City of prosser


Chapter VIII TRANSPORTATION ELEMENT



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Chapter VIII

TRANSPORTATION ELEMENT



Introduction
The transportation goals and policies are designed to bring about an efficient transportation system as the City grows, as well as to improve the current condition of the area road system. The transportation system will play an integral part in the economic success of the downtown area. It will also include a route through the City for tourists of the region as well as providing access to customers. Alternative forms of transportation, such as bicycle, foot, and bus are also important. These goals and policies are critical to the long-term interests of the area, such as livability, economic vitality, and environmental preservation.

This element establishes Prosser’s transportation goals, policies, and strategies for the 20- year planning period. It will direct transportation decisions regarding annual plan updates including, the Six-Year Transportation Improvement Plan, the Capital Facilities Plan for Public Works Facilities, and the Annual Budget. It will also affect development review and approval, land use, and zoning decisions, and continuing transportation programs. This element is additionally referenced to the City of Prosser Citywide Transportation Study, January 1997 and the 2006-2025 Regional Transportation Plan, November 2006 as adopted by the Benton-Franklin Council of Governments.


Transportation Policies
Transportation Design Policies

Goal TD 1- To emphasize the movement of people and goods rather than vehicles in order to obtain the most efficient use of transportation facilities; and to establish a minimum level of adequacy for transportation facilities throughout the City through the use of consistent and uniform standards.

Policy TD 1.1. Encourage the use of shared parking lots which serve a group of downtown businesses.
Policy TD 1.2. Protect residential areas of the City from traffic which would produce substantial adverse impacts on the residential quality of these areas’. transportation.
Policy TD 1.3. Minimize the amount of through traffic on local streets in residential areas.
Policy TD 1.4. Design arterials and streets to fit the character of the areas through which they pass.
Policy TD 1.5. Involve affected neighborhoods and other interested citizens in the planning of arterial improvements projects.
Policy TD 1.6. Draft a comprehensive improvement plan and generate design standards for all streets and City entrances. Landscaping, scale, materials, curbs, and location of parking lots are a few examples.
Policy TD 1.7. Improve and promote the traditional grid system of streets in the City in order to:


  • Provide design advantages for infrastructure installation and expansion, mass transit, fire and police protection, and streetscaping.

  • Encourage neighborhood cohesiveness through improved pedestrian/vehicular access, definable boundaries, ease of location, and enhanced observability.

Policy TD 1.8. Improve the efficiency of traffic flow in the arterial network by monitoring traffic, upgrading traffic control devices and using traffic management techniques.

Policy TD 1.9. Establish future transportation corridors so that as development

occurs, these corridors are developed.

Policy TD 1.10. Develop a comprehensive roadway construction program, and utilize transportation capital investments cost effectively, including existing facilities to the greatest extent possible. implement cost effective transportation capital which utilizes existing facilities to the greatest extent possible.

Policy TD 1.11. Develop a safe and convenient environment for walking and bicycling by:


  • Separating pedestrian, bicycle and vehicle traffic.

  • Encouraging segregated internal pedestrian circulation systems in new or redeveloping commercial-retail districts.

Policy TD 1.12. Require trail routes and/or sidewalks where appropriate in PUD, plat and short plat approvals.

Policy TD 1.13. Require safe, attractive sidewalks adjacent to all arterials and any streets abutting multifamily and commercial development.


Policy TD 1.14. Develop a linkage system in areas where sidewalks are intermittent.
Policy TD 1.15. Provide area illumination at potentially hazardous street crossings.

Policy TD 1.16. Provide wheelchair ramps and other aids to enhance safe mobility of the physically challenged.

Policy TD 1.17. Give special consideration to pedestrian and bicyclist problems in school, park, sport and commercial areas and new streets.

Policy TD 1.18. Take advantage of corridors such as transmission lines, surplus rail and street right-of-ways if available, and public lands for trail or bicycle path purposes.


Policy TD 1.19. Update comprehensive street plan to ensure adequate right-of-
way is obtained via the development process.

