The Recovery of South Asia Recorded Heritage project builds upon the long-standing commitment of both the Berliner-Phonogramm Archiv (BPA) and the University of Chicago to South Asian studies. Both have long-established relationships with institutions in South Asia and elsewhere that will help to achieve the project's goals. The collaboration envisioned by the project will allow both institutions to accomplish more than they might have separately. For example, the University of Chicago will avail itself of its close ties to the Library of Congress to arrange for consultation with BPA experts and training for technicians at institutions in South Asia that will contribute recordings and metadata to the project. In this particular case, the BPA will provide technical expertise and experience that complements the collections held by the University of Chicago at sister institutions in South Asia such as the Roja Muthiah Research Library (RMRL) in Chennai. Through its connections with the South Asia Union Catalogue and the Digital South Asia Library the University of Chicago will reciprocate by helping the BPA to improve and more widely disseminate information about its existing collection of recordings from South Asia. Both institutions will also continue to expand their existing collections in ways that contribute to the project as demonstrated by the BPA's September 2008 acquisition of the former International Institute for Traditional Music in Berlin and University of Chicago's involvement in the purchase of private music collections and the submission of grant proposals complementary to this one.
The collaboration will not, however, be limited to the preservation, production and dissemination of digital recordings and the accompanying metadata. Both institutions share a commitment to encourage scholarship that will benefit from the resources created by the project through additional institutional collaboration, academic conferences and publication. In particular, the University of Chicago's newly formed Center for Ethnomusicology will join with the expansion of the BPA in the Humboldt-Forum in Berlin. Furthermore, the project's co-directors and University of Chicago faculty member Philip Bohlman will propose “Expressive Culture in South Asia” as the theme for the second bi-annual Hebrew University/University of Chicago Seminar on South Asia. Beyond academia, both institutions hope to bring the materials produced by the project to the attention of wider audience. The BPA will publish a series of CDs with historical recordings that will hopefully complement the exposure given to the resources on the Internet at the Digital South Asia Library in Chicago.
Following are succinct statements on the project's principal staff, their duties, qualifications, and the amount of their time which will be committed to the project. Curricula vitae for project staff are attached as Appendix 4. The vitae substantiate the qualifications of each staff member to undertake the duties described below. The Advisory Board is also described with more details included in the section titled “Consultants and Advisory Board Members” below.
In the United States
Project Co-Director. James Nye, Bibliographer for Southern Asia at the University of Chicago, will direct the project in the United States and South Asia. He will hold general administrative and fiscal responsibility, co-organize and co-chair meetings of the program's Advisory Board, supervise the staff employed in Chicago, notify scholars, archives, and libraries about the project, and work with the Project Director in Germany. Nye has been the Bibliographer for Southern Asia at the University since 1984. The University of Chicago Library will contribute 15% of his time for three years for work as project director.
Project Manager. Samip Mallick, Project Manager for the Digital South Asia Library, will coordinate the project's activities in Chicago and in India. He will be responsible for general fiscal oversight of this project. He will also collaborate with colleagues at the BPA in designing the project Web resources and creating the site on DSAL. Mallick will be engaged for .15 FTE under the NEH grant.
Project Co-Director. Prof. Dr. Lars-Christian Koch, Leiter der Abteilung, Musikethnologie, Medien-Technik und Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv, will direct the project in Germany. He will hold general administrative and fiscal responsibility, coordinate activities in Germany (including outreach activities), co-organize and co-chair meetings of the program's Advisory Board, supervise the staff employed in Berlin, and guide the production of CDs in the BPA series with resources created under this project. Prof. Koch has been Director for the BPA since 2003. The BPA will contribute 15% of his time for three years for work as project director.
Chief Sound Technician/Ethnomusicologist. Albrecht Wiedmann, M.A. in ethnomusicology and training as sound technician, employed at BPA since 2005 will train staff in Chennai and supervise project digitization in Chicago and Berlin. The BPA will contribute 5% of his time for three years.
Scientific Assistant. Maurice Mengel, M.A. in ethnomusicology, led the BPA's metadata initiatives in former projects and will supervise metadata activities in the proposed project. The BPA will contribute 5% of his time for three years.
Ethnomusicologist. The BPA will hire an ethnomusicology with a regional specialization in South Asia to select items from the BPA’s collections which are in scope for the project, map metadata from the BPA’s internal format to the standards used in Chicago, revise new metadata created by the Sound Technician, prepare authority files, and conduct post-processing of the digital objects. The ethnomusicologist will be engaged for .66 FTE under the DFG grant.
Sound Technician/Cataloguer. The BPA will hire a project staff member to perform digitization (transfer from analog to digital) for various media (cylinders, shellac, texts, photos), create metadata at the item level, and conduct post-processing of the digital objects. The Audio Technician will be engaged for .5 FTE under the DFG grant.
