Cavite I. Accessibility



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CAVITE

I. ACCESSIBILITY


  • The main route is via the South Luzon Expressway ( SLEX ) with exit at Carmona that leads to the towns of Silang, Gen. Mariano Alvarez, Dasmarinas, Maragondon Ternate and cities of Trece Martirez and Tagaytay City;




  • Cavite can also be reached from Manila through Roxas Boulevard-Coastal Road going to towns of Bacoor, Imus, Kawit, Rosario, Tanza, Naic and Noveleta;




  • An alternate route is via Sta Rosa that leads to Tagaytay City and adjacent towns of Alfonso, Amadeo, Silang and Indang;




  • Public transport services are available during the day hours and early evening:




  • Buses like Saulog and St. Anthony going to Cavite have terminals in Vito Cruz cor Harrison Plaza and Park n Ride in Plaza Lawton in Manila:




  • Mini Buses going to the towns of Bacoor, Imus, Kawit, Noveleta, Rosario, Naic and Tanza are available from Baclaran in Parañaque;







  • Corregidor Island is accessible by fastcraft ferry located at Terminal 2, CCP Complex, Manila.


BRIEF DESCRIPTION

The province of Cavite abounds with historic sites and landmarks; museums, world class golf courses, outstanding gardens and facilities for leisure. It is the birthplace of a number of Filipino heroes and it has an interesting range of sites associated with the Philippine Revolution. Found in the province is the residence of the first president of the Republic, Gen Emilio Aguinaldo, which was also the site of the proclamation of independence from Spain on June 12, 1898.

Cavite teems with natural resources and unique landscapes. It is home to Tagaytay City, which is situated 2,500 feet above sea level and a popular summer and holiday destination. The highway drive offers a breathtaking sight of the world-famous Taal Volcano and Lake which is a crater within an island within a lake. Vegetation dot the ridges of Tagaytay with a wide range of accommodation establishments and restaurants for tourists to savor the pleasures of leisure and relaxation with a magnificent view of Taal Lake and Volcano.

II. HISTORY

Cavite got its name from the Filipino word Kawit, which means hook, owing to the hook-shaped mass of land recorded on the old Spanish maps. The land formerly known as Tangway was the site of a Spanish colonial fort on which the city of Cavite rose. Archeological evidence in coastal areas shows prehistoric settlements. According to historical records, the earliest settlers of Cavite came from Borneo. In the 1600s, encomiendas or Spanish royal land grants were given in the towns of Cavite, Ternate and Maragondon. Jesuit priests brought in settlers from Moluccas. These people known as Mardicas, settled in the above-named sites.


Other settlements grew during the Spanish era and by the turn of century, Cavite’s progressive towns were already trading with Manila and with one another. Traditional industries began to thrive as Manila’s commerce grew.
In 1872, Filipinos launched their rebellion against Spain. Three Filipino secular priests, Jose Burgos, Mariano Gomez and Jacinto Zamora, were implicated in the Cavite mutiny when 200 Filipinos struck the Spanish garrisons. On August 25, 1896, when the spark of a revolution against Spain broke out, Cavite became a bloody theater of the Philippine Revolution.

Led by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, Cavitenos made lighting raids on Spanish settlements and soon liberated the entire province of Cavite. Aguinaldo commanded the Revolution to its successful end, which preraged the proclamation of the first Republic in Asia, the Republic of the Philippines on June 12, 1898 in Kawit, Cavite.


III. BASIC FACTS





  • Total Land Area : 142,706 hectares

  • Population : 1,907,000 (NSO 2000)

  • Name of Municipalities Cities

  1. Alfonso 1. Cavite

  2. Amadeo 2. Trece Martires

  3. Bacoor 3. Tagaytay

  4. Carmona

  5. Dasmarinas

  6. Gen. Aguinaldo

  7. Gen. Alvarez

  8. Gen. Trias

  9. Imus

  10. Indang

  11. Kawit

  12. Magallanes

  13. Maragondon

  14. Mendez

  15. Naic

  16. Noveleta

  17. Rosario

  18. Silang

  19. Tanza

  20. Ternate




    • Capital : Imus







  • Climate

  • November to April - dry season

  • May to October - rainy season



IV. ATTRACTIONS





  • Historical



1. Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine

Kawit, Cavite



On June 12, 1989, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo of the Filipino revolutionary forces declared independence from Spanish rule on the balcony of his residence in Kawit, Cavite. The house is declared as a Shrine and houses the memorabilia dedicated to these historic events. In 1998, a park named Liwasang Aguinaldo was built in front of the house to celebrate the Centennial of Philippine Independence.