Policy TD 1.20. Where appropriate utilize transportation management strategies that may reduce traffic volumes:


Strategy TD 1.20.1. Consider and implement as may be appropriate transportation demand management (TDM) strategies to mitigate potential adverse impacts of new development on the transportation system and to assist in maintaining “concurrency.” Such measures may include:


  • Educational programs to encourage bicycling, pedestrian activities, transit use, and

  • Implementation of Goals TM 1, TM2 and TA 3 and strategy TD1.20.2.

Strategy TD1.20.2. Encourage large employers to consider commute

trip reduction (CTR) programs including:

  • Commuter Financial Incentives (such as Transit Allowances).

  • Rideshare Matching.

  • Alternative Scheduling (Flextime and Compressed Work Weeks).

  • Telework and telecommuting

  • Walking and Cycling Encouragement. and Improvements.

  • Bicycle Parking and Changing Facilities.

  • Transit Encouragement programs.

Regional Transportation Policies


Goal TR 1- To facilitate effective use of the transportation system through coordination of transportation facilities and services for all types of motorized and non-motorized transportation throughout the county.
Policy TR 1.1. Work with Ben Franklin Transit to increase transit accessibility

in the community by adding buses and bus routes.


Policy TR 1.2. Maximize vanpooling opportunities for commuters who travel in and out of the City.
Policy TR 1.3. Actively participate in the development of regional transportation facilities to ensure that the City's transportation needs are incorporated in regional system planning.
Policy TR 1.4. Encourage the establishment of regional system of park-and-ride lots.

GOAL TR 2 To provide a local transportation system that is coordinated and consistent with the regional transportation network.

Policy TR 2.1. Coordinate with Benton County, the Regional Transportation Planning Organization, and other affected groups and agencies to establish an integrated planning effort that ensures consistency and compatibility between transportation plans and objectives.
Policy TR 2.2. Coordinate with the State Department of Transportation in the review of development requests adjacent to or impacting I-82.

Strategy TR 2.2.1. Provide an environmental buffer strip between state

routes and adjacent uses to minimize disturbance due to noise and other highway impacts.
Policy TR 2.3. Involve affected neighborhoods and other interested citizens and groups in the planning of street improvement projects.

Transportation Planning Policies


Goal TP 1 - To distribute transportation costs and benefits equitably; and to provide for consistency and fairness in establishing priorities for transportation expenditures.

Policy TP 1.1. Require the developer/project applicant to finance all on-site and

necessary off-site transportation improvement projects that are required to mitigate project impacts under the State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA). Levels of service must be defined when devising impact fee formulae.

Policy TP 1.2. Make transportation and circulation corridors multi-functional that

include roads and utilities, as well pedestrian, and bike routes in integrated systems.

Policy TP 1.3. Locate, design, and install transportation and circulation facilities to

meet reasonably foreseeable future needs.

Policy TP 1.4. Develop and improve transportation networks and facilities

commensurate with existing and future land use and development patterns. The City road programs, trails, and the like should not only consider engineering aspects, but the rate and type of development expected to occur in proximity to proposed transportation improvements. Whenever a new transportation route or facility is created or an existing one improved or expanded, it should be done so in support of the policies contained in this Comprehensive Plan.

Policy TP 1.5. Integrate public awareness and review into any proposed

transportation plan, program, or project.

Policy TP 1.6. Locate and design facilities associated with transportation and

circulation with respect to such natural features as topography, soils, geology, floodplains, streams, shorelines, marshes and aquifer recharge areas.

Policy TP 1.7. Clearly and completely sign or otherwise mark circulation routes,

particularly the City roads, to facilitate convenient travel for the public and efficient service-delivery for emergency vehicles.

Policy TP 1.8. In order to provide traffic safety, and to minimize public

expenditures, incorporate limited-access provisions into road circulation routes wherever possible. Jointly-used residential driveway, and commercial or residential frontage roads should

be a high priority in roadway and roadside design.