In South Asia
Director of South Asian Operations. Sundar Ganesan, Director of the Roja Muthiah Research Library, Chennai, India, will have responsibility for project activities in South Asia, supervising staff employed for this purpose at the Roja Muthiah Research Library and overseeing the selection of recordings for treatment. He will also have responsibility for maintaining the working relationship with other libraries and private collections involved in the project. Ten percent of his time will be committed to this work during the duration of the project.
Head of Cataloguing. R. Prakash, Assistant Director and Head of Documentation at the Roja Muthiah Research Library, will lead the team responsible for cataloguing the physical gramophone records acquired from V.A.K. Ranga Rao and the digital copies produced from those records. His team will create records for the recordings and associated name authority records in MARC21 format and distribute those records to Chicago each quarter. Fifteen percent of his time will be committed to this work during the three years of the project.
Head of Digitization. V. Kumar, Technical Officer for Digitization at the Roja Muthiah Research Library, will lead the team digitizing gramophone records and scanning related resources such as the record labels. He will also be responsible for quality control related to the digitization activities and will supervise the quarterly transfer of resources from Chennai to Chicago. Fifteen percent of his time will be committed to this work throughout the project.
An Advisory Board for this joint project will be appointed in June 2010. Members, from institutions in Europe, the United States, and South Asia who will be asked to participate include: Sanjoy Bandopadhyay, Rabindra Bharati University; Suresh S. Chandvankar, Society of Indian Record Collectors, Mumbai; Pekka Gronow, University of Helsinki; Monika Hagedorn-Saupe, Institute for Museum Research, National Museums in Berlin; Daniel M. Neuman, University of California, Los Angeles; and Regula Burckhardt Qureshi, University of Alberta. Additionally, Philip V. Bohlman, University of Chicago, will serve as a special advisor to the project. Please see Consultants and Advisory Board Members for more details.
The Recovery of South Asia Recorded Heritage project will disseminate its digital assets as free resources via a Web site associated with the Digital South Asia Library (DSAL), the South Asia Union Catalogue (SAUC), and the Phonogram Archive site. Use of the Internet as the principal means of dissemination is appropriate given the increasing centrality of the World Wide Web as a source of scholarly resources. It is additionally beneficial that DSAL and SAUC will be used as the vehicles for dissemination since scholars and citizens alike have come to rely on these sites as providers of accurate and useful reference resources related to South Asia. At present, DSAL receives more than 2,200,000 visits per month. This project will allow DSAL to expand its base of digital objects and further its mission of supporting scholarship.
The following resources will be made available: 1) Metadata in the forms of bibliographic, authority, and archival records will be available on SAUC, OCLC, and spk-digital, a BPA-affiliated Web resource currently under construction. Those records will also be offered to other libraries around the world. The carefully created metadata will permit users to locate the digital audio and other digital objects created under this project. 2) Digital audio in MP3 and WAV formats will be distributed through DSAL and the BPA. CDs containing selected audio recordings will be available from BPA. Scholars who need high quality WAV versions of the audio files for their research will need to complete a simple registration form with an agreement which has been deactivated during the period of proposal review by NEH and DFG.23 Strict adherence to international and relevant national copyright law and ethical treatment of composers, recording artists, and their heirs will be a base principle governing our release of digital recordings for public use. 3) Transcripts of selected recordings will be available via the project Web site and from the BPA. 4) High resolution scans of field notes and photographs will be distributed via the BPA site and DSAL. We may also deliver gramophone record labels and covers from selected commercial recordings.
Separate funding from the University of Chicago and the Berlin Archive will allow us to produce and distribute at least one monograph in the Chicago Studies in Ethnomusicology series and CDs published by BPA.
Finally, we plan to seek separate funds for a travelling public exhibition on wax cylinders and shellac recordings, their conservation and restoration. The intention is that this exhibition would be displayed in India, Germany, and the United States. It would draw upon our experience in conducting this project and the digital objects we will have created.
History of Awards
Since the 1990s, the BPA has carried three projects to ensure the preservation of its historical recordings and to provide better accessibility to the collections. SpuBiTo ("Spur Bild Ton", 1996-1999) and the wax cylinder project (1998-2003) were funded by the Stiftung Deutsche Klassenlotterie Berlin. The projects resulted in optical processing of cylinder negatives, comprehensive documentation of the cylinder collections, publication of a catalogue of the cylinder collections (Ziegler 2006), development of a method to reproduce positives from cylinder negatives by creating new positives, and transfer of approximately half of the BPA cylinders. The grant equaled approximately 450,000 €. In cooperation with the Ratghen research laboratory in Berlin, ILKAR (2008-2011) researches new methods for the recognition, avoidance, and mitigation of typical age- and material-related deterioration of cylinder and tape recordings. Of the total 280,900 € grant the BPA will receive approximately half.
