Born a French Jew in 1503, he became a Catholic. He was physician and astrologer at the court of Charles IX.
He wrote about a thousand ‘prophecies’ covering the period from his time until AD 3897, when he believed the world would be destroyed in a deluge. Most of his prophecies are written in quatrains, verses of four lines each. The verses are written in an ambiguous style, and any desired meaning can be interpreted from them.
Translators of his work [like Chetham and Roberts] have given different meanings to the same verses, for instance
9:36 President Kennedy / King Louis XVI of France
1:26 The assassination of President Kennedy / Hitler’s invasion of Czechoslovakia
2:6 Hiroshima and Nagasaki / Divided Berlin
8:77 reportedly prophesied the downfall of Nazism, so Hitler arranged a fresh, favourable translation of Centuries.
Nostradamus’ prophecies were first published in his ‘Centuries’ [100 verses in each group] in 1555, followed by an expanded edition in 1558. His life and prophecies are immortalised in the film The Man Who saw Tomorrow.
According to C. MacRay, Extraordinary Popular Delusions, 1932, page 280, Nostradamus’ prophecies “take so great a latitude, both as to time and space, that they are sure to be fulfilled somewhere or other in the course of a few centuries.” Some of his many unfulfilled predictions:
1. Astrologers would be persecuted in 1607.
2. The Catholic clergy would collapse in 1609.
3. China would subdue the whole “northern section of the world” by 1700.
4. Venice would become a great world power by 1792.
5. Persecution against the Catholic Church would arise in 1792.
The Church banned Centuries in 1781, reportedly because of a prediction concerning the death of the then Pope Pius VI [which was supposedly accurately fulfilled in 1799].
In the second verse of the first book, he writes: “When I take the magic wand in my hand, immediately a wave wets my legs and clothes. I hear the heavenly voice and I become very pale because the heavenly light and the divine revelation descend upon me.” Nostradamus did not have the gift of prophecy. His prophecies were made, by his own admissions, on the basis of his observations of the stars and the planets, and from occult powers that he experienced as a ‘voice’. Since the Bible condemns astrology [see below], the ‘voice’ could not have been that of God. His is a classic case of how dabbling in astrological practices can lead a Christian into occult delusion.
MRS. JEANE DIXON
Perhaps the most famous astrologer of modern times, this American, too, was a Catholic, and a daily Mass goer and communicant. She is credited with dozens of predictions that came true, but by her own admission there were many of her prophecies that were not fulfilled. In her book Yesterday, Today and Forever: How Astrology Can Help You Find Your Place In God’s Plan, 1977, page 9, she says, “actually, much of what I know about astrology, I learned from a Jesuit priest, who was one of the best-informed scholars I have ever met.”
Some of her famous fulfilled predictions were that China would become communist, that Gandhi and Kennedy would be assassinated and that Marilyn Monroe would commit suicide. Her failed prophecies include the start of World War III in 1954, the admission of China into the UN in 1958, that Castro would be overthrown and die by 1966, Russia would land the first man on the moon, that Jackie Kennedy would not remarry, etc.
God revealed through Moses that just one false prediction would make a prophet a false one [Deut. 18: 21, 22].
Jeane Dixon herself believes that “All my predictions are based on prophecies received from the Lord Jesus Christ. Just as the Spirit of God gave prophecies to Isaiah, Jeremiah and John the Baptist, in the same way the Spirit of God gives me prophecies. God has given me the gift of predicting future events… I empty out my mind so that I may get filled with the Spirit of God. Finally during my meditation… God talks with me… I know this message is not from the devil… I understand very definitely the difference between these two kinds of messages.
So, in accordance with my wisdom I believe that this message is from God… I have been shown the future upto AD 2037.” [The Call of Glory, 1972, pages 42, 43, 175]
When Jeane was a young girl, a gypsy woman gave her a crystal ball and tarot cards, saying, “Jeanne has the powers of astrology.” [This is in itself an admission that astrology is not a simple analysis of the stars and there are occult forces at work in it.]
She also uses other ‘tools’ of astrology such as astrological books and horoscopes. The prophets did not use tools in the exercise of their gift. And their prophecies were God’s spiritual commands, moral guidelines, and warnings to His chosen people not to adopt pagan ways or experience his corrective wrath. Dixon’s prophecies are about bad and sad, worldly and sensational events, and have nothing whatsoever in common with the prophets’.
Her admission of her ‘empty’ing out her mind and meditating, is particularly worrisome. The Bible nowhere encourages one to empty one’s mind or to meditate on anything but God, His works and His Word [see separate article on MEDITATION]. An ‘emptied’ mind could be the playground of the dark spiritual forces. 10.
The Bible in 2 Corinthians 11: 14 says that “even Satan masquerades as an angel of light.” It says [2 Chronicles 18: 1-34] that a ‘lying spirit’ spoke through 400 prophets to King Ahab of Israel that he would be victorious in battle.
