МОУ «Поводимовская средняя общеобразовательная школа»
«___» ________________ 2009 год
Начальник РУО Карасев Н.В.
«Деятельность с пословицами на уроках
для учащихся 8-11 классов
Составитель: Соломкина Л.П.
учитель английского языка
Пословицы и поговорки хранят в языке крупицы народной мудрости. В них отражается история и мировоззрение создавшего их народа, его традиции, нравы, обычаи, здравый смысл и юмор.
В английском языке живут сотни пословиц и поговорок. Они создавались многими поколениями людей и передавались в течение столетий.
Знакомство с пословицами, применение их в своей речи способствует поддержанию интереса учащихся к иноязычной культуре. А где есть интерес, там есть и успех. Систематическое применение пословиц на уроке и во внеклассной работе способствует развитию интеллектуальных, творческих способностей детей, обогащению их духовного мира. Кроме того, пословицы позволяют ощутить истинную красоту английского языка, делают речь учащихся особенно яркой, выразительной, эмоциональной. Знание английских пословиц и поговорок обогащает словарный запас учащихся, помогает им усвоить образный строй языка, развивает память, приобщает к народной мудрости. Учащиеся узнают, что многие пословицы и поговорки, жемчужины народной мудрости, интернациональны и что к английским пословицам часто можно подобрать русские пословицы, имеющие почти тот же смысл. Знание пословиц представляет практическую ценность для учащихся: они познают и приобретают жизненный опыт, через совет, предупреждение, отрицательный опыт других, выраженных в них.
Практикую различные виды заданий с пословицами, после того как дети запоминают их.
В данной статье хочу познакомить с некоторыми из них.
I. Say which of the proverbs following the story makes the best ending to it. The Fox Without a Tail Once a young fox with a beautiful red fur was walking along the path in the forest where a trap was hidden. The fox didn’t see the trap. And touched it with her tail. The trap closed and held her by the tail. The fox pulled and pulled, and at last the tail broke. The fox was in great pain but she was very glad that she could run away, though without her tail.
When the other foxes saw her without a tail, she was very unhappy and ashamed. But our fox was very sly. She asked all the other foxes to come to her house. When they were all there, she said to them<”dear friends, I have asked you to come here because I want to tell you something very important. Tails are not in fashion now.< you know, and they are very inconvenient. It is more graceful to walk without a tail. I advise you to imitate my style and cut your tails off. It is so easy to run without a tail”. An old fox who was also very sly said, “I think you parted with your tail because you had to. But we are going to keep our beautiful tails”.
1. Tastes differ.
2. It never rains but it pours.
3. Business before pleasure.
4. Never say die.
The Horse and the Lion
Once a lion saw a fine young horse and wanted to eat her. But the horse was very careful and he could not catch her. Then the lion decided to tell the beasts in the forest that he was a good doctor and could easily cure any illness. The horse was clever. She understood everything and decided to teach the lion a lesson.
So one day when the lion was not far away, the horse asked him to look at her foot, as it gave her a great pain. This was just what the lion wanted. He was very glad and readily agreed to look. The horse lifted one of her legs from the ground and while the lion was looking at her foot, she gave him such a kick on the head with it that he fell to the ground. The horse ran away and laughed.
!. Second thoughts are best.
2. Look before you leap.
3. There’s many a slip between the cup and the lip.
4. He laughs best who laughs last.
The Tortoise and the Hare In a forest near a river there lived a hare who was very proud of himself. Most of all he liked to talk about the way he could run. Of course the other hares did not like him and refused to listen to him.
“I must stop boasting,” he thought, “then my friends will talk to me again”.
But he forgot all about his decision when he saw a tortoise. He looked at her short legs and cried, “Oh, I am so glad that I am not a tortoise!” He was going to run away when the tortoise called out to him, “If you can run so fast, let’s have a race”.
The hare began to laugh, “Have a race with you? I can get to the finish and back before you cross the starting line”.
The tortoise said, “Do you see that gig tree over there? The finish will be at that tree”.
The tortoise was very clever and she wanted to teach the hare a lesson.
The hare ran off as fast as he could and the tortoise started slowly after him. The hare ran very fast and soon he was not far from the tree. He thought, “I shall wait for the tortoise here and when she comes near enough, I shall run to the finish and be the first”.
But the day was very hot and he soon fell asleep. Some time later he woke because he head somebody laughing. He looked around and saw that the tortoise was nearly at the finish.The other hares were watching her and laughing. The proud hare got up and ran as fast as he could, but the tortoise had already reached the tree. The other hares laughed and said to each other, “he boasted very much, but he couldn’t win a race against a tortoise, who is one of the slowest animals in the forest”.
1. Still waters run deep.
2. Don’t halloo till you are out of the wood.
3. Curiosity killed a cat.
4. Two heads are better than one.
TheLion and the Mouse A lion was sleeping under a tree. Suddenly he heard a noise and opened his eyes. He saw a little mouse quite near his nose. He caught the mouse by the tail. The mouse was frightened and cried, “Oh, please, sir, let me go!”
“Why did you make so much noise?” said the lion angrily.
“I ma sorry. I was looking for something to eat. Let me go. Perhaps I’ll be able to help you some day”.
The lion laughed, but he let the mouse go: he was a kind lion. Now one day a young hunter was walking in the forest when he heard the lion’s roar. He called up the other hunters and they put up a net near the lion’s drinking place. When the lion was thirsty he went to the river. He did not see the net and was caught in it. He roared and struggled and struggled and roared. At last he was tired and hungry and lay still. Suddenly he saw the mouse. The little animal was walking on the net with her sharp teeth. Soon he cut the first rope, then another and another. At last the lion was able to free himself.