2. Gen. Baldomero Aguinaldo Shrine

Bisita, Binakayan, Kawit Cavite

Gen. Baldomero Aguinaldo was a cousin of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo and became his right-hand man. He was the president of the Magdalo Council that was established in Imus, Cavite. He was the First President of the Association de los Veteranos de la Revolucion Filipina.


3. Battle of Binakayan Monument


Governor’s Road, Kawit, Cavite
This was the site of a significant encounter between Spanish forces and Filipino revolutionaries from November 9-11, 1896 wherein hundreds of Spanish soldiers were killed. It was the most decisive battle of the revolution as it marked the first defeat of the Spanish forces and is commemorated as the first major victory of the Philippine Revolution.

4. Gen. Candido Tirona Monument


Poblacion, Kawit, Cavite
Gen. Candido Tirona, a trusted aide of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, was the first Capitan Municipal in the Philippines. He was instrumental, together with the revolutionaries in the successful defeat of the Spanish forces led by Gen. Ramon Blanco.

5. Battle of Alapan Marker


Bernadina Salud Elementary School, Alapan I, Imus, Cavite
A memorial on the grounds of the Alapan Elementary School which commemorates the Battle of Alapan that took place on May 28, 1889. It was the site where the Philippine flag was first displayed in victory during the revolution against Spain.

6. Tejeros Convention

General Trias, Cavite

It was in the estate house of the Dominican hacienda in Barrio Tejeros in Rosario and General Trias, Cavite where the Tejeros Convention was held on March 22, 1897. The convention created the Philippine Armed Forces with Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo as the head of government after he distinguished himself on the battlefield during the first seven months of the Revolution.


7. General Trias Monument and Park


General Trias, Cavite
A monument and park developed in memory of General Mariano Trias y Closas, famous son of the town. He was a general of the Revolution and Vice President of the First Philippine Republic.

8. Diego Mojica Marker


Gen. Trias, Cavite
A marker in honor of Diego Mojica who was the president of the Magdiwang faction in General Trias. He led a group of revolutionaries who attacked the Spanish headquarters of the town on August 31, 1896

9. Corregidor Island


Cavite City
The largest of the five islands guarding the entrance to Manila Bay, tadpole-shaped Corregidor island was once a fishing village with a lighthouse and signal station for all ships entering and leaving the Manila Bay. During the American period, full scale fortification was installed on the island, complete with long-range tractor guns, anti-aircraft guns, tunnels, an underground command center and hospital for wounded soldiers. In the last Pacific War, Corregidor became a vital combat zone between the Japanese Imperial Army and the Allied forces. Today, it is memorial to peace and to those who died for freedom. The island is now a favorite tour destination with hotel and resort facilities. Ferry services to the island depart from Terminal 2 at the Cultural Center Complex on Roxas Boulevard.

10. Fort San Felipe


Sangley Point Naval Base, Cavite City

Fort San Felipe is an old structure dating back to 1609, when the Spaniards built it to protect part of the then growing city. The structure is made of granite blocks, with walls approximately 30 feet high. A wide stairway leads to the top of the port where a concrete house can be found. Naval memorabillia including antique cannons which decorate the lawns. It is at present managed by the Philippine Navy. Visits can be arranged with prior coordination with the Philippine Navy Headquarters.

11. Andres Bonifacio Trial House


Maragondon, Cavite
The site where Andres Bonifacio, founder of the secret revolutionary society called the Katipunan was court martialled. The Spanish colonial period house has been restored several times to restore it to its original design.

12. General Mariano Trias Marker


Poblacion, General Trias, Cavite
The marker is installed in front of his house in the town plaza. General Trias was a leading hero during the Philippine Revolution against Spain. The marker is made of white concrete and a solitary lamp post stands behind it. A monument in his memory is located in the town named in his honor.

13. House of General Reigo de Dios


Poblacion 2, Maragondon, Cavite
The old house is made of wood with architectural features dating back to the Spanish period. It is considered one of the oldest houses in the area.
14. 41st Division USAFFE Marker

Kaybagay South, Tagaytay City, Cavite
Tagaytay played a significant role in the Philippine history. During World War II, Filipino soldier found refuge in its vast forest and ridges. It was used as landing site and sanctuary for paratroopers on their way to liberate Manila. The 41st USAFFE marker is one place where you will know more about Tagaytay’s rich political history.

15. 11th Airborne Division Marker

Tagaytay City, Cavite

On February 3, 1945, the 11th Airbone Division of Lt. Gen. William Krueger’s of the U.S. Army air dropped military supplies and personnel on the Tagaytay ridge amidst enemy groundfire. Their mission was to secure Tagaytay City and guarantee the easy flow of troops and supplies to Manila. The action later proved significant to the liberation of Manila and environs. A marker was installed at the Silang crossing to commemorate the event.