Micaiah, the true prophet of God, prophesied defeat, and it happened exactly so. No prophecy of God [Word of God] turns out to be false [Isaiah 55: 11, Matthew 24: 34, 35].
No human being has the power to make his own predictions. Prophecy can either be from God or from Satan.
The New Testament gives an instance of a slave girl who was possessed with a spirit of fortune-telling or divination, which is what astrology really is [Acts 16: 16-18].
Dixon also used to have visions. Her first one, on 14th July 1952 was that of a large dragon that “climbed on my bed and came and sat on my chest and focusing his eyes on mine, he said ‘Daughter, have courage. You have yet to know many more truths’.” She then says that Jesus Christ gave her this vision. Later she herself writes, “The argument of students of the Bible that Christians believe the dragon to be a metaphor for the devil is altogether correct” [My Life and Prophecies, 1969, pages 194, 203.]
Rene Noorbergen wrote of Dixon’s prophecy about the birth of a child [at 7:00 am on 5th February 1962] who would grow up to “integrate all the religions of the world into one religion” which would “become the foundation of a new Christian religion.” [The NEW AGE one world religion?] But after great opposition to this prediction, Dixon changed it, to say that “This child is really the antichrist… He will deceive the entire world in the Devil’s name”, says Noorbergen [The Soul Hustlers, 1976, page 121].
People who went to Dixon for advice have later suffered serious mental, moral and spiritual harm.
The Bible states that “…the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy” [Revelation 19: 10], which means that any prediction, if it is from God, will bring glory to Jesus. Dixon’s predictions do not. Neither do Nostradamus’.
Her story is told by New Age author Ruth Montgomery in A Gift of Prophecy. Authoritative books on spiritualism, also known as necromancy and spiritism, include “works of self-styled prophets such as Edgar Cayce, Jeane Dixon and Nostradamus” says William Watson in A Concise Dictionary of Cults and Religions, 1991, page 217.
EDGAR CAYCE [1877 – 1945]
Called the “sleeping prophet” because he gave his prophetic readings while he ‘slept’, founder of the Association for Research and Enlightenment [A.R.E.], a spiritualist organization in Virginia Beach, USA in 1931. He taught reincarnation and that Jesus had lived as Adam, Melchizedek, and the father of Zoroaster, and that he himself had lived as the grandfather of Zoroaster. I have found his books at the St. Pauls bookstore in Bangalore.
The 14,000 readings Cayce gave in trance are considered the largest single body of psychic information in the world. Almost 2,500 of them refer to past incarnations and specific astrological or planetary influences. When asked if it was right to study astrology, the spirits that spoke through Cayce said, “very, very, very much so,” according to Margaret Gammon, Astrology and the Edgar Cayce Readings, 1987, page 15, reading no. 3744-3.
“Even his proponents admit his prophecies have proved to be only 90% accurate. Critics place his rate of accuracy even lower. He failed... by declaring that New York would be dumped into the sea in the 70s. People are still looking for the elusive Atlantis which he prophesied would arise in the 20th century” New Book of Cults, Bob Larson, 1989 p. 132
Her books [Love Signs, 1968; Sun Signs, 1978, Star Signs and Relationship Signs] have been best sellers and I have seen copies in the hands and homes of Catholics, including, sadly, close relatives. She denies that Jesus is the Christ, and states that he was only a man. She suggests a return to male/female polytheism. She even claims that the original sin of Adam and Eve was good, and not evil [Love Signs, pp 8, 20, 21].
The Bible says, “Who is the liar? Whoever denies that Jesus is the Christ… this is the antichrist” [1 John 2: 22].
EPITAPHS FOR ASTROLOGY
A. In the play King Lear, Shakespeare makes Edmund, one of his characters, say, “This is the best kind of madness. When we get tired of our luck- which actually results mostly from our excess in conduct- then we hold sun, moon and stars responsible for our calamities. To hold the stars responsible for the unsteady nature of man is an admirable excuse of that infatuated man.”
B. Rev. Jayanand I. Chauhan gives the following references in his What Astrology is All About, 2000 [page 58]:
1. In 1940, the conclusion of the American Society for Psychological Research was, “Astrology has not a single proof to make known the past, present, and future, and man has no reason whatever to believe that prediction of social events can be done through astrology.”
2. In 1949, the German Astronomical Society declared astrology to be ‘blind belief’, ‘false medicine’, and ‘a mixture of great exaggerations’.
3. The same year, a committee of thirty specialists in various fields at the Ghent University in Belgium came to the same conclusion.
C. Viktor Makarov, head of the Russian League of Professional Psychotherapists who conducted an official study of the business concluded that half the practitioners were fakes and another quarter mentally ill.[DBSS, Feb 2004] 11. D. The March 12, 1969 issue of Time magazine: “There are so many options and variables to play with that the astrologer is always right. Break a leg when the astrologer told you the signs were good, and he can congratulate you on escaping what might have happened had the signs been bad. Conversely, if you go against the signs and nothing happens, the astrologer can insist that you were subconsciously careful because you were forewarned.