Policy TP 1.9. Ensure that the location, design, construction, and operation of


transportation and circulation facilities follow the policies and performance standards of the Shoreline Management Master Program for the City where applicable.

Transportation Concurrency


GOAL TC 1 - To ensure that transportation facilities and services needed to support development are available concurrent with the impacts of such development, which protects investments in existing transportation facilities and services, maximizes the use of these facilities and services, and promotes orderly, compact growth.
Policy TC 1.1. Define adequate public streets, including state highways as:

  • LOS “C” for peak hour as defined by the Transportation Research Board’s Highway Capacity Manual for all City streets except those located in the commercially-designated area of downtown south of the railroad tracks, where the level of service is “D” for peak hour traffic.

  • Adequately constructed roadway or intersection facilities (including signalization) to accommodate traffic movements without creating hazardous conditions to vehicles or

pedestrians.
Policy TC 1.2. Accommodate development only when street facilities providing an acceptable level of service to the development are available or are guaranteed to be provided within six years of the approval of the development.

Strategy TC 1.2.1. Consider streets and intersections adequate when

traffic generated by the development can be accommodated on streets serving the development without lowering the level of service below the level set in Policy TC1.1.

Strategy TC 1.2.2. Utilize the procedures of the State Environmental


Policy a Act (SEPA), as implemented by City ordinance, to determine the adequacy of transportation services serving new development and to require appropriate mitigation concurrent with new development

Strategy TC 1.2.3. Consider improvements “concurrent” when

appropriate financing is guaranteed. Such guarantee may be evidenced by inclusion in the six- year Transportation Improvement Program (TIP), provided that such project can be considered to be fully funded.
Policy TC 1.3. Require new subdivision development to be improved to full city street and utility standards.
Policy TC 1.4. Platted but undeveloped right-of-way should not be permitted to be used for residential access until the street has been developed to adopted standards and accepted by the city.
Policy TC 1.5. Obtain future street rights of way or easements prior to or concurrent with developments to facilitate access to adjoining future developments.
Policy TC 1.6. Require residential, commercial, and industrial developments to facilitate pedestrian, bicycle, and motorized transportation.

Multi-Modal Policies


GOAL TM 1. - To develop, maintain and operate a balanced, safe, and efficient multi-modal transportation system to serve all persons, special needs populations and activities in the community.
Policy TM 1.1. Provide appropriate standards for new streets and upgrade of existing streets.

Policy TM 1.2. Form Local Improvement Districts (LIDs) to improve existing substandard streets, including provision of sidewalks and bicycle accommodation where appropriate, with costs repaid through local tax assessments.

Policy TM 1.3. Regularly schedule data collection and analysis, including traffic and accident data, to support studies, planning and operational activities.
Policy TM 1.4. Maintain a current street system plan for the city and its urban growth area that is consistent with the Land Use Element and meets the circulation needs of the city’s residents, businesses, and industry.

Strategy TM 1.4.1. Maintain an annually updated listing of prioritized road improvement needs based on the Transportation Element.

Strategy TM 1.4.2. Provide annual updates of the six-year Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) consistent with this plan.
Policy TM 1.5. Connect all transportation modes by coordinating planning of transportation programs, operation of facilities, and project site design.
Policy TM 1.6. Establish appropriate truck routes to serve existing and future commercial and industrial areas for the orderly and efficient movement of freight and goods.
Policy TM 1.7. Encourage the improvement and establishment of terminal facilities to enhance agricultural, commercial, and industrial use.
Policy TM 1.8. Preserve opportunities for industrial development that could be enhanced by accessibility to rail service.
Policy TM 1.9. Preserve existing rail infrastructure and rail service within the city.
Policy TM 1.10. Continue to give top priority to maintenance and preservation of
existing transportation facilities and services.

Policy TM 1.11. Provide a safe and efficient transportation and circulation system that addresses the needs of the city’s residents, promotes and supports the desired land use pattern, and is developed concurrent with new growth.


