Choate vegetation management project


LISTING OF SENSITIVE SPECIES



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4. LISTING OF SENSITIVE SPECIES

The species that will be addressed by this Biological Evaluation are listed in Table 3 (animals) and Table 4 (plants and lichens). These tables list all Federally Threatened, Endangered, Proposed, and Regional Forester Sensitive Species for the Ottawa National Forest. Threatened, Endangered, and Proposed species are designated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The Forest Service Eastern Region has identified which Threatened, Endangered, and Proposed Species occur on the Ottawa National Forest and are offered protection under the Endangered Species Act (USDA Forest Service, 2000a, 2000b).

Regional Forester Sensitive Species are designated by the Forest Service Eastern Region (Region 9). The Eastern Region of the Forest Service revised its Regional Forester's Sensitive Species List, signed 2/29/2000 (USDA Forest Service, 2000c, 2000d). When the List was updated prior to this signing, Forests were instructed to only analyze in project evaluations those species that are documented to occur within their respective Forest proclamation boundary. Subsequently, additional direction was given from OIG to also consider those species that are likely to occur, even if not currently documented to occur. Taxa are determined “likely to occur” on the Ottawa if their range includes the Ottawa, their preferred habitat is present, and occurrences are known in the general vicinity of the Forest. In the table below, these species are denoted as RFSS-L, while species that are documented and included on the 2/2/9/00 List are denoted RFSS. Further, since new habitat and distribution information is frequently received, changes to the List are inevitable. Formal updates occur periodically. In the interim, we designate those taxa that we are proposing for evaluation during the next update as pRFSS. These are typically species that were considered likely to occur, for which we now have occurrences, and therefore need to evaluate (via the designated risk evaluation form) whether Sensitive Species status is appropriate. All of these species, regardless of current status, are evaluated in the biological evaluation for each project.

Information on potential habitat being documented in the project area is based on field surveys, forest stand data, and forest ecological classification system data. Information on species documented in the project area is based on

on field surveys, Ottawa National Forest records (as of March 2002), and available records from Michigan Natural Features Inventory (as of April 2002). Vascular plant surveys were conducted during the 1998, 1999, and 2001 field seasons. Winter tracking surveys were conducted during nine field visits between 1/01/01 and 3/15/01. Goshawk, red-shouldered hawk, and Connecticut warbler surveys are scheduled for the spring of 2002.

Table 3. Federally listed and Regional Forester sensitive animals considered (28 species total). FE = federally endangered, FT = federally threatened, E = state endangered, T = state threatened, SC = Special Concern, RFSS = Regional Forester Sensitive Species for the Ottawa NF, pRFSS = Planning to complete a risk evaluation for this species on the Ottawa National Forest, RFSS-L = Likely to be present.


Species

Common name

Ottawa NF status

Michigan status

Potential habitat documented in project area?

Species documented in project area?

MAMMALS
















Canis lupus

Gray Wolf

FE

E

YES

YES

Lynx canadensis

Canada Lynx

FT

E

NO

NO

Pipistrellus subflavus

Eastern Pipistrelle


RFSS-L

SC

YES

NO

BIRDS
















Accipiter gentilis

Northern Goshawk

RFSS

SC

YES

NO

Ammodramus leconteii

LeConte’s Sparrow

RFSS-L

None

YES

NO

Buteo lineatus

Red-shouldered Hawk

RFSS

T

YES

NO

Chlidonias niger

Black Tern

RFSS

SC

NO

NO

Cygnus buccinator

Trumpeter Swan

RFSS

T

NO

NO

Dendroica kirtlandii

Kirtland’s warbler

FE


E

NO

NO

Falco peregrinus

Peregrine Falcon

RFSS

E

NO

NO

Halieetus leucocephalus

Bald Eagle

FT

T

NO

NO

Oporornis agilis

Connecticut Warbler

RFSS

None

YES

NO

Picoides arcticus

Black-backed Woodpecker

RFSS

SC

YES

NO

Strix nebulosa

Great Gray Owl

RFSS

None

YES

NO

AMPHIBIANS
















Hemidactylium scutatum

Four-toed Salamander

RFSS


None

NO

NO

FISH
















Acipenser fulvescens

Lake Sturgeon

RFSS

T

NO

NO

Clinostomus elongates

Redside Dace

pRFSS

E

NO

NO

Coregonus artedi

Cisco or Lake Herring

pRFSS

T

NO

NO

MOLLUSKS
















Alasmidonta marginata

Elktoe

RFSS-L

SC

YES

NO

Lasmigona compressa

Creek Heelsplitter

pRFSS

None

YES


NO

Lasmigona costata

Fluted-shell Mussel

RFSS-L

None

YES

NO

Ligumia recta

Black Sandshell

RFSS-L

None

YES

NO

INSECTS
















Gomphus quadricolor

Rapids Clubtail Dragonfly

pRFSS

SC

YES

NO

Lycaeides idas nabokovi

Nabokov’s Blue Butterfly

RFSS

T

NO

NO

Ophiogomphus anomalus

Extra-striped Snaketail Dragonfly

pRFSS

SC

YES

NO

Ophiogomphus howei

Pygmy Snaketail Dragonfly

RFSS-L


SC

YES

NO

Somatochlora foricipata

Forcipate Emerald Dragonfly

pRFSS

None

YES

NO

Somatochlora minor

Ocellate Emerald Dragonfly

pRFSS

None

YES

NO


Table 4. Regional forester sensitive plants and lichens considered (59 species total). E = Endangered, T = Threatened, SC = Special Concern, RFSS = Regional Forester Sensitive Species for the Ottawa NF, pRFSS = species proposed for listing as RFSS, RFSS-L = Regional Forester Sensitive Species for some other National Forest in Region 9, but considered likely to occur on the Ottawa NF. There are no federally threatened, endangered, or proposed plants or lichens known or suspected to occur on the Ottawa NF.