E. Paul Couderc, an astronomer at the Paris Observatory examined the horoscopes of 2817 musicians for any link between their place and time of birth and their musical talent. He concluded that “musicians are born throughout the year on a chance basis. No sign of the zodiac or fraction of a sign favours or does not favour them. The assets of ‘scientific’ astrology equals to zero, as is the case with commercialized astrology. [Astrology, Who Am I? 1961]
F. In 1975, 186 scientists from all over the world, including 19 Nobel laureates, among them India’s own S. Chandrasekhar, issued a statement against the propagation of astrology that ended by stating that the “time has come to challenge directly and forcefully the pretentious claims of astrological charlatans.” The Hindu April 19, 2001
This was reported on the front page of the Los Angeles Times, September 3, 1975.
“Their declaration pointed out, “The time has come to challenge directly and forcefully the pretentious claims of astrological charlatans. It’s simply a mistake to imagine that the forces exerted by stats and planets at the moment of birth can in any way shape our future” Larson’s New Book of Cults, Bob Larson, 1989 page 140.
G. “No one needs to study astrology in all its detail… to come to the conclusion that it is unscientific. The fundamental premise of astrology is that heavenly bodies exert influences on the daily lives and behaviour of human beings on earth. This is simply not true, and the evidence of such a connection is completely lacking… Indeed, given the state of scientific knowledge for the past several centuries, we can assert that there can be no such interaction between heavenly bodies and human beings that would provide a foundation to astrology.
The heavenly bodies exert no force that can affect individual behaviour. Nor is there any likelihood that future developments in science will discover such a force. The existing fundamental laws of nature are too well tested to be modified in the way they need to be if astrology has to have a scientific basis.” T. Jayaraman of the Institute of Mathematical Studies, Chennai, in The Hindu April 20, 2001.
BIGGEST STUDY EVER
H. Dr. Geoffrey Dean [see page 7] and Ivan Kelly, a psychologist at the University of Saskatchewan, carried out analyses of two scientific researches [Telegraph Group, London/The Hindu, August 31, 2003 and India Today October 20, 2003] in the biggest study ever, and here are their findings:
1. For several decades researchers tracked over 2,000 Piscean babies, born within minutes of each other, as part of a study begun in London in March 1958. They looked at more than 100 different aspects of the lives of these ‘time twins’, [pages 3, 8] which were monitored at regular intervals on the basis of the popular ‘sun-sign’ predictions.
They found no evidence of any similarity between the ‘time twins’, and that astrologers were unable to match birth charts with the personality profiles of the randomly selected persons, and said “The test conditions could hardly have been more conducive to success, but the results are uniformly negative.”
2. They reversed checked the process by asking astrologers to make birth charts according to characteristics. None matched with personalities. For this, they reviewed evidence from more than 40 studies involving over 700 astrologers including some from India. They found the results “no better than guesswork.” The results were reported in the current issue of the Journal of Consciousness Studies, ‘The Hindu’ said.
K.N. Rao, editor of Journal of Astrology said, “We must concede that this is the first sound research that has questioned astrology.” However, he argues that the attack is on the sun-sign based western astrology.
D.S. Mathur, IAS, Chief Electoral Officer of Madhya Pradesh felt that “The study did not consider prarabhda,” [destiny, which is the accumulation of karma in our previous lives, and leaves an impression on the birth chart],
“it is the interpretation of the horoscope that matters.”
I. “Prabir Ghosh, general secretary of the Science and Rationalists’ Association of India is an astrovigilante who exposes astrologers and has tripped up more than 100 of their ilk, mostly on TV and radio shows. He contends that astrology has no organized database that a science should have. Also, astrologers who recommend gems or home-made cures for problems rarely check if they worked, so there’s no method of testing and inference.
During a radio show in 1997, Ghosh dressed three successful businessmen as a peon, a guard, and a cheap-liquor seller. When the astrologers were asked to guess their incomes, they were misled by the get-up and grossly under-valued their subjects’ worth, and this was heard live by thousands.” [India Today September 17, 2001]
OBJECTIONS FROM CHRISTIANITY
ATTEMPTED USE OF THE BIBLE TO SUPPORT ASTROLOGY
We have seen that astrology has failed to deliver the goods over and over again, and not simply in the case of unfulfilled predictions. This would have spelt doom in the case of any other discipline, but because of godless man’s innate desire to ‘know’ what is ‘hidden’ in his future, astrology thrives. For those die-hard proponents and consulters of astrology who tout its ‘successes’, success does not automatically determine its value. 12.
