Curriculum for b. Sc (hons) cardiac perfusion technology


Lasts Anatomy 11th edition by R.M.H Mcminn

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Lasts Anatomy 11th edition by R.M.H Mcminn

PMS-202 GENERAL PHARMACOLOGY-I Credit Hours: 3(2+1)
Course Objectives:


  • To define common terms related to pharmacology and drug therapy

  • To describe the process through which a drug must go as it is being developed and tested for safety

  • To describe basic facts about drugs such as names, sources, classification systems, preparations, and routes of administration

  • To make students able to tell the effects, uses and adverse effects of various drugs and their rational use


Course Contents:

Introduction to Pharmacology, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics ,Adverse effects of drugs, Classification of drugs, Drugs affecting the Autonomic Nervous System, Opioids, Drugs Affecting CVS , Drugs Affecting Endocrine system, Gastrointestinal Drugs, Autacoids & Antagonists ,Anesthetics, Analgesics, Narcotics, Muscle Relaxants, Non-Narcotic Analgesics



Recommended Books:

  • Lippincott’s pharmacology (text book) by Mycek 2nd edition published by Lippincott Raven

  • Katzung textbook of pharmacology (Reference Book) by Bertram Katzung 8th Edition, Published by Appleton.


PMS-225 BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES Credit Hours: 2(2+0)
Course Objectives:

  • To introduce about various diagnostic interviews

  • Formulating and clarifying diagnostic findings and treatment recommendations
  • Documenting evaluation and treatment procedures, involving duties such as recording results of diagnostic interviews, lab studies, and/or treatment plans in a timely way according to the medical records protocols of the rotation site


Course Contents:

Introduction to Behavioral Sciences and its importance in health:Bio-Psycho-Social Model of Health Care and the Systems Approach, Normality vs Abnormality, Importance of Behavioral sciences in health, Desirable Attitudes in Health Professionals Understanding Behavior: Sensation and sense organs, Perception, Attention and concentration, Memory, Thinking, Communication, Individual Differences: Personality, Intelligence, Emotions, Motivation, Learning, Stress and Stressors, Life Events, Stress, Management, Interviewing / Psychosocial History Taking, Allied Health Ethics-Hippocratic oath, Culture and Allied Health practice, Psychological reactions, Breaking Bad News, Pain, Sleep, Consciousness.



Recommended Books:

  • Behavioral Sciences by M.H Rana 2007

  • Sociology in a Changing World by William Kornblum 8th edition 2007

  • Changing Behavior: Immediately Transform Your Relationships with Easy-to-Learn, Proven Communication Skills by Georgiana Donadio 2011

PMS-201 GENERAL PATHOLOGY-I Credit Hours: 3(2+1)
Course Objectives:

  • To describe cellular responses to stress and noxious stimuli and inflammation.

  • To describe cell injury and cell death.

  • To describe the mechanisms involved in wound healing.

  • To Explain the pathology and pathogenesis of edema and shock
  • To enumerate and describe the abnormalities of cell growth and differentiation


Course Contents:

Cell Injury & adaptation Cell injury, Cellular adaptation

Inflammation Acute Inflammation, Chronic Inflammation

Cell Repair & Wound Healing Regeneration & Repair, Healing Factors affecting Healing, Hemodynamic Disorders Define & classify the terms, Edema, Hemorrhage, Thrombosis, Embolism, Infarction & Hyperemia, Shock, compensatory mechanism of shock, possible consequences of thrombosis & difference between arterial & venous emboli, Neoplasia Dysplasia& Neoplasia Difference between benign & malignant neoplasm, etiological factors for Neoplasia, different modes of metastasis



Practical:

  • Practical Copy for General Pathology

  • Specific Histopathological Slides

Recommended Books:

4th Semester


  1. General Pathology-II

  1. Medical Microbiology-II

  1. Electrocardiography-I

  1. Cardiopulmonary Physiology

  1. Haematology-II
  1. General Pharmacology-II


  1. Communication Skills
PMS-221 GENERAL PATHOLOGY-II Credit Hours: 3(2+1)
Course Objectives:

  • To introduce students various pathologies of various systems

  • To gain knowledge of pathological basis of various systemic diseases

Course Details:

Pathologies of following the systems: Cardiovascular system, Respiratory system, Urinary system, Blood and Nervous system



Practical:

  1. Helicobacter pylori test

  2. Diagnosis methods of UTI

  3. Determination of renal function tests

  4. Determination of liver function tests

  5. Determination of cardiac profile

Recommended Books:

  • Robbins Basic Pathology Kumar Abbas Aster 9th Edition 2013

  • Review Of General Pathology Moh.Firdaus, 9th Edition

Short Text Book of Pathology Moh. Inam Danish 3rd Edition 2006

PMS-227 Medical Microbiology-II Credit Hours: 3(2+1)
Course objectives:

• To introduce the students with basic concepts in virology and parasitology.