“You laughed at me when O promised to help you”, said the mouse. “When I heard you roar I ran to help you, and now you see what I have done for you.”
1. Every cloud has a silver lining.
2. One good turn deserves another.
3. Actions speak louder than words.
The Hares and the Frogs
Once upon a time the hares were quite unhappy because they lived in fear of everybody. They were afraid of men, of dogs, of wolves, to say nothing of lions and tigers. They saw danger everywhere and could not enjoy life at all.
One fine morning they gathered in the forest to discuss things. An old hare who was very tired of his life, said, “Here we live in fear of danger. We cannot eat quietly, we cannot sleep quietly. Every animal in the forest frightens us. It is better to die than to live in such a way. Our life is worse than death itself”.
As the other hares were very unhappy too, they agreed that the only way out was to die. And they decided to jump into the water. There was a deep lake in the forest, and they all ran quickly to it. When they reached the lake, some frogs on the shore saw them and jumped into the water. The hares stopped and one of them cried, “Friends, we are not the most unhappy animals in the forest. Look at those frogs. They are afraid even of us. Our life is not so bad, if there are other animals in the forest with even more danger around them. Let’s be patient and try to enjoy life!” And the hares returned happily to the forest and have lived there ever since. They lead a quiet and careful life. They teach their children to hide under the trees and in the grass, and they train them to run fast when danger is near. And they never think of drowning themselves.
1. It is the last straw that breaks the camel’s back.
2. Let sleeping dogs lie.
3. Second thoughts are best.
4. While there is life there is hope.
II. Read the dialogues and proverbs instead of the italicized words
Why are you crying, Lena?
- I can’t do the exercise the teacher gave me.
- Don’t cry! Let me help you. ( Never say die)
Have you brought me a magazine I asked for?
- I’m sorry I left it at home.
- How bad of you! You told me yesterday that you would bring it.
- Don’t be angry with me. I’ll bring it tomorrow.
- Do you think I believe you? You say one thing and do another. (Actions speak louder than words)
Great boast, small roast.
3. Measure thrice and cut once.
Look before you leap.
Hast makes waste.
4. So many men, so many minds.
5. Don’t count your chickens until they are hatched.
First catch your hare
Catch the bear before you sell his skin.
Never cackle till your egg is laid.
6. First think than speak.
Second thoughts are better.
7. Strike while the iron hot.
Make hay while the sun shines.
8. What’s done cannot be undone.
It is no use crying over spilt milk.
You cannot eat your cake and have it.
9. When in Rome do as Romans do.
Every country has its customs.
10. A storm in a tea – cup.
To make a mountain out of a mole – hill.
11. Present is the best time.
A stitch in time saves nine.
Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.
12. Don’t halloo till you are out of the wood.
Don’t burn your bridges behind you.
Don’t throw out your dirty water before you get in fresh.
13. The proof of the pudding is in the eating.
You cannot judge of a tree by its bark.
Appetite comes with eating.
Hunger is the best sauce.
14. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
A friend is never known till needed.
15. A foul morn may turn to a fair day.
Every cloud has a silver lining.
Every dog has his day.
After a storm comes a calm.
16. The early bird catches the worm.
Early to bed, early to rise makes one healthy, wealthy and wise.
First come, first served.
17. Never say die.
While there is life, there is hope.
18. Appearances are deceitful.
Don’t judge a book by its cover.
It’s not a nice coat that makes a gentleman.
19. Jack of all trades and master of none.
Grasp all, lose all.
Don’t burn the candle at both ends.
20 Far from eye, far from heart.
Out of mind, out of sight.
21. A thief knows a thief as a wolf knows a wolf.
Birds of a feather flock together.
22. Necessity is the mother of inventions.
Need makes old wife trot.
23. Neither fish nor flesh.
Neither rhyme nor reason.
24. Misfortunes never come alone.
It never rains, but it pours.
25. East or West, home is best.
There is no place like home.
VII. Remember the proverbs with the word:
1. Fool’s haste is no speed. Спешка дурака - не скорость.
2. Fools and madmen speak the truth. У дурака что на уме, то и на языке.
3. Fools grow without watering. Дураков не сеют, они сами родятся.
4. Fools may sometimes speak to the purpose. И глупый иногда молвит слово в лад.
5. Fools never know when they are well. Дураку всё мало. Дураку всё не так.
6. Fools rush in where angels fear to tread. Дуракам закон не писан.
1. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
2. A friend is never known until needed.
3. A friend to all is a friend to none. И много друзей, да нет дружка.
4. A friend’s frown is better than a foe’s smile. Лучше горькая правда друга, чем лесть врага.
“Good” 1. A good anvil does not fear the hammer. Хорошая наковальня молота не боится. Правда суда не боится.
2. A good beginning makes a good ending.
3. A good deed is never lost. Доброе дело даром не пропадёт. Доброе добром поминают.
4. A good dog deserves a good bone. По заслугам и честь.
5. A good example is the best sermon. Хороший пример – наилучшая проповедь. Ничто не убеждает людей лучше примера.
6. A good face is a letter of recommendation. Глаза – зеркало души. На алый цветок летит мотылёк.
7. A good Jack makes a good Jill. У хорошего мужа и жена хороша.
8. A good marksman may miss. И хороший стрелок может промахнуться. И на большие умы живёт промашка.
9. A good name is better than riches.Денег ни гроша, да слава хороша.
10. A good name is sooner lost than won. Слава приходит золотниками, а уходит пудами.
11. A good name keeps its luster in the dark. Золото и в грязи блестит.
12. A good wife makes a good husband. У хорошей жены и муж будет молодцом.