DESCRIPTION: Study of literary forms or genres as exemplified by selected literary texts from various regions of the Philippines written at different periods in Philippine literary history.
GENERAL OBJECTIVES: The general objective of the course is to make the student appreciate the breadth and depth of Philippine literatures. It also introduces the students to the basic elements of fiction, poetry, and drama through close reading and critical analysis of the literary pieces. It also aims to form the following Lasallian values and characteristics: proficiency in oral and written communication, critical and logical thinking, appreciation for cultural concerns, and innovativeness.
Within the trimester we will:
1. Read and discuss all assigned texts using various reading strategies;
2. Identify the literary elements and devices employed in each text and analyze their function and relation to one another within the framework of the genre;
3. Use our own experience and literary repertoire as well as our knowledge of literary theories in our readings of the texts;
4. Participate in activities that highlight the magnificence and pleasure of literature, and its relevance to our daily lives.
1. Describe in literary terms the STRUCTURE of a story;
2. Distinguish between PLOT and STORY;
3. Describe how CHARACTER is revealed or fleshed out in the story;
4. Explain the function of SETTING in the telling of the story;
5. State or give insights on the THEME/S of the story;
6. Distinguish the different types and functions of NARRATOR, and
7. Compare and contrast the various fictive STYLES (use of dialogue, flashback, language, irony, foreshadowing, symbolism, and tone).
Specific Objectives for POETRY:
1. Read a poem orally with proper pronunciation, pauses, and expression;
2. Identify the PERSONA and the addressee, then describe the SITUATION and circumstances of the poem;
3. Identify and explain the IMAGES used and discuss their significance and function to the meaning of the poem;
4. Recognize the different SOUND DEVICES (rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, consonance, and assonance), and give their own examples;
5. Identify the FIGURES of SPEECH in a poem, and
6. Describe the different TYPES of poetry by their conventions.
Specific Objectives for DRAMA:
1. Identify the similarities and differences between prose fiction and drama;
2. Describe the structure of a play, and
3. Watch a live performance of a play produced by a reputable Philippine theater company.
REQUIREMENTS: The following are the requirements for the course:
1. Attendance and full participation in all class lectures, discussions, and activities.
2. Quizzes. Any student caught in the act of cheating as described in the Student Handbook will be dropped from the course.
3. Short Papers, which are either required during class hours, or as an assignment.
4. Completion of and participation in all academic work, written or otherwise.
5. A Term Paper of at least five pages analyzing one literary text written in Filipino or by someone who was born or who has lived in the city of Manila.
METHODOLOGY: To achieve the objectives, the following methods will be explored and utilized:
1. Lecture-discussions (Manual or via powerpoint presentations)
2. Group Work (Ex. debates, reports, contests, games).
3. Individual Exercises/Assignments
5. Online Discussion/Virtual Classroom
6. Film Showings
7. Watching Play
8. Poetry Recital/Festival
9. Drama Workshop and/or Festival
10. Critical Term Paper
Critical Paper 25%
SCHEDULE AND READINGS: The readings will be selected from among the following:
Primary: Philippine Literature: A History and Anthology, revised edition, by Bienvenido Lumbera and Cynthia Nograles Lumbera, Anvil, 1997.
Secondary: The DLSU Reader by Estrellita Gruenberg, DLSU Press, 2000.
Abad, Gemino H. Ed. Native Clearing, Filipino Poetry and Verses from English since the 50's to the Present: from Edith Tiempo to Cirilo Bautista. Quezon City: University of the
______.Ed. A Habit of Shores: Filipino Poetry and Verse from English, 60's to the 90's. Quezon City: University of the Philippines. 1999.
Abad, Gemino, and Cristina Pantoja-Hidalgo. Eds. The Likhaan Book of Poetry and Fiction 1995. Quezon City: University of the Philippines. 1997.
Almario, Virgilio S. Balagtasismo Versus Modernismo, Panulaang Tagalog sa Ika-20 Siglo.Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. 1984.
Ani, 1:4 (December 1987).
CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art; Panitikan Series.
Cruz, Isagani R. Ed. The Best Philippine Short Stories of the Twentieth Century. Manila:Tahanan Books. 2000.
Landicho Domingo, at Lilia Quindoza Santiago. Eds. Ang Aklat Likhaan ng Tula at Maikling Kwento 1995. Quezon City: University of the Philippines. 1997.
Lumbera, Bienvenido.Tagalog Poetry, 1570-1898: Tradition and Influences in its Development. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1986.
Mojares Resil O. Origins and Rise of the Filipino Novel, a Generic Study of the Novel Until 1940. Quezon City: University of the Philippines. 1983.