Some actions, such as stealing or cheating in examinations, can be successful but have to be judged as morally wrong. The critically important question about astrology therefore is not whether it works but whether it is legitimate. For non-Christians, the answer may be found either subjectively or in arguments from science.
While it is sufficient to revert to scientific proof, the Christian answer to the question will require considering the different ways in which astrology impinges on the Christian faith, by using an objective standard, the Word of God which is the Bible.
In ‘A Christian looks at Astrology’, Anthony Stone writes, “Astrology has two functions. Its basic function is to provide practical guidance in life. Less well known is the fact that many believers in astrology take it as a PRIMARY TRUTH in their view of the world. Furze Morrish, a western astrologer, has said that THE TWO ULTIMATE THINGS ARE YOGA AND ASTROLOGY [in An Outline of Astro-Psychology 1952 page 189]. Such an attitude uses astrology as a key to understanding the universe. The Bible is viewed as a book that needs to be fitted into this pattern.
M. Wemyss, The Wheel of Life or Scientific Astrology, page 126, believes that much of the Bible needs an astrological interpretation for its fuller understanding. This view is a direct challenge to the supremacy of Scripture” [see page 8].
Three kinds of ‘astrological’ passages are alleged to occur in the Bible:
1. Passages supporting the truth or legitimacy of astrology
2. Passages in which the writer has drawn on astrological ideas
3. Passages which admit of a correlation with some astrological elements such as the signs of the zodiac.
Now, the actual connection of any Biblical passage with astrology was:
1. No connection; in which case any astrological interpretation is imposed from outside
2. An unconscious or unintentional reference to astrology; as when we use the names of the days of the week without giving any thought to their astrological origins
3. A ‘cosmological’ use of astrological terms giving glory to the Creator, as would be the case if the zodiacal constellations were mentioned as part of His handiwork
4. A conscious astrological reference.
Only in the last case would astrology have any significant bearing on the interpretation of the passage.
A close study of the passages that astrologers refer to for Biblical support for astrology reveals that many of the suggested correlations are imaginary and arbitrary, being supported by no evidence other than their own appeal.
1. Origen, an early Christian writer [3rd century, Philocalia, 23], gave an astrological interpretation to the creation story, Genesis 1:14-18. He held that the heavenly bodies were ‘signs’ in the astrological sense, showing, but not causing, things which would happen or which have happened, according to the rules of astrology.
He also believed that the sun, moon, stars and planets were among the ‘principalities’ mentioned in Colossians 1:16, so that their first rule was as rational beings [First Principles, 1.7]
To make a long explanation short, to ‘rule’ here means to ‘shine’, they dominate by shining [the same Hebrew word is used] as in Psalm 136: 9 [The moon and the stars rule over the night]. Parallels in Sanskrit are dinakara, day-maker, and dinapati, lord of the day; nishakara, night-maker and nishapati, lord of the night, used for the sun and the moon. These are pure literary terms and have no astrological connotation.
2.Jeremiah 10: 2 [see page 19] is important [for those who propose] to the idea that the heavenly bodies may be taken as astrological signs. The signs of the heavens cause dismay to the Gentiles and are bad omens to them.
These false ideas and customs of the pagans are not to be followed by the Hebrews [v. 3ff].
3. Other references are to God’s signs. At the day of the Lord the heavenly bodies will be darkened [Isaiah 13: 9f, Joel 3: 14f]. There will be portents in the heavens [Joel 2: 30f, Isaiah 13: 13, Mathew 24: 29f, 2 Peter 3: 10] etc.
At Jesus’ crucifixion, the sun was darkened [Luke 23: 44f]. These signs do not recur, as omens must, but occur at unique times. So, the Bible does not support the idea of the heavenly bodies as astrological signs.
4. The ‘dominion’ of the heavens in Job 38:33 has sometimes been interpreted as the astrological influences.
These are the ‘ordinances’ of ‘decrees’ or ‘fixed order’ [RSV] of heaven which are the laws of nature applying to the heavens, for the same word is found in Job 28: 26, Jeremiah 31: 35, Jeremiah 33: 25.
5. The seven days of Genesis 1: 1 to 2: 3 have been correlated astrologically with the seven planets. Christian scholars like Anthony Stone have concluded that all the evidence indicates that the text itself contains no hint of astrology, the procedures are arbitrary, and the correlations are imposed on the text from without.
6. Philo [De Somniis, 2.16] took Joseph’s second dream [Genesis 37: 9], in which the sun, moon and 11 stars bowed down to him, as indicating a connection between the 12 sons of Israel and the 12 signs of the zodiac.
The sun and the moon stand for his parents [v.10]. In Joseph’s time [c. 1750 BC] there were Babylonian lists of 36 stars or constellations in 3 belts of 12, parallel to the equator. Later there were lists of 16 constellations along the zodiac. The 12 zodiacal signs of 30 degrees each probably date from the 4th century BC. Hence the astronomy of the patriarchal period had nothing to do with the 12 signs of the zodiac, and even the set of 12 zodiacal constellations is not attested as a separate entity at that period. The dream is thus no evidence for a correlation. 13.
