Curriculum Vitae: Lorenzo Prendini, Ph. D



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Curriculum Vitae: Lorenzo Prendini, Ph.D.


Curator of Arachnida & Myriapoda

Division of Invertebrate Zoology

American Museum of Natural History

Central Park West at 79th Street

New York, NY 10024-5192, USA
tel: +1-212-769-5843; fax: +1-212-769-5277; email: lorenzo@amnh.org

Scorpion Systematics Research Group: http://scorpion.amnh.org

Division of Invertebrate Zoology: http://www.amnh.org/our-research/staff-directory/lorenzo-prendini

RevSys: North American Scorpion Family Vaejovidae: http://www.vaejovidae.com

BS&I: Global Survey and Inventory of Solifugae: http://www.solpugid.com

AToL: Phylogeny of Spiders: http://research.amnh.org/atol/files




Education

Ph.D., Zoology, University of Cape Town, South Africa (2001)

B.Sc. (Hons), Zoology, University of Cape Town, South Africa (1995)

B.Sc., Botany & Zoology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa (1994)




Appointments

Curator, Division of Invertebrate Zoology, AMNH (2012–)

Professor, Richard Gilder Graduate School of Comparative Biology, AMNH (2008–)

Associate Curator, Division of Invertebrate Zoology, AMNH (2007–2012)

Assistant Curator, Division of Invertebrate Zoology, AMNH (2002–2007)

Adjunct Appointments

Adjunct Professor, Department of Entomology, Colorado State University (2008–)

Research Associate, National Museum of Namibia (2006–)

Research Associate, Transvaal Museum of Natural History, Pretoria, South Africa (2004–)

Adjunct Professor, Department of Entomology, Cornell University (2004–)

Adjunct Professor, Department of Biology, CUNY (2003–)



Associate Editor/Editorial Board Member

Cladistics (2004–)

ZOOTAXA (Amblypygi, Schizomida, Scorpiones, Solifugae, Thelyphonida) (2005–)

American Museum Novitates and Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (2008–)

Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny (Chelicerata, Pantopoda) (2010–)

European Journal of Taxonomy (2012–)


Professional Affiliations

African Arachnological Society; American Arachnological Society; Entomological Society of Southern Africa; The Explorer’s Club (Fellow); International Society of Arachnology (Executive Committee, 2007–2010); Society of Systematic Biologists; South African Society of Systematic Biology; Willi Hennig Society (Fellow; Council, 2008–2011); Zoological Society of Southern Africa.




Publications

Maquart, P.O., Réveillion, F., Prendini, L., Burger, M., Fisher, B.L., and Van Noort, S. (in press). New distribution records for African Amblypygi. African Entomology 24(1).


Prendini, L. 2015. Three new Uroplectes (Scorpiones: Buthidae) with punctate metasomal segments from tropical central Africa. American Museum Novitates 3840: 1–32.

González-Santillán, E. and Prendini, L. 2015. Systematic revision of the North American syntropine vaejovid scorpions with a subaculear tubercle, Konetontli González-Santillán and Prendini, 2013. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 397: 1–78.



Prendini, L. 2015. A remarkably small species of Uroplectes Peters, 1861 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) endemic to the Succulent Karoo of the Northern Cape Province, South Africa. African Invertebrates 56(2): 499–513.

Cushing, P.E., Graham, M.R., Prendini, L., and Brookhart, J.O. 2015. A multilocus molecular phylogeny of the endemic North American camel spider family Eremobatidae (Arachnida: Solifugae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 92: 280–293.

Bird, T.L., Wharton, R.A., and Prendini, L. 2015. Cheliceral morphology in Solifugae (Arachnida): Primary homology, terminology, and character survey. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 394: 1–355.

Talal, S., Tesler, I., Sivan, J., Ben-Shlomo, R., Tahir, H.M., Prendini, L., Snir, S., and Gefen, E. 2015. Scorpion speciation in the Holy Land: Multilocus phylogeography corroborates diagnostic differences in morphology and burrowing behavior among Scorpio subspecies and justifies recognition as phylogenetic, ecological and biological species. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 91: 226–237.

González-Santillán, E. and Prendini, L. 2015. Phylogeny of the North American vaejovid scorpion subfamily Syntropinae Kraepelin, 1905, based on morphology, mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. Cladistics 31(4): 341–405.