Since 2006, BPA participated in three digital library projects funded by the European Commission that aimed to improve accessibility by integrating the archive into larger information networks. EthnoArc (Linked European Archives for Ethnomusicological Research), focused on the creation of tools for archives and professional archivists that allow users to query differently structured metadata repositories (www.ethnoArc.org). The overall budget was 985,231 € of which BPA received 96,000 €. DISMARC (DIScovering Music ARChives) created an international network of music archives and enables display of participant institution holdings in a common portal (www.dismarc.org). The total budget was about 2 million € of which BPA received approximately 72,000 €. Since 2009, BPA has participated in MIMO (Musical Instruments Museums Online). With other leading European musical instrument museums, MIMO will create a single access point for more than 40,000 musical instruments via Europeana. BPA will receive 116.092 € from a total budget of 1,598,931 € (www.mimo-project.eu).
Since 2008, the BPA has cooperated with the University of Chicago (Prof. Phil Bohlman) and the University of Leipzig (Prof. Sebastian Klotz) in Music as a Medium of Urban Transformation - Towards a Comparative Musicology of the Metropolis, a two-year TransCoop project of the Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung. The project focuses on methodological issues in urban musicology drawing upon examples from Chicago, Berlin, and Calcutta. The award is for 62,124 €.
University of Chicago
Digital South Asia Library (http://dsal.uchicago.edu/). 1) The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation made an award of $62,700 to the University of Chicago for the period 1997-1999 via the Association of Research Libraries for a pilot project on the Digital South Asia Library (DSAL). 2) The U.S. Department of Education, under Title VI, Section 606, has made six grants for the Digital South Asia Library. The first was during 1999-2002 for $549,960. The second was specifically for the development of digital dictionaries under DSAL. It was awarded during 1999-2002 for $444,031. The third was during 2002-2005 for $585,000. The fourth, a second phase of support for digital dictionaries, was during 2003-2006 for $530,381. The fifth was during 2005-2009 for $788,000, of which $468,000 is for DSAL. The sixth, current grant during the period 2009-2013 is for $508,000.
South Asia Union Catalogue (http://sauc.uchicago.edu/). 1) In March 2004, the Ford Foundation office in New Delhi, India, awarded a three-year grant of $90,000 to the Sundarayya Vignana Kendram in Hyderabad, India, a member institution in the Center for South Asia Libraries, to begin the creation of Phase I of the South Asia Union Catalogue (SAUC). 2) The U.S. Department of Education funded Phases III and IV of SAUC under a four-year grant to the Center for Research Libraries beginning October 2005. The total grant is for $788,000, of which $320,000 is for SAUC. 3) The National Endowment for the Humanities made a three-year grant of $248,976 to the University of Chicago in 2006 for "A Union Catalogue for South Asia, Phase II."
The Committee on Southern Asian Studies at the University of Chicago granted $3,000 to the Co-Project Director of this proposed project in 2008 in support of travel to London and Berlin for investigation of collections holding early audio recordings from and about South Asia.
Consultants and Advisory Board Members
The Co-Directors will ask the following scholars to participate on the project Advisory Board:
Sanjoy Bandopadhyay, Ustd. Allauddin Khan Professor, Department of Instrumental Music, Rabindra Bharati University, Kolkata
Suresh S. Chandvankar, Dept. of Condensed Matter Physics & Material Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and Hon. Secretary, Society of Indian Record Collectors
Pekka Gronow, Adjunct Professor of Ethnomusicology, University of Helsinki
Monika Hagedorn-Saupe, Deputy Director, Institute for Museum Research, National Museums in Berlin
Daniel M. Neuman, Department of Ethnomusicology, University of California, Los Angeles
Regula Burckhardt Qureshi, Professor Emerita, Ethnomusicology, University of Alberta and Director of the FolkwaysAlive! project
The following scholars will be invited to serve as external evaluators:
Wolfgang Bender, Director, Director, Center for World Music, University of Hildesheim (previously Director, African Music Archive, University of Mainz)
Rudolf Brandl, Director, Phonogrammarchiv Vienna, Austrian Academy of Sciences
Anthony Seeger, Professor, Ethnomusicology and Director, Ethnomusicology Archive, University of California, Los Angeles
Philip V. Bohlman, Mary Werkman Distinguished Service Professor of the Humanities and of Music at the University of Chicago, co-editor of Chicago Studies in Ethnomusicology
Appendix 1. Work Plan
This statement on tasks, agents, and their deployment complements the statement and Gantt chart presented in Section 5b of the proposal narrative.
