Complete Blood Count (cbc)



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Complete Blood Count (CBC)





  • WBC (Total white blood cell count)

  • Neutrophils • Monocytes

  • Bands • Eosinophils

  • Lymphocytes • Basophils

The cell counts tell how many of each type of white blood cells are present and whether or not they appear normal. White blood cells help fight infection. White blood cell numbers can increase in response to inflammation and infection. White blood cell numbers can decrease with severe infection, bone marrow disease, or (in cats) FeLV or FIV infection.

  • Platelets

Platelets help with blood clotting. It is important to make sure that these numbers remain normal or close to normal.

  • Anemia

  • RBC (Red blood cells)

This test evaluates the size, shape and overall red blood cell count.

  • PCV (Packed Cell Volume)

  • Hemoglobin

Tests for the presence of anemia (low blood cell levels)

  • MCV • MCH

  • MCHC • RBC Morhphology


These tests help tell which type of anemia is present. A reticulocyte count (to look for young red cells) may also be needed.




Blood Chemistries

Liver Disease

Inflammation of the Pancreas



ALT • ALP

AST • GGT



Liver enzymes. These tests help indicate that there may be a problem with the liver. Liver enzyme levels may also be abnormal with inflammation of the pancreas or intestines.

Jaundice

Total Bilirubin

A test for jaundice. Increased levels usually indicate a liver disorder (with or without concurrent disease of the pancreas) or damaged red blood cells.

Liver Disease

Kidney Disease

Intestinal Disorder


Total Protein • A/G Ratio

Albumin • Globulin



Protein levels. Albumin may be decreased with disorders of the intestine, kidneys, liver or decreased nutrient intake. The globulin level may also decrease due to intestinal disease and may increase in response to inflammation or cancer.

Kidney Malfunction

Creatinine • BUN

Phosphorus


Tests of kidney function (should be run in conjunction with urinalysis for the most accurate assessment of kidney function.

Parathyroid Disorder, Cancer

Calcium

Phosphorus



Elevated or decreased calcium levels can be a sign of a wide variety of diseases. A common cause of increased calcium in dogs is lymphosarcoma (a type of cancer).

Diabetes

Severe infection (sepsis)



Glucose (Blood sugar)

A glucose test will detect abnormally high blood sugar levels, which may indicate diabetes. Low levels may occur with liver disease, severe infection, certain types of cancer and Addison’s disease.

Inflammation of the Pancreas

Amylase

Lipase


Tests for inflammation of the pancreas. Levels can also be increased due to kidney disease or enteritis.

Adrenal Disease

Decreased Kidney Function



Sodium • Na/K Ratio

Potassium • Chloride



Important body electrolytes. It is especially important that potassium levels be monitored in sick animals and in animals with decreased kidney function or adrenal disease.

Muscle Injury


CPK

Muscle enzyme. Increased levels indicate muscle injury or inflammation. In cats, weight loss can also cause levels to increase.

Hyperthyroidism

Hypothyroidism



T4, fT4

Thyroid test. In cats we look for levels above normal (hyperthyroidism). In dogs we look for subnormal levels (hypothyroidism). This is a screening test.

URINE

Kidney Disease

Urinary/Bladder Disease



WBC Ketones

pH Bilirubin

Protein Bacteria

Glucose Crystals




Urinalysis is a very important means of evaluating; the presence of a urinary tract infection or inflammation of the urinary bladder, kidney function and diabetes, especially when done in conjunction with blood screening.





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