Strategy TM 1.1 1.1. The city shall make every effort to provide all segments of the population with safe and convenient access from their homes to places of employment, shopping, recreation, and to public facilities and services.
Policy TM 1.12. Encourage cooperation between governmental and private enterprises to increase overall safety awareness.
Policy TM 1.13. Provide appropriate traffic control measures.
Policy TM 1.14. Provide safe crossings at potentially hazardous locations for pedestrians and bicyclists.
Policy TM 1.15. Upgrade at-grade railroad crossings to provide rubber or concrete crossing materials.
Policy TM 1.16. Promote energy efficient modes of transportation such as high-occupancy vehicles, bicycling, and walking.
GOAL TM 2. - To recognize bicycle and pedestrian movement as basic means of circulation and to assure adequate accommodation of bicycle, pedestrian, and physically-challenged persons needs in all transportation policies and facilities
Policy TM.2. 1. Strive to provide a system of bicycle routes and pedestrian walkways that link neighborhoods and public facilities and that enhance the walking and bicycling experience.

Strategy TM.2.1.1. Determine where bicycle and pedestrian routes should be designated and encourage their construction and use.

Strategy TM.2.1.2. Link schools, parks, sport and commercial areas, and other public and semi-public facilities with pedestrian and bicycle facilities.

Strategy TM.2.1.3. Develop a linkage system in areas where sidewalks are intermittent or non-existent.


Strategy TM.2.1.4. Replace old, substandard sidewalks as funding permits.

Strategy TM.2.1.5. Provide wheelchair ramps and other aids to enhance safe mobility for the physically challenged.

Strategy TM.2.1.6. Provide illumination at potentially hazardous street crossings.

Strategy TM.2.1.7. Sign and delineate designated bike routes.

Strategy TM.2.1.8. Purchase and install bicycle racks at the park, and at other high-use areas.

Strategy TM.2.1.9. Develop a pedestrian bicycle facilities plan that incorporates these strategies.
Policy TM.2.2. Take advantage of corridors, such as power lines, surplus street rights-of-way, buffer zones, and public lands, for multiple use trails and pathways.
Policy TM.2.3. Require sidewalks on both sides of streets in public and private development projects within the urban growth area.
Policy TM.2.4. Require single and multi-family residential development to provide bicycle-friendly streets and sidewalks within the development and to the nearest improved street.
Policy TM.2.5. Develop and/or adopt design standards for bicycle-friendly streets, sidewalks, crosswalks, bike racks, and multiple-use trails and pathways.
Policy TM.2.6. Require new and improved commercial centers to be located and designed to facilitate access and circulation by alternative transportation modes.

Policy TM.2.7. Maintain roadways, sidewalks and pathways in a safe condition.

Policy TM.2.8. Promote educational programs to enhance the safety and practicality of travel by bicycle.
Policy TM.2.9. Promote the enforcement of traffic laws for bicycle transportation.
Policy TM.2.10. Identify and include appropriate pedestrian and bicycle elements in major street improvement projects to be included in the six-year Transportation Improvement Program (TIP).
Policy TM.2.11. Include stand-alone pedestrian and bicycle projects in the six-year TIP.
Policy TM.2.12. Actively seek state and federal grants for non-motorized transportation improvement projects

Parking Policies


GOAL PK 1. - To ensure adequate parking in the downtown area which supports economic growth, and is consistent with downtown design and pedestrian circulation goals.
Policy PK 1.1. Require off-street parking and loading areas in new commercial and industrial developments.

Strategy PK 1.1.1. Off-street parking should be designed to integrate

with, or at least not interfere with, pedestrian amenities and access by bicycles.
Policy PK 1.2. Promote adequate parking for high-density residential, commercial, and industrial areas.

Transportation Environmental Policies

GOAL TE 1. - To manage, conserve and protect Prosser’s natural resources through a balance of development activities complemented with sound environmental practices.

Policy TE 1.1. Locate and design facilities associated with transportation and circulation with respect to such natural features as topography, soils, geology, floodplains, streams, shorelines, marshes, and aquifer recharge areas.