Schedule of Project Activities
Prior to the Grant Period
Purchase audio equipment in Chicago and ship to Chennai [by Chicago Project Manager, 5/10]
Conduct testing of 3D/PRISM laser system for potential use in Berlin [by Carl Haber, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 6/10]
Meeting of Advisory Board via conference call [by Co-Directors and Advisory Board members, 7/10 and 1/11]
Hire Audio Technician in Berlin [by Berlin Co-Director, 7/10]
Advanced training in digital audio transfer for Berlin Chief Sound Technician/Ethnomusicologist [by Library of Congress, 7/10]
Travel, Berlin-Chicago for project meeting [by Berlin Co-Director, 7/11]
Develop project resource and Web site [by Chicago Project Manager and Berlin Scientific Assistant and Ethnomusicologist, 7/10-10/10]
Select resources for treatment under the project [by Co-Directors and Advisory Board members, 7/10-3/11]
Develop and test metadata mapping from Berlin system to MARC21 and EAD [by Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 7/10-9/10]
Install and test audio equipment in Chennai [by Chennai Team, 7/10]
Clean shellac discs in Chennai [by Chennai Team, 9/10-6/11]
Audio transfer from analog to digital and conduct quality control [by Berlin Technical Team, 10/10 - 6/11]
Create archival metadata and authority records and conduct quality control [by Berlin Ethnomusicologist, 10/10 - 6/11]
Training for Chennai Technical Team in digital audio transfer and conduct quality control [by Berlin Chief Sound Technician/Ethnomusicologist, 10/10]
External assessment of the project’s performance relative to copyright and ethical standards [by Anthony Seeger, 11/10]
Exchange metadata [by Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 11/10 - 6/11]
Exchange digital audio and image data; archive all digital objects [by Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 11/10 - 6/11]
Audio transfer from analog to digital and conduct quality control [by Chennai Technical Team, 12/10 - 6/11]
Create bibliographic and authority records, collection information for union catalogue, and conduct quality control [by Chennai Cataloguing Team, 12/10 - 6/11]
Internal evaluation [by Co-Directors, Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 12/10]
Prepare semi-annual performance report to NEH and DFG [by Co-Directors, 12/10]
Load archival metadata, bibliographic and authority records to project's Internet server, in quarterly batches [by Chicago Project Manager, 1/11 - 6/11]
Travel, Chicago-India and Berlin-India for project meeting [by Co-Directors, 2/11]
Internal evaluation [by Co-Directors, Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 6/11]
Prepare semi-annual performance report to NEH and DFG [by Co-Directors, 6/11]
Meeting of Advisory Board via conference call [by Co-Directors and Advisory Board members, 7/11 and 1/12]
Travel, Berlin-Chicago for project meeting [by Berlin Co-Directors, 7/11]
Audio transfer from analog to digital and conduct quality control [by Berlin and Chennai Technical Teams, 7/11 - 6/12]
Create archival metadata and authority records and conduct quality control [by Berlin Ethnomusicologist, 7/11 - 6/12]
Create bibliographic and authority records, collection information for union catalogue, and conduct quality control [by Chennai Cataloguing Team, 7/11 - 6/12]
Exchange metadata [by Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 7/11 - 6/12]
Exchange digital audio and image data; archive all digital objects [by Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 7/11 - 6/12]
Load archival metadata, bibliographic and authority records to project's Internet server, in quarterly batches [by Chicago Project Manager, 7/11 - 6/12]
Internal evaluation [by Co-Directors, Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 12/11]
Prepare semi-annual performance report to NEH and DFG [by Co-Directors, 12/11]
Travel, Chicago-India and Berlin-India for project meeting [by Co-Directors, 2/12]
Internal evaluation [by Co-Directors, Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 6/12]
Prepare semi-annual performance report to NEH and DFG [by Co-Directors, 6/12]
Workshop on "expressive culture in South Asia" [by faculty from Berlin, Hebrew University and University of Chicago, 6/12]
External evaluation [by first appointed evaluator, 6/12]
Meeting of Advisory Board via conference call [by Co-Directors and Advisory Board members, 7/12 and 1/13]
Audio transfer from analog to digital and conduct quality control [by Berlin and Chennai Technical Teams, 7/12 - 5/13]
Create archival metadata and authority records and conduct quality control [by Berlin Ethnomusicologist, 7/12 - 5/13]
Create bibliographic and authority records, collection information for union catalogue, and conduct quality control [by Chennai Cataloguing Team, 7/12 - 6/13]
Exchange metadata [by Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 7/12 - 6/13]
Exchange digital audio and image data; archive all digital objects [by Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 7/12 - 6/13]
Load archival metadata, bibliographic and authority records to project's Internet server, in quarterly batches [by Chicago Project Manager, 7/12 - 5/13]
