Converted from pdf to Word for convenience by Sanjeev Sabhlok



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Converted from PDF to Word for convenience by Sanjeev Sabhlok, 15 September 2013. Due to automatic OCR, please refer to the original for correct spellings. I’ve removed identifiers for convenience, e.g.publisher’s name. You can see the original by downloading from here:

Volume 1 http://www.sabrang.com/tribunal/tribunal1.pdf

Volume 2 http://www.sabrang.com/tribunal/tribunal2.pdf

My plan: I will try to review this document and annotate/ make notes/ publish my comments in the coming weeks.



CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY

An inquiry into the carnage in Gujarat

by

Concerned Citizens Tribunal – Gujarat 2002

comprising

VR Krishna Iyer, PB Sawant, Hosbet Suresh, KG Kannabiran, Aruna Roy, KS Subramanian, Ghanshyam Shah and Tanika Sarkar



Report as at: 21 November 2002

CONTENTS


Volume I: List of Incidents and Evidence 9

FOREWORD 9

Introduction 11

History of Communal Violence in Gujarat 13

Judicial Commissions on Communal Violence in Gujarat 17


Political Backdrop to the Carnage 17

Mapping the violence 18

Godhra 22

Incidents of Post-Godhra Violence: Ahmedabad 24

GULBERG SOCIETY (CHAMANPURA) 24

NARODA GAON AND NARODA PATNA 33

REST OF AHMEDABAD 40

VATWA 41

PALDI 44


GOMTIPUR/ SUNDARAMNAGAR 48

AHMEDABAD RURAL 56

Abasna 56

Kuha 57

Por 58


Panchmahal 58

DAILOL 59

PANDHARWADA 60

ERAL 62


MORA 63

VEJALPUR 65

KUJAVAR 65

BABALIYA 65

ANJANWA AND LUNAVADA 66

ATHAWAWALA 69

ATTACKS ON THE HIGHWAY FROM DAILOL TO KALOL 70

BORU 71

MALVAN 72

MOTA SARNAIYA 73

SANTRAMPUR 73

PIPLOD 75

LIMKREDA 76

MOTI BANDIBAR 77


Anand 78

ODE 78


Mehsana 80

VISNAGAR 80

SARDARPURA 81

KADI 82


Dahod 83

RANDHIKPUR 84

SANJELI 87

FATEHPURA 90

JHALOD 95

Modus Operandi 98

Violence against Women 99

Dalsukb Mabaraj: A Study of ‘Vanvasi’ mobilisation 99



Saharkantha 100

KIDIAD 100

PRANTIJ 103

MADHOPUR KAMPA 104

TALOD 104

HIMMATNAGAR 105

SALAL 106

BHILODA 107

VIJAYNAGAR 109

ASAD 110


MUJETHI 111

Banaskantha 114

Patan 115

Vadodara 116

PHASE I: Feb 27-March 2 116

IISANWADI 116

SAMA AREA 117

Madhavnagar II 118

Ashabibi Ni Chawl 118

MAKARPURA AREA 119

Audhootnagar 120

TARSAU AREA 120

Raghovpura 120

Noor Park 121

Gotri village 121

KARETTBAGH 122

BEST BAKERY, HANUMAN TEKR’ 122

HAJG’GYAN IG SARA, BARANPURA 123

ROSHAN NAGAR’ TUISIWADI 124

WADI, PANIGATE 125

Phase II: March 15-20 126

MACHCHIPITH 126

TAIWADA 127

BAHARCOLONY 128

BAWANPURA 129

FATEHGUNJ 130

Phase III: April 26-May 2 131

TAIWADA 131

RAJA RANI TALAV 131

SULEIMANI CHAAL 132

TANDALJA : HOPE SURVIVES 132