Mattoni, C.I., García-Hernández, S., Botero-Trujillo, R., Ochoa, J.A., Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., Pinto-da-Rocha, R., and Prendini, L. 2015. Scorpion sheds ‘tail’ to escape: Consequences and implications of autotomy in scorpions (Buthidae: Ananteris). PLoS One 10(1): e0116639 (15 pp.). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116639.

Santibáñez-Lopez, C.E., Francke, O.F. and Prendini, L. 2014. Shining a light into the world’s deepest caves: Phylogenetic systematics of the troglobiotic scorpion genus Alacran Francke, 1982 (Typhlochactidae: Alacraninae). Invertebrate Systematics 28: 643–664.

Santibáñez-Lopez, C.E., Francke, O.F. and Prendini, L. 2014. Phylogeny of the North American scorpion genus Diplocentrus Peters, 1861 (Scorpiones: Diplocentridae) based on morphology, nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny 72(3): 257–279. (cover article)

Loria, S.F. and Prendini, L. 2014. Homology of the lateral eyes of Scorpiones: A six-ocellus model. PLoS One 9(12): e112913 (30 pp.). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0112913.

Santibáñez-Lopez, C.E., Francke, O.F. and Prendini, L. 2014. Kolotl n. gen. (Scorpiones: Diplocentridae) a new scorpion genus from Mexico. American Museum Novitates 3815: 1–14.

Foord, S.H., Gelebe, V., and Prendini, L. 2014. Effects of aspect and altitude on scorpion diversity along an environmental gradient in the Soutpansberg, South Africa. Journal of Arid Environments 113: 114–120.

Tahir, H.M., Navidpour, S., and Prendini, L. 2014. First reports of Razianus Farzanpay, 1987 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from Iraq and Pakistan, descriptions of two new species, and redescription of Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903). American Museum Novitates 3806: 1–26.

Tahir, H.M. and Prendini, L. 2014. Redescription of Heterometrus latimanus and confirmation of the genus Heterometrus (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae) in Pakistan. American Museum Novitates 3805: 1–23.

Cushing, P.E., Casto, P., Knowlton, E.D., Royer, S., Laudier, D., Gaffin, D.D., Prendini, L., and Brookhart, J.O. 2014. Comparative morphology and functional significance of setae called papillae on the pedipalps of male camel spiders (Arachnida, Solifugae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 107(2): 510–520.

Monod, L. and Prendini, L. 2014. Evidence for Eurogondwana: The roles of dispersal, extinction and vicariance in the evolution and biogeography of Indo-Pacific Hormuridae (Scorpiones: Scorpionoidea). Cladistics 31(1): 71–111.

Bryson, R.W., Jr., Prendini, L., Savary, W.E., and Pearman, P.B. 2014. Caves as microrefugia: Pleistocene phylogeography of the troglophilic North American scorpion Pseudouroctonus reddelli. BMC Evolutionary Biology 14(9): 1–16.

Miller, A.L., Makowsky, R.A., Formanowicz, D.R., Prendini, L., and Cox, C.L. 2014. Cryptic genetic diversity and complex phylogeography of the boreal North American scorpion, Paruroctonus boreus (Vaejovidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 298–307.

González-Santillán, E. and Prendini, L. 2013. Redefinition and generic revision of the North American vaejovid scorpion subfamily Syntropinae Kraepelin, 1905, with descriptions of six new genera. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 382: 1–71.

Monod, L., Harvey, M.S., and Prendini, L. 2013. Stenotopic Hormurus Thorell, 1876 scorpions from the monsoon ecosystems of northern Australia, with a discussion on the evolution of burrowing behaviour in Hormuridae Laurie, 1896. Revue suisse de Zoologie 120(2): 281–346.

Graham, M.R., Jaeger, J.R., Prendini, L., and Riddle, B.R. 2013. Phylogeography of Beck's desert scorpion, Paruroctonus becki, reveals Pliocene diversification in the Eastern California Shear Zone and postglacial expansion in the Great Basin Desert. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 502–513.

Bryson, R.W., Jr., Savary, W.E., and Prendini, L. 2013. Biogeography of scorpions in the Pseudouroctonus minimus complex (Vaejovidae) from south-western North America: Implications of ecological specialization for pre-Quaternary diversification. Journal of Biogeography 40(10): 1850–1860. DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12134.

Santibáñez-Lopez, C.E., Francke, O.F. and Prendini, L. 2013. Systematics of the keyserlingii group of Diplocentrus Peters, 1861 (Scorpiones: Diplocentridae), with descriptions of three new species from Oaxaca, Mexico. American Museum Novitates 3777: 1–47.