Internal evaluation [by Co-Directors, Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 12/12]
Prepare semi-annual performance report to NEH and DFG [by Co-Directors, 12/12]
Travel, Chicago-India and Berlin-India for project meeting [by Co-Directors, 2/13]
Prepare monograph for Chicago Studies in Ethnomusicology series [by series editors, 4/13 - 10/13]
Internal evaluation [by Co-Directors, Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 6/13]
External evaluation [by second appointed evaluator, 6/13]
Following the Grant Period
Prepare final evaluation and performance report on program [by Project Co-Directors and Advisory Board, 8/13]
Prepare audio CDs [by Berlin Team, 8/13 - 9/13]
Exchange metadata [by Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 8/13 - ]
Exchange digital audio and image data; archive all digital objects [by Berlin, Chicago, and Chennai Teams, 8/13 - ]
Specimens,_Equipment,_and_Archiving_Guidelines_for_Selection_of_Recordings'>Appendix 2. Selection, Standards, Specimens, Equipment, and Archiving Guidelines for Selection of Recordings
Selection of recording for digitization under this project will be carried out by staff in Berlin and Chennai using the following objective and guidelines. The goal of selection is to create a digital collection which is representative of the recordings produced in South Asia during the first forty years of the twentieth century and to ensure that genres of recordings are represented in proportions consonant with the recordings produced during that era. Because a parallel project under a grant from the U.S. Department of Education is addressing recorded speech acts, this project will focus on music, broadly construed.
Among the commercial recordings considered for treatment in Chennai, the oldest recordings will be given priority. Recording artists will be selected based on their prominence as attested by scholarly histories of music and biographies of artists with latitude provided for selection of additional artists who may not yet have received adequate attention due to insufficient documentary evidence on their roles in South Asian music. The production of recording companies and their record labels will be reflected in proportions approximating their presence in the market. A subset of 1,200 digitized recordings will be identified for transcription based on the value to scholars of access to the full text of lyrics. The Principal Investigators will interact weekly with colleagues in Chennai during the first months of the project to address questions which arise regarding selection of gramophone recordings. The Advisory Board will contribute to interchanges on the application of selection criteria.
Because of the unique nature of the field recordings collection in Berlin, all of the recordings from that collection described in this proposal will be digitized. Photographs and other supporting documentation for the Berlin recordings will be selected for digitization based on the value of the additional resources in improving understanding of the recordings and the context of their production. Some of the documents may be secured from other archives in Europe.
Following are the standards which Recovery of South Asia Recorded Heritage project will follow. This enumeration gathers together standards which are referenced in several sections of the narrative.
DFG Practical Guidelines on Cultural Heritage
Recommendations of the Digital Library Federation
Web Accessibility Initiative standards set by the World Wide Web Consortium
Open Archive Initiative (OAI) technologies
http://www.openarchives.org/ Intellectual Property Rights, Copyright, and Ethics
International Council of Museums Code of Ethics for Museums, 2006
Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials (The Digital Library Federation)
Specimens 1) Bibliographic data
This specimen catalogue record was created from a gramophone disc label reproduced in Michael S. Kinnear's The Gramophone Company's Indian recordings, 1908 to 1910 (Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia : Bajakhana, c2000) and supplemented from the entry in the HMV catalogue in "Nagari", January-June, 1914.
510 4\ $a HMV catalogue in "Nagari", January-June, 1914, $c p. 196.
546 \\ $a Sung in Urdu.
650 \0 $a Ragas.
650 \0 $a Songs, Urdu.
880 0\ $6 100-01/(3/r $a پیری امام الدین۔
880 1\ $6 245-02/(3/r $a بادر گہور گہور گہر آئی۔
2) Authority data
This specimen authority record is for an Urdu author. It demonstrates the thoroughness with which the records will be created. In addition to the bibliographic records themselves, project cataloguers will consult standard reference books for information about composers, performing artists, and titles and then encode that reference information in the records. As with bibliographic records, the authority records created for this project will contain parallel fields (880) for alternate graphic representation of non-roman scripts. This authority record for a personal name includes 880 fields with Perso-Arabic characters.
