Coordinated Transit-Human Services Transportation Plan Draft For ffy 2006-2007 January 2, 2007 Version

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Coordinated Transit-Human Services Transportation Plan

Draft For FFY 2006-2007

January 2, 2007 Version

Incorporating SAFETEA-LU requirements for:

  • Job Access Reverse Commute (5316)

  • New Freedom Initiative (5317)

  • Elderly Persons and Persons with Disability (5310)

Table of Contents
Executive Summary i
Chapter I – Introduction 1
Chapter II – Coordination 5

Coordination Efforts To Date 7

Chapter III – Mobility Today: The Current Special Needs Transportation Landscape 13

Regional Demographic Characteristics 13

Major Destinations 16

Available Transportation Services 17

Transportation Funded by Transit 19

Transportation Funded by Human Services 26

Transportation Funded by School Districts 29

Other Providers of Special Needs Transportation 32

Transportation Costs 36
Chapter IV – Needs, Gaps, and Duplication 37

Rider Needs and Gaps 38

Operation Efficiency Needs and Gaps 40

Awareness Needs and Gaps 42

Chapter V – Mobility Tomorrow 44

Strategy for Coordinating Special Needs Transportation 47

Quality 50

Efficiency 51

Mobility 53

Defining Success 54

Conclusion and Next Steps 55

Figure 1: Regional Transportation and Metropolitan Transportation Planning Organizations 1

Figure 2: Seattle-Tacoma-Everett Urbanized Area 4

Figure 3: Bremerton-Port Orchard Urbanized Area 4

Figure 4: Marysville Urbanized Area 4

Figure 5: How Planning Efforts in Central Puget Sound Fit Together 11

Figure 6: Regional Population Typically with Special Transportation Needs: Percent of Block Groups 14

Figure 7: Transportation Expenditures of Significance to Special Needs Populations Administered in the Central Puget Sound in 2005 18

Figure 8: Transit Funding Areas in the Puget Sound Region 19

Figure 9: Transit Routes and Service Areas in Puget Sound Region 20

Figure 10: West Sound Kitsap Transit Foot Ferry Routes 23

Figure 11: How Alternative Transportation Services Fill in Gaps that Fixed-Route Service Alone Cannot Provide 25

Figure 12: Department of Social and Health Services, Health and Rehabilitative Services Administration Broker Regions 27

Figure 13: School District and City/County Boundaries 29

Figure 14: Washington State Ferry Routes 32

Figure 15: Amtrak Cascades Route Map 33

Figure 16: Greyhound Route Map 33

Figure 17: Amtrak Empire Builder Route Map 33

Figure 18: Northwestern Trailways Route Map 33

Figure 19: Trip Cost Comparisons Between Modes 36

Figure 20: Strategic Vision, Mission, Goals, and Objectives 49

Figure 21: Vision of a Regional Coordinated Transportation System: Plan, Reserve, and Pay for a Trip with a Single Phone Call or Website Visit 52

Figure 22: Puget Sound Metropolitan Transportation System and Urban Growth

Boundary 53

Table 1: People Typically With Higher Transportation Needs 15

Table 2: Employment and People With Disabilities 16

Table 3: Top Destinations Types in Find-A-Ride Database by County 17

Table 4: Sales Tax Rates for Transit as of 2005 20

Table 5: “Regional T” Transfer Sites and Amenities 21

Table 6: Kitsap Transit Sinclair Inlet Foot Ferry Travel Data 23

Table 7: Usage and Cost of ADA Paratransit Services 24

Table 8: 2005 Medicaid Travel Data: Demand-Response Trips (Excludes Other

Modes) 28

Table 9: 2005 Public School District Travel Data 31

Table 10: Conditions for Providers in Find-A-Ride Database to Provide a Trip 35

Table 11: Population Projections 45

Table 12: Percentage of Age Cohort Likely to be ADA Eligible 45

Table 13: ADA Registrants and Projected Registrants for King, Pierce, and Snohomish Counties 45

Table 14: Projected Trip Volume Increase 46

Appendix A: Glossary

Appendix B: Existing Planning Efforts and Projects

Appendix C: Service and Operating Expense Tables

Appendix D: Origin and Destination Maps

Appendix E: Population Estimates

Appendix F: Plan Methodology

Appendix G: Public Comments

Appendix H: Bibliography

Appendix I: Local and Regional Special Needs Coordinated Transportation Plans……...