Ochoa, J.A., Rojas-Runjaic, F., Pinto-da-Rocha, R., and Prendini, L. 2013. Systematic revision of the Neotropical genus Chactopsis Kraepelin, 1912 (Scorpiones: Chactidae), with descriptions of two new genera and four new species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 378: 1–121.

Bryson, R.W., Jr., Riddle, B.R., Graham, M.R., Tilston Smith, B., and Prendini, L. 2013. As old as the hills: Montane scorpions in southwestern North America reveal an ancient association between biotic diversification and landscape history. PLoS One 8(1): e52822 (11 pp.).

Murienne, J., Benavides, L.R., Prendini, L., Hormiga, G., and Giribet, G. 2013. Forest refugia in Western and Central Africa as ‘museums’ of Mesozoic biodiversity. Biology Letters 9: 20120932 (8 pp.).

Graham, M.R., Jaeger, J.R., Prendini, L., and Riddle, B.R. 2013. Phylogeography of the Arizona hairy scorpion (Hadrurus arizonensis) supports a model of biotic assembly in the Mojave Desert and adds a new Pleistocene refugium. Journal of Biogeography 40(7): 1298–1312. DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12079.

Klußman-Fricke, B.-J., Prendini, L., and Wirkner, C.S. 2012. Evolutionary morphology of the hemolymph vascular system in scorpions: A character analysis. Arthropod Structure & Development 41: 545–560.

Volschenk, E.S., Harvey, M.S. and Prendini, L. 2012. A new species of Urodacus (Scorpiones: Urodacidae) from Western Australia. American Museum Novitates 3748: 1–18.

Sissom, W.D., Hughes, G.B., Bryson, R.W., Jr., and Prendini, L. 2012. The vorhiesi group of Vaejovis C.L. Koch, 1836 (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae) in Arizona, with description of a new species from the Hualapai Mountains. American Museum Novitates 3742: 1–19.


Prendini, L. 2012. The scorpion king. Among the most long-lived terrestrial arthropods. Asian Geographic 87(2): 86–89.

Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., Mattoni, C.I., Ochoa, J.A., and Prendini, L. 2012. Rumikiru, n. gen. (Scorpiones: Bothriuridae), a new scorpion genus from the Atacama Desert. American Museum Novitates 3731: 1–43.

Mattoni, C.I., Ochoa, J.A., Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., and Prendini, L. 2012. Orobothriurus (Scorpiones: Bothriuridae) phylogeny, Andean biogeography, and the relative importance of genitalic and somatic characters. Zoologica Scripta 41(2): 160–176.

Engelbrecht, I. and Prendini, L. 2012. Cryptic diversity of South African trapdoor spiders: Three new species of Stasimopus Simon, 1892 (Mygalomorphae, Ctenizidae), and redescription of Stasimopus robertsi Hewitt, 1910. American Museum Novitates 3732: 1–42.



Prendini, L. 2011. Order Scorpiones C.L. Koch, 1850. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 115–117.

Prendini, L. 2011. Order Solifugae Sundevall, 1833. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 118.


Prendini, L. 2011. Order Palpigradi Thorell, 1888. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 121.

Prendini, L. 2011. Order Ricinulei Thorell, 1876. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 122.

Prendini, L. 2011. Order Amblypygi Thorell, 1883. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 154.

Prendini, L. 2011. Order Thelyphonida Latreille, 1804. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 155.

Prendini, L. 2011. Order Schizomida Petrunkevitch, 1945. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 156.

Prendini, L. 2011. Scorpions (Scorpiones). In: Grzimek’s Animal Life (N. Simmons, ed.). Gale Cengage. http://animals.galegroup.com Last modified: December 22, 2011.

Pizarro-Araya, J., Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., and Prendini, L. 2011. First report of an arboreal scorpion (Bothriuridae: Urophonius) from the temperate forests of southern Chile. Gayana 75(2): 166–170.

Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., Pizarro-Araya, J., and Prendini, L. 2011. New data on Chilean Urophonius Pocock, 1893 (Scorpiones, Bothriuridae), with description of a new species. American Museum Novitates 3725: 1–44.

Ochoa, J.A., Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., Mattoni, C.I., and Prendini, L. 2011. Systematic revision of the Andean scorpion genus Orobothriurus Maury, 1976 (Bothriuridae), with discussion of the altitude record for scorpions. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 359: 1–90.