7. The statement that ‘the stars in their courses fought for Sisera’ [Judges 5: 20] is often claimed to refer to the astrological influences of the stars. However this verse comes in the Song of Deborah, a poem employing hyperbole and other figures of speech. It poetically expresses the fact that the Lord was responsible for Israel’s victory [4: 15]. All nature is on God’s side because it is controlled by God.
8. Astrologers claim that the Bible supports astrology because of the ‘three wise men’ or Magi of Matthew 2, its many ‘predictions’ including Noah’s of the Great Flood, the prophets’ warnings, etc. The prophets, including Noah did not consult the heavenly bodies to know future events, but the living God. We see below in detail that the Bible always condemns astrology as a form of occult divination, as did the Council of Laodicea and St. Augustine.
And the Magi were not pagan astrologers [though a Tamil translation calls them ‘josiar’- magicians or astrologers] but Gentile converts to Judaism who knew Balaam’s prophecy, “A star will come out of Jacob…” [Numbers 24: 17] which referred to the coming of the Messiah. Herod did not use astrology but the Old Testament to check out where the Messiah was to be born, and the Magi did not use astrology to find out Herod’s intent to kill them.
An angel warned them to flee. And the ‘star’ that the Magi followed did not have the regular movement expected of a star or planet. Its origin was unprecedented and presence temporary- a supernatural phenomenon.
Even conceding that the Magi were astrologers, and that astrology was practiced by them, it is clear that God too was involved. God chose the time for the birth of his son [Galatians 4: 4] - in the star, for he controls the stars [Isaiah 40: 26] and the extraordinary signs [Joel 2: 30f].
There are many instances in the Bible where God worked through imperfect means and persons. One example: Balaam was a diviner [qasam, Numbers 22:7] who sought omens [nachash, Numbers 24: 1] and both practices are condemned in Deuteronomy 18: 10. Yet God twice used Balaam to proclaim a message even while involved in ways which he forbade to the Israelites [Numbers 23: 5, 16; 24: 1f].
9. The Book of Revelation contains a lot of imagery including 7 lampstands and 7 stars which were correlated with the 7 planets, the 4 living creatures, etc [ch. 1]. The imagery has to be understood in the light of the Word of God as seen in its entirety. The imagery in Revelation 12, the sun, moon, 12 stars, signs in the sky etc. can be traced to Old Testament sources, without any astral identifications. Revelation 21 with its 12 foundation jewels has been correlated with the 12 signs of the zodiac, which are the 12 apostles [v. 14].
In any case, in the New Jerusalem, there was neither sun nor moon.
BABEL vs. THE BIBLE
The Old Testament
The heavenly bodies were made by God and they point to their Creator [Psalm 19: 1]. Their worship is explicitly forbidden in the First Commandment as well as in Deuteronomy 17: 2 f.
There are references in the Bible to all the planetary deities, and these are consistently unfavourable.
Wherever they appear as spiritual beings in the Bible, they are always in opposition to God.
The Babylonian god Marduk [identified with Jupiter] is shown to be powerless in Jeremiah 50: 2 under the names of Merodach and Bel. Bel and Nebo [Mercury] are similarly shown as powerless in Isaiah 46: 1-4.
Some Bible scholars say that the tower of Babel [Babylon], of Genesis 11: 1-9, “with its top in the sky,” was identified by archaeologists as a ziggurat, an astrological observation tower for viewing and worship of the heavenly bodies. It was destroyed by God. They also say that the golden calf that Aaron fashioned [Exodus 32] was the idol of Egyptian astrological God Taurus. King Jeroboam made two bulls [1 Kings 12: 26-29] for the people, saying, “Here are your gods, O Israel.” “And this became a sin” [verse 30].
King Rehoboam not only erected images of Taurus, but of Aries, the goat [satyrs, Leviticus 17: 7, 2 Chronicles 11: 15]. Molech [Leviticus 18: 21, 20: 1-6] was another astrological god. It represented the sun and was worshipped by casting live children into the fire in its belly. The worship of Molech and Rephan or Saturn is condemned in Acts 7: 43: “therefore I will send you into exile beyond Babylon.”
Acts 14: 11-18 tells how Paul and Barnabas were thought to be Zeus and Hermes, the gods of the planets Jupiter and Mercury, whose worship, Paul says in verse 15, is worthless.
God’s warning to His people through Moses is unambiguous. “And when you look up to the sky and see the sun, the moon and the stars, and all the heavenly array, do not be enticed into bowing down to them and worshiping things that the Lord your God has apportioned to all the nations under heaven” [Deuteronomy 4: 19].
