Child Care Center Disaster Response Handbook



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Appendix C: Hazard Mitigation

Hazard mitigation is a term that means to minimize or eliminate the impacts of hazards before they happen. Hazard mitigation is not a onetime thing. It is imperative to continually check areas and objects throughout your facility on an on-going basis. It is recommended that you do a walk-through of your facility at least once a month, or more, checking for any hazards that can be corrected.
Hazard Mitigation Priorities:


  1. Would/could it break and fall and hurt someone?

  2. Would/could it break and fall and block a primary exit from the room?

  3. Would/could it break and fall and keep your program from opening the next day (or soon thereafter)?

Washington State Emergency Management Division has created some great videos for how best to prepare for a disaster and lessen hazards in your building. To view the videos:



  • Open your internet browser to any search engine of your choice.

  • Type in: Washington State Emergency Management

  • Open the link for the Emergency Management Division (usually the first link)

  • Hovering over the “Preparedness” Link, you will see an option for “preparedness videos”. Click on that link.

  • http://www.emd.wa.gov/preparedness/prep_personal_prep_video_index.shtml

The Hazard Mitigation Form on the following page tracks the work done to reduce any hazards in the child care. Copy and complete one form for each room, including classrooms, offices, hallways, storage rooms, and the kitchen.

Earthquake Hazard Mitigation

You can never tell when there will be an earthquake, but you can take steps to reduce or avoid damage, injuries, or loss of life for the children in your care, your staff, and yourself. Preparing for an earthquake includes things you already do to protect the children’s safety and health, such as having a fire extinguisher handy and maintaining your certifications for first aid and CPR. With additional planning and preparation, the children in your care will have a better chance at surviving an earthquake unharmed.

In an earthquake, most injuries and deaths are caused by loose objects in and on buildings. During the shaking, cabinets and bookcases topple, objects fall out of cabinets, and hanging or large plants fall. Door frames and window jams may be bent when walls move. Doors may slam or jam shut, and window glass can shatter, sending broken glass into the room. Light fixtures, sprinkler heads, and other ceiling components may pop out and fall. Objects mounted on the walls (such as clocks, maps, and art work) may shake loose and fly across the room. The electricity may go out, and the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on.
For more information on Hazard Mitigation and how to secure objects in the room, review “Earthquake Preparedness: What Every Child Care Provider Needs to Know,” FEMA document 240.



Hazard Mitigation Form
Name of Room or Area: ______________________________________________


Safety Action Taken

Date and Comments

Tall or heavy furniture is secured to wall studs






Heavy objects are placed low or properly secured




Shelves have adequate lips or strapping, or are lined with sticky material (such as “Grip It”) to prevent items from flying off in an earthquake





Overhead cupboards have safety latches






Chemicals and poisons are stored safely (including: out of reach of children, in closed cabinets, no bleach and ammonia together)




Windows are of safety glass or are adapted to prevent shattering and injury





Evacuation/exit routes are free from hazards such as equipment, furniture, and other large objects




All exits are unlocked or can be unlocked or locked from the inside without a key





Ongoing room review:

Date & Initials:
Action Taken:



















Date & Initials:
Action Taken:
















Appendix D: Disaster Drill Records

This appendix includes sample disaster drill records. Choose the ones that work the best for your center. Included on the pages that follow are:




  • Child Care/Early Learning Lockdown Drill Record

  • Child Care/Early Learning Fire Evacuation Drill Record

  • Child Care/Early Learning Earthquake Drill Record

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Child Care/Early Learning Lockdown Drill Record (recommended: 2 per year)
Date of Drill _______________ Date of Drill _______________

Time of Drill _______________ Time of Drill _______________

Name of Program ____________________________ Name of Program ____________________________
Brief Description of Drill Brief Description of Drill


Rooms Participating in Drill Rooms Participating in Drill



Objectives

Evaluation


Changes to be Made

When Changes are Made











Objectives


Evaluation


Changes to be Made

When Changes are Made











Name of Person Organizing Drill __________________ Name of Person Organizing Drill ___________________

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Child Care/ Early Learning Fire Evacuation Drill Record (required Monthly drills)






January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date:



































# of students:





































# of staff:





































Time started and ended:





































Comments:



































Fill out by: (staff)




































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Child Care/Early Learning Earthquake Drill Record

(Recommended: 4 per year)




Date of Drill __________ Date of Drill _______________

Time of Drill __________ Time of Drill _______________

Name of Program _________________________ Name of Program ____________________



Brief Description of Drill Brief Description of Drill

Rooms Participating in Drill Rooms Participating in Drill

Objectives

Evaluation

Changes to be made

When changes are made














Objectives

Evaluation

Changes to be made

When changes are made












Name of Person Organizing Drill___________ Name of Person Organizing Drill___________




Date of Drill __________ Date of Drill _______________

Time of Drill __________ Time of Drill _______________

Name of Program _________________________ Name of Program ____________________



Brief Description of Drill Brief Description of Drill

Rooms Participating in Drill Rooms Participating in Drill

Objectives

Evaluation

Changes to be made

When changes are made














Objectives


Evaluation

Changes to be made

When changes are made












Name of Person Organizing Drill___________ Name of Person Organizing Drill___________




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