two-tone pale and deep blue.
The more kinds of phlox I try, the more I want. You just can’t beat this genus for flowers, unsurpassable fragrance, and versatility—there’s a phlox for every cultural condition and every garden need—and they’re native. (Please note that mildew is only a concern with garden phlox, Phlox paniculata.)
Native Phlox for Sun to Part Shade: P. x ‘Chatahoochee’, 12”, very long-blooming from spring to summer, blue flowers with maroon eye.
P. divaricata (Wild Sweet William) 8-10”, blooms April to June, fragrant, semi-evergreen, spreading.
‘Blue Elf’: blue flowers, compact.
‘Laphammi’: lavender-blue flowers.
‘London Grove’: blue flowers.
‘May Breeze’: steel white flowers.
P. glaberrima ‘Morris Berd’ (Smooth Phlox), 18-24”, velvety pink flowers with silver highlights, late spring to early summer, magical!
Phlox x ‘Minnie Pearl’, 18-24”, blooms late spring well into summer, the multitude of bright white flowers and glossy green leaves make this an exciting new phlox.
P. paniculata (Garden Phlox), 3’, blooms late summer through fall, fragrant, attracts butterflies, mildew resistant cultivars, including ‘David’, ‘David’s Lavender’, ‘Blue Paradise’, ‘Laura’, ‘Nicky’, and ‘Starfire’.
Native Phlox for Part Shade to Full Shade:
Phlox stolonifera (Creeping Phlox), 3-6”, blooms from March to May, impermeable, evergreen leaves make an excellent groundcover, great for dry shade.
‘Blue Ridge’: blue flowers.
‘Bruce’s White’: white flowers yellow eye.
‘Pink Ridge’ & ‘Home Fires’: pink flowers.
‘Sherwood Purple’: purple flowers, vigorous
Polemonium reptans cultivars Jacob’s Ladder
PSH-FSH 12” easy
This beautiful woodland plant has many clusters of pure blue (‘Blue Pearl’) flowers in April and May followed by chartreuse seedpods so ornamental they are often mistaken for the blooms. The seedpods contrast nicely with the ferny, evergreen leaves. ‘Stairway to Heaven’ is a stunning variegated selection introduced by the New England Wildflower Society—to quote Dale Hendricks, “Imagine, a variegated polemonium that actually lives!!!” Native.
Polygonatum humile Dwarf Solomon’s Seal
PSH-FSH 6” easy
A tiny version of the regular Solomon’s seal with little white bells along arching green-leafed stalks. At Chanticleer, it spreads to make huge patches of solid groundcover that I covet for my own garden.
Polygonatum odor. ‘Variegatum’ Solomon’s Seal
PSH-FSH 18-24” easy
New shoots emerge ivory with red highlights. Later, the arching red stems hold soft green leaves edged in cream. In April and May, fragrant white bells hang below the leaves followed by blue-black fruit.
Primula japonica Japanese Primrose
PSH-FSH 20” average to wet soil, self-sows
The blossoms of Japanese primrose are whorled in 4 to 6 tiers held erect above the leaves. My plants have pink, magenta, or white flowers in May and June. The rosette of 6 to 10” long leaves is bright green.
Primula kisoana & P. k. ‘Alba’ Primrose
PSH-FSH 6-8” organic soil
This very rare primrose flowers in May and June with velvety rose-colored or white (‘Alba’) blooms over its unusual, fuzzy, lobed leaves. Naturalizes among the rocks along my woodland path. Preorders recommended.
Primula polyantha ‘Old Brick Reds’
PSH-FSH 6” average to moist soil
Red flowers with a yellow eye can appear as early as the end of March and last into May. The rosette of evergreen leaves is bright green and ornamental even in the depths of winter. This primrose is very easy to grow and multiplies rapidly.
New Primula sieboldii & cultivars
Japanese Woodland Primrose
PSH-FSH 12” easy, spreading
This foolproof primrose grows anywhere and sports numerous exquisite, filigreed deep pink (species), pink (‘Cover Girl’), lavender (“ex Heronswood”), white (‘Snowflake’), or white with pink edges and reverse (‘Isotaka’) flowers atop upright stems in mid-spring. Highly prized in Japan where there are over 500 different forms avidly collected by gardeners. Rare, summer dormant.
Primula veris English Cowslip
PSH-FSH 10” average to moist soil
The English cowslip is a lovely reliable primrose with upright stalks of nodding butter yellow flowers. I have had mine for years.
Pulmonarias have strikingly beautiful leaves all season long and usually well into winter, and deer don’t eat them. They bloom very early in the spring, just after the hellebores, and are sometimes still going in June. Their flowers are a rainbow of colors--white, shell pink, coral, raspberry, pale blue, deep blue. Most cultivars are 12-15” tall. PSH-FSH.
‘Benediction’, startling midnight blue flowers and very dark green leaves with few spots.
‘Blue Ensign’, dark blue flowers and forest green unspotted leaves.
“Carolyn’s Crosses”, seedling crosses of all my cultivars, each a unique and beautiful individual.
‘Diana Clare’, violet-blue flowers and narrow all silver leaves, holds up well in heat and drought.
‘Leopard’, soft pink flowers and dark green leaves dotted with huge silver spots.
P. longifolia ‘Bertram Anderson’, dark blue flowers and very narrow 12” long silver-spotted leaves.
P. longifolia subsp. cevennensis, blue flowers and extremely long, silver-spotted leaves.
‘Majeste’, compact sprays of pink and blue flowers and gorgeous almost solid silver leaves.
‘Roy Davidson’, powder blue flowers and narrow, elegantly speckled leaves.