2 Kings 10: 28-31 indicates that the record of the rise and fall of the kings of Israel and Judah includes whether they practiced astrology or banned it. When godly kings like Josiah arose in Israel, they cleansed the nation of the elements of astrology. 2 Kings 23: 4-7 says that he removed and destroyed “all the articles made for Baal and Asherah… to the sun and the moon, to the constellations, and to all the starry hosts.” Lange’s Commentary, 1960, notes that the phrase “to the constellations” actually says “twelve signs [of the zodiac” in the Hebrew.
Baal, the Phoenician sun-god, is mentioned in the Old Testament nearly one hundred times. Apostate Israel built temples, and even install horses and chariots, dedicated to the worship of Baal [2 Kings 23: 11]
Asherah or ‘Astarte' is the Syro-phoenician worship of either Venus or the moon, or both combined, as the goddess of love, fertility and good luck, says C F Keil, in the Book of Kings, 1950. 14.
Jeremiah rejected the worship of “the Queen of Heaven,” the moon [Jeremiah 7: 18, 44: 17-25] and prophesied divine judgement upon Israel for astrological worship [Jeremiah 9: 13].
Ezekiel condemned the women of Israel for “mourning for Tammuz” [Ezekiel 8: 14] and the men of Israel for worshipping the sun [Ezekiel 8: 16]. According to Keil in Biblical Commentary on the Prophecies of Ezekiel, Tammuz, or Adonis, the Babylonian god of fertility, “introduced the worship of the seven planets and twelve signs of the zodiac and… was exalted to a god after his death and honoured with a mourning festival.” In fact, paintings of the zodiac creatures were actually placed on the walls of the temples and worshiped [Ezekiel 8: 10, 11].
The evil was not simply idolatry but divination of the future as in Jeremiah 8: 1, 2a: “…the sun and the moon and the stars of the heavens which they have… consulted and worshiped.”
God condemned Israel’s involvement in astrology or divination because it was part of the occultic cultures of the surrounding nations which God promised to drive out before Israel, “…you shall not learn to imitate the detestable ways of the nations there. Let no one be found among you who practises divination…” [Deuteronomy 18: 9-12]
The Hebrew words ashshaph and gzar used in these and other OT passages translate as ‘conjuror’, ‘enchanter’, ‘soothsayer’ and ‘astrologer’. Often the translation into English as ‘conjuror’ or ‘soothsayer’ includes astrologers.
In a classic confrontation between horoscope and divine revelation, Israel singled out the kingdom’s astrologers for predicting that Israel would not fall, while God revealed through him it would: “Let the astrologers stand forth to save you, the stargazers who forecast at each new moon what would happen to you… they cannot even save themselves… Thus do your astrologers serve you, whom you have consulted from your youth.” [Isaiah 47: 11–15]. The prophets based their hostility to astrology on two things: Astrology was a form of polytheism and lead to worship of creation. The people should consult God for their need, and not the stars or astrologers.
It was said of the people brought into Samaria to replace the deported Israelites [2 Kings 17: 29f] that they worshiped both the Lord and their own gods, including Nergal [Mars], disobeying His explicit instructions [v. 34f].
Israel’s final doom was linked to its involvement with astrological worship: ‘They forsook all the commandments of the Lord their God and made for themselves two idols cast in the shape of calves, and an Asherah pole. They bowed down to all the starry hosts and they worshipped Baal. They sacrificed their sons and daughters in the fire. They practiced divination and sorcery… Therefore the Lord rejected the people of Israel… and gave them into the hands of plunderers, until he thrust them from his presence” [2 Kings 17: 16-20].
From the very early times, God’s methods of guidance to His people included direct speaking, theophanies, signs, dreams and visions. Scripture developed from Moses to Malachi. The Urim and Thummim [Numbers 27: 21,
1 Samuel 23, 2 Samuel 2: 1, 5: 19 etc] were sanctioned under Moses. The words mean ‘lights and perfections’. Their purpose was to give God’s guidance to civil leaders in matters of national importance.
They were important until David, in whose time the prophetic movement was growing in importance. After David, inquiry of the Lord through the Urim and Thummim is not recorded, but only inquiry through the prophets.
From the time of the last Old Testament prophet, Scripture was the most important source of guidance.
The New Testament reveals that Christ has subjected all orders of spiritual beings such as principalities [archai], authorities [exousiai], powers [dynamai], dominions [kyriotes], etc., under Himself [1 Peter 3: 22] on the cross [Colossians 2: 15]. They were created by Christ to be subject to Him [Colossians 1: 16]. They are powerless to separate the Christian from Christ [Romans 8: 38f]. They are the dark rulers of this world but can be resisted successfully in God’s strength [Ephesians 6: 12f]. At the end, He will bring them all to nothing [1 Corinthians 2: 4].
Could we understand these passages this way? What they are saying is that those spiritual beings which were considered to control the world, including those considered to exert astrological influence through their control of the heavenly bodies, have all been conquered by Christ as part of the salvation which He offers.
