Codes for Newspaper Content Analysis. Technical Data: Case Number Paper

:)


Download 43.87 Kb.
Date conversion12.07.2018
Size43.87 Kb.
Codes for Newspaper Content Analysis.

Technical Data:
Case Number

Paper: 1= Financial Times; 2= Guardian; 3= Independent; 4= Telegraph; 5= The Times; 6= Sunday Independent; 7= Sunday Times; 11= Saturday Financial Times; 12= Saturday Guardian; 13= Saturday Independent; 14= Saturday Telegraph; 15= The Saturday Times

Date: given in full

Page: page on which the report/article etc. starts.

Location [the location of the start of the article on the page]: 1= top left quarter; 2= top right quarter; 3= bottom left quarter; 4= bottom right quarter.

Section: 1= main/news; 2= (weekly) news review; 3= financial/money; 4= Saturday colour supplement; 5= Sunday colour supplement; 6= culture/society; 7= style/fashion; 8= media/ I.T.; 9= education; 10= Travel; 11=Books/ literature; 12=sport; 13= Tabloid section; 99= other

Page Label: 1= news; 2= Home news; 3= European News; 4= International News; 5= analysis; 6= comment; 7= finance/economics; 8= sport; 9= policy/politics; 10= editorial; 11= television/media; 12= profile; 13= world trade/overseas business/ consultancy; 14= news, Asia/Pacific; 15= Business travel; 16= Overseas/Foreign news; 17= Focus; 18= news, Africa; 19= World News; 20= Interview; 21= Gulf / Middle East; 22= Environment; 23= Despatches; 24= Ethnicity; 25= Censorship; 26= Obituaries; 27= Flashpoints; 28= Kidnapping; 29= Leading stories; 30= Islam; 31= Books; 32= Leader and Letters; 33= Algeria’s Terror; 34= Hamilton Report; 35= Iraq; 36= Egypt; 37= Temple Massacre/Egypt killings; 38= women; 39= Jordan: special report; 40= Middle East terror/turmoil; 41= features; 42= commodities & agriculture; 43= week ahead/preview; 44= secret war [Iraq]; 45= oil bonanza; 46= News: Americas; 47= War Criminals; 48= Asia in Crisis; 49= Architecture; 50= Briefing; 51= Body & Mind; 52= Iran; 53= The Jackal; 54= Rushie’s future; 55= Peace on Earth?; 56= Moments that made the year; 57= Cars; 99= none


Format: 1= news report; 2= editorial; 3= column; 4= feature; 5= cartoon/illustration; 6= diary; 7= letter; 8= weekly news summary; 9= review; 10= ‘news in brief’; 11= Obituary;

Column/Article size: given in cm squared.

Number of accompanying pictures.

Size of picture 1: in cm squared

Pallet of picture 1: 1= colour; 2= black/white; 3= colour cartoon/illustration; 4= b/w cartoon/illustration;

Human Subjects in pict. 1: 1= individual; 2= group 2-5; 3= group 6-10; 4= group 11+; 5= celebrity/leader

Name of Celebrity (if app.): (string variable)

Active state: 1= threatening; 2= angry/‘crazy’; 3= animated; 4= crying; 5= sad; 6= neutral; 7= calm/placid; 8= focused/concentrating; 9= friendly; 10= happy/smiling; 11= laughing; 12= injured, no treatment; 13= injured, being treated; 14= dead; 15= speaking; 16= Illustration; 17= ‘historic’ illustration; 18= working, rural; 19= working, urban; 20= women, veiled; 21= women, unveiled; 22= praying;

Non-Human Subjects in pict. 1: 1= single building; 2= multiple building; 3= civilian vehicle; 4= military vehicle; 5= books/documents; 6= weaponary; 7= landscape; 8= map; 9= forestry/ folliage; 10= newpaper text; 11= Arabic text/ caligraphy; 12= ‘urban life’, Muslim; 13= ‘urban life’, non-Muslim; 14=Israeli flag; 15= ‘Crescent flag’; 16= food; 17= graphs; 18= Graves; 19= animal(s); 20= Ballot box; 21= machinery; 22= crach wreckage; 23= Bomb/terrorism damage; 24= placards of Saddam Hussein; 25= US flag burning; 26= US flag, unlit; 27= computer [..??]; 28= Christian symbolism; 29= antiquities;


