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CBSE i English


Class VII

Unit- 8

Music



After silence, that which comes nearest to expressing the inexpressible is music.
- Aldous Huxley


Contents

Section- A:

Introduction (Famous Musicians)

Section- B:

History of Music

Section- C

Music- My favourite place (poem)

Section- D

Therapeutic value of Music (article)

Section- E

Blind Opera (Story)

SCOPE OF THE UNIT

General Learning objectives of the Unit:

1. To give learners an insight into the vast and beautiful world of art and creativity with special emphasis on music

2. To give students a deeper knowledge of music

3. To encourage students to appreciate different skills of different people from different cultures

4. To help students learn about the origin of music

5. To help students learn about various kinds of music and their value

6. To enable learners to appreciate music beyond a leisure time activity

7. To help students learn that music is an integral part of our educational curriculum


Specific Learning objectives of the Unit:

At the end of this unit, students will be able to:

1. Learn about a variety of music like jazz, rock, pop, sufi, classical etc.

2. Understand the background of music from different parts of the world

3. Express their views on specific types of music in the form of a short story, article, paragraph, poem, debate, biography

4. Articulate their own views on music, its increasing relevance in today’s scenario and its scope as a healing therapy, a universal language and a stress reliever

5. Understand the importance of music as a necessary creative art to complement academic knowledge


THE MATERIALS

Why Should We Do This Unit

Music is an integral and vital part of art education. This unit will help us see the indispensable role music plays in our lives from childhood to old age. Through various sections of this unit, we will understand that humankind and art cannot function without one another.

As educators, it is our responsibility to nurture in our students the knowledge and abilities that they need in order to be productive members of society. While mastery of basic subjects such as languages, social science, science and mathematics is essential to work towards this goal, many co-curricular subjects -- especially music – are also vital in this effort. Thus, music should be promoted as an essential component of elementary and secondary education.

There is a theory which states ‘reading music or playing an instrument is the one activity that when a brain is put under a scan, the entire thing lights up showing that music stimulates every part of the brain in some way’. New research shows that music has a positive influence on young children’s cognitive skills such as spatial reasoning and memory.

In this unit, students will read about famous musicians and those that left a mark despite all odds. This will bring home the lesson: ‘YOU can if YOU think YOU can ‘. It will not only be an interesting read for them but will also give them an insight into the history of early music.

Students will also learn the art of writing a biography, a poem and an article. They will see music as a beautiful way of life!



MATRIX

SECTION A: INTRODUCTION

ACTIVITIES


LEARNING OBJECTIVES

SKILLS

SUB SKILLS

Activity 1

To help students see others’ perspective about music and help them develop their own

Reading and Writing

To appreciate the value of music

To write a short paragraph in your own words



Activity 2

To help students know about singers and musicians of world fame

Reading

To see the long lasting influence of artists in their respective field

Activity 3

To help students write a biographical account


Writing/Research

To compile relevant data to write a biography


SECTION B: History of Music

ACTIVITY

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

SKILLS


SUB SKILLS

Activity 1

To test students’ awareness about terms related to music

To encourage them to learn new words



Reading

To identify specific words related music


Activity 2 and 3

To reinforce the basic language skill of reading and comprehension


Reading

To understand the origin of different kinds of music

To answer simple questions based on the text.

To think critically

To gather more information by extensive reading and research



Activity 4

To encourage students to carry out detailed research on a topic

To work on the basis of the cues given



Writing


To find relevant information and write an article in your own words


Activity 5

To watch a video, read a related excerpt and organize a class debate

Listening, reading and speaking

To critically analyze what they listen and read

To think, reason and gather information for and against the topic



Activity 6

To draw students’ attention towards contextual use of words

To make students aware about ‘English for special purposes’



Reading and writing

To choose the correct word based on the context

Activity 7

To encourage students to play with words


Reading and writing

To use the same word as a verb and as a noun




SECTION C: MUSIC MY FAVOURITE PLACE (poem)

Activities

Learning objectives

Skills

Sub skills

Activities 1 and 2

To appreciate and understand the art of poetry writing as a medium of expression

To interpret the ideas given in the poem

Reading


To reflect upon the positive effect of music

To reflect upon the kind of music that interests you the most



Activity 3

To discuss and comprehend the poem

To see the beauty of poetry



Reading and listening

To infer and understand the main theme

Activity 4-a,b,c,d,e,f,g

To comprehend the idea of the poet, see the hidden meaning, learn how to write a eulogy and paraphrase poetic expression in your own words

Writing

To understand the power of expression and the use of simple analogies to arrive at the deeper meaning

To appreciate poetic skills, imagery and rhyming scheme

To hone narrative skills

To use the same word in different parts of speech



Activity 5

To express a given point of view in the form of a descriptive answer

Writing

To analyse a statement in relation to the given text


Activity 6

To analyze the text and view it from different perspectives

Reading and writing


To express coherently what they feel about a particular point of view

Activity 7

To make students aware of the importance of staging a play as a device to bring home an important message