670 \\ $a Hindūstān ke Urdū muṣannifīn aur shuʻarā / Gopī Cand Nārang (Urdū Akādamī, Dihlī), 1996: $b p. 259 (Sult̤ān Gorakhpūrī, b. 1920; Daur-i Sāg̲h̲ar, 1942; Kalām-i Mūnis, 1981; Gul posh, 1982; Ashʻār nādir ashhar, 1983; Gītā manẓum)
880 0\ $6 100-01/(3/r $a سلطان گورکھپوري, $d 1920-
880 1\ $6 400-02/(3/r $a سلطان احمد, صديقي, $d 1920-
880 0\ $6 400-03/(3/r $a صديقي سلطان احمد, $d 1920-
3) Archive metadata
The following two pages are illustrative of the archival information maintained by the Berlin Archive. The first page is an entry with summary information on a collection of Arnold Bake's wax cylinders. The second specimen page is the first of a fourteen-page detailed enumeration of the recordings in the same collection.
Sammlung 46: Bake Indien II
Dokumentation nach einer maschinenschriftlichen Originalliste. Handschriftliche hinzugefügte Pasaagen sind kursiv wiedergegeben. Liste unvollständig.
Dr. Bake Indienbez. Indien II.
LIST OF CYLINDERS RECORDED.
1. a. 16 upacaras b. Dacadiglokapalas
2. a. 5 upacaras b. from Durgatiparicodhana 1-7.
3. Durgatiparicodhanamantras 8-37
4. D. 38-57
5. D. 58-76
6. D. 77-97
7. D. 98-125
8. D. 126-156
9. D. 157-173
10. D. 174-197
11. Vajradhatu 1-19
12. V. 20-45
13. V. 46-80
Cylinders 1-13 recited by Govaju Siddhiharsha
14. Caivamantras 1-49
15. C. 50-77
16. C. 78-109
Cylinders 14-16 recited by Pandit Cyama Krishna
17. Buddhist tantric mantras
18. Buddhist Bana-yatra stotra
19. Buddhist Lokanatha stotra
20. Buddhist Svayambhunatha stotra
Cylinders 17-21 in Sanskrit recited and
by Givaju Siddhiharsha
Song of Baishak:
21. At Dewali-puja relating the story of the Vyaghra-jataka
Jaistha 22. Sowing the rice-seeds (Newari)
Asarh 23. rupai (transplanting): masculine raga
24. rupai feminine raga
25. Ichangu Narayana masc.
26. Ichangu Narayana fem.
Cravana 27. a. Buddhapuja b. gae-yatra (Parbatiya)
Acvin 32. Durgapuja a. Parbatiya b. Newari feasting song
4) Screen shot of a Digital South Asia Library Web page
The image below is from a Digital South Asia Library Web site under development for audio recordings from the Linguistic Survey of India. A similar site will be developed for presentation of audio recordings digitized under this NEH/DFG project. The site, demonstrating our capacity to deliver audio in MP3 and WAV formats, is active at https://mahimahi.uchicago.edu/drupal_test/lsi/LSI/5702AK for proposal evaluators who would like to test the functionality.
The Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv will use equipment it already owns for this project. That hardware and software if fully capable of producing digital resources which meet the standards specified elsewhere in this proposal.
The new audio recording equipment and related digital capture equipment for use in this project will be purchased in the U.S. and delivered to the Roja Muthiah Research Library in Chennai, India. Equipment specifications are taken from the British Library's Endangered Archives Programme25 recommendations, July 2008.
Analogue disc replay equipment for coarsegroove (shellac)
Disc cleaning machine Nitty Gritty Record Master and cleaning fluid
Turntable KAB Modified Technics SL 1200
Cartridge Shure M44 (included with Technics turntable)
Styli Expert x3 (2.8, 3.5 & 4.0 CT)
Preamp Elberg MD12
Digital capture equipment
Codec: Apogee Rosetta 200 with X-Firewire 400 interface
PC (high performance, with Firewire 400 interface)
Audio editing software (Wavelab, or other, as preferred)
MD5 software -- freeware
External USB RAID6 store
Audio monitoring -- Headphones or speakers
The capture equipment listed above will only be used to capture, hold, and backup data for short periods while digitization is taking place. Digital resources will be transferred to the University of Chicago each quarter for placement in a proper digital archival repository and for presentation on the Recovery of South Asia Recorded Heritage project's Web site.
In addition, the Roja Muthiah Research Library will receive an optical scanner for use in this project. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory received a major grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services in September 2009 for support of a project titled “Advancing Optical Scanning of Mechanical Sound Carriers: Connecting to Collections and Collaborations.” That grant includes a component for design and evaluation of a field scanner based on the highly successful two-dimensional IRENE optical scanner originally created by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory under grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities and tested at the Library of Congress. More information about the IRENE system is available at http://irene.lbl.gov/.
Data Archiving From the Mission Statement of the University of Chicago Library's Digital Repository The University of Chicago Library's Digital Repository is a preservation repository for digital content for which the University of Chicago Library has assumed custodial or curatorial responsibility. Its primary purpose is to ensure that this content persists through time.
