Climax: Falling Action: Resolution

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Title of Story: ____________________________

Student Name: ____________________________

Short Story Elements - analysis


- Protagonist:

- Antagonist:


  • Exposition (Introduction):

  • Rising Action (includes conflict):

  • Climax:

  • Falling Action:

  • Resolution:


  • External conflict:

  • Internal conflict:

Point of View:

  • First Person:

  • Third Person Limited:

  • Third Person Omniscient:






Short Story Elements – Vocabulary
Character: Person in a story

- Protagonist: Person who drives the action- main character

- Antagonist: The opponent of the main character- causes the conflict

Character Analysis:

Static: stays the same Dynamic: Changes

Flat: stereotyped/one sided Round: multi-faceted

Plot: the events that make up a story

  • Exposition (Introduction): situation, setting, characters

  • Rising Action: conflicts and complicating events that lead up to the climax

  • Climax: Tense minute where the reader realizes the outcome

  • Falling action: results of the climax and previous decisions (very short in a short story)

  • Resolution/conclusion/denouement: all the problems are done (good or bad)

Conflict: struggle or problem between opposing forces

  • External conflict: struggle is with an outside force

  • Internal conflict: struggle takes place within the character (greed, jealousy, etc…)

Narrator: Person created by the author to tell you the story

Point of View: vantage point from which the narrator tells the story

  • First Person: the narrator is in the story (uses I)

  • Third Person Limited: narrator is not in the story but zooms in on ONE character who is (like a parrot on his shoulder – uses he, she, they)
  • Third Person Omniscient: not in the story, but all knowing narrator, can tell what every character is thinking and doing

Foreshadowing: hints or clues about what is coming later

Setting: time and place of a story

Theme: the main idea of a story

Suspense: anxiety about what will happen next in a story
Related Readings: Lang. Of Literature (orange textbook)

Character Development - pages 321 to 323

Theme – pages 589 to 590

Point of View – pages 813 to 814

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