  • Cultural




1. Sayaw sa Apoy


Tagaytay City, Cavite
A fire dance that originated in Alfonso and performed at various hotel venues to entertain guests and tourists. This dance is performed over live coals to drive away evil spirits by those with strong faith. The performers belong to one family whose forefathers passed the tradition from generation to generation.


  • Natural



1. Cabag Cave

Poblacion 2, Maragondon, Cavite
The place is found at the bottom of a slope which runs down a steep angle to a brook. Lush greenery surrounds this little valley where Cabag Cave is found. Inside the cave, an underground river runs for about 50 meters inwards. A pool of water is formed immediately off the mouth of the cave leading to the river.

2. Malicbilic Falls


Border of Brgy. Lumipa, Gen Aguinaldo and Magallanes, Cavite
A valley borders the Malicbilic Falls, where boulders cut across the middle of the gushing water that cascades from the falls. At the far end of the river is a NIA irrigation project. The other nearby rivers flow into a large pond, which can be viewed from atop one of the hills. A large pool of water forms at the base of the falls with coconut trees, shrubs and greenery flanking both sides of the falls.

3. Balite Falls

Barangay Halang, Amadeo, Cavite
Two falls can be seen in the area, one of which naturally flows with gushing water, while the other is outfitted with pipes and bamboo tubes to aid the flow of water. The falls converge into a pool of water with a deep part for adults and a shallow portion for children.

4. Ulong Tubig

Barangay Ulong Tubig, Carmona, Cavite

Ulong Tubig is a pool formed by natural spring water emanating from adjacent hill. The pool leads to an irrigation pump which supplies a vast number of rice fields in Carmona. The area is shaded by coconut trees and other vegetation.

5. Tagaytay City


Tagaytay City, Cavite
With a year-round cool climate, Tagaytay City is the Philippines’ second summer capital with an elevation of 2,000 feet above sea level. The ascending highway offers a breathtaking sight of the world famous Taal Volcano, a crater within an island within a lake. Coconut groves, pineapple farms, flower gardens and agricultural crops dot the ridges of Tagaytay. Varied types of accommodations and numerous restaurants give the visiting tourist the pleasures of meditation, relaxation, leisure and a unique scenic landscape that defines Tagaytay City as a leading destination.

  • Religious



1. St. Mary Magdalene Parish

Poblacion, Kawit, Cavite
This church was built in 1624 and is one of the oldest churches in the Philippines. Established by the Jesuits when the town was considered as the playground of sailors on shoreleave, the church transformed the town of Kawit into “the most Christian community in the islands” in 1749.
The church is known for healing and helping resolve personal problems. St Mary Magdalene is the Patroness of Kawit and the religiosity of the Kawiteños was deeply manifested through their fiestas, caracol, processions and most especially, MAYTINIS festival a Christmas Eve tableau and re-enactment of the search for a home by Mary and Joseph on the eve of Christ’s nativity.

2. Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit of Perpetual Adoration

Maitim West, Tagaytay City, Cavite
The faithful can ask for prayers and endorsement of petitions from the intercession of the contemplative nuns. It is located at the above-stated address at the back of St. Augustine Seminary.

3. Church of St. Agustin

Mendez Poblacion
It is the church where General Emilio Aguinaldo took his oath before God on his country’s struggle for freedom, as the President of the Revolutionary Government.
4. Church of Immaculate Concepcion

Naic Poblacion
It was built by the Dominicans in the same Gothic style of the Sto. Domingo Church. It sits in the center of the former Dominican hacienda of San Isidro Labrador which funded the development of the University of Santo Tomas during the Spanish colonial period. Although its altar was totally demolished by the bombing of the town in World War II, the image of Immaculate Concepcion miraculously survived without a scratch and is still venerated by devotees as a strong mediatrix for prayers and petitions

5. Imus Cathedral

Barangay IV , Imus, Cavite
The church is an example of Hispanic colonial architecture and exudes an ambience conducive to monastic life and spiritual meditation. The colors have darkened with time but one will notice the red colored bricks that make up the arches and walls of the place endure to the present day. Latin inscriptions accentuate the arches of the church. The Cathedral is the seat of the Diocese of Imus.

6. Our Lady of Candelaria Church


Poblacion, Silang, Cavite

The first church was built in 1603, and was replaced by the present one in 1634. On the main retablo is the image of its patron saint, the Nuestra Senora de la Candelaria. The image was found in a mountain side in 1640 and disappeared nine times over the next few years – inexplicably going back to where it was originally found, until it was installed on its present site. Many devotees, especially women, say they have been granted special blessings by the Patroness.

7. General Trias Catholic Church


Poblacion, Gen. Trias, Cavite
The church altar is enhanced with various ornately-carved statues of Catholic saints set upon a multi-tiered, wooden carved platform. The church dates back to the Spanish period. The altar design is remarkably similar to that of Silang Catholic Church.