Created by Him, they revolted and still enjoy a certain freedom which is now certain to be ultimately terminated.
Post- New Testament, God’s guidance included mainly interpretation and teaching of Scripture by the Church.
The Catechism of the Catholic Church says: All forms of divination are to be rejected: recourse to Satan or demons, conjuring up the dead, or other practices falsely supposed to ‘unveil’ the future. [Jeremiah 29: 8].
Consulting horoscopes, astrology, palm reading, all conceal a desire for power over time, history, and, in the last analysis, other human beings, as well as a wish to conciliate hidden powers. They contradict the honor, respect and loving fear that we owe to God alone. CCC 2 116 [under the section ‘THE FIRST COMMANDMENT’].
The cover story of the Don Bosco Salesian Bulletin [February 2004] ‘Bluff or… Is It Sinful?’ discusses astrology along with other forms of divination, also referring to CCC 2115 to 2117.
I particularly liked a very short and simple article “Your Horoscope” by Kunnel Appachen in the 2000 September SHALOM TIDINGS. For those who felt threatened by their stars, the author quoted several Scripture passages to recommend that they turn to the Bible, which is drawn by God for man, and is his most reliable ‘horoscope’. 15.
WHY ASTROLOGY IS OCCULT
“Astrology is defined by Webster’s Dictionary as an occult art.” The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary defines astrology as “the art of judging the occult influence of the stars upon human affairs.” Cult Watch, John Ankerberg and John Weldon 1991 pp. 213,205. In my vast library, there is no book that does not include astrology as occult.
In Dr. Paul Martin’s Cult Proofing Your Kids, 1993, astrology is listed under psychic/occult/divination, pp 26, 103.
“It plays a leading role in the dissemination of occult practice and philosophy within our culture. In our full-length book Astrology: Do the Heavens Rule Our Destiny, 1989, we document eight converging lines of evidence to show that the real source of power behind the effective astrologer is often the spirit world… this form of divination… means that people are really being influenced by evil spirits (demons)… In examining two dozen ‘channeled’ books, [revelations given by a spirit possessing someone’s body], astrology was endorsed in almost all of them” [ibid. pp 203,214]
Says Charles Strohmer, himself an astrologer for eight years, “Astrology is without doubt the most acceptable occult pastime of our age,” in What Your Horoscope Doesn’t Tell You, 1988 [page 9]. Saying that he “stayed with it because it worked,” he concludes that on becoming a Christian he realized “that this was not reason enough. This may seem obvious, but not until then did I grasp that just because something works, it is not necessarily synonymous with what is right and true. That a thing works does not mean that it should be used. Some things when they work, explode and maim… There is power in astrology... but we have already noted the false explanation of its major pillar, planetary influence…” [Pages 11, 23].
Many Christians use homoeopathy [see separate reports] for a similar reason: it works. If it did not ‘work’, it would not have found mention in the Vatican Provisional Report on the New Age. It too is scientifically impossible, like astrology. Many astrologers and homeopaths are sincere people, but to be sincere is not necessarily to be correct. Apart from coincidence, these arts have been found to ‘work’ because of the occult power behind them.
“You can never be involved even a little bit with the occult and be in harmony with the will of God; that is like being a little bit pregnant” avers Strohmer [page 107].
The word ‘occult’ describes those tools, skills, and rites which the Bible forbids because they are satanic in origin and power. When the Church outlawed all occult practices because they were condemned [in the Bible] by God, they had to be done in secret. Hence the Latin word occultus which means ‘hidden’ or ‘unseen’ was used to describe them. People became involved in occult practices like astrology for one or all of the following reasons:
(i) To gain supernatural knowledge of the future.
(ii) To gain supernatural power to change one’s present condition and the future.
(iii) To gain access to the spirit world to contact the dead
(iv) To contact Satan and the demonic host.
St. Augustine said that any remarkable successes in astrological prediction were due to the inspiration of astrologers by evil spirits [City of God, 5.7, 9] [see page 3]. Catholic Bishops have declared that astrology is occult [see page 18].
In an August 4, 1856 encyclical, the Holy Office forbade the use of occult practices like future-telling and divining.
In 1919, it answered ‘No’ to these questions: “Can theosophical doctrines be in harmony with Catholic doctrines? Is it permitted to join theosophical societies, attend their meetings, and read their books… and writings?”
The occult religions like Rosicrucianism and Theosophy [founded 1875], both named in the Vatican Document on the New Age, have strong connections with astrology. I have in my library a book titled A Study in Astrological Occultism- An Astrological Approach to Vedantic Philosophy and Yogic Discipline by Bepin Behari. The author says, “The inner depths of astrology, alchemy, yoga, tantra, and rituals are known only to those who have acquired higher levels of initiation.” The author quotes not only the teachings of the Theosophical founders but also of their spirit-guides, like Alice Bailey’s entity Djwal Khul.