VADODARA-RURAL 134

ATLADRA 135

BAJWA 135

Bhayli 136

SAMIALA, LAXMIPURA 136

MARETHA 137

MANEJA 138

ANKODIA, KOYALI, SEVASI 138

SOKHADA 138

TUNDAV 141

ASOJ 141

MANJUSAR 141

CHAPPAD 142

RANOLI 142



VADOARA—TRIBAL BELT 143

TEJGADH 143

PANWAD 145

KANWAT 146



Bharuch 149

BHARUCH CITY 149

ANKLESHWAR 153

GIDC area 154

RAJPARDI 155

ANDADA 158

MANDWA 160

Kheda 161

MEHMEDAVAD 161

NADIAD 163

KANIJ 163



Bhavnagar 164

RAJKOT 165

Attack on Christians 166

List of statements placed before the Tribunal 166

Continuing Violence 166

Phases of Violence 167



Expert Witnesses 178

Justice AP Ravani (Former Chief Justice Rajasthan) 178

Igbal Hawa (Senior solicitor in Gujarat) 181

Achyut Yagnik (Senior academic) 182

DN Pathak (Present PUCI, Gujarat) 184

Hanif Lakdawala (Doctor, social activist) 185

Sheba George (Feminist activist) 187

Piyush Occhavlal Desai (Chairman, Gujarat Tea Processors and Packers Limited) 188

Ashok Relia (Businessman) 189

Uves Sareshwala (Stock broker) 189

Prakash Shah (Movement for Secular Democracy) 191

Dilip Chandulal, Dwarkanath Rath, J Minakshi and Damin Shah (Movement for Social Democracy) 193

Sharief Khan Pathan (Nobel Ambulance Society) 194

Digant Oza, Batuk Vora and Indukumar Jani (Senior journalists) 194

Teesta Setalvad (Senior journalist and rights’ activist) 194

KB Pandey (Advocate) 198

Jagdishbhai Shah (Vinoba Ashram, Gotri) 198

Johannes Manjrekar (Concerned citizen) 199

Dr. Deepa Achar (Professor) 200

Ramdas Pillai (Builder) 201

Chinu Srinivasan (PUCL) 202

Rajesh Mishra (Social activist) 202

Rohit Prajapati and Trupti Shah (PUCL) 203

Annexures 204

Annexure 1: Terms of Reference 204

Annexure 2: Schedule of Sittings of the Tribunal 205

Annexure 3: Procedure 207

Annexure 4: Methodology 208

Annexure 5: Sample and Spread/ Nos of Statements 210

Annexure 6: Interim Findings and Recommendations of the Tribunal 212

Annexure 7: Janmorcha Report 217

Annexure 8: Statistics on Police Behaviour 218

Annexure 9: Police: Dereliction of Duty 219

Annexure 10: Hate Speech 221

Chief Minister Narendra Modi 221

Former Commissioner of Police, Ahmedabad , Shri P.C. Pande 223

BJP leaders 223

RSS leaders 224

VHP Leaders 224

Modi is He-Man, Lyngdoh has religious bias: VHP 224

Annexure 11: Hate Writing 235

Annexure 12: Deputy Prime Minister LK Advani on Gujarat 251

Annexure 13: VHP ‘Proud’ of Targeted Violence 253

Annexure 14: Forensic Science Laboratory, State of Gujarat 255

Annexure 15: UN Convention on Genocide 257

Annexure 16: UN Declaration on Religious Minorities 259

Annexure 17: List of Politicians/Officials/ Policemen approached by the Tribunal for Deposition 263