8. Maragondon Catholic Church


Poblacion, Maragondon, Cavite
Of 17th century vintage, the Maragondon Catholic Church was built by the Dominican friars. It has a well preserved convent made from antique Philippine mahogany, masonry and bricks. The wooden altar, pulpit and main portal are finely crafted and remain as the enduring architectural landmarks and enhancement of the church.

9. Our Lady of La Salette Shrine


Km. 41, Barangay Biga, Silang Cavite
This church was built by the American Missionaries of Our Lady of La Salette, known to Filipinos as Our Lady of Hope. The shrine is famous for its antique theme park and giant woodcarvings of the Last Supper and Station of the Cross. Serenity is provided by well tended pine trees, shrubbery and expansive lawns. An imposing image of the Blessed Virgin Mary stands at the middle of a well-trimmed garden surrounded by flags of different countries where Catholicism thrive. Retreat houses, chapel, souvenir shops and other interesting attractions make the place interesting, not only for visitation, but for spiritual contemplation as well.

10. Nuestra Señora dela Soledad de Porta Vaga

San Roque Parish Church, Cavite City
The Nuestra Señora dela Soledad de Porta Vaga is the beloved patroness of Cavite City. Reputed to be a relic received from Spain, it is a painting of Virgin Mary framed in carved wood. It is said that the icon was beached and discovered on the shores between the old Puerto Vaga and Barrio San Roque in Cavite City during 18th century. The painting, presently set in precious gems is also known as the “Virgin of a Thousand Miracles” because of many miracles granted to the faithful devotees.
MUSEUMS

1. Geronimo de los Reyes,Jr. Museum

Gateway Business Park, C. de los Reyes Avenue, Gen. Trias, Cavite

Geronimo de los Reyes Jr. is the chairman and president of Gateway Property Holdings, which owns the 174-hectare industrial estate in Brgy. Jalavera, Gen. Trias, Cavite. His collection of pictures recapture for the present and future generation of Filipinos the glorious past of the Philippines. The entire collection has a composite collection of photographic works from the 1880s to the 1930s. One of them is the original picture of the execution of Dr. Jose Rizal at the Luneta. Part of the collections on display is the collection of pottery and porcelain ware dating back to the Ming and Sung periods.



2. Museo de la Salle


De la Salle Campus, Dasmarinas, Cavite

Lifestyle museum dedicated to the preservation of certain aspects and material culture of the 19th century Philippine ilustrado lifestyle. The Museo has been realized to encourage its own use in cross-disciplinary learning and growth in an academic environment, and to provide a living space illustrating Philippine culture that is linked to its immediate community.


3. Imus Historical Museum


Camp Gen. Pantaleon Garcia, Imus, Cavite
It is a museum composed of moving tableaus that take the visitors back through time, to relive historical scene with realistic life-size figures set amidst painstakingly recreated settings. Interpersed between these tableaus are colorfully detailed murals and relief sculptures of key figures in the Cavite Revolution, as well as fascinating tidbits such as the official seal of the Magdalo and Magdiwang factions of the Katipunan, the full text of Governor-General Ramon Blanco’s Declaration of War in the eight provinces that rose in 1896, and an official tally of the deployment of Spanish troops and ordnance. The facility is scheduled to be fully operational in 2007.

4. Museo ng Tagaytay


Ground Floor, City Hall Building, Tagaytay City, Cavite
The Museo ng Tagaytay aims to collect and preserve all significant artifacts, photos and memorabilia of the City of Tagaytay and its people as well as to record momentous events reflecting the growth, development, culture and heritage of the city.


  • Special Interest


1. Golfing

Cavite is home to some of the finest golf courses in the country. Tee off on world-class links at the Manila Southwoods, Eagle Ridge, Puerto Azul, The Orchard, Royale Tagaytay, Sherwood, Riviera Splendido, Highlands and Midlands Golf and Country clubs. Most of these clubs are exclusive to members and visitors can play when accompanied by a member.

2. Sightseeing

Cavite is the perfect destination for travelers who can experience a glimpse of the historical, natural and man-made attractions of the province nearest to Manila. Drive around the Tagaytay-Taal Ridge to view the spellbinding concert of volcano, lake and sky through an oftentimes foggy mist. For the religiously inclined, take a round of old monasteries and churches. Take a hop around historical sites, monuments and culminate in the island of Corregidor and other resorts around the province.



3. Outdoor Sports


Engage in outdoor sports like golf and horseback riding at Tagaytay City and pony rides for the kids. For quieter afternoons and evenings, watch cultural shows at the Taal Vista Hotel and other local folk theaters during holidays and weekends.




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