Engelbrecht, I. and Prendini, L. 2011. An assessment of the taxonomic resolution of southern African trapdoor spiders (Araneae: Ctenizidae; Cyrtaucheniidae; Idiopidae) and implications for their conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 3101–3116.


Prendini, L., Francke, O.F. and Vignoli, V. 2010. Troglomorphism, trichobothriotaxy and typhlochactid phylogeny (Scorpiones, Chactoidea): More evidence that troglobitism is not an evolutionary dead-end. Cladistics 26: 117–142. (cover article)

Prendini, L. and Esposito, L.A. 2010. A reanalysis of Parabuthus (Scorpiones: Buthidae) phylogeny with descriptions of two new Parabuthus species endemic to the Central Namib gravel plains, Namibia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 159: 673–710.

Prendini, L. 2010. Order Scorpiones C.L. Koch, 1837. Pp. 321–330 In: Gerlach, J. and Marusik, Y. (Eds.) Arachnida and Myriapoda of the Seychelles Islands. Siri Scientific Press, Manchester, UK.

Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., Ochoa, J.A., Mattoni, C.I., and Prendini, L. 2010. Systematic revision of the granulatus group of Urophonius Pocock 1893 (Scorpiones, Bothriuridae) with description of a new species from central Chile. American Museum Novitates 3695: 1–40.

Ochoa, J.A. and Prendini, L. 2010. The genus Hadruroides Pocock, 1893 (Scorpiones: Iuridae) in Peru: New records and descriptions of six new species. American Museum Novitates 3687: 1–56.

Ochoa, J.A., Botero-Trujillo, R., and Prendini, L. 2010. On the troglomorphic scorpion Troglotayosicus humiculum (Scorpiones, Troglotayosicidae), with first description of the adults. American Museum Novitates 3691: 1–19.

Mattoni, C., Ochoa, J., Ojanguren-Affilastro, A., and Prendini, L. 2010. Towards an all-species phylogeny of the scorpion family Bothriuridae. Cladistics 26: 216–217. [Abstract]

Vignoli, V. and Prendini, L. 2009. Systematic revision of the troglomorphic scorpion family Typhlochactidae (Scorpiones: Chactoidea). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 326: 1–94.



Prendini, L., Esposito, L.A., Huff, J.C. and Volschenk, E.S. 2009. Redescription of Rhopalurus abudi (Scorpiones, Buthidae), with first description of the male and first record from Hispaniola. Journal of Arachnology 37: 206–244.

Prendini, L. 2009. Assembling the Scorpion Tree of Life: ‘High-level systematics and phylogeny of the extant scorpions (Scorpiones: Orthosterni)’ reanalysed. In: Arrivillaga, J., El Souki, M. & Herrera, B. (Eds.) Monografía Digital Sociedad Venezolana de Entomología 2: 1–41. ISBN 978-980-12-3750-1

Huff, J.C. and Prendini, L. 2009. On the African whip scorpion, Etienneus africanus (Hentschel, 1899) (Thelyphonida: Thelyphonidae), with a redescription based on new material from Guinea-Bissau and Senegal. American Museum Novitates 3658: 1–17.

Francke, O.F., Vignoli, V. and Prendini, L. 2009. A new species of Typhlochactas (Scorpiones, Typhlochactinae) from eastern Mexico. American Museum Novitates 3647: 1–11.

Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Van den Berg, A. and Prendini, L. 2009. Spiders and scorpions (Arachnida: Araneae, Scorpiones) of the Nylsvley Nature Reserve, South Africa. Koedoe 51(1): 1–9. DOI: 10.4102/koedoe.2009.161

Volschenk, E.S. and Prendini, L. 2008. Aops oncodactylus gen. et sp. nov., the first troglobitic urodacid (Urodacidae: Scorpiones), with a re-assessment of cavernicolous, troglobitic and troglomorphic scorpions. Invertebrate Systematics 22: 235–257.

Volschenk, E.S., Mattoni, C.I. and Prendini, L. 2008. Comparative anatomy of the mesosomal organs of scorpions (Chelicerata, Scorpiones), with implications for the phylogeny of the order. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 154: 651–675.

Vignoli, V. and Prendini, L. 2008. A new species of Akentrobuthus Lamoral, 1976 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from the Republic of Benin. Journal of Afrotropical Zoology 4: 61–70.

Prendini, L. and Bird, T.L. 2008. Scorpions of the Brandberg Massif, Namibia: Species richness inversely correlated with altitude. African Invertebrates 49(2): 77–107.