Species

Common name

Ottawa NF status

Michigan status

Potential habitat documented in project area?

Species documented in project area?

PLANTS














Amerorchis rotundifolia

Round-leaved Orchid

RFSS-L

E

Yes

No

Arenaria macrophylla

Large-leaved Sandwort

RFSS

T

No

No

Armoracia lacustris

Lake-cress

RFSS-L

T

No

No

Asplenium rhizophyllum

Walking Fern

RFSS-L

T

No

No

Astragalus canadensis

Canadian Milk-vetch

RFSS-L

T

Yes

No

Astragalus neglectus

Cooper’s Milk-vetch

RFSS-L

SC

Yes

No

Bidens discoidea

Swamp Beggar-ticks


RFSS-L

None

Yes

No

Botrychium hesperium

Western Moonwort

RFSS

T

Yes

No

Botrychium lunaria

Moonwort

RFSS-L

None

Yes

No

Botrychium mormo

Goblin Fern

RFSS

T

Yes

No

Botrychium oneidense

Blunt-lobed Grapefern

RFSS

None

Yes

No

Botrychium pallidum

Pale Moonwort

RFSS-L

SC

Yes

No

Botrychium rugulosum

Ternate Grapefern

RFSS

None

Yes

No

Calamagrostis lacustris

Northern Reedgrass


RFSS

T

No

No

Calypso bulbosa

Fairy Slipper

RFSS

T

Yes

No

Crataegus douglasii

Douglas’ Hawthorn

RFSS-L

SC

No

No

Cynoglossum boreale

Northern Wild Comfrey

RFSS

None

Yes

No

Cypripedium arietinum

Ram’s-head Ladyslipper

RFSS

SC

Yes

No

Cystopteris laurentiana

Laurentian Bladder Fern

RFSS

SC

No

No

Cardamine maxima

Large Toothwort

RFSS

T

Yes

No

Disporum hookeri


Fairy Bells/Drops Of Gold

RFSS

E

Yes

No

Eleocharis olivacea

Olivaceous Spike-rush

RFSS-L

None

No

No

Erythronium albidum

White Trout-lily

RFSS-L

None

Yes

No

Geocaulon lividum

Northern Comandra

RFSS-L

None

Yes

No

Juglans cinerea

Butternut

RFSS

None

Yes

No

Juncus stygius

Moor Rush

RFSS-L

T

No

No

Juncus vaseyi

Vasey Rush

RFSS-L

T

No

No

Listera auriculata


Auricled Twayblade

RFSS-L

SC

No

No

Littorella uniflora

American Shore-grass

RFSS

SC

No

No

Malaxis brachypoda

White Adder’s-mouth

RFSS-L

None

Yes

No

Mimulus guttatus

West. Monkey Flower

RFSS

SC

Yes

No

Muhlenbergia uniflora

One-flowered Muhly

RFSS-L

None

Yes

No

Myriophyllum farwellii

Farwell’s Water-milfoil

RFSS

T

No

No

Nuphar pumila

Yellow Pond-lily

RFSS

E


No

No

Orobanche uniflora

One-flowered broomrape

RFSS

None

Yes

No

Oryzopsis canadensis

Canada mountain rice grass

RFSS-L

T

Yes

No

Panax quinquefolius

American Ginseng

RFSS

T

Yes

No

Petasites sagittatus

Arrow-leaved Sweet-coltsfoot

RFSS

T

Yes

No

Phegopteris hexagonoptera

Broad Beech Fern

RFSS-L

None

Yes

No

Polemonium occidentale

Western Jacob’s Ladder

RFSS-L

None

Yes

No

Polygonum careyi

Carey’s Smartweed


RFSS

T

Yes

No

Potamogeton confervoides

Algae-like Pondweed

RFSS-L

SC

No

No

Pterospora andromedea

Pinedrops

RFSS

T

Yes

No

Pyrola asarifolia

Pink Wintergreen

RFSS-L

None

Yes

No

Pyrola minor

Lesser Wintergreen

RFSS-L

None

Yes

No

Ranunculus rhomboideus

Prairie Buttercup

RFSS

T

No

No

Salix pellita

Satiny Willow

RFSS

SC

Yes

No

Scirpus subterminalis


Water Bulrush

RFSS

None

No

No

Tiarella cordifolia

Heart-leaved Foam-flower

RFSS

None

Yes

No

Utricularia geminiscapa

Hidden-fruited Bladderwort

RFSS-L

None

No

No

Vaccinium cespitosum

Dwarf Bilberry

RFSS

T

Yes

No

Viola lanceolata

Lance-Leaved Violet

RFSS

None

Yes

No

LICHENS
















Caloplaca parvula

A lichen species

RFSS-L

None


No

No

Cetraria aurescens

A lichen species

pRFSS

None

Yes

No

Lobaria quercizans

A lichen species

RFSS-L

None

Yes

No

Menegazzia terebrata

Port-hole lichen

RFSS

None

Yes

No

Peltigera venosa

A lichen species

RFSS-L

None

Yes

No

Sticta fuliginosa

A lichen species

RFSS-L

None

Yes

No

Usnea longissima

A lichen species

RFSS-L

None

Yes

No




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