“Although heavily laden with psychological terminology, astrology is firmly planted in the occult. It is a form of divination, the use of ungodly supernatural forces, or the reading of omens for ‘hidden’ information.
The occult always seeks hidden meaning below the surface or in patterns that have no apparent meaning beyond the obvious. Practicing astrology enhances powers, often brings on supernatural experiences to the reader and the client, and increases interest in the occult,” says Marcia Montenegro, a Christian writer on New Age themes.
Some astrologers have stated that ‘psychic intuition’ is necessary in drawing up accurate horoscopes.
Omens are often included in the study of astrology to determine whether things will go well for one, or not.
Ancient cultures have thought of heavenly bodies as spirits, stoicheia in Greek, which has been translated as ‘spirits’, ‘principles’, or ‘elemental powers’ [Galatians 4: 3, 9; Colossians 2: 8, 20]. But as Wim Rietkirk says in his book The Future Great Planet Earth, 1989, these ‘spirits’ were often identified with stars.
In a 1981 Reader’s Digest article ‘Into the Unknown’, Ludwick Steuber, a student of Witte, gave examples knowledge of past events and of correct predictions based on this system. Such knowledge must have an occult source.
In Wisdom from India- Astrology, 2000, Vishal Mangalwadi writes, “this viewpoint is honest in admitting that astrology is outside the limits of physical science and rational discussion. Some of them also admit that astrology is not a science but an aspect of spiritualism.” 16.
Dr. Anthony Stone’s extensive research led him to write in his book Hindu Astrology, 1981, that when astrologers do get accurate results which cannot be attributed to chance or common sense, then their predictions are often communications received from spirits or demons. [He is the author of A Christian Looks at Astrology, 1974].
In eastern India, even today, “Tantra is both religion and occult. Sanyasini Debakini, a tantrik practitioner from Kolkata, insists that tantrik astrology is a science” [India Today September 17, 2001].
Even a Brahmin agrees that astrology is occult. AVN Namboodiripad writing from Kochi to the NIE, October 26, 1999, protesting against Prof. Abbas’ article [see page 26] says, “I would like to point out that astrology is an occult science.” Of course, for many New Agers, as for Mr. Namboodiripad, the occult is a ‘good’ thing.
In some bookstores, astrological works are stocked in the section on occult or New Age books.
Astrologer B.V. Raman says that astrologers work more by ‘intuition’ developed through practice, than by blindly following astrological rules [Hindu Predictive Astrology, 1963 page xi f].
Anthony Stone says that it is “clear that success in astrological prediction (or delineation of character) depends more on the astrologer than on ‘astrology’ as a set of statements. They also point to the conclusion that astrological prediction is a parapsychological procedure for which the astrologer seeks to develop a knack.
Astrology then is only one among a number of methods of divination… The systems used in astrology are merely sets of divinatory objects which can be varied to suit the practitioner” [A Christian Looks At Astrology page 38].
As a former astrologer, Charles Strohmer finds a ‘hook-up’ between the divinatory spirit and the spokesperson, the astrologer. Explaining this ‘intuition’, he says that when an astrologer studies a horoscope, a certain detail about the client’s life seems to pop up before him, drawing his attention and making him see its relevance to the client. He believes that it is “a detail that a familiar spirit is privy to. It is the spirit that is somehow doing the focusing. The focusing is influenced not by a planet… but by a deceptive individual being who knows both the spokesperson and the client” [What Your Horoscope Doesn’t Tell You, page 60].
Ankerberg and Weldon [op. cit. page 213, 217, 218] confirm this: “Astrology employs occult practices such as divination… It appears to work best when the astrologer himself is psychically sensitive, what most astrologers would term ‘intuitive’… Prolonged use of astrology often leads to the development of psychic abilities…
Astrologers prefer the word ‘intuitive’ because for many people the term ‘psychic’ has too many negative occult connotations, while the word ‘intuitive’ is far more neutral, positive, and universal to people’s ears…
Astrologer Julien Armistead said, ‘I don’t think you can read an astrological chart if you’re not intuitive’.”
In his book Astrology for the New Age: An Intuitive Approach, page 6, astrologer Marcus Allen thanks “my spirit guide for his insight and clarity and presence.”
76-year old Canadian-born James Randi, author of nine books, has lectured at NASA, the White House and top universities, throwing down the gauntlet to psychics, homoeopaths, pendulum dowsers and astrologers with an offer of $1 million to anyone who could prove these phenomena scientifically [NIE December 4, 2004].
[A transcript of Randi’s $1 million BBC-aired challenge on homoeopathy, which he won and homoeopathy lost, is on the website: http://ephesians-511.net/docs/HOMOEOPATHY-BBC-THE_TEST.doc]
As I have repeatedly said, all that science can say is that secular conclusions can be only that these are non-sciences. But a Christian would do well to remember that there are no neutral powers in the spiritual world.