Policy TE 1.2. Route new streets to avoid encroaching on natural preserves, parks and recreation areas and identified critical areas, and to preserve scenic areas and open spaces.
Policy TE 1.3. Strive to plan, construct, and maintain transportation facilities in such a manner as to promote positive social, economic, and environmental impacts.
Policy TE 1.4. Provide adequate review procedures to ensure that transportation projects and improvements protect aesthetic values.
Policy TE 1.5. Ensure the preservation and construction of the natural and built environments through proper management and allocation of land uses and transportation facilities.

Transportation and Land Use


GOAL TU 1. - To actively influence the future character of the City by managing land use change and by developing City facilities and services in a manner that directs and controls land use patterns and intensities.
Policy TU 1.1. Review development proposals, rezoning and vacating petitions, variance requests, subdivision plats and commercial and industrial construction site-plans to ensure coordination with the Transportation Element.
Policy TU 1.2. Establish procedures to ensure that development does not encroach upon future right-of-way needs.
Policy TU 1.3. Develop a transportation system that meets the circulation needs of commercial and industrial development.

Policy TU 1.4. Encourage commercial developments to use joint access points to aid in traffic control and to protect and enhance the carrying capacity of the transportation system.

Policy TU 1.5. Maintain a current street-system plan for the city and its urban growth area that is consistent with the Land Use Element and meets the circulation needs of its citizens and businesses, and that will serve to attract future businesses.
Policy TU 1.6. To the extent feasible, continue the grid system of streets and blocks in new developments.
Policy TU 1.7. Encourage major traffic generators such as schools, churches, shopping, and industrial areas to locate on or near arterials and collector streets.
Policy TU 1.8. Coordinate land use and public works planning activities with an on-going program of financial forecasting for needed transportation facilities and services. Utilize the city’s long-range financial management plan as a guide for:

Strategy TU 1.8.1. Monitor the overall effectiveness of the

Transportation Element; and

Strategy TU 1.8.2. Balance land use decisions with the city’s financial capability to provide transportation facilities and services.
Policy TU 1.9. Protect and pursue acquisition of land needed to connect existing and planned rights-of-way.
Policy TU 1.10 Base all transportation forecasting and planning on supporting the land use plan as set forth in this comprehensive plan.

GOAL TO 1. - To provide access to a comprehensive system of parks and open spaces that responds to the recreational, cultural, environmental and aesthetic needs and desires of the City’s residents.

Policy TO 1.1. Assure provision of adequate transportation infrastructure, including bicycle and pedestrian facilities, to meet access needs to the City’s existing and proposed parks, playgrounds, and open spaces.


Strategy TO 1.1.1. Provide vehicle parking, bicycle racks and facilities

for the physically challenged

Transportation Finance


GOAL TF 1. - To secure funding through grants, mitigations, and general funds for safety and capacity measures to maintain adopted LOS standards.
Policy TF 1.1. Pursue federal and state grants.
Policy TF 1.2. Use the SEPA mitigation system to identify:

  • Safety and capacity improvements based on any projected deficiencies.

  • Costs of improvements needed to mitigate increased traffic.

  • Reflected in the annual capital improvement plan update.

  • Fair-share costs determined from the capacity improvement cost.
    and the 20-year increase in traffic. (Update annually for newly added projects and mitigation of fair-share costs.)

  • Mitigation assessments, determined by the number of development trips and the capacity or safety improvement fair-share cost.

  • Mitigation assessments that may be used for identified capacity or safety improvements.

Policy TF 1.3. Update the capital improvement plan annually, adding new project sand deleting completed projects.


Transportation Access


GOAL TA 1. - To continue public transportation service accessibility for elderly, disabled, low and moderate income, youth, and other mobility- disadvantaged people between Prosser and the Tri-Cities.
Policy TA 1.1. Continue inclusion in Ben Franklin Transit’s Public Transportation Benefit Area.


Strategy TA 1.1.1. Periodically sample public interest.
Policy TA 1.2. Plan to provide and maintain interconnecting bus, train, and plane schedules.




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