P. rubra ‘Albocorollata’, rare, early blooming cultivar with pure white flowers and large bright green leaves.
P. rubra ‘Redstart’, early blooming coral flowers set off by elongated, lime-green leaves.
‘Trevi Fountain’, cobalt blue flowers and brightly spotted leaves, magnificent specimen.
Pulsatilla vulgaris Pasque Flower
S-PSH 8-12” very well-drained soil
Pasque flower’s finely divided, fleecy, silver-green leaves are almost as attractive as its large, silky, fringed purple flowers. It blooms in early spring and produces ornamental, feathery seed heads.
Puschkinia scilloides Striped-squill
S-FSH 4-6” easy $10
Another spring ephemeral for naturalizing in your shady woods, striped-squill has starry pale blue flowers with a dark blue center stripe massed in groups of 20 or more per stem. Enchanting in early spring and rarely seen in gardens, it thrives in my shrub border. Summer dormant.
SCILLA: Scilla or squill are very well-adapted to our climate and will naturalize freely in almost any soil and light conditions. S-FSH, summer dormant.
S. campanulata ‘Excelsior’ (Spanish Bluebells), 10-12”, multiple stalks of 10 to 30 sky blue bells in May, clumps increase rapidly, grows anywhere.
New S. campanulata ‘Queen of Pinks’ (Spanish Bluebells), 10-12”, identical to ‘Excelsior’ with pink flowers, vigorous.
S. mischtschenkoana (Tubergen Squill), 6-8”, starry pale blue flowers with an elegant blue center stripe in late winter, shiny bright green leaves.
S. siberica (Siberian Squill), 4-8”, nodding, startlingly intense blue flowers in very early spring.
S. siberica ‘Alba’ (Siberian Squill), 4-8”, nodding pure white flowers in very early spring.
Senecio aureus Golden Groundsel
PSH-FSH 12” easy, evergreen groundcover
Golden groundsel loves full shade! The large, leathery, dark green leaves have purple highlights and provide bold texture. In May and June, flower stalks loaded with fragrant, bright yellow blossoms shoot up above the leaves. Spreads quickly even in dry shade. Native.
Spiranthes odorata Fragrant Lady’s Tresses
S-PSH 12-18” grows best in moist soil
This native orchid grows perfectly well in average garden soil but thrives with some added moisture. From early fall to frost, long-lasting, fragrant white flowers spiral up the many flower spikes ringed at the base by the linear leaves. Native.
Stylophorum diphyllum Celandine Poppy
PSH-FSH 8-10” easy
Celandine poppies really brighten up my woodland garden in April and May with their large, yellow flowers. Their finely cut leaves are attractive all season. They look great with Jacob’s ladder or Virginia bluebells. Native.
Tiarella cultivars Foamflower
PSH-FSH 12” organic soil
I offer a selection of the best of the many foamflowers, including my favorites, ‘Elizabeth Oliver’, ‘Lace Carpet’, ‘Oakleaf’, and T. wherryi. They all produce hundreds of fragrant, white to pale pink blooms from April to June. The leaves have distinctive red highlights in fall. Native.
TRADESCANTIA: Spiderworts are in vogue and breeders have responded with some outstanding selections. Easy to grow in S to PSH. Cut to the ground after bloom for fresh leaves and more flowers.
T. ‘Concord Grape’, 18”, rich purple flowers.
T. ‘Sweet Kate’, 18”, dark blue flowers with amazing gold leaves.
T. ‘Zwanenburg Blue’, 18”, large, sky blue flowers.
TRICYRTIS: Toad-lilies have many orchid-like flowers held aloft on upright to arching stems late summer through fall. Their unusual leaves are shiny and often spotted. They grow in PSH-FSH in average soil and are 18-24” tall.
‘Empress’, extra large red-spotted white flowers.
‘Hatatogisa’, very unusual violet-spotted blue flowers with white centers.
‘Lightning Strike’, green-striped gold leaves with lavender-spotted white flowers.
‘Miyazaki’, purple-spotted white flowers.
‘Samurai’, purple flowers with dark purple spots set off by gold-edged leaves.
‘Sinonome’, ruby-spotted white flowers, lovely arching habit, blooms through October.
‘Taipei Silk’, large purple, lilac, and white flowers with reddish spots.
TRILLIUM: Trilliums are the quintessential Eastern woodland wildflower. They bloom in mid-spring with three upright to reflexed colored petals set off by three triangular green sepals and three ruffly leaves. They spread slowly to form sizeable clumps if given organic soil and kept from drying out. PSH-FSH, summer dormant. Native.
New Trillium cuneatum (Whippoorwill Toadshade), 6-18”, variable flowers usually purple, strikingly variegated leaves, native.
T. recurvatum (Prairie Trillium), 6-18”, dark maroon, recurved flowers, dark green leaves with light green mottling, native to eastern North America.
New Veronica cultivars Creeping Speedwell
S-PSH 4-6” spreading groundcover
Semi-evergreen leaves with burgundy highlights in spring and fall spread to form a delicate groundcover that is excellent for edging beds. The long-flowering lavender-blue (‘Waterperry Blue’) or bright blue (‘Georgia Blue’) blooms appear from mid-spring into fall. Although the plastic tag says full sun, I grow mine in an east facing location under a Japanese maple.
VIOLA: I have a weakness for violets and have been collecting as many kinds as I can find in a variety of colors. They are easy to grow in any soil and often make a great groundcover, even under walnuts. PSH-FSH, 4-6”, self-sow.
V. labradorica (Labrador Violet), large flush of lavender flowers in spring, reblooms reliably until heavy frost, beautiful dark purple leaves, native to U.S.
V. riviniana—dark pink form (Common Dog Violet), clear pink flowers—very unusual, recommend preorder.
V. species (White Violet), pure white flowers, spreads quickly to form excellent groundcover, native.
V. species (Yellow Violet), bright yellow flowers, recommend preorder.