• To introduce the students with common viral and parasitic infections.

• To introduce the students with diagnosis of common viral and parasitic infections.


Course Contents:

Biosafety levels, control of hospital infection, biomedical waste management, introduction to virology, Viral morphology, structure, replication and classification, general properties of virus, pathogenesis and control of virus, common viral pathogen prevailing in Pakistan, introduction to parasitology, Parasite (protozoan and helminthes) morphology and classification, general principal of pathogenesis, immunology and diagnosis of parasitic infection, common parasitic pathogen prevailing in Pakistan.


Practical:

1. Cleaning of new and used glass wares for microbiological purposes.

2. Students should be familiar to use autoclave, hot air oven, water bath, steamer etc.

3. Macroscopic and microscopic examination of stool for adult worms, ova, cysts, larvae.

4. Visit to hospital for demonstration of biomedical waste management.

5. Demonstration of common serological tests used for the diagnosis of viral and parasitic infection.

6. Demonstration of malarial parasites in blood and bone marrow.

7. Demonstration of leishmania in blood film.

8. Concentration techniques for intestinal parasites in stool.
Recommended books:


  • Sherris Medical Microbiology: An Introduction to Infectious Diseases. Ryan, K. J., Ray, C. G., 4th ed. McGraw-Hill, 2003.

  • Clinical Microbiology Made Ridiculously Simple. Gladwin, M.,& Trattler, B., 3rd ed. MedMaster, 2004.

  • Medical Microbiology and Infection at a Glance. Gillespie, S., H., Bamford, K., B., 4th ed. Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.

  • Medical Microbiology, Kayser, F., H., & Bienz, K., A., Thieme, 2005.

  • Review of Medical Microbiology and Immunology. Levinson, W., 10th ed. McGraw Hill Professional, 2008.

  • Jawetz, Melnick, & Adelberg's Medical Microbiology. Brooks, G., Carroll, K., C., Butel, J., & Morse, S., 26th ed. McGraw-Hill Medical, 2012.

PMS242 ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY - I Credit Hours: 3(2+1)


  • Course Objectives:
  • To describe the basic concepts of EKG


  • To recognize the basic electro-physiology using EKG

  • To compute different basic technical ECG abnormalities

  • To infer different types of arrhythmias

  • To identify different heart pathologies on the basis of EKG



Course Contents:

Basic Concepts; Rate, Rhythm, intervals, Cardiac axis, Wave morphologies, Step-by-Step Method for Accurate, Electrocardiogram Interpretation, P Wave Abnormalities, Bundle Branch Block, ST Segment Abnormalities, Q Wave Abnormalities.


Practical:

  • Identification of different EKG electrodes

  • Placement of Electrodes on the body

  • Demonstration of EKG procedure

  • Finding heart rate, Rhythm, axis and intervals

  • Different types of EKG waves and correlation with different heart chambers

Recommended Books:

  • EKG by Dale Dubin 6th edition

  • ECG made Easy by Jhon R 6th edition

  • Rapid ECG interpretation by Mr. M. Gabriel Khan 3rd edition

  • An Introduction to ECG by Leo Schamroth 6th edition

  • ECG Interpretation for the clinical exercise 3rd edition

  • EKG book by Malcolm. S 4th edition

  • Manual Of ECG 4th edition

PMS-218 CARDIOPULMONARY PHYSIOLOGY Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Course Objectives:


  • To describe the physiology of Cardiovascular and Respiratory system

  • To illustrate the normal physiological parameters related to systems

  • To compute the effect of certain factors affecting normal physiology

  • To explain advance concepts and calculation related to the physiological functions

  • To assess the normal physiological functions for the understanding of different pathologies

Course Contents:

Cellular Membrane structure & function, Physiologic anatomy of the Heart, Propagation of cardiac Impulse, The cardiac cycle, Pressure change during cardiac cycle. The stroke volume and Stroke out-put, Cardiac out-put regulation of cardiac function. The special excitatory and conductive system of the heart and their control Abnormalities of the cardiac rhythms, The heart sounds. Functional classification of blood vessels, Peripheral circulation: pressure and resistance, The Arterial Blood Pressure, Hypertension, The Arterial Pressure Pulse, The Physiology Of The Veins, The Jugular Venous Pulse, The Physiology Of The Capillaries, Lymph And Lymphatics, The Cutaneous Circulation, Coronary Circulation, Cerebral Circulation And Pulmonary Circulation, Gas Exchange & Diffusion. Perfusion and Ventilation/Perfusion. Acid - base imbalances: pathophysiology of acidosis and alkalosis Heat Exchange, Filters and Reservoirs.


Practical:

  • Measurement of Blood Pressure

  • Demonstration on ECG

  • Heart sounds

  • Measurement of JVP

  • Cardiac output measurements

  • Measurement of pulses from various regions of the body

  • Interpretation of Arterial blood gases
  • Interpretation of different lung volumes and capacities from Lung function test

  • Nebulization procedure






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