Size of picture 2: in cm squared

Pallet of picture 2: 1= colour; 2= black/white; 3= colour cartoon; 4= b/w cartoon;

Human Subjects in pict. 2: coding as above

Name of Celebrity (if app.): (string variable)

Active state in 2: coding as above

Non-Human Subjects in pict. 2: coding as above

Is a source cited?: 1= Yes; 2= No; 9= other

Source cited: 1= no source mentioned; 2= newspaper; 3= Agence France Presse; 4= Associated Press; 5= Press Association; 6= Reuters; 7= United Press International; 8= other UK newspaper; 9= US newspaper; 10= Israeli newspaper; 11= Muslim newspaper; 12= ‘agencies; 13= UK Govt; 14= Foreign Govt; 15= Member of public; 16= Business sector; 99= other

Location: 1= domestic; 2= international.

(if Domestic, then) Domestic Area: 1= London; 2= South/ S. West England; 3= South East England; 4= East Anglia; 5= East Midlands; 6= West Midlands; 7= Wales; 8= Merseyside/ Lancashire; 9= South Yorkshire; 10= East Yorkshire; 11= West Yorkshire; 12= North Yorkshire; 13= Northumberland/ Cumbria; 14= Scotland; 15= ‘Home Counties’; 98= multiple; 99= other

Primary Country Code: 1= Afghanistan; 2= Albania; 3= Algeria; 4= Bahrain; 5= Bangladesh; 6= Bosnia; 7= Egypt; 8= Ethiopea; 9= India; 10= Indonesia; 11= Iran; 12= Iraq; 13= Israel; 14= Jordan; 15= Kuwait; 16= Lebanon; 17= Libya; 18= Malaysia; 19= Morrocco; 20= Oman; 21= Pakistan; 22= Qatar; 23= Saudi Arabia; 24= Somalia; 25= Sudan; 26= Syria; 27= Tunisia; 28= Turkey; 29= United Arab Emirates; 30= Yemen; 31= Palestine; 32= Kashmir; 33= Kosovo; 34= Serbia; 35= Kurdistan; 36= Cyprus; 37= Sri Lanka; 38= Uganda; 39= Turkmenistan; 40= Averbiajan; 41=Sierra Leone; 42= Uzbekistan; 43= Kazakstan; 44= Tajikistan; 98= ‘Arab’ countries; 99=Multiple Muslim Countries; etc..

100= UK; 101= USA; 102= France; 103= Germany; 104= Spain; 105= Portugal; 106= Italy; 106= Holland/Netherlands; 107= Canada; 108= Norway; 109= Denmark; 110= Sweden; 111= Finland; 112=Russia; 113= Austria; 114= Switzerland; 115= Singapore; 116= Australia; 117= India; 118= Philipines; 119= South Africa; 120= Greece; 121= Belgium; 122= Croatia; 123= Serbia; 124= Cyprus; 125= China; 126= Ireland; 127= Luxembourg; 128= Japan; 129= Argentina; 130= Armenia; 131= Burma; 132= Thailand; 133= S. Korea; 134= Vatican; 135- Hong Kong; 136= Iceland; 196= ‘African’ countries; 197= UN; 198= EU; 199= Multiple Non-Muslim countries; 200= Unknown; 201= ‘Western’ countries;


Secondary Country Code: coding as above

Tertiary Country Code: coding as above

Why ‘other’?: (string variable)
Themes in the News:
Theme of the report:

Race/Community Relations (0-19): 1= general; 2= ...and legislation; 3= problems of..; 4= positive; 5= demonstrations; 6= violence; 7= Muslim organisations; 8= research; 9= anti-Muslim prejudice; 10= Muslim prejudice directed at whites/Christians/Jews; 11= Muslim/ Sikh relations; 12= Election Issue; 13= Race discrimination; 19= other

Immigration (20-39): 20= general; 21= numbers entering country; 22= numbers leaving country; 23= controls; 24= future threat; 25= reunification of families; 26= illegal entry; 27= election issue; 28= Deportation; 29- Asylum; 30= Citizenship; 39= other