Persistence in a digital context may require transformation of deposited content into new digital formats if it is expected that the originally deposited formats may become obsolete in time. At bottom, ensuring persistence requires two things: that bitstreams are physically safe (that the bits have not been corrupted or destroyed); that bitstreams are logically safe (that the bits can be converted back into usable information by a machine, such as a desktop computer, that wants to consume the bitstreams and render them meaningfully). The core responsibility of digital repository management is to ensure these two kinds of persistence.
The University of Chicago Library's Digital Repository is managed by the Digital Library Development Center (DLDC). Currently, it consists of two mirrored computer systems. Nightly, content is copied from the primary system onto a second system, which can serve as a live backup to the first in case of need. From there, content is transferred to University of Chicago Networking Services and Information Technologies' centralized TSM tape-storage system, for disaster recovery. When content is deposited into the Repository it is inspected for at-risk digital formats (formats that are currently expected to become obsolete); if detected, content in these formats is converted into formats that are expected to persist for some time.
June 10, 2009
Description of the Data Storage System at the Ethnological Museum, Berlin
The Ethnological Museum belongs to the National Museums of Berlin (SMB). This network of museums has recently introduced a storage area network (SAN) to consolidate storage capabilities for all museums of the network. The system is located centrally (in the Kulturforum) and uses doubly redundant data storage. The server is managed by the IT department of the SMB. Backup are tested in regular intervals. The IT department assured us that we can store between up to three TB each year which should be enough for present project.
Appendix 3. Work to be Outsourced
All work by the Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv will be conducted at the Archive using the excellent facilities and equipment already in place. No work will be outsourced.
The University of Chicago will collaborate with the Roja Muthiah Research Library in Chennai, India for the digitization of gramophone records and cataloguing of those resources. This work will be governed by a subcontract which is described elsewhere in this proposal. The Roja Muthiah Research Library was established in 1994 as a joint venture of the University and MOZHI, an Indian public trust. In 2005 the Roja Muthiah Research Library Trust was registered as a public trust in India. That new trust is responsible for directing the activities of the Roja Muthiah Research Library. More than thirteen years of collaboration between Chicago and the Library in Chennai have produced an exemplary facility and well-trained staff. Further, the staff is well managed and extremely efficient. The work produced in previous and current projects for preservation, access, and documentation have met or exceeded all relevant international standards. The cost of work subcontracted to the Library has consistently been below rates proposed by commercial firms in India.
Appendix 4. Curricula Vitae for Key Staff
James H. Nye
Bibliographer for Southern Asia and Director, South Asia Language and Area Center
[PhD] University of Wisconsin-Madison, comprehensive examinations passed 1982 (South Asian language and literature)
Granthamala: A Cultural Study of Indological Publishing in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century India
V. Narayana Rao, Thesis Director
2008-to date, Interim Director, South Asia Language Resource Center, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
1998-to date, Director, South Asia Language and Area Center, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
1984-to date, Bibliographer for Southern Asia, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
1974-1984, Librarian II (equivalent to Assistant Professor), Gustavus Adolphus College, St. Peter, Minnesota. Tenured 1979.
1973-to date, Vice President and Editor / Publisher, Musicdata, Inc., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1971-73, Librarian, Community Legal Services, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Selected Major Grants:
2009-13, U.S. Department of Education, Title VI, Section 606, grant for "Audio, Maps and Images of South Asia," $508,000
2006-09, National Endowment for the Humanities, grant for "A Union Catalogue for South Asia, Phase II," $248,976
2005-09, U.S. Department of Education, Title VI, Section 606, grant for "TICFIA South Asia," $788,000
2004-07, Ford Foundation, grant for "A Union Catalogue for South Asia, Phase I," $90,000
2003-06, U.S. Department of Education, Title VI, Section 605, grant for "Digital Dictionaries of South Asia: Phase II," $530,381
2003-06, U.S. Department of Education, Title VI, Section 602, grant for "Comprehensive National Resource Center for South Asia," $1,935,159
2002-06, U.S. Department of Education, Title VI, Section 603, grant for "South Asia Language Resource Center," $1,440,000
2002-05, U.S. Department of Education, Title VI, Section 606, grant for "South Asian Information Access," $585,000
1999-2002, U.S. Department of Education, Title VI, Section 602, grant for "Comprehensive National Resource Center for South Asia," $1,475,548
1999-2002, U.S. Department of Education, Title VI, Section 605, grant for "Digital Dictionaries of South Asia," $444,031
1999-2002, U.S. Department of Education, Title VI, Section 606, grant for "Digital South Asia Library," $549,960
1996-99, Ford Foundation, grant for "Access to Tamil Performance and Folklore Literature," $250,000
1995-97, National Endowment for the Humanities, grant for "Access to Early Twentieth-Century Indian Books: Marathi, Gujarati, Sindhi, Konkani, and English," $261,835
1994-96, National Endowment for the Humanities, grant for "Preservation and Dissemination of Classical and Medieval Tamil Literature," $198,780
1992-94, National Endowment for the Humanities, grant for "Microfilming Nineteenth-Century Hindustani Books," $140,000
1991-94, National Endowment for the Humanities, grant for "Microfilming Nineteenth-Century Hindi Books," $68,860
James Nye, page 2
Selected Major Grants (cont.):
1989-91, National Endowment for the Humanities, grant for "Preservation of Major Indological Series from the South Asian Subcontinent," $262,650
1985-88, National Endowment for the Humanities, grant for preparation of South Asian Books in Series: Sanskrit, Pali, and Prakrit, $232,000
"Building a Multi-University Infrastructure and Digital Resources for the Teaching and Learning of South Asian Languages," Web-based Instruction for Less Commonly Taught Languages. Palo Alto: Center for the Study of Language and Information, forthcoming 2009.
