Definition of the Short Story Characteristics



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Definition of the Short Story


Characteristics:
1. A short story is a piece of prose fiction which can be read at a single sitting.

2. It ought to combine objective matter-of-fact description with poetic atmosphere.

3. It ought to present a unified impression of tone, color and effect "unity of effect" (Poe)

4. It mostly shows a decisive moment of life (which can entail a fatal blow).

5. There is often little action, hardly any character development, but we get a snapshot of life (slice-of-life story).

6. Its plot is not very complex (in contrast to the novel), but it creates a unified impression and leaves us with a vivid sensation rather than a number of remembered facts.

7. There is a close connection between the short story and the poem because there is a unique union of idea and structure.

8. There is a limited set of characters, one single action and a simple plot (often: exposition, complication, crisis, sad / happy ending).

9. A short story very often has an open / abrupt beginning and an open or surprise ending.

10. A short story is restricted to one setting only (fixed place and time, social surroundings).



Terms to Know

Plot: a series of events that presents a conflict, climax of action, and a resolution

Theme: an implicit or recurrent idea throughout a work of literature


Exposition: the background given at the beginning of a work-an introduction

Character: a description of a person's attributes, traits, or abilities- in literature characters shape the over plot and meaning of a story, play, or novel (Protagonist/antagonist)

Setting: The time, place, context, and circumstances in which a narrative, drama, or film takes place

Tone: general quality, effect, or atmosphere throughout a work

Mood: a pervading impression or feeling that a piece of writing can evoke

Point of View: the perspective from which the story is told

Conflict: conflict is the struggle between the opposing forces on which the action in a work of literature depends- 5 basic types are person versus person, person versus self, person versus nature, person versus society, and person versus God

Rising Action: the series of events that lead to the climax of the story, usually the conflicts or struggles of the protagonist

Climax: the point of greatest tension in a work of literature and the turning point in the action

Falling Action: the falling action in a work of literature is the sequence of events that follow the climax and ends in the resolution

Resolution: resolution is the part of the story's plot line in which the problem of the story is resolved or worked out

Date: _____________


Name: ________________________________________________ Block: ___________
Definition of the Short Story: Guided Notes
1. A _________ _________ is a piece of prose fiction which can be read at a single sitting.

2. It ought to combine __________ matter-of-fact description with ________ atmosphere.

3. It ought to present a unified impression of _______, __________ and _________ "unity of effect" (Poe)

4. It mostly shows a decisive moment of life (which can entail a fatal blow).

5. There is often little action, hardly any character development, but we get a _____-________ of life (__________-____-__________ story).

6. Its plot is not very _____________ (in contrast to the novel), but it creates a unified impression and leaves us with a __________ _____________ rather than a number of remembered facts.

7. There is a close connection between the short story and the ________ because there is a unique union of __________ and ____________ in both.

8. There is a limited set of ____________, one single _________ and a simple ________

9. A short story very often has an open / abrupt _____________ and an open or surprise ______________.

10. A short story is restricted to one _________ only (fixed place and time, social surroundings).


Define the following terms:

Plot:___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Theme: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Exposition: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Character: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Setting: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Tone: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Mood: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Point of View: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Conflict: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Rising Action: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Climax: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Falling Action: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Resolution: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




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