Listening and speaking

To build a given point of view to bring home a serious message

To stage a play using voice modulation



Activity 8

To voice one’s opinion on the importance of music

Speaking

To reflect on the benefits of music as a tool to overcome difficult situations



SECTION : D Therapeutic value of Music (Article)

Activities

Learning objectives

Skills

Sub skills

Activity 1


To write a short note

Writing

To express ideas in your own words

Activity2

To familiarize students with the positive effects and benefits of music as a therapy

To know about the soothing effect of music



Reading and reasoning

To comprehend and appreciate ideas given in the article

Activity 3

To answer questions based on the text

Writing and research

To justify your point of view

Activity 4

To prepare a power point presentation on the given topic

Research, writing and speaking

To express your point of view with the help of a presentation

Activity 5

To organize a debate in class

Speaking


To express your point of view

Activity 6

To express ideas in the form of a short story

To discuss elements of a short story



Reading and writing

To develop creative skills

Activity 7

To express one’s views in the form of a poem

Writing

To develop creative skills




Activity 8

To teach the use of parts of speech

Writing

To explain the rules to change adjectives into adverbs







SECTION E: Blind Opera: Seeing the world in their own way (Descriptive account)

Activities

Learning objectives


Skills

Sub skills

Activity 1

To provide a meaningful prompt to know if students have heard about legendary and renowned artist Beethoven

Discussion and speaking

To arouse students’ curiosity

Activity 2

To read and understand the concept of ‘Blind Opera’


Reading

To make students understand how people desire to leave a mark for themselves despite all odds

Activity 3

To check the comprehension of the students

Reading and comprehension

To express ideas in your own words

Activity 4

To make students understand the difficulties and desires of people with special needs

Writing

To make students use their imagination in writing

Activity 5

To write a diary entry using an appropriate style, format and content after experiencing the world of visually challenging people

(This activity should be performed under the strict observation of the teacher)



Writing

To make students understand the power of experience and expression


Activity 6

To write a character sketch based on your reading of the passage

Writing

To pen down what you feel about a particular character

Activity 7

To summarize information

Research and speaking

To read between the lines

To compile facts in a logical manner



Activity 8

To describe a place in your own words

Speaking

To express ideas using visualization

Activity 9

Listening to music in another language to understand the mood and emotion portrayed

Listening

To express feelings and ideas



Section- A

Introduction

1 (a) Read the lines given below:

Music is the rhythm of the soul

Every beat, every tone, every melody

Is in sync with the natural vibe of your body

Music is an outlet, from the everyday

It can take away the pain you feel



---------Jessica Cole

____________________________________________________________________'>1 (b) Now, write in your own words what Jessica Cole feels about music.

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2. Over the past few decades, a number of musicians have come and gone but only a few have been able to leave their mark in the memories of people. They have swayed the audience with their songs. Let us study about some of these popular musicians/singers:

Top Musicians /Singers of World Fame


The Beatles: John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr have achieved an iconic status in the music industry. Their numerous singles landed #1 in the music chart. People in the US and Europe, and in many other countries across the globe sing their songs even today. The Beatles is one of the most critically praised bands in the history of popular music who defined popular culture in the 1960s.



Elvis Presley: Four music Halls of Fame and dubbed as the ‘King of Rock and Roll’, Elvis Presley is another icon who influenced music industry and shaped the rock and roll music genre. Even though he met an untimely death, his popularity continued. Many people in the industry even today wish to be ‘just like Elvis’.



Michael Jackson: Known as the King of Pop, Michael Jackson won a number of accolades and awards. Some of these are Two music Halls of Fame, 13 Grammy Awards, and five best-selling records that topped the charts across the globe—Off the Wall (1979), Thriller (1982), Bad (1987), Dangerous (1991) and History (1995). His album Thriller broke a number of sales records. His impeccable musical performances and dance moves left the audience spellbound.


Madonna: Controversial and unstoppable, Madonna, known as the Queen of Pop, is one of the most popular female singers. She was listed in the Guinness Book of World Records for being the most successful female recording artist. She also joined the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2008 and was heralded as the best selling female artist of the 20th century by the Recording Industry Association of America.




Allah Rakha Rahman: He is an Indian composer, singer-songwriter, record producer, musician, multi-instrumentalist and philanthropist. He is described as the world's most prominent and prolific film composer. Rahman scored the film Slumdog Millionaire in 2008, for which he won a Golden Globe and two Academy Awards. He is first Asian to win these laurels. His songs "Jai Ho" and "O…Saya" from the soundtrack of this film are popular across the world.

Skilled in Carnatic music, Western classical, Hindustani music and the Qawwali style of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Rahman has been noted to write film songs that amalgamate elements of these music systems and other genres, composed in the manner of his own.






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