"International Information Exchange: New Configurations for Library Collaboration in South Asian Studies," (with David Magier), Collection Management,24 (2000): 215-240.
"Toward a Sociology of South Asian Book Preservation," in Planning Modernization and Preservation Programmes for South Asian Libraries, edited by Kalpana Dasgupta. (National Library conferences, no. 5.) Calcutta: National Library, 1992.
"Textual Information Retrieval and Analysis for Indology," in Indological Studies and South Asia Bibliography, edited by Ashin Das Gupta. (National Library Conferences, no. 3.) Calcutta: National Library, 1988.
Selected Conference Panels, Seminars, and Papers:
2008, "GIS in Service of Historical Bibliography" paper, Spring Forum of the Digital Library Federation, Minneapolis
2005, "'Catch and Release': An Acquisition Strategy Sensitive to Cultural Patrimony" invited paper, Rare Books and Manuscripts Section panel, American Library Association annual conference
2004, "A Union Catalogue for South Asia" paper, International Conference on the National Library Services, National Library of India, Kolkata, India
2003, "Uses of Technology in the Teaching of South Asian Languages" paper, conference at Stanford University titled Web-based Instruction for Less Commonly Taught Languages
2003, Organizer and convener, Joint meeting of the Center for South Asia Libraries and the Council of South Asia Library Centres, Kandy, Sri Lanka
2002, Organizer and convener, Planning meeting for the Center for South Asia Libraries, New Delhi, India
2001, "A Khyber Pass: The Digital South Asia Library" invited paper, Social Science Research Council, Planning Meeting on Information Technology, cultural Mapping and the Social Sciences in the Commonwealth of Independent States
1999, "The Unprofitable World of Preservation Micrographics" invited paper, annual meeting of the Association for Asian Studies
1996, "South Asia and the Strategic Plan for Improving Access to Global Information Resources" invited paper for a Presidential session, annual meeting of the Association for Asian Studies
1988, "A Machine-Readable Sanskrit Lexicon" invited paper, Sanskrit Database Conference, University of Texas at Austin, Center for Asian Studies
1988, "Toward a Sociology of South Asian Book Preservation" invited paper, Asian and African Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries at the annual meeting of the American Library Association
1984, Organizer and Chair, panel on "Computing and Sanskrit Texts" also included my paper on "Computer Photocomposition of Devanagari Texts in the United States and India" at VIth World Sanskrit Conference, Philadelphia
Memberships and Professional Offices: American Oriental Society (American Committee on South Asian Manuscripts, 1994-to date); Association for Asian Studies (Committee on South Asian Libraries and Documentation, Executive Committee, 1988-1990; Editor of South Asia Library Notes and Queries, 1984-1988); Center for South Asia Libraries, Co-founder, Secretary / Treasurer 2000-2008, President 2008-to date; Microfilming Indian Publications Project, Steering Committee, 1989-to date; Nineteenth Century South Asia Short Title Catalog Project, Steering Committee, 1992-2001; South Asia Microform Project (Chair, 1989-1992, 1996-1999, 2006-2009; Executive Committee, 1987-1992, 1996-1999; Academic Coordinator for special projects, 1991-to date); Supervisor for Fulbright Library Interns from India, six-month internships, 1988, 1989.
Languages: Natural: Sanskrit, Hindi, Urdu, French (reading knowledge), German (reading knowledge). Programming: SNOBOL, PL/1, Revelation database programming
Prof. Dr. Lars-Christian Koch
Department Head: Ethnomusicology, Media Technology,
and Berlin Phonogram Archive, Ethnological Museum, Berlin Curriculum Vitae Name & Address: Prof. Dr. Lars-Christian Koch