Annexure 18: Prime Minister, Atal Behari Vajpayee on Gujarat 264


Volume II: Findings and Recommendations 268

FOREWORD 268

Introduction 269

Godhra 271

2. Mystery of the Fire 273

3. Was Godhra Pre-Planned? 275

4. Immediate Reaction of the Administration and the Government 276

6. Was ‘Godhra’ Allowed to Happen? 278

7. Role of Fanatical Organisations 279

8. Conclusion 280

Patterns of Violence 281

Introduction 281

1. Selective Targeting of Muslims 281

2. Brutality and Bestiality of Attacks 282

3. Unprecedented Scale and Degree of Violence – Ethnic Cleansing 284

4. Looting and Destruction of Property 285

5. Military Precision and Planning behind Attacks 286

6. Complicity of Civil Society 288

7. Role of the RSS/VHP/BD/BJP 289

8. Use of Hindu Religious Symbols 289

9. Use of Hate Speech and Hate Writing 290

10. Mobilisation of Women, Adivasis and Dalits 291

11. Preparation for violence – Immediate and Long Term: 293


Violence Against Women 294

Economic Destruction 299

Religious and Cultural Desecration 303

Preparation for Violence 305

1. Role of the BJP and Allied Organisations – RSS/VHP/BD 305

2. Training 309

3 Impunity from Punishment 312

4. Hate Speech and Hate Writing 313

5. Communalisation of the State and Civil Society in Gujarat 317

6. Role of the RSS 317

7. Historical Background: The RSS 319

8. The VHP and Bajrang Dal: Their Evolution and Role 321

9. Funding of RSS and its Affiliates 323

10. Indictment in Communal Crimes 326

State Complicity - 1 327

1. Government of Gujarat 327

2. Role of Chief Minister and His Ministerial Colleagues 331

State Complicity - 2 332

1. Police Misbehaviour 332

2 Communalisation of the Police Administration 340

3. Legal Remedies 344

4. Communalisation of the Bureaucracy 345

Annexure –Police and Hindutvawadi Organisations 345


Role of the Central Government 346

Role of Non-BJP Parties 349

1. National Democratic Alliance 349

2. Role of the Opposition Parties 350

3. Role of Neighbouring States 351

4. Role of Gandhian Institutions 352

5. Godhra Tragedy Condemned 352


Failure of Criminal Justice System 352

1. Failure of Intelligence 353

2. Preventive Arrests 353

3. Police Participation in the Riots 354

4. Illegal Registration of FIRs (Problems with FIRs) 354

5. Minority community victimised 355

7. Real culprits not arrested 356

8. No identification parades 356

9. Combing Operations 356

10. Rape Victims 357

11. No Action Against Errant Media 357

12. No Action Against the VHP/Bajrang Dal 357

13. Non-implementation of NHRC Recommendations 357

14. Disturbed Areas (Special Courts) Act, 1976 358

15. The Prevention of Damage to Public Property Act, 1984 358

16. Status of Criminal Investigations into Major Massacres 358

17. Progress of Major Cases 359

18. Investigations into Godhra Tragedy 360

19. Medico-Legal Issues 362

20. Role of the Judiciary 362


Disturbing Trends: Police System 363

Communalisation of Public Space — Hospitals 365

Relief and Rehabilitation 369

1 Relief 369

2. Compensation 372

3. Rehabilitation 374

4. Situation of Muslims in Gujarat 375

5. Violation of Basic Human Rights 377



Role of the Media 377

Build-Up in Gujarat 392

2. Targeting the Minorities 392

3. Enforcing Ghettoisation 393

4. Encouraging the RSS 393

5. Discrimination Politics 394

6. Imposing Hindutva 394



Genocide 395

1. Nothing but Genocide 395

2. Note on the International Criminal Court 397

Consequences 398

1. Alienation 398

2. Muslims as Second Class Citizens 398

3. Women 399

4. Children 399

5. Ghettoisation 399

6. Communalisation of Public Space 399

7. Impact on Education 399

8. Economic Decimation 400

9. Religious and Cultural Desecration 400

10. Minority Identity a Target 400

11. Forced Migration 400

12. Impact on Muslim minority in other states 400

13. Conservative Trends among Women 401

14. Arming of Civil Society 401

15. Hidden Agenda 401

16. Decline in India’s International Stature 401

17. Brutalisation of Women, Adivasis and Dalits 401

18. Attack on Akshardham 402

19. All is Not Lost 402


Recommendations: Short Term 403

1. STATE GOVERNMENT 403

2. CENTRAL GOVERNMENT 409

3. UN/INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY 411

4. MEDIA 411

5. RELIEF & REHABILITATION 411

6. CIVIL SOCIETY 415

7. NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION 415



Recommendations: Long Term 416

1. NATIONAL CRIMES TRIBUNAL 416

2. CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY 417

3. GENDER CRIMES 417

4. JUSTICE AND THE JUDICIARY 418

5. SUPREME COURT 418

6. REHABILITATION 419

7. POLICE 419

8. CIVIL SOCIETY 421

Secularism and the Constitution 421

Communalism 423

Who were the proponents of the theory? 424

Secularism 427



The Accused – I – Policemen and Bureaucrats 429

List of policemen and civil servants as named by witnesses: 429

AHMEDABAD 429

PANCHMAHAL DISTRICT 429


The Accused – II: Politicians and Others 430

AHMEDABAD 431

PANCHMAHAL DISTRICT 434

DAHOD DISTRICT 436

KHEDA DISTRICT 438

PATAN DISTRICT 438

ANAND DISTRICT 438

MEHSANA DISTRICT 438

VADODARA DISTRICT 438

SABARKANTHA DISTRICT 442

BHARUCH CITY 442

BANASKANTHA DISTRICT 443



Citizens for Justice and Peace 443





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