Crime (40-59): 40= general; 41= violence; 42= sexual crime; 43= robbery/theft; 44= social security fraud; 45= arson; 46= general association; 47= Human Interest; 48= illegal drug use; 49= drug smuggling; 50= ‘Terrorism’; 51= Election Rigging; 52= Yvonne Gilford murder; 53= Hostages/hijacking; 54= cash for questions/corruption; 59= other

Education (60-79): 60= general; 61= funding private schools; 62= religion and..; 63= school leavers; 64= overseas students; 65= language and...; 66= Muslim University Students; 67= poor education services; 79= other

Housing (80-99): 80= general; 81= overcrowding; 82= ‘ghetto areas’; 83= benefits; 84= landlords, non-Muslim; 85= Landlords, Muslim; 86= orphanages; 99=other

Employment (100-119): 100= general; 101= unemployment levels; 102= job prospects; 103= cultural differences and...; 104= language differences and...;105= religious differences and...; 106= discrimination; 107= Muslim employers; 108= agriculture; 109= H. Interest; 119=other


Race Legislation (120-139): 120= general; 121= positive reporting of...; 122= negative reporting of...; 123= ..and religious discrimination; 124= blasphemy laws; 139=other

Health (140-159): 140= general; 141= health problems?; 142= cosmetic surgery; 143= private health care; 144= private health care in Muslim countries; 145= state health & welfare provision, Muslim countries; 146= natural disaster; 147= rail/ air disaster; 148= ...and fasting; 149= ... and organ/blood donorship; 150= ... and gender; 151= Obituaries; 152= child malnutrition; 153= h. interest 159= other

Policing/Law and order (160-179): 160= general; 161= selective/target policing; 162= positive relations; 163= negative relations; 164= demonstrations; 165= rioting; 166= court rulings; 167= recruitment of Muslim officers; 168= Execution & ‘Islamic Law’; 169= Islamic law, negative; 170= Islamic law, positive; 171= Police racism; 172= court cases; 179= other

International Relations/Politics (180-219): 180= general; 181= trade; 182= aid; 183= sport; 184= UN; 185= sanctions; 186= cordial relations; 187= antagonism between nations; 188= ‘rogue nations’; 189= demonstrations; 190= ‘democracy’; 191= ‘dictatorship’; 192= Islam vs West/Huntingdon; 193= ‘naked aggression’; 194= occupied territory; 195= international law; 196= peace talks; 197= meetings between leaders; 198= environmental issues; 199= actions of Int. Leaders; 200= history; 201= terrorism; 202= charity; 203= Govt. incompetence; 204= illegal weaponary; 205= human rights; 206= Israeli/Pal. peace process; 207= diplomacy; 208= World Court/International Trials; 209= spying/covert ops; 210= EU; 211= elections; 212= released prisoners; 213= censorship; 214= torture; 215= Iraq/US/UN stand-off; 216= peace deal; 217= H. Interest; 219= other


War (220-239): 220= general; 221= between nations; 222= civil war; 223= ‘annexation’; 224= threat of...; 225= acts of...; 226= human interest; 227= ...and civilian deaths; 228= ceasefire(s); 229= war crimes; 239= other

Culture/Custom (240-269): 240= general; 241= westernisation; 242= Islam and...; 243= enforced culture; 244= patriarchy and...; 245= Islam/west contrast; 246= food; 247= travel; 248= clothing; 249= ...and law/Judiciary; 250= film industry; 251= media/ press; 252= cosmetic surgery; 253= marriage and Islam; 254= fine art; 255= Multi culturalism; 256= Death/Burial of Dodi; 257= Literature; 258= ‘silly stories’ concerning Islam; 259= Music; 260= Islamist activities; 261= family life; 262= architecture; 263= marraige; 264= ‘Faith’; 265= technology; 266= celebrity; 267= Fatwa and/or Rushdie; 269= other

Sport (270-289): 270= general; 271= business interests; 272= advertising; 273= racism in .; 274= ...and Islam; 275= Muslim non-involvement in ...; 276= ...and Muslim countries; 277= ...and Muslim non-involvement;

Business (290-309): 290= general; 291= success; 292= failure; 293= shares; 294= International trade; 295= Financial crisis, international; 296= fin. crisis, domestic; 297= arms trade; 298= privatisation; 299= Govt. budget; 300= OIL; 301= economic talks; 302= agriculture; 303= Economic reform; 309= other

