Course manual Introduction to Disaster Management



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Unit summary



Summary


In this unit you learned about the role of technology in disaster management and we examined the usefulness of Emergency Management Systems (EMS). In addition, we looked at the unique contributions of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and Remote Sensing Systems (RSS) to aid in the effective management of disasters.

Self - Assessment




Assessment


Instructions: Select the best answer:


  1. Select the option which best defines Emergency Management Systems?

  1. Disaster-based work systems

  2. Any technical or technological aid that facilitates information sharing, coordination of critical resources and the effective management of disasters.

  3. Emergency policies that help governments to manage disasters by organizing the flow of work from one department to another.

  4. Technology-based systems that make the work of disaster management officials easier, by routing all information to a centrally controlled government computer.



  1. EMS can assist in managing which of the following areas:

(I) Hazardous Materials Management

(II) Emergency Medical Services

(III) Response and recovery

(IV) Firemen, medical workers and other response officials

(V) The building of an intricate national stadium to strict


international safety standards.


  1. I &111

  2. III & 1V

  3. I , II &V

  4. I , II & III



  1. How can EMS help prevent and mitigate against disasters?

  1. Through Advanced Automated Collision Notification Systems (Advanced ACN)

  2. Through effective usage of Detection, Route planning and Tracking systems.

  3. Through Scheduling and Coordination software.

  4. All of the above



  1. Which of the following strategies is the most important in helping to continuously improve the EMS system?

  1. Appoint the brightest and best talent to operate the system.

  2. Routinely debug the system to keep it free from dangerous viruses.

  3. Document the lessons learnt from each experience to reduce the recurrence of problems.

  4. Keep abreast with cutting-edge global technology as much as possible, without fail.



  1. The GIS application is particularly useful for:

  1. The creation of hazard inventory maps, location of critical facilities and conducting vulnerability assessments.

  2. The creation of hazard inventory maps, building community resilience and providing critical disaster management information to emergency travellers.

  3. Policemen, firemen and disaster management officials to coordinate distribution of relief items after a disaster.

  4. The creation of an intricate disaster plan that is collaboratively drafted and supported by all response agencies.



  1. GIS can be applied to the Disaster Management Cycle in the following ways:

  1. GIS can help broadcast critical post-disaster information to the public.

  2. GIS technology can be used to build flood warning systems at the community level to warn the residents whenever the river overflows its banks.

  3. GIS can assist in preparedness by identifying and locating important resources and by providing accurate information on the exact location of an emergency situation.

  4. GIS technology can aid recovery after a disaster by automatically posting requests for much needed international assistance on the internet.



  1. Which of the following conditions interfere with GPS functions?

  1. Dense cloud

  2. Volcanic eruption

  3. Low fog

  4. Darkness

  5. None of the above



  1. Electromagnetic waves are NOT involved in;

  1. Radio

  2. X-rays

  3. Microwave ovens

  4. The sense of touch

  5. Seeing things



Instructions: Answer True or False in response to the following statements.


  1. GIS is able to represent spatial information over a wide geographic area. _____________

  2. GIS technology integrates models, maps and other graphic forms of information. ____________

  3. GIS effectively accommodates three dimensional graphics to give a more detailed and comprehensive view of its contents. _____________
  4. GIS technology does not facilitate maps and other forms of graphic information and must be supported by GPS to be complete. ____________


  5. GIS is not very versatile and easy to use. _________

  6. Emergency planners, meteorologists, geologists, film makers, chefs and small farmers will ALL find GIS useful in their specific areas of work. ___________

  7. Passive remote sensing makes use of sensors that detect reflected responses from objects that are irradiated from artificially-generated energy sources, such as radars.__________

  8. Remote sensing is the most cost-effective method for monitoring changes over large areas.___________

  9. Electromagnetic waves transport energy and matter from one place to another_____________




Answers

Best answer:

1 (b); 2 (d); 3 (b); 4 (c); 5 (a); 6 (c); 7 (e); 8 (d).


True or False:

a T; b T; c T; d F; e F; f F; g F; h T; i F.






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