Kamenz, C. and Prendini, L. 2008. An atlas of book lung ultrastructure in the Order Scorpiones (Arachnida). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 316: 1–259.

Huff, J., Viquez, C., and Prendini, L. 2008. Redescription of Mimoscorpius pugnator (Butler, 1872) (Arachnida: Thelyphonida), with first description of the female. American Museum Novitates 3633: 1–9.

Francke, O.F. and Prendini, L. 2008. Phylogeny and classification of the giant hairy scorpions, Hadrurus Thorell (Iuridae Thorell): A reappraisal. Systematics and Biodiversity 6(2): 205–223.

Dunlop, J.A., Tetlie, O.E. and Prendini, L. 2008. Reinterpretation of the Silurian scorpion Proscorpius osborni (Whitfield): Integrating data from Palaeozoic and Recent scorpions. Palaeontology 51(2): 303–320.

Cushing, P.E., Prendini, L., Savary, W.E., Brookhart, J.O., Wharton, R.A., Bird, T., and Gromov, A.V. 2008. Global survey and inventory of Solifugae. American Arachnology 76: 11. [Abstract]

Wirkner, C.S. and Prendini, L. 2007. Comparative morphology of the hemolymph vascular system in scorpions – a survey using corrosion casting, MicroCT and 3D-reconstruction. Journal of Morphology 268: 401–413.

Ramírez, M.J., Coddington, J.A., Maddison, W.P., Midford, P., Prendini, L., Miller, J., Griswold, C.E., Hormiga, G., Sierwald, P., Scharff, N., Benjamin, S.P. and Wheeler, W.C. 2007. Linking of digital images to phylogenetic data matrices using a morphological ontology. Systematic Biology 56(2): 283–294.

Ojanguren Affilastro, A.A., Mattoni, C.I. and Prendini, L. 2007. The genus Brachistosternus (Scorpiones: Bothriuridae) in Chile, with descriptions of two new species. American Museum Novitates 3564: 1–44.

Mattoni, C.I. and Prendini, L. 2007. Phylogeny and biogeography of the family Bothriuridae (Scorpiones). Darwiniana 45(supl.): 96–98.


Baldo, L., Prendini, L., Corthals, A. and Werren, J. 2007. Wolbachia are present in southern African scorpions and cluster with supergroup F. Current Microbiology 55: 367–373.

Prendini, L., Volschenk, E.S., Maaliki, S. and Gromov, A.V. 2006. A ‘living fossil’ from Central Asia: the morphology of Pseudochactas ovchinnikovi Gromov, 1998 (Scorpiones: Pseudochactidae), with comments on its phylogenetic position. Zoologischer Anzeiger 245: 211–248. (cover article)

Prendini, L. 2006. Scorpiones. In: McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. AccessScience@McGraw-Hill. DOI 10.1036/1097–8542.607800. Available at: http://www.accessscience.com/email_pdf/2dbdce746a7af4696920181c26717f67.pdf Last modified: April 7, 2006.

Prendini, L. 2006. New South African flat rock scorpions (Liochelidae: Hadogenes). American Museum Novitates 3502: 1–32.

Prendini, L. and Wheeler, W.C. 2005. Scorpion higher phylogeny and classification, taxonomic anarchy, and standards for peer review in online publishing. Cladistics 21(5): 446–494.

Prendini, L., Weygoldt, P. and Wheeler, W.C. 2005. Systematics of the Damon variegatus group of African whip spiders (Chelicerata: Amblypygi): Evidence from behaviour, morphology and DNA. Organisms, Diversity and Evolution 5: 203–236. (cover article)


Prendini, L. 2005. New records and observations on the natural history of Lisposoma elegans and Lisposoma josehermana (Scorpiones: Bothriuridae). American Museum Novitates 3487: 1–11.

Prendini, L. 2005. Scorpion diversity and distribution in southern Africa: Pattern and process. Pp. 25–68 In: Huber, B.A., Sinclair, B.J. & Lampe, K.-H. (Eds.) African Biodiversity: Molecules, Organisms, Ecosystems. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Tropical Biology, Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn. Springer Verlag, New York.

Prendini, L. 2005. On Hadogenes angolensis Lourenço, 1999 syn. n. (Scorpiones, Liochelidae), with a redescription of H. taeniurus (Thorell, 1876). Revue suisse de Zoologie 112(2): 1–28.

Prendini, L. 2005. Comment on “Identifying spiders through DNA barcodes”. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83(3): 481–491.




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