Women (310-339): 310= general; 311= gender inequality; 312= marriage, arranged; 313= marriage, ‘forced’; 314= female conversion; 315= female circumcision; 316= human rights and ...; 317= ... and Islam; 318= hijab; 319= women in Islamic countries; 320= Islamic women in the UK; 321= ...and Islamic culure; 322= Human Interest; 339= other;


Youth (340-369): 340= general; 341= education attainment; 342= youth and employment; 343= youth and popular culture; 344= youth and tolerance, racial; 345= youth and intolerance, racial; 346= youth and tolerance, other; 347= youth and intolerance, other; 348= youth in Islamic countries; 349= Islamic youth in the UK; 369= other

Secondary Themes: coding as above

Tertiary Themes: coding as above

Quaternary Themes: coding as above

Why ‘other’?: (string variable)
Framing of the News:
(A) Sources in Commentary
Domestic Political Sources (1-100): 1= Prime Minister; 2= named Chief Secretary; 3= named Govt. Minister; 4= named Govt. depertmental spokeperson; 5= named Govt. MP; 6= generic ‘Govt. source’; 7= generic ‘Cabinet source’; 8= generic ‘Sources close to the P.M.’; 9= ‘Ruling’ party councillor; 10= named opposition party leader; 11= named opposition party ‘Minister’; 12= named opposition party M.P.; 14= named opposition party coucillor; 15= generic ‘opposition party leader’; 16= generic ‘opposition party Minister’; 17= generic ‘opposition party member’; 18= generic MP; 19= generic Peer; 20= Govt Lord; 21= Opposition Lord; 22= Cross bench Lord; 23= Generic Lord; 24= named Ambassador/Diplomat; 25= Generic Amb./Diplomat;

50= named Muslim party leader; 51= named Muslim party minister/cabinet; 52= named Muslim party Member; 53= generic Muslim party ‘leader’; 54= generic Muslim party ‘official’; 55= generic Muslim party ‘representative’; 56= generic Muslim ‘party member’;


International Political Sources (101-200):101= U.N.; 102=European Comm./ Parliament/ Politician; 103= NATO; 104= Other Int. body/ commitee of Nations; 105= International Govt. Leader; 106= Int. Govt. Member; 107= Int. Govt. Spokeperson; 108= Generic Int. Government spokeperson;109= Int. (legitimate) Opposition Party Leader; 110= Int. (legitimate) Opposition party member; 111= Int. (legitimate) Opposition party representative; 112= Generic Int. (legitimate) Opposition party spokeperson; 113= Int. (illegitimate) Opp. Party leader; 114= Int. (illegitimate) Opp. party member; 115= Int. (illegitimate) Opp. Party representative; 116= Generic Int. (illegitimate) opposition party spokeperson: 117= Int. Govt./Military Intelligence agency; 118= terrorist; 119= Terrorist Group; 120= Former Int. Govt Member; 121= Amb./Diplomat; 122= ‘Arab diplomat’;


Other sources (201-300):201= Scientific research centre/scientist; 202= University Academic (where different); 203= Muslim University Academic (‘Islamic state’); 204= Other public sector research inst./centre; 205= Religious spokespersons (Non-Muslim); 206=Health Care Professional (Doctor/ Nurse/ Authority); 207= Police/Prisons/Law enforcement; 208=Teachers; 209= Social services; 210= other public sector officials; 211= Armed forces; 212= Trade Unions; 213= Royalty; 214= Celebrity; 215= Media organisations; 216= opinion pollsters; 217= private sector research/market researchers; 218= other business sector/corporate sector actors; 219= members of the public, adult; 220= members of the public, children; 221= Artist; 222= writer; 223=criminal; 224= lawyer/soliciter/barrister; 225= Political Analyst; 226= Religious Spokespersons, Muslim; 227= Pressure Group; 228= Sportsman; 229= actor/actress; 230= ‘Tribesman’; 231= student; 232= Musician; 299= other