Available Under Separate Cover at PSRC Information Center or at

Executive Summary



Chapter 1 – Introduction
What Is the Puget Sound Regional Council?
The Puget Sound Regional Council (PSRC) is an association of cities, towns, counties, ports, tribes, and state agencies that serves as a forum for developing policies and making decisions about regional growth management, economic and transportation issues in the four-county central Puget Sound region.
PSRC is designated under federal law as the Metropolitan Planning Organization (required for receiving federal transportation funds) and under state law as the Regional Transportation Planning Organization for King, Kitsap, Pierce and Snohomish counties. PSRC members include the four counties and 71 of the region’s 82 cities and towns. Other statutory members include the three port authorities of Everett, Seattle and Tacoma, the Washington State Department of Transportation, and the Washington Transportation Commission. In addition, a memorandum of understanding with the region’s six transit agencies outlines their participation in the Regional Council.

Associate members include the Puyallup Tribe of Indians and the Tulalip Tribes, the Port of Bremerton, Island County, Thurston Regional Planning Council, and the Evans School of Public Affairs – University of Washington.

Puget Sound Regional Council is a comprehensive planning agency that does not duplicate the activities of local and state operating agencies, but supports their needs with complementary planning and advocacy, and serves as a center for the collection, analysis and dissemination of information vital to citizens and governments in the region.

What Is Destination 2030?
Destination 2030 is the Metropolitan Transportation Plan for the central Puget Sound region and the transportation element of VISION 2020, the region’s growth management, economic, and transportation strategy. PSRC has developed Destination 2030 to examine the region’s transportation needs through 2030 and to lay out a strategy to strengthen the current system by identifying future transportation improvements as well as how to finance them. It is a comprehensive and coordinated strategy for the region’s transit, roadway, port, ferry, rail, bicycle and pedestrian facilities and programs.

VISION 2020 and Destination 2030 respond to the Washington Growth Management Act and conform to federal transportation planning requirements. The Growth Management Act requires long-range comprehensive plans that are prepared by cities and counties to be balanced with the transportation infrastructure that can support such development. They also must be compatible with VISION 2020 growth and transportation strategies. As the state-required Regional Transportation Plan, Destination 2030 also meets substantive and procedural requirements in the Revised Code of Washington.

Required Elements of the Coordinated Plan:

  • Inventory of current services

  • Assessment of transportation needs for individuals with disabilities, older adults, and persons with limited incomes

  • Identification of coordination actions to eliminate or reduce duplication in services and strategies for more efficient utilization of resources

  • Strategies to address identified gaps in services

  • The prioritization of implementation strategies.

n mid-2005, Congress passed the long-awaited reauthorization of the federal surface transportation act. This legislation is referred to by the acronym “SAFETEA-LU.” Along with reauthorizing federal funding for projects, the act makes several changes to planning requirements and requires that all Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) become compliant with these changes by July 1, 2007. One of these changes is that a regional Coordinated Transit-Human Services Transportation Plan (Coordinated Plan) is now a required element of the Metropolitan Transportation Plan. This plan will serve as a strategy to map a course for improving coordination between transportation systems and providers, as well as strengthen transportation services for those with special needs throughout the central Puget Sound region.

To comply with these new requirements, the Puget Sound Regional Council has developed the Coordinated Transit-Human Services Transportation Plan (Coordinated Plan). In order to provide a comprehensive summary of the region’s special needs transportation system, PSRC has incorporated and expanded upon information from a variety of local and regional sources. “United We Ride in Puget Sound” is a plan developed by Sound Transit addressing special needs transportation issues related to long distance, inter-regional trips in King, Pierce and Snohomish counties. In addition, PSRC incorporated countywide plans that addressed similar services and needs within their respective communities, as well as the “Area-Wide Jobs Access and Reverse Commute Plan.” By covering a diverse set of transportation topics pertinent to individual localities and the region as a whole, the Coordinated Plan provides an all-inclusive snapshot of the region’s available services, and a comprehensive vision of special needs transportation in the future. Later this year, the Coordinated Plan will also be incorporated into the Agency Council on Coordinated Transportation (ACCT) statewide special needs transportation plan.

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