Character Web by Story Function & Archetype – Create your character web. Start by listing all of your characters, and describe what function they play in the story (for example, hero, main opponent, ally, fake-ally opponent, subplot character). Write down next to each character the archetype, if any, that applies.
Central Moral Problem – List the central moral problem of the story.
Comparing the Characters – List and compare the following structure elements for all your characters:
Give your hero a moral as well as a psychological need.
Hero’s Character Change – Determine your hero’s character change. Write down the self-revelation first, and then go back to the need. Make sure the self-revelation actually solves the need. In other words, whatever lies or crutches the hero is living with in the beginning must be faced at the self-revelation and overcome.
Changed Beliefs – Write down the beliefs your hero challenges and changes over the course of your story.
Hero’s Desire – Clarify your hero’s desire line. Is it a single, specific goal that extends throughout the story? When does the audience know whether the hero has accomplished the goal or not?
Opponents – Detail your opponents. First describe how your main opponent and each of your lesser opponents attack the great weakness of your hero in a different way.
Opponents’ Values – List a few values for each opponent.
– How is each opponent a kind of double for the hero? Give each some level of
power, status, and ability, and describe what similarities each shares with the hero.
– State in one line the moral problem of each character and how each character
justifies the actions he takes to reach his goal.
Minor Character Variation on the Hero’s Weakness and Moral Problem – In what ways are any of the minor characters variations on the hero’s unique weakness and moral problem?
Four-Corner Opposition – Map out the four-corner opposition for your story. Put your hero and main opponent on the top line with at least two secondary opponents underneath. Label each character with his or her archetype, but only if it is appropriate. Many characters are not archetypes. Don’t force it.
Push the four major characters to the corners. That is, make sure each is as different from the other three as possible. The best way to ensure that is to focus on how the values of each differ.