Is this source Muslim?: 1= yes; 2= no; 9= unclear

Is this source identified as being Muslim?: 1= yes; 2= no; 9= other

Political/Group Affiliation of Muslim source 1 (if applicable): 1= Al Muhajiroun; 2= Nation of Islam; 3= Muslim Council of Britain; 4= Muslim Parliament; 5= UK Advisory Committee on Islamic Affairs; 6= Al Nisa; 7= Islamic Human Rights Commission; 8= Muslim News; 9= Q News; 10= PLO/ PA/ Fatah; 11= Taleban; 12= Hamas; 13= Islamic Jihad; 14= Hizb Allah; 15= GIA (Algeria); 16= Ba’ath; 17= Harakat (Kashmir); 18= Kosovo Liberation Army; 19= Shia Clergy; 20= Islamic Welfare Party (Turkey); 21= FIS (Algeria); 22= National Council of Resistance (Iran); 23= Muslim Brotherhood; 24= PKK (Kurdistan); 25= KDP (Kurdistan); 26= Movement for Peaceful Society (Algeria); 27= Sudan Peoples Liberation Army; 28= Al-Gamaa al-Islamiyya; 29= PUK (Kurdistan); 30= Muslim Solidarity Committee; 31= Islamic Action Front (Jordan); 32= Hizb-Wahadat (Afghan); 33= Iran Freedom Movement; 34= Mujahadeen (Afghan); 35= PPP (Indonesia);


In which part of the article are they quoted?: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photocaption; 9= other

In which part of the article are they refered to?: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photocaption; 9= other

Proportion of article concerning the actions/opinions of source: 1= all; 2= vast majority; 3= majority; 4= half; 5= less than half; 6= hardly at all; 7= only gets a mention; 8= source used as example of larger trend; 99= other

Is the source an ‘actor’ or a ‘commentator’: 1=actor; 2= minor actor; 3= commentator; 4= both; 5= neither, but instrumental to story; 6= neither, and ancillary to story; 7= ‘pawn’/victim; 9= other
Why ‘other’?: (string variable)
(B) Character of Commentary
Evaluative Dimension of Commentary: 1= lauditory; 2= favourable; 3= neutral; 4= critical; 5= abrasive; 99= other

Primary Journalistic/Stylistic Dimension of Commentary: 1= crusading; 2= argumentative; 3= descriptive; 4= summary; 5= cynical; 6= ‘humourous’; 7= ‘warning’/ ‘helpful’; 8= ‘lyrical’;

Secondary Journalistic/Stylistic Dimension of Commentary: coding as above

Representation of Islam as...? 1= monolithic; 2= diverse; 9= neither


Representation of Islam as...? 1= separate; 2= interacting; 9= neither

Representation of Islam as...? 1= inferior; 2= equal; 3= superior; 9= neither

Representation of Islam as...? 1= enemy; 2= partner; 9= neither

Representation of Islam as...? 1= manipulative; 2= sincere; 9= neither

Criticism of the West by Islamic sources... 1= rejected; 2= considered; 9= neither

Islamophobia.... 1= defended; 2= criticised; 9= neither

Islam vs the West’ seen as... 1= natural; 2= innaccurate; 9= neither



Is Islam presented as an influencial factor?: 1= yes; 2= no; 3= unclear; 9= neither

Are ‘Islam’ and ‘Democracy’ set against each other?: 1= yes; 2=no; 9= neither
Why ‘other’?: (string variable)
Discourse:
Use of the word ‘Islamophobia’ in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the words ‘human rights’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the terms ‘Arab mind/ natural instincts’ (or alternatives) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other


Use of the word ‘westernised’ in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘jihad’ in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘fatwa’ in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘sharia’ in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘hijab/veil’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘halal’ in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other
Use of the word ‘anger’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘threat’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘violence’ (or synonym) reference to acts of violence in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other


Use of the word ‘villainy’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘irrational’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘fundamentalism/ist’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘terrorist’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘traditionalist/archaic’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘sexist/ism or chauvinism/ist’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other
Use of the word ‘clemency/calmness’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘unthreatening’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other


Use of the word ‘peaceful’ (or synonym) reference to acts of violence in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘exemplar/heroism’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘rational’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘liberal’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘emissary/ambassador’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the word ‘modernising’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other

Use of the words ‘sexual equality’ (or synonym) in..: 1= headline/leader; 2= first sentence; 3= first paragraph; 4= second paragraph; 5= upper half of report; 6= text; 7= photo caption; 9= other


:)


The database is protected by copyright ©hestories.info 2017
send message

    Main page

:)